From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Giant Food of Maryland, LLC
Industry Retail
Founded 1936 as Giant Food Shopping Center Inc.
Headquarters 8301 Professional Place, Suite 115
Landover, Maryland, U.S.
Key people
Gordon Reid, President
Products Supermarket Pharmacy
Parent Ahold

Giant Food of Maryland, LLC, also known as Giant, is an American supermarket chain with 169 stores and 159 full service pharmacies located in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.[1] It is headquartered in an unincorporated area of Prince George's County, Maryland, in Landover.[2][3]


Giant often is known as Giant-Landover to avoid confusion with sibling company Giant-Carlisle.


A Germantown, Maryland Giant Food store in September 2013.


Former Giant logo, used from 1963 to 2008.

Giant was founded in 1936 by Nehemiah Meir "N.M." Cohen and Samuel Lehrman. The first store was at Georgia Avenue and Park Road in the District of Columbia.[4]


Between 1950 and 1952, Giant added five new stores, joining in the general expansion of the American economy. At this time, the shopping center concept was taking hold in America and Giant put a new store in the Congressional Plaza Shopping Center in Rockville, Maryland.

In 1955 the chain opened its first store in Baltimore. By this time 48 percent of all its stores were located in shopping centers. In 1958, riding a new merchandising trend of combination supermarket/department/discount stores, Giant opened its first Super Giant store and within a year had opened eight more. Also in 1958, the company opened its new headquarters and distribution center on a 40-acre site in Landover, Maryland.

In 1957 Giant Food Shopping Center Inc. became Giant Food Inc., and fiscal 1958 saw sales of more than $100 million. In 1959 the company, with 53 stores (including nine Super Giant stores) went public.

During this time Giant computerized its inventory data, customer information, and payroll and bookkeeping operations. Customer service features added in the 1950s included self-opening doors, mechanized checkouts, and open display cases to make meats and frozen food directly accessible to the customer.

In the 1950s, Giant initiated a scholarship program to encourage students to pursue food management careers. Two of the first five recipients later became senior vice-presidents at Giant.


In 1962 Giant opened its first combination food store and pharmacy located in Glen Burnie, Maryland in the Southdale Shopping Center.

Israel "Izzy" Cohen inherited the family mantle in 1964 and built the company into the 12th-largest food chain in the United States.[5]


Cohen died in 1995 at the age of 83. A holding company was formed because "none of the members of my family have had any experience or interest in operating Giant Food..." Three years after Cohen died, Giant was bought by Royal Ahold, a Dutch conglomerate. Ahold promised few changes to the chain, but Ahold was soon plunged into turmoil after a financial scandal. Starting in 1994, they expanded into the Philadelphia/Delaware/South Jersey area, but under the name Super G, as to avoid confusion with future sister chain Giant of Carlisle. In 2005, the decision was made to phase out the name and convert the South Jersey stores to the Stop & Shop banner, however, these stores did not perform well and they have since closed, sold to ShopRite franchises. The Delaware locations were converted to Giant-Landover, and the Pennsylvania locations, due to proximity to the Giant-Carlisle locations, were closed.


A Giant Food store in March 2006, located at 8th and O Streets NW in Washington, D.C.

In 2004, Ahold merged Giant and Stop & Shop and eliminated more than 600 positions at Giant's Landover headquarters.[4] Also that year, Giant-Landover merged with sister company Stop & Shop to create Stop & Shop/Giant-Landover, which itself is a subsidiary of Netherlands-based Royal Ahold. In 2006, Giant signed a five-year agreement with Starbucks Coffee to open Starbucks locations in several of Giant's stores.[6] Giant introduced a new logo on August 21, 2008, as part of a larger rebranding campaign;[7] the logo is shared with Stop & Shop.


In September 2012, Giant sold its 760,000 sq ft (71,000 m2) distribution facility in Jessup, Maryland. The company outsourced distribution to C&S Wholesale Grocers, relocating its operations to Pennsylvania.[8]


  1. ^ Giant Food Press Release (includes store count),
  2. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Facility Locations". Giant Food, LLC. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 8301 Professional Place, Suite 115 Landover, Maryland, 20785 
  4. ^ a b [1], Ylan Q. Mui, "Voice of Giant Food Says Goodbye," Washington Post, October 1, 2007
  5. ^ Alec Matthew Klein and Shirley Leung (November 24, 1995). "Israel Cohen, Giant Food's chairman, dies at 83". The Baltimore Sun. 
  6. ^ Moore, Marcus (February 24, 2006). "Deal will bring Starbucks to some Giant stores". Retrieved 2007-06-17. 
  7. ^ Walker, Andrea K. (2008-08-21). "Giant Food to unveil new logo today". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  8. ^ Lorraine Mirabella (September 24, 2012). "Giant Food puts Jessup warehouse on the market; Dry goods distribution center shut down over summer; Trucks are parked in the lot of the Jessup dry goods warehouse". The Baltimore Sun. 


External links[edit]