List of city nicknames in Canada

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Many of Canada's cities and communities are known by various aliases, slogans, sobriquets, and other nicknames to the general population at either the local, regional, national or international scales, often due to marketing campaigns and widespread usage in the media. Some nicknames are officially adopted by municipal governments, tourism boards or chambers of commerce while others are unofficial, and some are current while others are antiquated. Some nicknames are positive, while others are derisive, disparaging or derogatory.

City nicknames can help establish a civic identity, promote civic pride, build civic unity, market the community, and attract residents and businesses.[1] They are also believed to have economic value, but their economic value is difficult to measure.[1]

Cities by province[edit]

Alberta[edit]

  • Calgary
    • "C-Town"[3]
    • "Cowtown"[4]
    • "Heart of The New West", derived from the city's former official slogan[5]
    • "The Stampede City"[6]
  • Edmonton
    • "The Big E"[8]
    • "Canada's Festival City" or "Festival City", an unofficial city slogan[9][10]
    • "Canada's Richest Mixed Farming District", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "City of Champions", unofficial slogan popularized by former mayor Laurence Decore's characterization of the community's response to the 1987 Edmonton tornado[9]
    • "Crossroads of the World", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "Deadmonton", a disparaging term used by British reporter, Robert Philip, during the 2001 World Championships in Athletics (although the term was coined earlier), painting Edmonton as a boring place,[11] and re-emerging in 2011 due to an increasing amount of homicide[12]
    • "E-Town"[13]
    • "Edmonchuck"[14] or "The Chuck",[11] in reference to Edmonton's large Ukrainian population
    • "Gateway to the North", an unofficial city slogan[9][15]
    • "Heart of Canada's Great North West", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "Official Host City of the Turn of the Century", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "The Oil Capital of Canada", Edmonton's only official slogan adopted by city council, which dates back to 1947[9]
    • "River City"[16]
    • "Smart City", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "Top of the World", an unofficial city slogan[9]
    • "Volunteer Capital of Canada", an unofficial city slogan[9]
  • Medicine Hat
    • "The City with All Hell for a Basement", derived from a quote by Rudyard Kipling referring to Medicine Hat's natural gas reserves[25][26]
    • "The City with Energy"[25]
    • "The Gas City"[25]
    • "The Hat"[27]
    • "An Oasis on the Prairies"[25]
    • "Saamis", from which Medicine Hat's name is derived, a Blackfoot word for medicine man's hat[25]

British Columbia[edit]

  • Abbotsford
    • "Berry Capital of Canada"[30]
    • "City in the Country"[31]
    • "Raspberry Capital of Canada",[32] although the neighbourhood of Clearbrook specifically is known for its raspberries[33]
  • Kelowna
    • "Orchard City",[37] named for the prevalent fruit production of the Okanagan Valley
    • "The Four Seasons Playground",[38] named for being worldwide year-round tourist destination
  • Victoria
    • "The Garden City"[51]
    • "City of Newly Weds and Nearly Deads", with larger numbers of seniors or young families as the two major demographics[52]

Manitoba[edit]

  • Churchill
    • "Polar Bear Capital of the World", used as a tourist attraction slogan due to the population of polar bears[54]

New Brunswick[edit]

  • Saint John
    • "Canada's Most Irish City", due to its role as a destination for Irish immigrants during the Great Irish Famine[73]
    • "Canada's Original City",[74] referring to Saint John being the first incorporated city in Canada[75]
    • "Fundy City"[76]
    • "Loyalist City", due to its role as a destination for American British supporters following the American Revolution[73]
    • "Port City", due to its role in the shipbuilding industry in the 19th century[73]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

  • St. John's
    • "City of Legends"[77]
    • "Newfiejohn", a nickname given by American servicemen in World War II [78]
    • "Sin Jawns" [79]
    • "Town", as St. John's is the only major urban area in Newfoundland, going across the island to "town" is heading to St. John's [80]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Ontario[edit]

  • Brampton
  • Cambridge
    • "The Tri-City", referring to the adjacent cities of Kitchener, Waterloo and Cambridge[83]
  • Kitchener
    • "The Tri-City", referring to the adjacent cities of Kitchener, Waterloo and Cambridge[83]
  • Kingston
    • "The Limestone City", in reference to the large number of historical buildings constructed from local limestone.[89]
  • Ottawa
    • "Bytown", the city's official name prior to 1855; still used as a nickname in the media[97]
    • "O-Town"[98]
  • Scarborough (part of Toronto since 1998)
    • "Scarberia", a derogatory nickname based on Scarborough's reputation a barren, faraway land to the east of Toronto [101]
    • "Scarlem", a derogatory nickname which associates Scarborough with the inner-city crime of Harlem, New York [102]
  • Waterloo
    • "The 'Loo" [111]
    • "The Tri-City", referring to the adjacent cities of Kitchener, Waterloo and Cambridge[83]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Montreal
  • "Québec's Metropolis", "La Métropole du Québec" in French[115]
  • "The City of Saints" [107]
  • "La métropole", French for "The Metropolis"[116]
  • "La ville au cent clochers", French for "The City of a Hundred Steeples"[117]
  • "Sin City", a historical nickname from the prohibition-era[118]
Quebec City
  • "La Vieille Capitale"[119]

Saskatchewan[edit]

Cities by territory[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Yukon[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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    This part of the country seems to have all hell for a basement, and the only trap door appears to be in Medicine Hat. And don’t you ever think of changing the name of your town. It's all your own and the only hat of its kind on earth.

    Source: Brennan, Brian. Boondoggles, Bonanzas and other Alberta Stories.. Calgary: Fifth House Publishers, 2003, p. 43.[1]

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  68. ^ Doug Lunney (2013-08-11). "Depreciation deals: Nott's luxury cars provide great value for wholesale Winnipeg". Winnipeg Sun (Sun Media). Retrieved 2014-10-02. 
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  122. ^ Trans Canada Highway
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  126. ^ The Province
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