|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 7th district
January 3, 1993
|Preceded by||Sam Gibbons|
|Chairman of the House Transportation Committee|
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Jim Oberstar|
|Succeeded by||Bill Shuster|
|Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 41st district
|Preceded by||Harvey Matthews|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Webster|
|Born||John Luigi Mica
January 27, 1943
Binghamton, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Miami Dade College
University of Florida
John Luigi Mica (born January 27, 1943) is the U.S. Representative for Florida's 7th congressional district, serving since 1993. He is a member of the Republican Party. He was the chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, starting January 3, 2011 until December 2012.
Early life, education, and business career
Mica was born in Binghamton, New York, but grew up in Florida and was educated at Miami Edison High School, Miami-Dade Community College and the University of Florida. Mica received a degree in education and was a member of Delta Chi Fraternity and Florida Blue Key while attending UF. Mica had been a businessman, serving in capacities in the real estate, telecommunications, government affairs, and consulting fields.
Early political career
Mica was a member of the Florida House of Representatives for two terms from 1976 to 1980. There he served on several committees and was a leading Republican on the powerful Appropriations Committee. He was a staff member for Senator Paula F. Hawkins from 1981 to 1985, rising to become her chief of staff. After returning to private industry, he ran for Congress in 1992.
U.S. House of Representatives
In 1992, Mica opted to run for Congress in the 7th District. The district had previously been the 4th District, represented by two-term Republican Craig T. James.
Mica won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating State Representative Richard Graham (34%) and Vaughn Forrest (13%). In the general election, he defeated Democrat Dan Webster 56%–44%.
During this time period, he won re-election every two years with at least 60% of the vote.
Despite the gains made by Democrats during the 2006 elections, Mica's seat remained safe. Jack Chagnon, a former teacher and Marine officer was unable to unseat the conservative incumbent in this heavily Republican district. Mica defeated Chagnon 63%–37%.
Mica defeated Democratic nominee Heather Beaven 69%–31%.
After redistricting, most of Mica's former territory became the 6th district. However, his home in Winter Park was drawn into the new 7th District. The latter district had previously been the 24th District, represented by one-term Republican Sandy Adams. Mica initially announced he would run in the 6th, which contained almost three-fourths of his former territory and was strongly Republican. However, he opted instead to run in the more marginal 7th, setting up his first contested primary since his initial run for Congress. The new 7th contained 51% of Adams' territory and 42% of Mica's territory. On August 14, 2012, election day, Mica defeated Adams 61%–39%.
In the 2012 election Mica’s total amount of money raised was $1,953,992, while he ended up spending $2,124,854 in his campaign. Mica’s top contributing groups to his run for office were CSX Corporation, HNTB Holdings, and the FedEx Corporation. Overall his top industry contributors were Air Transport, and Construction Services. His spending left him with no debt and $381,221 cash-on-hand.
In the general election, Mica defeated Democrat Jason Kendall 59%–41%.
Mica’s political positions in areas such as abortion, gun control, health care, immigration, business and consumers, and National Security have stayed consistently conservative and are therefore rated very highly by interest groups that support Republicans. Some examples of these groups are the National Rifle Association, the Federation for American Immigration Reform, American Security Council Foundation, and the National Right to Life Committee, as well as many others. On the opposing side of these positions are some Democratic-leaning interest groups, who rate John Mica as very low in areas such as abortion, sexual orientation and gay marriage rights, civil liberties and civil rights, and protecting the environment. Some of the interest groups that have given these lower ratings are Planned Parenthood, NARAL Pro-Choice America, American Civil Liberties Union, Environment America, Human Rights Campaign, and more. Representative Mica's views have stayed consistent in these and many other areas. One example of an area in which he has changed his ratings is the support of Arts and Humanities. His Americans for the Arts Action Fund ratings increased from 20% and 65% from 2000 to 2008 and then to 100% in 2011.
As chairman of the House Oversight Committee's subcommittee on government operations, Mica has convened hearings on marijuana in every month of 2014 except April, earning him the title of "one of the most obsessive drug warriors in Congress," by Marijuana Majority.
Mica’s view on abortion is pro-life “except in the case of rape, incest or life of the mother.” This position has gained him high ratings from Republican interest groups such as the National Right to Life Committee, and very low ratings from Democratic ones such as Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America.
Mica believes that balancing the budget is, and should be, a priority of Congress. He however does not agree with the majority of his party that Medicare and Medicaid spending should be reduced. The Conservative interest group ratings on Mica’s budget goals and position range from 86 to 90%, while the Liberal interest group ratings reward Mica with an average of 10%.
- Amtrak privatization
Mica has gained a reputation for being a strong supporter of Amtrak privatization. In 2009, Mica earmarked $13 million for the Central Commuter Rail, a major initiative supported by one of Mica's daughter's clients.
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (former Chairman)
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
Mica is married to Patricia, a school teacher, and has two grown children. He lives in Winter Park, Florida. He is the brother of former Representative Daniel A. Mica, while his other brother, David is a former ranking staffer of Senator Lawton Chiles. He is a member of the Kennedy Center Board of Trustees, and the Coast Guard Academy Board of Visitors.
- "Candidate – John L. Mica". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "FL District 07 – R Primary Race – Sep 01, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "FL District 07 Race – Nov 03, 1992". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "FL – District 07 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "FL – District 07 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "FL – District 07 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- Blake, Aaron (January 26, 2012). "Breaking down the Florida GOP’s redistricting map". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
- Guinta, Peter (2012-02-10). "Mica to announce his district today". StAugustine.com. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- Daily Kos Elections (2012-02-10). "Elections Florida cheat sheet". Daily Kos. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "Representative John L Mica's Campaign Finances". Project Vote Smart.
- Maxwell, Scott (2008-12-29). "Who is the most powerful person in Central Florida?". Orlando Sentinel.
- "Representative John L. Mica's Special Interest Group Ratings". Project Vote Smart.
- Itkowitz, Colby. "Rep. Mica holds (another) hearing on being stoned". www.washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "Representative John L Mica's Political Positions". Project Vote Smart.
- Hannan, Larry (June 16, 2011). "John Mica, Corrine Brown split over privatizing Amtrak in Northeast". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Mosk, Matthew (January 12, 2010). "DUI Arrest Puts Spotlight on Florida Congressman". ABC News. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- Ward, Kenric (March 28, 2012). "Report: Two Florida Congressmen Kept Earmarks in the Family". Sunshine State News. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Congressman John L. Mica official U.S. House site
- John Mica for Congress
- John Mica at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 2nd congressional district
|Chairman of the House Transportation Committee
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority