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Monster Energy

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Monster Energy
500 ml can of Monster Energy, sold from China
TypeEnergy drink
ManufacturerMonster Beverage Corporation
Country of origin United States
Region of originCorona, California
IntroducedApril 18, 2002; 22 years ago (2002-04-18)[1][2]
VariantsSee Varieties
Websitewww.monsterenergy.com Edit this at Wikidata

Monster Energy is an energy drink that was created by Hansen Natural Company (now Monster Beverage Corporation) in April 2002.[1] As of 2022, Monster Energy had a 30.1% share of the American energy drink market,[3] the second-highest after Red Bull.

As of July 2019, there were 34 different drinks under the Monster brand in North America, including its core Monster Energy line, Java Monster, Zero Ultra, Juice, Maxx, Hydro, HydroSport, Extra Strength, Dragon Tea, Muscle, Import, and Rehab.[4]

Monster Energy is known for their sponsorship and support for extreme sports events, such as Bellator MMA, Ultimate Fighting Championship, ONE Championship, MotoGP, BMX, motocross, Motorcycle speedway, skateboarding, snowboarding and the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (2017–19). Monster currently sponsors the FIA World Rallycross Championship, the Invictus Games Foundation, rally driver Oliver Solberg, two of Dreyer & Reinbold Racing's Nitro Rallycross drivers, the PBR: Unleash the Beast Professional Bull Riders tour, the bag of golfer Tiger Woods, F1 team McLaren as well as the helmets of the Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 drivers. The company also has a strong presence in the music industry, promoting a number of bands and artists around the world in the Monster Energy Outbreak Tour, like Fetty Wap,[5] Iggy Azalea,[6] 21 Savage,[7] Asking Alexandria, Anthrax,[8] Strange Music, The Word Alive, Machine Gun Kelly,[9] Suicidal Tendencies, Maximum the Hormone, Korn, Poppy,[10] Papa Roach, and Five Finger Death Punch.[11]


Nutritional value per 100 ml[12]
Energy201 kJ (48 kcal)
12 g
Sugars11 g
Riboflavin (B2)
0.7 mg
Niacin (B3)
8.5 mg
Vitamin B6
0.8 mg
Vitamin B12
2.5 μg
Other constituentsQuantity
Salts0.19 g
Percentages estimated using US recommendations for adults,[13] except for potassium, which is estimated based on expert recommendation from the National Academies.[14]

The caffeine content of most Monster Energy drinks is approximately 10 mg/oz (33.81 mg / 100 ml),[15][16] or 160 mg for a 16oz (473 ml) can. The packaging usually contains a warning label advising consumers against drinking more than 48oz per day (500 ml per day in Australia). The drinks are not recommended for pregnant women or people sensitive to caffeine. The ingredients include carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, natural flavors, taurine, sodium citrate, color added, panax ginseng root extract, L-carnitine, L-tartrate, caffeine, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, niacinamide, sodium chloride, Glycine max glucuronolactone, inositol, guarana seed extract, pyridoxine hydrochloride, sucralose, riboflavin, maltodextrin, and cyanocobalamin.

Health concerns[edit]

Energy drinks have been associated with health risks, such as masking the effects of intoxication when consumed with alcohol,[17] and excessive or repeated consumption can lead to cardiac and psychiatric conditions.[18][19] However, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) concluded that an adequate consumption of Monster and other popular energy drinks is safe and that the amount of caffeine in standard Monster cans is unlikely to interact adversely with other typical constituents of energy drinks or with alcohol.[20] Energy drinks have the effects that caffeine and sugar give, but there is no distinct evidence that the wide variety of other ingredients has any effect.[21]

In December 2011, 14-year-old Anais Fournier died of "cardiac arrhythmia due to caffeine toxicity" after drinking two 24 US fluid ounces (710 ml) cans of Monster Energy drink containing 240 mg of caffeine per can.[22][23] Fournier had a pre-existing heart condition, as well as Ehlers–Danlos syndrome.[22][23] In October 2012, her parents sued the company.[22][23] Monster Energy has insisted that its energy drink played no role in Fournier's death.[22][23]

A request under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act revealed that from 2003 to 2012 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had received reports of five deaths occurring after drinking Monster Energy.[23] The reports did not prove a causal link between the drink and any health problems.[23]

In May 2015, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) banned the sale of Monster and other energy drinks that contained both caffeine and ginseng.[24]


Shelf in a German supermarket with various flavors of Monster Energy. Cans of the competitor Rockstar can be seen at the top.

The varieties of Monster include:

  • Original (black can with green logo)
  • Zero Sugar (originally had dark blue logo; changed to resemble Original can with the top recolored green with a black pull tab)
  • Assault (cola flavor, stylized camouflage can with red logo)[25]
  • Reserve White Pineapple (pineapple flavor, black can with yellow logo and yellow band around flavor title)[26]
  • Reserve Orange Dreamsicle (orange flavor, black can with orange logo)[27]
  • Reserve Watermelon (watermelon flavor, black can with red logo)[28]
  • Ripper (tropical fruits flavor, yellow can)[29]
  • Cuba-Libre (cola and lime flavor version of the cuba libre cocktail.)
  • Dub Mad Dog (grape flavor, discontinued)[30]
  • Maxx (original flavor with added nitrous oxide, comes in a variety of flavors)[31]
  • Nitro Super Dry (original flavor however utilizes nitrous oxide rather than carbon dioxide, giving the beverage a texture (mouthfeel) similar to that of Guinness beer, black can with black logo shrouded in lime green)[32]
  • Mule (ginger beer flavor, zero sugar, matte finish black can with bronze logo and text with 'Non-alcoholic' wording due to the product's name being similar to Moscow Mule, a popular cocktail)[33]
  • VR46 The Doctor (orange flavor, yellow can with Valentino Rossi's The Doctor branding)[34]
  • LH44 Lewis Hamilton (red can with yellow and black patterns with black logo)[35]
  • Java (Coffee mixed with Monster Energy available in a variety of flavors including salted caramel, loca moca and mean bean.)[36]
  • Pacific Punch (cherry punch flavor)[37]
  • Pipeline Punch (passion fruit, orange and guava flavor, pink can)[38]
  • Mixxd (Punch line. Cherry flavor, surface-textured purple can.)[39]
  • Monarch (juiced line, pastel pink can with yellow logo and butterfly artwork)[40]
  • Mango Loco (juiced line, blue can with orange logo and artwork themed to the Mexican Day of the Dead)[41]
  • Khaotic (juiced line, yellow can with light blue logo and graffiti butterfly artwork)[42]
  • Aussie Lemonade style (Juiced line, blue can with yellow logo and artwork featuring a variety of sea creatures. Citrus flavored. Introduced in 2022)[43]
  • Bad Apple (juiced line, red apple flavor, punky/alt version of Eve holding an apple)
  • Zero Ultra (citrus flavor, zero sugar, textured white can with silver logo)[44]
  • Ultra Blue (light citrus and berry flavor, zero sugar, textured light blue can with silver logo)[45]
  • Ultra Fantasy Ruby Red (grapefruit flavor, zero sugar, textured magenta can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Fiesta (mango flavor, zero sugar, textured blue can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Watermelon (watermelon flavor, zero sugar, textured bright red can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Paradise (apple and kiwi flavor, zero sugar, textured lime green can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Rosá (pink lemonade flavor, zero sugar, textured hot pink can with silver logo)[46]
  • Ultra Gold (pineapple flavor, zero sugar, textured gold can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Red (fruit punch flavor, zero sugar, red can)
  • Ultra Black (cherry flavor, zero sugar, textured black can with silver logo)
  • Ultra Peachy Keen (Peach flavor, zero sugar, textured peach can with silver logo. Made in limited edition form.)
  • Ultra Sunrise (Orange flavor, zero sugar, orange can with silver logo)[47]
  • Ultra Strawberry Dreams (strawberry flavor, zero sugar, pink can)[48]
  • Ultra Violet, a.k.a. The Purple Monster (grape flavor, zero sugar, violet can)[49]
Four cans of Monster Beast alcoholic drinks

Alcoholic beverages[edit]

In 2023, Monster launched the Monster Beast line of alcoholic drinks. Beast Unleashed launched with several flavors designed to be similar to original Monster Energy products, but with no sugar or caffeine.[50] The Nasty Beast line was launched later in 2023, targeting the alcoholic iced tea market, competing against brands such as Twisted Tea.[51]


Monster advertising on the Las Vegas Monorail (2007)

Monster Energy is advertised mainly through sponsorship of sporting events, including motocross, BMX, mountain biking, snowboarding, skateboarding, car racing, speedway, and also through sponsorship of esports events.

In 2006, Caleb (Strongjaw) Johnstone Corporation announced a distribution agreement with Anheuser-Busch in the United States[52] and Grupo Jumex in Mexico.[53]

Monster became the title sponsor of NASCAR's top series starting with the 2017 season,[54] renaming it to the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series.[55] The name lasted through 2019; although Monster offered to extend the sponsorship, NASCAR rejected it in favor of a new sponsorship model.[56][57]

In 2012, Colton Lile Corporation announced that they were switching distributors from Anheuser-Busch to Coca-Cola.[58]

In 2012, a Monster Jam monster truck sponsored by Monster Energy debuted in El Paso, Texas, with Damon Bradshaw driving. A second truck was introduced in Las Vegas at the Monster Jam World Finals in 2015, and is driven by Coty Saucier and Steven Sims.


The design was created by McLean Design, a California-based strategic branding firm. The logo is composed of a vibrant green "M", composed of three lines on a field of black. The "M" is stylized in such a way as to imply that it is formed by the claws of a monster ripping through the can.[59]


Action sports[edit]

In August 2017, Monster renewed a sponsorship with mixed martial arts champion Conor McGregor; they are also endorsed by Cain Velasquez and Jon "Bones" Jones.[60]

In November 2012, the firm announced a long-term partnership with the Professional Bull Riders,[61] and currently sponsors several riders including Jose Vitor Leme, Cody Teel, and Derek Kolbaba. Starting in 2018, they became the title sponsor of the PBR's premiership tour, known as the Unleash the Beast tour.

The firm has served as the official energy drink sponsor of multiple X Games contests, including the 2017 summer games in Minneapolis and the 2017 winter games in Aspen.[62] Among the athletes on their team are skateboarders Nyjah Huston, Ishod Wair and Chris Cole,[63] three-time gold-winning skier David Wise, Olympic freestyle skier Gus Kenworthy and Olympic gold medalist snowboarder Iouri Podladtchikov.[64]


Kurt Busch driving the Monster Energy–sponsored No. 45 NASCAR at Sonoma Raceway in 2022
Ken Block driving the Monster Energy–sponsored No. 43 Ford Fiesta for the 2010 Rally America season

In December 2016, it was announced that Monster would replace Sprint Corporation as title sponsor of NASCAR's premier series. NASCAR's chief marketing officer cited Monster's "youthful and edgy" brands a driving force behind the deal, .[65][66] In April 2019, it was reported that NASCAR rejected Monster Energy's offer to extend its sponsorship through 2020 in favor of a new tiered sponsorship model.[67][68]

Monster is endorsed by NASCAR driver Tyler Reddick and sponsors his No. 45 23XI Racing car, as well as his Toyota Racing teammate Ty Gibbs and his No. 54 Joe Gibbs Racing car. They are also endorsed by Reddick's predecessor, Kurt Busch, who was forced into retirement due to injuries after the 2022 season. They also endorse NASCAR Truck Series driver Hailie Deegan and the No. 13 ThorSport Racing Team, as well as NASCAR Xfinity Series driver Riley Herbst and the No. 98 Stewart-Haas Racing team. [54] They have also had sponsored Robby Gordon,[69] Ricky Carmichael,[70] and the No. 54 Xfinity Series car of Joe Gibbs Racing/Kyle Busch Motorsports.[71][72] They have sponsored Formula 1 team Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport between 2010 and 2023 and have been endorsed by the team's drivers, George Russell and seven-time world champion Lewis Hamilton. Hamilton also has a signature drink with the brand, "LH44". Monster Energy will partner with McLaren from the 2024 season onwards. The company will continue to sponsor Hamilton on a personal level.[73] Monster Energy is also the primary sponsor for Yamaha Motor Racing in MotoGP since 2019 and also sponsors riders such as Valentino Rossi, Franco Morbidelli, and Francesco Bagnaia.[74]

Valentino Rossi riding the Monster Energy–sponsored Yamaha YZR-M1 at the MotoGP winter tests 2020 in Qatar
Vaughn Gittin drifting the Monster Energy–sponsored Ford Mustang

The company was endorsed by Australian touring car driver Jamie Whincup from late 2009 to 2012. The deal was canceled abruptly for the 2013 season, when his team Triple Eight signed rival Red Bull as sponsor.[75] Monster partnered with James Courtney and Holden Racing Team for the 2016 International V8 Supercars Championship,[76] and is now associated with Tickford Racing as primary sponsor of Cameron Waters Ford Mustang Supercar.

Monster has also sponsored other rally drivers and motocross riders: Ken Block, Liam Doran, Nani Roma, Jeremy McGrath, Chad Reed, Ryan Villopoto, Nate Adams, Taka Higashino, and Carmichael. On May 18, 2022, it was announced that Monster Energy would sponsor Andreas Bakkerud and Robin Larsson of Dreyer & Reinbold Racing in Nitro Rallycross.[77] It also sponsors multiple motocross race teams named "Monster Energy/Pro Circuit/Kawasaki",[78] and the Monster Energy Factory Yamaha motocross team, based in Hampshire, England. In 2016, the firm has aided the return of factory Yamaha to United States as the title sponsor of the team, officially named Monster Energy/360fly/Chaparral/Yamaha Factory Racing. During this time, Monster Energy served as a title sponsor for the Star Racing Yamaha team, which also took over the 450 program from Factory Yamaha in 2021. They have gone on to win the 2021 AMA Pro Motocross Championship with Dylan Ferrandis, and the 2022 AMA Supercross and AMA Pro Motocross Championships with Eli Tomac.

Since 2010, Monster Energy has been the main sponsor of Formula Drift champion Vaughn Gittin Jr. Monster Energy has also sponsored Brittany Force of the NHRA. The firm has also been the title sponsor of the Catalan Motorcycle Grand Prix since 2014. Since 2012, it has been the main sponsor of the Speedway Grand Prix and Speedway World Cup.[79]

In June 2015, Monster agreed to a sponsorship deal with Zayat Stables to sponsor the race horse American Pharoah, rumored to be the largest single-horse advertising sponsorship to-date. The deal allows the product's logo to be used on the horse sheets, on jockey Victor Espinoza's shirt and boots, as well as caps and other gear worn by people around the horse.[80]

Monster Energy also has a big presence in the off-road racing scene being the main sponsor's for the Baja 1000 and Baja 500. They also sponsor a variety of teams in different classes,[81] including Trophy Truck drivers Cameron Steele, Alan Ampudia and Kyle LeDuc.

Current motorsports sponsorships

Series Type Driver Number Team
NASCAR Cup Series Stock car Ty Gibbs 54 Joe Gibbs Racing
Tyler Reddick 45 23XI Racing
Riley Herbst 15 Rick Ware Racing
NASCAR Xfinity Series Stock car Riley Herbst 98 Stewart-Haas Racing
Formula One Open-wheel racing Lewis Hamilton 44 Mercedes
Lando Norris 4 McLaren
Oscar Piastri 81
NHRA Camping World Drag Racing Series Drag racing Brittany Force n/a John Force Racing
John Force n/a
European Drag Racing Championship Drag racing Jndia Erbacher n/a -
Nitro Rallycross Rallycross Robin Larsson 4 Dreyer & Reinbold Racing
Andreas Bakkerud 13
Supercars Championship Touring car racing Cameron Waters 6 Tickford Racing
Formula D Drifting Vaughn Gittin JR 25 RTR Motorsports
World Rally Championship Rallying Oliver Solberg n/a Toksport WRT


Monster Energy also sponsors several individuals in the esports community, as well as esports associations. The company broke into esports with their sponsorship of Evil Geniuses, one of the premiere North American multi-game organizations.[82] Monster Energy is affiliated with esports in North America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.[83] Some of the organizations and individuals they support or have supported include the Australian organization "MindFreak",[83] Paris Saint-Germain eSports,[84] and the streamer TimTheTatman.[85]


Trademark protection and lawsuits[edit]

As plaintiff[edit]

Monster Beverage Corporation has been criticized for its policy of indiscriminately suing companies and/or brands that use the word monster, the letter M, or the word beast in their marketing for trademark infringement, despite such trademarks being generally dissimilar or distinguishable from Monster's. The words monster and beast have existed in the English language since the 13th century,[86][87] with the Latin letter M tracing back to the 7th century BC. By 2019, the company has initiated over a thousand trademark cases that have been reviewed by the US court system or US Patent and Trademark Office's (USPTO) Trademark Trial and Appeal Board,[88] making them a poster child for "trademark bullying" which the USPTO defines as "a trademark owner that uses its trademark rights to harass and intimidate another business beyond what the law might be reasonably interpreted to allow."[88][89]

Examples of such lawsuits include the 2009 ones against Bevreview.com, a beverage review site that published an unfavorable review of the Monster Energy drink,[90] Rock Art Brewery from Vermont that marketed a beer named "Vermonster",[91] and the aquarium hobbyist site MonsterFishKeepers.com in 2012.[92] The "Vermonster" case was even brought up by Senator Patrick Leahy in a study of problematic trademark litigation tactics.[89] Monster Beverage dropped the lawsuit against the microbrewery due to the adverse publicity the lawsuit generated.[93]

In a four year case from 2015 to 2019, Monster sued Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (MLSE), the parent of the Toronto Raptors, and the NBA. MLSE and NBA had applied to register the Raptor's logo Raptors, a basketball with three diagonal claw gashes, for various goods and services.[94] The Trademark Trial and Appeal Board dismissed Monster's claim.[95]

In March 2016, Monster filed a lawsuit to revoke the company trademark of Thunder Beast LLC of Washington, D.C.,[96][88] a small root beer brewery, insisting the use of "beast" in the company name encroached on Monster's trademark slogan, "Unleash the Beast".[97] The owner of Thunder Beast, Stephen Norberg, was fighting Monster's lawsuit as of 2019.[88]

In August 2018, Monsta Pizza of Wendover in Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom, fought a claim brought by Monster Energy in the intellectual property office. The claim was that the pizza firm could be mistaken for Monster Energy, leaving customers confused. The pizza firm won a landmark ruling against Monster Energy, when the court decided there would be no case of misrepresentation.[98] In fact, Monster Energy loses many of their lawsuits, however as with other cases of "trademark bullying" the main goal of the lawsuit seem to be bankrupting the opposition at which they are quite successful.[99][88]

In April 2023, Monster Beverage Corporation sued independent videogame developer Glowstick Entertainment for their horror party game Dark Deception: Monsters and Mortals. Apparently to Monster Beverage, the use of "Monster" in the title of the game and their green and black logo make it "very confusing" because of the similarities between the two. Glowstick Entertainment's head creator, Vincent Livings, had decided to fight it in court and has since won the case. Additionally later that month, it was discovered that over 100 trademark complaints had been filed in Japan, including complaints against the Pokémon (1996–), Monster Hunter (2004–), and Monster Musume (2012–) franchises, the formermost of which predates the Monster Energy brand by over half a decade.[100][101][102][103]

As defendant[edit]

Monster Energy has occasionally been on the other side of copyright infringement lawsuits. For example, in August 2012, the Beastie Boys filed a lawsuit against the company for copyright infringement over Monster's use of their music played by Z-Trip in an online campaign.[104] In 2014, a jury found Monster Beverage Corporation had infringed on Beastie Boys' copyright by using songs without permission, and owed the group $1.7 million.[105][106]

In popular culture[edit]

Christine Weick, an American Christian activist and author, created a video that argued that Monster Energy sports drinks are associated with Satan. The November 2014 video was published on YouTube, garnering over eleven million views as of 2018.[107][108][109] The viral nature of the video got her an appearance on the Web Redemption segment of Comedy Central's Tosh.0.[110]

The energy drink also features prominently as product placement in the video game Death Stranding (2019), in which it restores stamina and can be consumed by the main character in his private room.[111][112]


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