Resolute Support Mission
|Resolute Support Mission|
Official logo of RSM
|Founded||December 28, 2014|
|Country||Contributing States: See Below|
|Size||13,576 troops as of May 2017|
American contingent responsible to:
United States Central Command
MacDill AFB, Florida, U.S.
|Commander||Gen. John W. Nicholson Jr., USA|
|Deputy Commander||Lt. Gen. Rosario Castellano, IT|
|Senior Enlisted Leader||CSM David Clark, USA|
Resolute Support Mission or Operation Resolute Support is a NATO-led train, advise and assist mission consisting of over 13,000 troops in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015. It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014. Its current commander is U.S. Army General John W. Nicholson Jr. who replaced U.S. Army General John F. Campbell on 2 March 2016.
The operation plan for the Resolute Support Mission (RSM) was approved by foreign ministers of the NATO members in late June 2014 and the corresponding status of forces agreement was signed by President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani and NATO Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan Maurits Jochems in Kabul on 30 September 2014. The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted United Nations Security Council Resolution 2189 in support of the new international mission in Afghanistan.
Objectives and deployment
The objective of the mission is to provide training, advice and assistance for Afghan security forces and institutions in their conflict with extremist groups such as the Taliban, the Haqqani network, and ISIS-K.
The Resolute Support Mission envisages the deployment of approximately 12,000 personnel from NATO and partner nations in Afghanistan with the central hub at Kabul and Bagram Airfield supporting four spokes. The spokes will be formed by Train Advise Assist Commands (TAACs), which will directly support four of the six Afghan National Army Corps. Train Advise Assist Command - Capital replaces the former Regional Command Capital; the redesignation took place in August 2014. TAAC East will assist the 201st Corps from FOB Gamberi and FOB Fenty located near Jalalabad, TAAC South will assist the 205th Corps from Kandahar International Airport, TAAC West will assist the 207th Corps in Herat and TAAC North will cover the 209th Corps from Mazar-i-Sharif. TAAC North is under the command of Brig. Gen. Harald Gante, German Army. Regional Command North was redesignated as TAAC North on July 1, 2014.
The 203rd Corps located in the south-eastern part of the country will see advisers from time to time from TAAC East (one source describes this as "fly to advise"). The 215th Corps in the south-west will get a little attention from TAAC South. Several of the TAACs were established prior to the disestablishment of ISAF; they can be seen on the December 2014 ISAF status update sheet.
U.S. President Barack Obama, in an update given from the White House on Wednesday, July 6, 2016, stated that, following General John W. Nicholson's, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Joseph Dunford's, and U.S. Defense Department Secretary Ashton Carter's mutual recommendations, the U.S. would have about 8,400 troops remaining in Afghanistan through the end of his Administration in December 2016. The residual force of 9,800 troops were withdrawn on December 31, 2016, leaving behind 8,400 troops stationed at 4 garrisons (Kabul, Kandahar, Bagram, and Jalalabad).
As of June 2016, among the forces contributing to the mission are 6,954 Americans training and helping Afghan forces, 2,850 Americans engaged in counter-terrorism missions, 5,859 NATO soldiers and 26,000 military contractors.
The following nations have personnel stationed in Afghanistan as part of the mission in May 2017:
- "Troop Contributing Nations" (PDF). Resolute Support Mission. May 2017.
- "NATO chief, Afghan president welcome "new phase" as combat role ends". DPA. DPA. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan". NATO. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "Afghanistan: Security Council backs agreement on new non-combat NATO mission". United Nations News Centre. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "General John F. Campbell". NATO. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "An Update On Our Mission in Afghanistan". whitehouse.gov. 6 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- Rosenberg, Matthew (October 15, 2015). "In Reversal, Obama Says U.S. Soldiers Will Stay in Afghanistan to 2017". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- Operation Resolute Support, TAAC North
- Bundeswehr, Train Advise Assist Command North – Baustein für die Zukunft Afghanistans Mazar-e Sharif, 17.07.2014., accessed 1 January 2015.
- "Resolute Support". Afghan War News. Afghan War News. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "International Security Assistance Force (ISAF): Key Facts and Figures" (PDF). NATO. NATO. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "War in Afghanistan". The Economist. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.