Katinka Hosszú

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Katinka Hosszú
Kazan 2015 - Hosszú Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Hosszú in 2015
Personal information
Full name Hosszú Katinka
Nickname(s) "Iron Lady"[1][2]
National team  Hungary
Born (1989-05-03) 3 May 1989 (age 29)
Pécs, Hungary
Height 5 ft 9 in (175 cm)
Weight 68 kg (150 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle, medley, backstroke, butterfly
Club Vasas SC (2012–)
Bajai Spartacus SC (–2012)
College team University of Southern California

Katinka Hosszú (Hungarian: [ˈkɒtiŋkɒ ˈhossuː]; born 3 May 1989) is a Hungarian competitive swimmer, who specializes in individual medley events. She is a three-time Olympic champion and a seven-time long-course world champion.[3]

Hosszú is the world record holder in 100 m individual medley, 200 m individual medley (long course and short course), 400 m individual medley (long course), 100 m backstroke (short course) and 200 m backstroke (short course). She was the first swimmer to hold world records in all five individual medley events at the same time. She holds two-thirds of the Hungarian national records. Hosszu was named FINA Swimmer of the Year in 2014, 2015, and 2016, and won SwimSwam's Swammy Award for Female Swimmer of the Year in 2013.[4]

She competed at four Summer Olympics: 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016. Hosszú currently swims for the Iron Aquatics. After a long tenure under head coach Shane Tusup, who was her husband,[5] following their divorce Hosszú was coached by Dave Salo before moving onto Árpád Petrov.[6] She is one of the most versatile swimmers in the world, and was nicknamed the "Iron Lady",[1][2] which she has since turned into a fast growing International brand. She is the first race-prize dollar millionaire in swimming history.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Katinka Hosszú was born in Pécs, Hungary, the daughter of Barbara Bakos and István Hosszú. Katinka was coached in swimming by her grandfather, László Bakos until the age of 13. Hosszú met her future husband Shane Tusup in 2009, when they were both freshmen at the University of Southern California. After being crushed under the pressure of expectations at the 2012 London Olympics and not medalling, she asked her then boyfriend Tusup to become her coach, replacing her coach since her U.S.C. swim team days, Dave Salo. After the Olympics, at the Beijing World Cup swim meet, she competed in 8 events, medalling in 5 of them, leading to Chinese newspapers says she was made out of iron, leading to her nickname, The Iron Lady. Hosszú married Tusup in 2013.[8] Hosszú and husband Tusup opened their own swim club in Hungary, Iron Aquatics in September 2016.[9]

On 16 February 2018 Hosszú filed for divorce from Tusup.[10] On 25 May 2018 Hosszú's Facebook page was deleted by Tusup, who was the sole administrator of the page.[11] However, on 6 June 2018 she regained access to her Facebook page with the assistance of activist and women's rights defender Matan Uziel.[12]

In August 2016, Hosszú lost a defamation lawsuit against writer Casey Barrett, magazine Swimming World, and publisher Sports Publications International, Incorporated. She had filed the lawsuit in November 2015 after the magazine published an article on its website in May 2015 questioning whether Hosszú was using performance-enhancing substances, despite Hosszú never having been found to use such substances.[13] The lawsuit was dismissed because the judge ruled the article to clearly be an opinion piece.

Swimming career[edit]

Hosszú is renowned throughout the swimming world for swimming many events well in a short space of time. Since 2012 she is coached by her husband, Shane Tusup, a former swimmer at University of Southern California, on a one-on-one basis. She was previously coached by Dave Salo.

2004 European Short Course Swimming Championships[edit]

She won her first medal at the 2004 European Short Course Swimming Championships, a bronze in the 400 m medley.

2009 World Championships[edit]

At the 2009 World Championships she won two bronze medals in 200 m medley and 200 m butterfly, before becoming World Champion in 400 m medley. She was elected Hungarian Sportswoman of the Year for her achievements.

2010 European Championships[edit]

At the 2010 European Championships held in her home country, she won a silver medal in 400 m medley and became European Champion in 200 m butterfly, 200 m medley and as a member of the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay team.

2012 Summer Olympic Games[edit]

Competing in the 2012 Summer Olympics, she finished fourth in the 400-meter individual medley with a time of 4:33.49, just outside of the medals. She also finished eighth in the 200-meter individual medley and missed the finals for the 200-meter butterfly.

Despite that after the disappointment at the 2012 London Olympics, Tamás Gyárfás, the then president of the Hungarian Swimming Association even adviced her to retire, she decided not to give up her swimming career and since then she has been coached by her husband Shane Tusup, a former American professional swimmer himself.

2013[edit]

In 2013, Hosszú set out to redeem herself after her medal-less performance at the 2012 Olympics. She attended numerous competitions and swam highly rigorous programs at each one, earning herself the nickname of the "Iron Lady". She earned three medals (two gold, one bronze) at the World Championships and a gold and two silvers at the European Championships. She also amassed a total of 24 golds and broke 6 world records during the World Cup series.[14]

2013 World Championships[edit]

2013 World Championships
Gold medal – first place 200 m individual medley 2:07.92
Gold medal – first place 400 m individual medley 4:30.41
Bronze medal – third place 200 m butterfly 2:05.59

At the 2013 World Championships, she pulled out of the 100 m backstroke after qualifying second in the heats (preliminary races), to concentrate on the final of the 200 m individual medley which she subsequently won with a time of 2:07.92. She then touched third in the 200 m butterfly behind Liu Zige and Mireia Belmonte. She capped off her competition with a final gold in the 400 m individual medley, finishing in 4:30.41.

2013 World Cup Series[edit]

Hosszú in 2013

Throughout the 2013 World Cup series, she set world records in 100-meter IM, 200-meter IM, and 400-meter IM, breaking the 200-meter record twice and 100-meter record three times.

2014[edit]

In 2014, Hosszú broke the short course world records in the 100-meter and 200-meter individual backstroke events and in 100-, 200-, and 400-meter individual medleys.

2015[edit]

2015 World Championships[edit]

2015 World Championships
Gold medal – first place 200 m individual medley 2:06.12 (WR)
Gold medal – first place 400 m individual medley 4:30.39
Bronze medal – third place 200 m backstroke 2:06.84
Hosszú (right), Emily Seebohm of Australia and Missy Franklin of U.S in the victory ceremony of 2015 World Aquatics Championships

At the 2015 World Championships in Kazan, Hosszú again dealt with a monster programme, competing in the 200- and 400-meter individual medley, 100- and 200-meter backstroke, 100- and 200-meter freestyle, and 200-meter butterfly. She posted the top time in the prelims of the 100-meter backstroke, but elected to pull out of the semifinal to concentrate on the 200-meter individual medley final, a decision which ultimately paid off. She broke the previous world record set by Ariana Kukors back in 2009 in a stunning time of 2:06.12. Hosszú's time of 58.78 in the prelims of the 100-meter backstroke would have earned her a bronze medal in the final; however the 200-meter individual medley final was 30 minutes after the backstroke semifinal and swimming it might have cost her the gold medal and the world record in the 200-meter individual medley. In addition, Hosszú won bronze in the 200-meter backstroke, placed fifth in the 200-meter freestyle, and capped it off with a victory in the 400-meter individual medley on the last day.

2015 European Short Course Championships[edit]

Hosszú won six gold medals at the 2015 European Short Course Championships, sweeping all three backstroke and three individual medley events. She broke world records in the 100- and 400-meter individual medleys.

2016[edit]

2016 Summer Olympic Games[edit]

2016 Olympics
Gold medal – first place 100 m backstroke 58.45
Gold medal – first place 200 m individual medley 2:06.58 (OR)
Gold medal – first place 400 m individual medley 4:26.36 (WR)
Silver medal – second place 200 m backstroke 2:06.05
Katinka Hosszú in Rio 2016

At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Hosszú won the gold medal and broke the world record in the 400-meter individual medley,[15] won the gold medal and broke the Olympic record in the 200-meter individual medley, and won a third gold medal in the 100-meter backstroke.[16] She also won a silver in the 200-meter backstroke behind American Maya DiRado.[17] With 3 gold medals and 1 silver, Hosszú won more medals in individual events than any other swimmer in the 2016 Summer Olympics.

2016 World Short Course Championships[edit]

In the World Short Course Championships in Windsor, Hosszú won a record 9 individual medals (7 gold and 2 silver) and reached 11 individual finals. She won the 100-, 200-, and 400-meter individual medley, 100- and 200-meter butterfly, and 100- and 200-meter backstroke. Additionally, she took silver in the 200-meter freestyle and 50-meter backstroke.

2017[edit]

2017 Swim Open Stockholm[edit]

In April, Hosszú competed in Swim Open Stockholm and won the 1500-meter freestyle event with a time of 16:22.30.[18] She came second in the 200-meter freestyle with a time of 1:57.01, finishing behind Michelle Coleman. She also came second in the 50-meter backstroke event with a time of 28.54.[19]

2017 World Championships[edit]

Katinka Hosszú won gold in the 400-meter individual medley

At the World Aquatics Championships in her home country Hungary, Hosszú swam another rigorous schedule. She won her first gold in the 200-meter individual medley with a time of 2:07.00.[20]

Personal best times[edit]

Long Course[edit]

Event Time Location Date Notes
50 m freestyle 24.89 (r) São Paulo 21 April 2014 NR
100 m freestyle 53.64 Singapore 5 September 2014 NR
200 m freestyle 1:55.41 Dubai 6 November 2015 NR
400 m freestyle 4:04.96 Bergen 29 May 2016
50 m backstroke 27.99 Dubai 6 November 2015 NR
100 m backstroke 58.45 Rio de Janeiro 8 August 2016 NR
200 m backstroke 2:05.85 Budapest 29 July 2017 NR
200 m butterfly 2:04.27 Rome 26 July 2009 ER
200 m IM 2:06.12 Kazan 3 August 2015 WR, ER, NR
400 m IM 4:26.36 Rio de Janeiro 6 August 2016 WR, ER, NR

Short Course[edit]

Event Time Location Date Notes
50 m freestyle 24.43 Saint-Paul 29 December 2014 NR
100 m freestyle 52.37 Saint-Paul 30 December 2014 NR
200 m freestyle 1:51.18 Doha 7 December 2014 NR
400 m freestyle 3:58.84 Netanya 6 December 2015 NR
50 m backstroke 25.95 Copenhagen 16 December 2017 NR
100 m backstroke 55.03 Doha 4 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
200 m backstroke 1:59.23 Doha 5 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
200 m butterfly 2:01.12 Doha 3 December 2014 NR
100 m IM 56.51 Berlin 7 August 2017 WR, ER, NR
200 m IM 2:01.86 Doha 6 December 2014 WR, ER, NR
400 m IM 4:19.46 (h) Netanya 2 December 2015 NR
400 yd IM 3:56.54 California 16 March 2012 Former WR

International championships (50 m)[edit]

Meet 100 free 200 free 400 free 50 back 100 back 200 back 100 fly 200 fly 200 medley 400 medley 4×100 free 4×200 free 4×100 medley
OG 2004 31st
WC 2005
EC 2006 15th 8th 9th DSQ(h) 8th
WC 2007 25th 12th 11th
EC 2008 49th 22nd 6th 2nd, silver medalist(s) 6th
OG 2008 17th 12th
WC 2009 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 8th 6th 14th
EC 2010 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 4th 1st, gold medalist(s)
WC 2011 19th 6th 15th 5th
EC 2012 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 4th 2nd, silver medalist(s) 6th
OG 2012 9th 8th 4th 9th
WC 2013 9th heats[a] 6th 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
EC 2014 sf[b] 2nd, silver medalist(s) 15th 1st, gold medalist(s) 16th heats[a] 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s)
WC 2015 5th heats[a] 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 13th 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
EC 2016 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s)
OG 2016 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 6th
WC 2017 7th heats[a] 2nd, silver medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 1st, gold medalist(s) 6th
EC 2018 4th 1st, gold medalist(s) 8th
a Hosszu qualified from the heats, but scratched the semi finals
b Hosszu qualified from the semi finals, but scratched the final

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barry Svrluga (7 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu, swimming's Iron Lady, is raising all kinds of eyebrows". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Rachel Lutz (22 July 2016). "Olympic alchemy: Turning Hungary's 'Iron Lady' Katinka Hosszu into gold". NBC Olympics. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Katinka Hosszú at Rio 2016 web, archived by archive.org
  4. ^ https://swimswam.com/2013-swammy-award-female-swimmer-year-katinka-hosszu/
  5. ^ Learn why Katinka Hosszu & Shane Tusup love highend shoes (Video Interview)
  6. ^ https://swimswam.com/katinka-hosszu-to-train-under-swiss-coach-arpad-petrov/
  7. ^ "Katinka Hosszu to Become first Race-Prize Dollar Millionaire in Swimming History". SwimVortex. 
  8. ^ Karen Crouse (3 August 2016). "Katinka Hosszu and Her Husband Raise Eyebrows at the Pool". New York Times. 
  9. ^ Loretta Race (27 July 2016). "HUNGARY'S KATINKA Hosszu to Launch New Iron Aquatics Training Program". SwimSwam. 
  10. ^ "Katinka Hosszu filed for divorce". dailynewshungary.com. 16 February 2018. 
  11. ^ "Katinka Hosszu Says Her Facebook Page Was Deleted, Not By Her". SwimSwam.com. 25 May 2018. 
  12. ^ "Hosszú Katinka hat számra nevezett be". Zoom. 5 June 2018. 
  13. ^ Anderson, Jared (15 August 2016). "Judge Dismisses Katinka Hosszu's Lawsuit Vs Barrett, Swimming World". Swimswam. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  14. ^ Anderson, Jared. "2013 Swammy Awards: Female Swimmer of the Year Katinka Hosszu". SwimSwam. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "Katinka Hosszu crushes world record in 400m IM win". Fox Sports. 
  16. ^ "Swimming - 100m Backstroke Women's Final". Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Swimming - 200m Backstroke Women's Final". Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "IC Control LiveTiming - Swim Open Stockholm 2017". www.livetiming.se. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  19. ^ "IC Control LiveTiming - Swim Open Stockholm 2017". www.livetiming.se. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  20. ^ "Women's 200 IM Race Video: Hosszu Wins Big in Front of Home Crowd". SwimSwam. 24 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Ildikó Mincza-Nébald
Éva Risztov
Hungarian Sportswoman of The Year
2009
2013 – 2017
Succeeded by
Natasa Dusev-Janics
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ranomi Kromowidjojo
Sarah Sjöström
European Swimmer of the Year
2013, 2014
2016
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström
Sarah Sjöström
Preceded by
Katie Ledecky
FINA Swimmer of the Year
2014 – 2016
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström
Records
Preceded by
Julia Smit
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

7 August 2013 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Hinkelien Schreuder
Women's 100 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

8 August 2013 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Julia Smit
Mireia Belmonte
Women's 400 metre individual medley
world record holder (short course)

11 August 2013 – 3 December 2014
2 December 2015 – 12 August 2017
Succeeded by
Mireia Belmonte
Mireia Belmonte
Preceded by
Shiho Sakai
Women's 100 backstroke
world record holder (short course)

4 December 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Missy Franklin
Women's 200 backstroke
world record holder (short course)

5 December 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ariana Kukors
Women's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

3 August 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ye Shiwen
Women's 400 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)

6 August 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Therese Alshammar
Female World Cup Overall Winner
2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Succeeded by
Sarah Sjöström