Gold (color)

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"Gold tone" redirects here. For the type of photographic print, see Gold tone (print).
Gold (golden)
 
GoldNuggetUSGOV.jpg
Common connotations
First place in a competition, wealth
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFD700
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 215, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 16, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (51°, 100%, 100%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
The mask of Tutankhamun is made of gold.

Gold, also called golden, is one of a variety of yellow-orange color blends used to give the impression of the color of the element gold.

The web color gold is sometimes referred to as golden to distinguish it from the color metallic gold. The use of gold as a color term in traditional usage is more often applied to the color "metallic gold" (shown below).

The first recorded use of golden as a color name in English was in 1300 to refer to the element gold and in 1423 to refer to blond hair.[1]

Metallic gold, such as in paint, is often called goldtone or gold-tone. In heraldry, the French word or is used.[2] In model building, the color gold is different from brass. A shiny or metallic silvertone object can be painted with transparent yellow to obtain goldtone, something often done with Christmas decorations.

Metallic gold[edit]

Gold (metallic gold)[edit]

Metallic Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #D4AF37
sRGBB  (rgb) (212, 175, 55)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (18, 28, 94, 1)
HSV       (h, s, v) (46°, 74%, 83%)
Source ISCC NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed a representation of the color metallic gold (the color traditionally known as gold) which is a simulation of the color of the actual metallic element gold itself—gold shade.

The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955), a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps—See color sample of the color Gold (Color Sample Gold (T) #84) displayed on indicated web page:[3]

The first recorded use of gold as a color name in English was in the year 1400.[1]

Web color gold vs. metallic gold[edit]

Metallic by nature.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines the color metallic gold as "A light olive-brown to dark yellow, or a moderate, strong to vivid yellow."

Of course, the visual sensation usually associated with the metal gold is its metallic shine. This cannot be reproduced by a simple solid color, because the shiny effect is due to the material's reflective brightness varying with the surface's angle to the light source.

This is why, in art, a metallic paint that glitters in an approximation of real gold would be used; a solid color like that of the cell displayed in the box to the right does not aesthetically "read" as gold. Especially in sacral art in Christian churches, real gold (as gold leaf) was used for rendering gold in paintings, e.g. for the halo of saints. Gold can also be woven into sheets of silk to give an East Asian traditional look.

More recent art styles, e.g. art nouveau, also made use of a metallic, shining gold; however, the metallic finish of such paints was added using fine aluminum powder and pigment rather than actual gold.

Shades of gold[edit]

Pale gold[edit]

Gold (Crayola)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #E6BE8A
sRGBB  (rgb) (230, 190, 138)
HSV       (h, s, v) (34°, 40%, 90%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color pale gold is displayed at right.

This has been the color called gold in Crayola crayons since 1903.

Pale gold is one of the Lithuanian basketball club Lietkabelis Panevėžys primary colors.

Golden yellow[edit]

"Gold-yellow" redirects here. For the food coloring, see gold yellow.
Golden Yellow
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFDF00
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 223, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 12, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (52.5°, 100%, 100%)
Source [1]/Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Golden yellow is the color halfway between amber and yellow on the RGB color wheel. It is a color that is 87.5% yellow and 12.5% red.

The first recorded use of golden yellow as a color name in English was in the year 1597.[4]

Sunglow[edit]

Sunglow
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFCC33
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 204, 51)
HSV       (h, s, v) (50°, 99%, 98%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color sunglow is displayed at right.

This is a Crayola crayon color formulated in 1990.

Golden poppy[edit]

Golden Poppy
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FCC200
sRGBB  (rgb) (252, 194, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 3, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (47°, 98%, 97%)
Source [2]/Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Golden poppy is a tone of gold that is the color of the California poppy—the official state flower of California—the Golden State.

The first recorded use of golden poppy as a color name in English was in 1927.[5]

California (UC Berkeley) Gold[edit]

UC Berkeley Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F2A900
sRGBB  (rgb) (253, 181, 21)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 32, 100, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (40°, 78.7%, 71.8%)
Source Brand Guidelines
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

This is a shade of gold identified by the University of California, Berkeley in their graphic style guide for use in on-screen representations of the gold color in the university's seal. For print media, the guide recommends to, "[u]se Pantone 874 metallic or Pantone 139 yellow and 540 or 294 blue".[6]

Cal Poly Pomona gold[edit]

Cal Poly Pomona Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C6930A
sRGBB  (rgb) (198, 147, 10)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 27.5, 100, 8.5)
HSV       (h, s, v) (44°, 94.9%, 77.6%)
Source Graphic Standards
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cal Poly Pomona gold is one of the two the official colors of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona). The official university colors are green (PMS 349) and gold (PMS 131). The Cal Poly Pomona Office of Public Affairs created the Cal Poly Pomona colors for web development and has technical guidelines, copyright and privacy protection; as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Cal Poly Pomona logos. If web developers are using gold on a university website, they are encouraged to use Cal Poly Pomona gold. It is notable for its prominent use representing Cal Poly Pomona's athletic teams, the Cal Poly Pomona Broncos.

UCLA Gold[edit]

UCLA Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #FFE800
sRGBB  (rgb) (255, 232, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 5, 100, 0)
Source UCLA[7][8]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color was approved by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Chancellor in October 2013. This is a shade of gold identified by the university for use in their printed publications.

MU Gold[edit]

MU Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F1B82D
sRGBB  (rgb) (241, 184, 45)
HSV       (h, s, v) (43°, 81%, 95%)
Source [3]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

MU Gold is used by the University of Missouri as the official school color along with black. Mizzou Identity Standards designated the color for web development as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Mizzou logos.[9]

Harvest gold[edit]

Harvest Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DA9100
sRGBB  (rgb) (218, 145, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 34, 100, 15)
HSV       (h, s, v) (40°, 100%, 86[10]%)
Source Crayola/Maerz and Paul[11]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color harvest gold is displayed at right.

This color was originally called harvest in the 1920s.

The first recorded use of harvest as a color name in English was in 1923.[12]

Harvest gold was a common color for metal surfaces (including automobiles and household appliances), as well as the color avocado, during the whole decade of the 1970s. They were both also popular colors for shag carpets. Both colors (as well as shag carpets) went out of style by the early 1980s

Goldenrod[edit]

Main article: Goldenrod (color)
Goldenrod
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #DAA520
sRGBB  (rgb) (218, 165, 32)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 24, 85, 15)
HSV       (h, s, v) (43°, 85%, 85%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color goldenrod.

The color goldenrod is a representation of the color of some of the deeper gold colored goldenrod flowers.

The first recorded use of goldenrod as a color name in English was in 1915.[13]

Old gold[edit]

Main article: Old Gold
Old Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CFB53B
sRGBB  (rgb) (207, 181, 59)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 13, 71, 19)
HSV       (h, s, v) (49°, 71%, 81%)
Source [4]/Maerz and Paul[14]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from heavy olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow. The widely accepted color old gold is on the darker rather than the lighter side of this range.

The first recorded use of old gold as a color name in English was in the early 19th century (exact year uncertain).[15] The Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity's colors are Garnet and Old Gold. Old Gold is one of two official colors of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Maroon and old gold are the colors of Texas State University's intercollegiate sports teams. Old gold and black are the team colors of Purdue University Boilermakers intercollegiate sports teams. The Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets wear white and old gold. The Wake Forest Demon Deacons, UCF Knights, and Vanderbilt Commodores wear old gold and black. The New Orleans Saints list their official team colors as black, old gold and white.

Vegas gold[edit]

Vegas Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C5B358
sRGBB  (rgb) (197, 179, 88)
HSV       (h, s, v) (50°, 55%, 77%)
Source [5]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color Vegas gold.

Vegas gold, rendered within narrow limits, is associated with the glamorous casinos and hotels of the Las Vegas Strip, United States.

Vegas gold is one of the official athletic colors for the Notre Dame Fighting Irish, Boston College Eagles, Colorado Buffaloes, Pittsburgh Panthers, South Florida Bulls, UAB Blazers, Vanderbilt Commodores and Western Carolina University Catamounts. The Pittsburgh Penguins (NHL) relinquished Vegas Gold in favor of the more traditional Pittsburgh Gold (strong yellow color to coincide with their cross-town neighbors the Steelers and Pirates) beginning with the 2016-17 season.

Satin sheen gold[edit]

Satin Sheen Gold
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CBA135
sRGBB  (rgb) (203, 161, 53)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 21, 74, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (49°, 74%, 76%)
Source [6][16][17][18]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color satin sheen gold. This is the name of the color of the Starfleet command personnel uniform worn by Captain Kirk of the Starship Enterprise in the TV show and movies Star Trek.[17][18][19]

Golden brown[edit]

Golden Brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #996515
sRGBB  (rgb) (153, 101, 21)
HSV       (h, s, v) (51°, 37%, 47%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the color golden brown.

The first recorded use of golden brown as a color name in English was in the year 1891.[20] Golden brown is commonly referenced in recipes as the desired color of properly baked and fried foods.

Source of color: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color Sample of golden brown (color sample #74)(matches color called golden brown in A Dictionary of Colorby Maerz and Paul):

Golden in nature[edit]

Protista

Plants

Animals

Golden in human culture[edit]

Art[edit]

Business[edit]

  • In advertising for the Union Pacific Railroad in the 1950s, the southwestern states of the United States served by the Union Pacific were collectively called The Golden Empire because the railroad's diesel engines were and are colored golden, red, and black. Ads with maps showing the Union Pacific's Golden Empire colored golden were placed in many popular mass-circulation magazines.

Cosmetology[edit]

  • Blonde hair in women (or sometimes men) is sometimes referred to poetically as golden. It is estimated by geneticists that the gene for blonde hair originated about 3000 BC in the area now known as Lithuania among the recently arrived Proto-Indo-European settlers of the area (Lithuania is still the country that has the highest percentage of people with blonde hair); it is thought the gene spread quickly through sexual selection into Scandinavia when that area was settled because men found women with blonde hair attractive.[21][22]

Electronics[edit]

Exploration[edit]

Food[edit]

Gemstones[edit]

  • South Sea Pearls, which have historically been cultured in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, in the countries of Myanmar, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Northern Australia but mostly attributed to the former thalassocratic Sultanate of Sulu[23] have a gold colored variety from the Pinctada maxima Pearl oyster. This golden pearl is the national gemstone of the Philippines.[24] This can now be manufactured in the laboratory at a much lower cost.[25]
  • Citrines often come in shades of yellow, especially gold.

Interior design[edit]

The Queen's bedchamber in the Versailles Palace.

Literature[edit]

Military[edit]

Music[edit]

Panelology[edit]

Parapsychology[edit]

Politics[edit]

Religion[edit]

Sorority colors[edit]

Sororities which use gold as an official color include:

Sports[edit]

State decorations[edit]

Vexillology[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195
  2. ^ Friar, Stephen, ed. (1987). "A New Dictionary of Heraldry". London: Alphabooks/A&C Black. p. 343. ISBN 0 906670 44 6. 
  3. ^ "Retsof online version of ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names - Ga through Gz". Tx4.us. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; Color sample of golden yellow: Page 43--Plate 10 Color Sample L7
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample: golden poppy Page 41 Plate 9 Color Sample L12
  6. ^ "Graphic Style Guide" (PDF). University of California, Berkeley, University Relations Department. 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  7. ^ "Print: Brand Colors". University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Digital: Brand Colors". University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ "MU Colors". Mizzou Identity Standards. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  10. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #DA9100 (Harvest Gold):
  11. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called harvest in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color harvest is displayed on page 47, Plate 12, Color Sample H9.
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Harvest: Page 47 Plate 12 Color Sample H9
  13. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Goldenrod: Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L5
  14. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called old gold in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color old gold is displayed on page 51, Plate 14, Color Sample K5.
  15. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Color Sample of Old Gold Page 51 Plate 14 Color Sample K5
  16. ^ Picture of Captain Kirk commanding the Starship Enterprise:
  17. ^ a b Dillard, J.M. Star Trek: The Lost Years New York:1989 Pocket Books Page 17
  18. ^ a b J. M. Dillard (2002). Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7434-5423-5. 
  19. ^ Photo of Captain Kirk:
  20. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 195; Color sample of golden brown: Page 51--Plate 14 Color Sample F12
  21. ^ Cavalli-Sforza, L. Luca; Menozzi, Paolo; and Piazza Alberto The History and Geography of Human Genes Princeton, New Jersey: 1994 Princeton University Press Page 266
  22. ^ Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
  23. ^ The sultanate of Sulu in the Philippines pioneered the pearl culture of the South Sea Pearls Archived January 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ President Ramos issues Proclamation No. 905. declaring that the golden strain of the South Sea Pearls is to be the Philippines' national gemstone.
  25. ^ National Geographic magazine, August 2006, page 31
  26. ^ Swami Panchadasi The Human Aura: Astral Colors and Thought Forms Des Plaines, Illinois, USA:1912--Yogi Publications Society Page 34
  27. ^ Oslie, Pamalie Life Colors: What the Colors in Your Aura Reveal Novato, California:2000--New World Library Golden Auras: Page 341
  28. ^ Arthur E. Powell The Astral Body and Other Astral Phenomenon Wheaton, Illinois:1927—Theosophical Publishing House Page 12
  29. ^ "Philippines Flag - World Flags 101". World Flags 101. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  30. ^ Flag of the Byzantine Empire: