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|Chairperson||Darlene Elias and David Gerry|
|Headquarters||232 Highland Ave, Arlington, MA 02476|
|National affiliation||Green Party of the United States|
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The Green-Rainbow Party is a political party in Massachusetts. It is the Massachusetts state affiliate of the Green Party of the United States. Originally the Massachusetts Green Party, it was formed in 1996 and recognized in 2000. It merged with the Rainbow Coalition Party in 2002 and formed the Green-Rainbow Party. The party has supported candidates on the national level such as Ralph Nader, David Cobb, and Jill Stein. It has also run candidates and pushed for political support at the state and municipal level.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Establishment of official party status
- 1.2 Merger with Rainbow Coalition
- 1.3 Campaign 2004
- 1.4 Campaign 2006
- 1.5 Campaign 2010
- 1.6 Campaign 2012
- 1.7 Campaign 2014--- Regaining of Official Party Status
- 1.8 Campaign 2015
- 1.9 Campaign 2016
- 1.10 Chapters and committees
- 1.11 Presidential nominee results
- 2 Elected officials
- 3 Political ideology
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Establishment of official party status
Founded in 1996 as the Massachusetts Green Party, the party attained official political party status in 2000 when the Greens ran Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke for president of the United States. Official political party status in Massachusetts affects how political groups can use finances, and official political parties are guaranteed ballot access. The Nader ticket received 6% of the vote in Massachusetts, where state law requires 3% during state and national elections for establishing and maintaining official party status. In 2002, the party entered the state gubernatorial race for the first time with Jill Stein as the candidate for governor, Anthony Lorenzen for lieutenant governor, and James O'Keefe for treasurer. Stein and Lorenzen received over 3% and O'Keefe received almost 8% resulting in maintaining state party status in Massachusetts for 2002. An alternate method to establish and maintain state party status in Massachusetts is to have over 1% of voters registered in their party, a threshold that Green-Rainbow has not met yet but is working towards.
Merger with Rainbow Coalition
In 2002, the party was renamed when it merged with the Rainbow Coalition Party, which was founded by former State Representative Mel King. King endorsed Stein's 2002 candidacy for governor, saying "Jill Stein is the only candidate who will speak truth to power. She's the only one that makes issues of racism and social justice integral parts of her campaign".
In 2004, with David Cobb as its presidential candidate, the Green-Rainbow ticket was unable to meet the required 3% threshold, and subsequently lost recognition in Massachusetts of state party status. Losing state party status has the results that the expenditures on Massachusetts candidates are subject to the state laws regulating political action committees (or PACs). In addition, the party name is no longer printed on voter registration forms as an option to check off, and the party must collect signatures to place presidential candidates on the ballot; state and local candidates always need signatures to be placed on the ballot.
In March 2006, at its nominating convention, the party nominated five candidates for statewide office: Grace Ross for governor, Wendy Van Horne for lieutenant governor, Jill Stein for secretary of the Commonwealth, James O'Keefe for treasurer, and Nathanael Fortune for auditor. In early April, Nathaniel Fortune withdrew his candidacy. The races for secretary of the Commonwealth and treasurer were two-way races between the Democrats and Green-Rainbows, with Green-Rainbows polling higher than ever before on a statewide level. In an April 3, 2006 poll by Suffolk University and WHDH, O'Keefe polled at 21% and Stein at 8%. The Ross / Van Horne team, likely to face three other opponents in the election, polled at 2%, before having officially announced.
Ross and Robinson only garnered 2% of the vote in the gubernatorial election. However Stein won 18% in the race for Secretary of State and James O'Keefe won 16% in the race for State Treasurer. As a result, the Green-rainbow Party once again qualified for ballot access.
Jill Stein officially announced her entrance into the governor's race on the steps of the Massachusetts State House in Boston on February 8, 2010. As of February 25, she was polling at 3% in that race. Stein announced on April 3, 2010, that her lieutenant governor running mate would be Richard P. Purcell, a surgery clerk and ergonomics assessor, of Holyoke.
Beyond Stein's run for governor, three additional candidates ran for office as Green-Rainbow candidates: two for the state legislature and one for state auditor. In the state's 4th Berkshire District, Lee Scott Laugenour announced that he would challenge incumbent State Representative William "Smitty" Pignatell. The state's 3rd Berkshire District saw a race between Green-Rainbow Party candidate Mark Miller and incumbent candidate Christopher N. Speranzo. Nat Fortune rounded out the ticket, running for Massachusetts Auditor.
On election day Mark Miller received 45 percent of the vote, the best result for any Green running for state legislature in the United States in 2010. Nat Fortune received 5 percent of the vote guaranteeing the Green-Rainbow Party official party status in Massachusetts for the subsequent two years.
In 2012, Green-Rainbow Party leader Jill Stein won the presidential nomination of the Green Party of the United States. Stein received 456,169 nationwide while advocating for a Green New Deal to address climate change and financial crises. In Massachusetts, Stein received 19,672 votes (1%). Because Stein did not receive 3% of the vote statewide, the Green-Rainbow Party lost party status.
Campaign 2014--- Regaining of Official Party Status
In November 2014, Green-Rainbow Party Statewide candidates Danny Factor (Secretary of State), Ian Jackson (Treasurer) and MK Merelice (auditor) all received more than 3% of the vote which resulted in the Green-Rainbow Party gaining back official party status.
The Green-Rainbow Party ran three candidates for office in the November, 2015 election: Darlene Elias for Holyoke City Council, Plinio Degoes for Cambridge City Council and Sean Connell for Fall River School Committee. None of the candidates won their election, but all made strong showings, considering that they were all first time candidates.
The Massachusetts primary took place on March 1. Five candidates appeared on the ballot, the results are as follows:
|Massachusetts Green Party presidential primary, March 1, 2016|
Any members of the party could apply to be delegates to be sent to the national convention, and had until March 10 (over a week after the primary) to apply. The number of voters that took part in the election slightly increased from the 1,554 that took part in the 2012 primary.
Green-Rainbow Party member Charlene DiCalogero has announced that she will be a candidate for State Representative in the 12th Worcester District. Green-Rainbow Party member Danny Factor has announced that he will be a candidate for State Representative in the 14th Middlesex District.
Chapters and committees
The Green-Rainbow Party (GRP) currently has five local chapters: Greater Boston, Southcoast, Assabet River Valley, Nashua River Valley, and Pioneer Valley. There are also Green-Rainbow Town Committees in Acton and Reading, and a Green-Rainbow Ward Committee in Ward 11 of Boston (Jamaica Plain). The Party also has an elected State Committee that meets four time per year, an Administrative Committee that convenes several times per month and working committees such as Membership, Platform, Communications and Candidate Development and Legal. The body with the highest amount of power in the Green-Rainbow Party is its State Convention (consisting of all GRP members) which convenes once per year. The next convention will be in the Spring of 2016.
Presidential nominee results
Since 1996, the national Green Party has run a candidate for President of the United States. In 2000, the Green Party of Massachusetts placed Ralph Nader, the nominee of the Green Party of the United States, on the statewide presidential ballot. The highest vote total came in 2000, when Ralph Nader received over 173,000 votes. The lowest vote total came in 2008, when Cynthia McKinney was the nominee. Her campaign received only 6,550 votes. Nader, who was also on the ballot as an independent candidate, received over 28,000 votes.
|1996||Ralph Nader (write-in)||4,734 (0.19%)|
|2000||Ralph Nader||173,564 (6.42%)|
|2004||David Cobb||10,623 (0.36%)|
|2008||Cynthia McKinney||6,550 (0.21%)|
|2012||Jill Stein||20,691 (0.65%)|
As of 2016, there are 8 Green-Rainbow Party members who hold elected office in Massachusetts.
Frank Gatti - Amherst Town Meeting
Vincent O'Conner - Amherst Town Meeting
M.K. Merelice - Brookline Town Meeting
Damon Jespersen - Newbury Select Board
Gus Steeves - Southbridge Town Council
Gail Garrett - Mt. Washington Select Board
Tar Larner - Concord Housing Authority
Bryan Moss - Shrewsbury Town Meeting
Like most North American Green parties, the basis of the Green-Rainbow Party's platform stems from the 10 key values. The 10 key values are: grassroots democracy, ecological wisdom, social justice and equal opportunity, nonviolence, decentralization, community-based economics, feminism, respect for diversity, personal and global responsibility, and future focus and sustainability.
Causes and initiatives
The party has been involved in co-organizing an annual March to Abolish Poverty since 2004. Like many minor parties that view the Democratic and Republican parties as creating difficult ballot access laws, the party has also pushed for electoral reforms, particularly instant run-off voting (IRV). The party also champions universal health care and strongly supports the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision to allow same-sex marriages within Massachusetts. The Green-Rainbow party supports a much faster transition from fossil fuels to safe, clean renewable energy than the Democratic and Republican parties. It sees climate change as a crisis.
- "Return of Votes for Massachusetts State Election November 5th, 2002" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Divistion. July 31, 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Massachusetts Green and Rainbow Coalition Parties Merge.". Green Party of the United States. May 3, 2002. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
-  Archived April 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
-  Archived September 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Nurse quits lieutenant governor race - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. 2006-09-02. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "2006 Massachusetts General Election Results - Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
-  Archived August 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- [dead link]
- Lori Stabile. "Gubernatorial candidate Jill Stein of Green-Rainbow Party, introduces lieutenant governor candidate Richard P. Purcell, of Holyoke". Masslive.com. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Lenox man in 4th Berkshire race - Berkshire Eagle Online". Berkshireeagle.com. 2010-04-02. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Blog Archive » MA Green-Rainbow candidates to challenge incumbents in 2010 - America's #1 Source for Green Party News & Views". Green Party Watch. 2015-12-18. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
-  Archived May 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Blog Archive » Top State House Green Party Campaigns - America's #1 Source for Green Party News & Views". Green Party Watch. 2015-12-18. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Blog Archive » Post-election Green Party 2010 ballot access roundup - America's #1 Source for Green Party News & Views". Green Party Watch. 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "US presidential election results - 2012 - Boston.com". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- "2016 President Green-rainbow Primary". Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Government of Massachusetts. 1 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- "Official results: Stein wins Massachusetts Green Rainbow Party presidential primary with 48.1%". Green Party Watch. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- "Massachusetts Green Party Presidential Primary Will List Five Candidates". Independent Political Report. 2016-12-25. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- "2016 Green-Rainbow Party Presidential Primary". MA Green-Rainbow Party. 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- "Massachusetts Secretary of State Releases Green Party Presidential Primary Results". Ballot Access News. 2015-04-07. Retrieved 2016-03-23.
- "Abolishpoverty.net". Abolishpoverty.net. Retrieved 2015-12-25.