List of city nicknames and slogans in Canada

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For airport codes often used as city nicknames, see List of airports by IATA code.

Many of Canada's cities and communities are known by various aliases, slogans, sobriquets, and other nicknames to the general population at either the local, regional, national or international scales, often due to marketing campaigns and widespread usage in the media. Some nicknames are officially adopted by municipal governments, tourism boards or chambers of commerce while others are unofficial, and some are current while others are antiquated. Some nicknames are positive, while others are derisive, disparaging or derogatory.

City nicknames can help establish a civic identity, promote civic pride, build civic unity, market the community, and attract residents and businesses.[1] They are also believed to have economic value, but their economic value is difficult to measure.[1]

Cities by province[edit]

Alberta[edit]

  • Brooks
    • "Alberta's Centennial City"[2]
  • Calgary
    • "C-Town"[3]
    • "Cowtown"[4]
    • "Heart of The New West", derived from the city's former official slogan[5]
    • "The Stampede City"[6]
    • "Sandstone City"[7]
  • Camrose
    • "The Rose City"[8]
  • Edmonton
    • "The Big E"[9]
    • "Canada's Festival City" or "Festival City", an unofficial city slogan[10][11]
    • "Canada's Richest Mixed Farming District", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "City of Champions", unofficial slogan popularized by former mayor Laurence Decore's characterization of the community's response to the 1987 Edmonton tornado[10]
    • "Crossroads of the World", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "Deadmonton", a disparaging term used by British reporter, Robert Philip, during the 2001 World Championships in Athletics (although the term was coined earlier), painting Edmonton as a boring place,[12] and re-emerging in 2011 due to an increasing amount of homicide[13]
    • "E-Town"[14]
    • "Edmonchuck"[15] or "The Chuck",[12] in reference to Edmonton's large Ukrainian population
    • "Gateway to the North", an unofficial city slogan[10][16]
    • "Heart of Canada's Great North West", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "Official Host City of the Turn of the Century", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "The Oil Capital of Canada", Edmonton's only official slogan adopted by city council, which dates back to 1947[10]
    • "Redmonton", in reference to the city being the most friendly territory for left wing parties in the province. [17]
    • "River City"[18]
    • "Smart City", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "Top of the World", an unofficial city slogan[10]
    • "Volunteer Capital of Canada", an unofficial city slogan[10]
  • Fort McMurray
  • Fox Creek
  • Grande Prairie
  • Lloydminster
    • "Border City"[24] or "Canada's Border City"[25]
    • "Heavy Oil Capital of Canada"[25]
  • Lethbridge
    • "The Windy City"[26]
  • Medicine Hat
    • "The City with All Hell for a Basement", derived from a quote by Rudyard Kipling referring to Medicine Hat's natural gas reserves[27][28]
    • "The City with Energy"[27]
    • "The Gas City"[27]
    • "The Hat"[29]
    • "An Oasis on the Prairies"[27]
    • "Saamis", from which Medicine Hat's name is derived, a Blackfoot word for medicine man's hat[27]
  • Red Deer

British Columbia[edit]

  • Victoria
    • "The Garden City"[54]
    • "City of Newly Weds and Nearly Deads", with larger numbers of seniors or young families as the two major demographics[55]

Manitoba[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

  • Fredericton
    • "Celestial City"[72]
    • "City of Stately Elms"[73]
    • "Freddy Beach"[74]
  • Moncton
  • Saint John
    • "Canada's Most Irish City", due to its role as a destination for Irish immigrants during the Great Irish Famine[76]
    • "Canada's Original City",[77] referring to Saint John being the first incorporated city in Canada[78]
    • "Fundy City"[79]
    • "Loyalist City", due to its role as a destination for American British supporters following the American Revolution[76]
    • "Port City", due to its role in the shipbuilding industry in the 19th century[76]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

  • St. John's
    • "City of Legends"[80]
    • "Newfiejohn", a nickname given by American servicemen in World War II [81]
    • "Sin Jawns" [82]
    • "Town", as St. John's is the only major urban area in Newfoundland, going across the island to "town" is heading to St. John's [83]
  • Twillingate
    • "The Iceberg Capital of the World"[84]

Nova Scotia[edit]

  • Amherst
    • "Busy Amherst" (an historical nickname coined during the early 20th century due to Amherst's industrial significance in the Maritime Provinces at that time)[85]
  • Antigonish
  • Dartmouth
    • "City of Lakes", from the high number of lakes dotted around the city[88]
    • "The Darkside"[89]
  • Digby
    • "Scallop Capital of the World" - the town is famous for its large fleet of scallop fishing boats[90]
  • Halifax
  • New Glasgow
  • Oxford
    • "Blueberry Capital of Canada", due to being located in the centre of Nova Scotia's blueberry-growing Cumberland County[93]
  • Truro
    • "The Hub of Nova Scotia" or "Hubtown", due to its geographical location within the province and its significance in its history[94]

Ontario[edit]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Montreal
  • "Québec's Metropolis", "La Métropole du Québec" in French[136]
  • "The City of Saints" [127]
  • "La métropole", French for "The Metropolis"[137]
  • "La ville aux cent clochers", French for "The City of a Hundred Steeples"[138]
  • "Sin City", a historical nickname from the prohibition-era[139]
  • "The City of Festivals"[140]
Quebec City
  • "La Vieille Capitale"[141]

Saskatchewan[edit]

Cities by territory[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Yukon[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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    Source: Brennan, Brian. Boondoggles, Bonanzas and other Alberta Stories.. Calgary: Fifth House Publishers, 2003, p. 43.[1]

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