Regions of Kazakhstan

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Regions of Kazakhstan
Qаzаqstаn аımаqtаry (Kazakh)
Регионы Казахстана (Russian)
Also known as:
Province
Oblast
West Kazakhstan RegionAtyrau RegionMangystau RegionAktobe RegionKyzylorda RegionTurkistan RegionJambyl RegionAlmaty RegionKaragandy RegionEast Kazakhstan RegionPavlodar RegionAkmola RegionNorth Kazakhstan RegionKostanay RegionAstanaAlmatyBaykonurOralAtyrauAktauAktobeKostanayKyzylordaPetropavlKokshetauShymkentKaragandaTarazPavlodarTaldykorganOskemen
A clickable map of Kazakhstan exhibiting its 14 regions.vde
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Kazakhstan
Number14 regions and 4 cities (Almaty, Astana, Baikonur, Shymkent)
Populations36,175 (Baikonur) – 2,685,009 (Turkistan)
Areas680 km2 (263 sq mi) (Almaty) - 427,980 km2 (165,245 sq mi) (Karaganda)
GovernmentRegion government, National government
SubdivisionsDistrict

Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions (Kazakh: облыстар/oblystar; singular: облыс/oblys; Russian: области/oblasti; singular: область/oblast' ). The regions are further subdivided into districts (Kazakh: аудандар/aýdandar; singular: аудан/aýdan; Russian: районы/rayoni; singular: район/rayon). Four cities, Baikonur, Shymkent, the largest city Almaty, and the capital Astana are not part of the regions they are surrounded by.

Coat of arms Full English name Type Full Kazakh name Full Russian name Standard time
Coat of Arms of Aqmola Province Kz.png Akmola Region region Ақмола облысы
Aqmola oblysy
Акмолинская область
Akmolinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Aktyubinsk-obl-coat-of-arms.png Aktobe Region region Ақтөбе облысы
Aqtóbe oblysy
Актюбинская область
Aktyubinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Coat of arms of Almaty.svg Almaty city[nb 1] Алматы қаласы
Almaty qalasy
город Алматы
gorod Almaty
UTC+06:00
Алматы облысы герб.png Almaty Region region Алматы облысы
Almaty oblysy
Алматинская область
Almatinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
New coat of arms of Astana.svg Astana city[nb 1] Астана қаласы
Astana qalasy
город Астана
gorod Astana
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Atyrau.svg Atyrau Region region[nb 2] Атырау облысы
Atyraý oblysy
Атырауская область
Atyrauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Baikonur seal.png Baikonur city[nb 3] Байқоңыр қаласы
Baıqońyr qalasy
город Байконур
gorod Baykonur
UTC+06:00
Coats of arms of East Kazakhstan Province.svg East Kazakhstan Region region Шығыс Қазақстан облысы
Shyǵys Qazaqstan oblysy
Восточно-Казахстанская область
Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Zhambyl province seal.png Jambyl Region region Жамбыл облысы
Jambyl oblysy
Жамбылская область
Zhambylskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms of Karagandy Province.svg Karaganda Region region Қарағанды облысы
Qaraǵandy oblysy
Карагандинская область
Karagandinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Kostanay Province.png Kostanay Region region Қостанай облысы
Qostanaı oblysy
Костанайская область
Kostanayskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Kyzylorda province seal.png Kyzylorda Region region Қызылорда облысы
Qyzylorda oblysy
Кызылординская область
Kyzylordinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Маңғыстау логотибі.jpg Mangystau Region region Маңғыстау облысы
Mańǵystaý oblysy
Мангыстауская область
Mangystauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
North Kazakhstan province seal.svg North Kazakhstan Region region Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Soltústik Qazaqstan oblysy
Северо-Казахстанская область
Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Pavlodar region.png Pavlodar Region region Павлодар облысы
Pavlodar oblysy
Павлодарская область
Pavlodarskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Shymkent.png Shymkent city[nb 1] Шымкент қаласы
Shymkent qalasy
город Шымкент
gorod Shymkent
UTC+06:00
South Kazakhstan province seal.png Turkistan Region (formerly South Kazakhstan) region Түркістан облысы
Túrkistan oblysy
Туркестанская область
Turkestanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms Batys Oblysy.png West Kazakhstan Region region[nb 2] Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Batys Qazaqstan oblysy
Западно-Казахстанская область
Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00

Notes[edit]

^1 Almaty, Astana and Shymkent cities have the status of State significance and do not relate to any region.
^2 The West Kazakhstan and Atyrau regions are both partly located in Eastern Europe as the Ural River run through Atyrau and Oral, their respective capital cities.
^3 Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur Cosmodrome until the year 2050.

Demographic statistics[edit]

Entity Capital Area (km²) Population
(2009 census)[1]
Population Density ISO 3166-2 Code
Akmola Region Kokshetau 146,219 0,737,495 5.044 KZ-AKM
Aktobe Region Aktobe 300,629 0,757,768 2.521 KZ-AKT
Almaty Almaty 000,319 1,365,632 4281 KZ-ALA
Almaty Region Taldykorgan 223,924 1,365,632 6.099 KZ-ALM
Astana Astana 000,710 0,613,006 863.4 KZ-AST
Atyrau Region Atyrau 118,631 0,510,377 4.302 KZ-ATY
Baikonur Baikonur 000,057 0,036,175 644.6 KZ-BAY*
East Kazakhstan Region Oskemen 283,226 1,396,593 4.931 KZ-VOS
Jambyl Region Taraz 144,264 1,022,129 7.085 KZ-ZHA
Karaganda Region Karaganda 427,982 1,341,700 3.135 KZ-KAR
Kostanay Region Kostanay 196,001 0,885,570 4.518 KZ-KUS
Kyzylorda Region Kyzylorda 226,019 0,678,794 3.003 KZ-KZY
Mangystau Region Aktau 165,642 0,485,392 2.930 KZ-MAN
North Kazakhstan Region Petropavl 097,993 0,596,535 6.088 KZ-SEV
Pavlodar Region Pavlodar 124,800 0,742,475 5.948 KZ-PAV
Shymkent Shymkent 0,1,170 0,603,499 KZ-
Turkistan Region Turkistan 117,249 2,469,357 21.06 KZ-TUR
West Kazakhstan Region Oral 151,339 0,598,880 3.957 KZ-ZAP

Former administrative boundaries[edit]

Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today

Over the last 60 years, both the distribution and names of regions of Kazakhstan have changed considerably. Major changes were several fusions and splits between Guryev and Mangystau, Karaganda and Dzhezkazgan, Almaty and Taldy-Kurgan, East Kazakhstan and Semipalatinsk and Kostanay, Turgay and Tselinograd, respectively. Changes in region names were often in line with the renaming of cities, such as in the case of Alma-Ata/Almaty. After the administrative reform in 1997, the last change happened since then took place in 1999, when parts of North Kazakhstan that originally belonged to Kokshetau region became part of Akmola. The 1990s merges were in order to dilute Russian population in the resulting region and to avoid having regions where Russians form a majority.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.liportal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/oeffentlich/Kasachstan/40_gesellschaft/Kaz2009_Analytical_report.pdf
  2. ^ Bologov, Pyotr (25 August 2016). "Три угрозы для Назарбаева: насколько стабилен Казахстан" (in Russian). carnegie.ru. Retrieved 29 August 2016.

Sources[edit]