Geothermal power in Russia

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Geothermal energy is the second most used form of renewable energy in Russia but represents less than 1% of the total energy production. The first geothermal power plant in Russia was built at Pauzhetka, Kamchatka, in 1966, with a capacity of 5 MW. The total geothermal installed capacity in 2005 was 79 MW, with 50 MW coming from a plant at Verkhne-Mutnovsky. Russia is currently developing a 100 MW plant at Mutnovsky and a 50 MW plant in Kaliningrad.[1] Most geothermal resources are currently used for heating settlements in the North Caucasus and Kamchatka. Half of the geothermal production is used to heat homes and industrial buildings, one third is used to heat greenhouses and 13% is used for industrial processes.

Five major geothermal power plants exist in Russia.

Potential resources include the Northern Caucasus, Western Siberia, Lake Baikal, and in Kamchatka and the Kuril Islands.[2]

List of geothermal power stations[edit]

List of Geothermal power stations in Russia

Name Location Field Operator Capacity (MW) Annual Generation
(average GWh)
Mutnovskaya Power Station Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Krai RusHydro 50 322.93 2003
Pauzhetskaya Power Station Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Krai RusHydro 14.5 59.5 1966
Verhne-Mutnovskaya Power Station Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Krai RusHydro 12 58.3 1999
Mendeleevskaya GeoPP Kunashir Island, Kuril Islands 1.8 2007
Okeanskaya GeoPP Iturup, Kuril Islands 3.6 2007[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2007 Survey of Energy Resources" (PDF). World Energy Council 2007. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  2. ^
  3. ^