List of pharmacies

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This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.

Australia[edit]

Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API), Sigma Pharmaceuticals, and Symbion Health. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.

API brands[edit]

Sigma brands[edit]

Symbion brands[edit]

Chains[edit]

Brazil[edit]

These are the biggest drugstore companies in Brazil by revenue:

  • UltraFarma
  • Brasil Pharma
  • Drogarias DPSP
  • Pague Menos
  • Profarma
  • RaiaDrogasil

Canada[edit]

Pharmaprix drugstore in Alma

Defunct chains[edit]

China[edit]

The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:

  • China Nepstar, Shenzhen-based – China's largest
  • Super-Pharm, Israeli company, has about 65 stores in China as of 2007
  • Watsons, owned by HK-based Hutchison Whampoa

Croatia[edit]

The main pharmacies in Croatia are:

  • Farmacia - biggest chain
  • Gradske ljekarne Zagreb
  • Ljekarne Coner - first private pharmacy

Denmark[edit]

In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: 'farmakonomer') and pharmacists (farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.

Egypt[edit]

The main pharmacy chains in Egypt:

  • AL'IMAGE Pharmacies
  • Elezabi Pharmacies
  • Seif pharmacies

Germany[edit]

Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self-employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.

Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offering the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care and this has been upheld by the European Court of Justice in its ruling of May 2009. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG (de:GKV-Modernisierungsgesetz) allowed free pricing of OTC products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an alternative, however it only accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.

Online pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first licence based chain pharmacy model in Germany in 2007 (as opposed to the current independent pharmacy model). Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler-based cooperations like LINDA, gesund leben-Apotheken (de), meine apotheke (de) or vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in marketing.

DocMorris CEO Ralf Däinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in strongly invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmaceuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection.[3]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

India's retail pharmacy sector is beginning to consolidate into a group of large players, many of them owned by larger health groups and/or franchised.[4]

  • 98.4 Pharmacy
  • Apollo Pharmacy (division of Apollo Hospitals)
  • Dial for Health
  • Dhanwantary Medicare
  • Fortis Healthworld
  • Guardian Pharmacy
  • Life Spring
  • LifeKen
  • MedPlus Health Services
  • Reliance Health and Pharma
  • Thulasi Pharmacies
  • Trust Chemists & Druggists
  • Viva Pharmacy
  • www.A1cMed.com
  • www.A1cStore.com

Ireland[edit]

Israel[edit]

Jordan[edit]

1- Orange Pharmacy 2- Dawacom 3- Pharmacy-One

Macau[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Pharmacies in the Netherlands are mostly independently owned by pharmacists. In 2011, 31% of all pharmacies were part of one of the following chains:[5]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

An Apotek 1 pharmacy in Oslo, Norway

Pakistan[edit]

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Pharmacies in Singapore:

  • Guardian Pharmacy (mannings)
  • NHG (National Healthcare Group) Pharmacy (mostly found in neighborhood polyclinics managed by NHG)
  • NTUC Unity Pharmacy
  • Watsons Pharmacy

Sweden[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Pharmacy-led chains[edit]

  • Alliance Boots – has over 2,500 stores:
    • Alliance Unichem – merged on 31 July 2006 with Boots the Chemists, to form Alliance Boots – had just under 1,000 stores
      • Moss Pharmacy – acquired by Alliance UniChem in 2005 and rebranded to "Alliance Pharmacy"
    • Boots UK
  • Chemist-4-U - an online pharmacy which also has pharmacy stores throughout the UK
  • Well Pharmacy – has 782 branches in the UK
  • Gordons Chemist – has 60 branches in the UK
  • Lloyds Pharmacy – owned by Celesio (until 2003 named GEHE), has over 1,600 pharmacies in the UK
  • Numark – buying group of over 2,000 independently owned pharmacies in the UK
  • Rowlands Pharmacy – chain of over 500 branches throughout the UK
  • Superdrug – has over 225 in-store pharmacies in the UK
  • Weldricks - chain of 61 pharmacies based mainly in South Yorkshire
  • PCT Healthcare – over 130 independent pharmacies throughout the Midlands, Lancashire and Merseyside.
    • Tims & Parker – merged with Peak Pharmacy in 2001 to form PCT Healthcare
      • Manor Pharmacy – acquired by PCT Healthcare in 2016, has 52 stores
      • Cox & Robinson – acquired by Manor Pharmacy in 2006, has 16 stores

Supermarket chains[edit]

  • Asda – has more than 101 in-store pharmacies in the UK
  • Morrisons
  • Sainsbury's – hundreds of stores have in-store pharmacies, including consulting rooms; Sainsbury's is the first supermarket in the UK to have GPs working in their pharmacies as part of smaller doctor surgeries[6]
  • Tesco

Online Only Pharmacies[edit]

  • Pharmacy2U - an online pharmacy
  • PharmacyDepot - an online pharmacy

United States[edit]

Many pharmacy chains in the United States are owned and operated by regional supermarket brands, or national big-box store brands such as Walmart. These pharmacies are located within their larger chain stores. The three largest free-standing pharmacy chains in the United States are Walgreens, CVS, and Rite Aid; as of 2015, Walgreens and Rite-Aid are currently in the process of merging into one company. [7]

Although not a pharmacy chain, many of the fairly ubiquitous Costco stores include a pharmacy and - in California at least - the pharmacy is available to non-members. Their prices are likely to be among the lowest.

Ranking of Largest Chains[edit]

The table below shows the Top 25 Pharmacy chains in the United States per state ranked by the number of pharmacists per chain, according to the National Pharmacy Market Summary done by SK&A in 2015.[8]

Top 25 Pharmacy chains ranked by the number of pharmacists
Rank Pharmacy Chain City State Pharmacists Stores
1 Walgreens Deerfield IL 17,769 7,736
2 CVS Corporation Woonsocket RI 15,566 7.360
3 Walmart Stores Inc. Bentonville AR 10,384 4,340
4 Rite Aid Corporation Camp Hill PA 9,217 4,520
5 Kroger Company Cincinnati OH 4,800 1,887
6 Target Corp. Minneapolis MN 3,048 1,605
7 Safeway Pleasanton CA 1,807 929
8 Publix Pharmacies Lakeland FL 1,470 854
9 Sears Holdings Corporation (KMart) Hoffman Estates IL 1,328 707
10 Cerberus Capital (Albertsons) New York NY 1,203 533
11 Kaiser Permanente (HMO) Oakland CA 1,024 243
12 Costco Pharmacies Issaquah WA 1,005 428
13 BI-LO Inc. Greenville SC 961 489
14 Medicine Shoppe International St. Charles MO 943 484
15 Hy-Vee Inc. West Des Moines IA 751 230
16 Supervalu Inc. Eden Prairie MN 702 337
17 Giant Eagle Pharmacy Pittsburgh PA 587 210
18 Fred's Inc. Memphis TN 573 299
19 Omnicare Cincinnati OH 571 138
20 Shopko Stores Inc. Green Bay WI 553 245
21 H E B Drug Stores San Antonio TX 546 226
22 Giant Food Inc. Hyattsville MD 533 260
23 Meijer Groceries Grand Rapids MI 529 199
24 Ahold Financial Services (Giant) Carlisle PA 508 251
25 Shoprite Supermarkets Inc. Florida NY 236 153

Stand-alone Pharmacy chains[edit]

Defunct chains[edit]

Vatican City[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Pharmacy chains[edit]

Phano Pharmacy Pharmacity

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pharmacy 4 Less - Discount Chemist - Shop Online, Mobile Or Instore". 
  2. ^ "Cincotta Discount Chemist". 
  3. ^ Kaku, Michio (2012-06-10). "German entrepreneur fights regulations to build pharmacy chain". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  4. ^ "FLIGHT OF PHARMA RETAIL FROM UNORGANISED TO ORGANISED". Franchise India. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  5. ^ "Lichte toename aantal apotheken — SFK Website" (in Dutch). Sfk.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  6. ^ "England | Manchester | Supermarket starts store GP pilot". BBC News. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  7. ^ "Walgreens, Rite Aid Unite to Create Drugstore Giant". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  8. ^ National Pharmacy Market Summary SK&A (July 2015)