National symbols of Scotland

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The national symbols of Scotland are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Scotland or Scottish culture. As a rule, these national symbols are cultural icons that have emerged from Scottish folklore and tradition, meaning few have any official status. However, most if not all maintain recognition at a national or international level, and some, such as the Royal Arms of Scotland, have been codified in heraldry, and are established, official and recognised symbols of Scotland.

Flags[edit]

Flag of Scotland.svg The national flag of Scotland, the Saltire or St. Andrew's Cross, dates (at least in legend) from the 9th century, and is thus the oldest national flag still in use. The Saltire now also forms part of the design of the Union Flag.
Banner of the King of Scots.svg The Royal Standard of Scotland, a banner showing the Royal Arms of Scotland, is also frequently to be seen, particularly at sporting events involving a Scottish team. Often called the Lion Rampant (after its chief heraldic device), it is technically the property of the monarch and its use by anybody else is illegal, although this is almost universally ignored, and never enforced.

Heraldry[edit]

Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg The Royal Arms of Scotland[1] is a coat of arms symbolising Scotland and the Scottish monarchs. The blazon, or technical description, is "Or, a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counter-flory of the second", meaning a red lion with blue tongue and claws on a yellow field and surrounded by a red double royal tressure flory counter-flory device

Although officially subsumed into the heraldry of the British Royal Family in 1707, the historic Royal Arms featuring the lion rampant continues to represent Scotland on several coins of the pound sterling, forms the basis of several emblems of Scottish national sports teams (such as the Scotland national football team),and endures as one of the most recognisable national symbols of Scotland

Scottish Thistle (Heraldry).svg The thistle, the floral emblem of Scotland, also features in Scottish & British heraldry through symbols, logos, coat of arms and on British currency.
Crest of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg The Honours of Scotland, the Scottish Crown Jewels, are displayed in the Crown Room of Edinburgh Castle, from where they are removed only for State Occasions. Stylised versions of the Crown of Scotland appear upon the badges of the Royal Regiment of Scotland, those of the Scottish Police Forces, the Scottish Ambulance Service and upon Royal Mail premises, vehicles and pillar/wall boxes in Scotland.
Coat of Arms of the Lord Lyon King of Arms.svg The Lord Lyon King of Arms is a Great Officer of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation.

Anthems[edit]

Cultural[edit]

Great chieftain o' the puddin-race.JPG Burns' Night is an annual celebration of Scotland's national poet Robert Burns.
Declaration of arbroath.jpg Declaration of Arbroath (1320) Scotland Declaration of Independence. Tartan Day, a recent innovation from Canada, is a celebration of all things Scottish on the anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath.
Stone of scone replica 170609.jpg Stone of Scone, Block of red sandstone used for the coronation of Scottish kings. Usually seen as a symbol of unity and Scottish independence.
St Neot Cornwall 018.JPG St Andrew's Day, the 30 November, is the national day with the St. Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007, designating the day to be an official bank holiday.[4]
Three tartans.jpg Tartan is a specific woven textile pattern that often signifies a particular Scottish clan, as featured on a kilt.

Flora and fauna[edit]

HamptonCourtUnicorn.jpg The unicorn is also used as a heraldic symbol of Scotland. The Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, used prior to 1603 by the Kings of Scotland, incorporated a lion rampant shield supported by two unicorns. On the Union of the Crowns, the Arms were quartered with those of England and Ireland, and one unicorn was replaced by a lion (the supporters of England). It is frequently found as an ornament on mercat crosses.
Eselsdistel.JPG The thistle, the floral emblem of Scotland.
CallunaVulgaris.jpg Heather is also considered to be a symbol of Scotland. Wearing a sprig of heather is believed to bring good luck.
Pinus sylvestris Glenmuick.jpg The Scots Pine is the national tree of Scotland.

Food and drink[edit]

Scotland Haggis.jpg Haggis is one of Scotland's most recognisable and traditional foods associated annually with Burns' night.
Irn Bru Cans.jpg Irn Bru is Scotland's most popular home-grown soft drink.
Shortbreadrounds.jpg Shortbread (bottom left) Shortbread is a classic Scottish dessert that consists of flour, sugar, and butter.
Whiskyhogmanay2010.jpg Whisky is the quintessential drink of Scotland.

People[edit]

St. Andrew statue, Church Street, St. Andrews.jpg Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland.
Robert the Bruce.jpg Robert the Bruce, a national hero and King of Scotland after the Scottish Wars of Independence.
Burns 2.jpg Robert Burns is recognised as Scotland's national poet.
William Wallace Statue , Aberdeen2.jpg William Wallace, a leader in the Scottish Wars of Independence who became a national hero.

See also[edit]

References[edit]