Sadar Hills

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Sadar Hills is a geographic area in the state of Manipur (Northeast India).

People[edit]

Sadar Hills is inhabited by heterogeneous ethnic groups with inherent socio-economic and cultural backgrounds, including the indigenous Kukis, the Nepalis and Nagas. Many of the people are economically underprivileged. As per the Hill House Counting and Grazing Tax assessment of 2012, the total number of villages and population of Sadar Hills in the three sub-divisional wise are shown below:[1]

Sl/no. Name of Sub-Division No. of village Population
1. *Kangpokpi- Sadar Hills West 288 133023
2. Saitu-Gamphazol 399 115870
3. Saikul-Sadar Hills East 335 86003
4. Total : 1022 334896

Geography[edit]

Sadar Hills has mild climatic conditions. The land has a complete and clear demarcated boundary.

Government[edit]

In 1971, during the process for granting full-fledged statehood to Manipur, the government of India passed an Act of Parliament, called Manipur (Hill Areas) Autonomous District Council Act, 1971 (vide Section 4 of Sub-Section 3, Bill No. 76 of 26/12/1971) for safeguarding the hill areas and protection of the tribals in Manipur. The Act provides for creation of six Autonomous District Councils in the hill areas of Manipur for ultimate conversion into full-fledged district, viz.:

  1. Manipur North Autonomous District (Senapati)
  2. Sadar Hills Autonomous District (Sadar Hills)
  3. Manipur East Autonomous District (Ukhrul)
  4. Tengnoupal Autonomous District (Chandel)
  5. Manipur South Autonomous District (Churachandpur)
  6. Manipur West Autonomous District (Tamenglong)

In spite of many protests by the Naga people of the area, as of 2016 Sadar Hills had been created as a district.[2][3]

Sl/no. Name Of Sub-Division Area (in Sq.Km) No. of village as 2011 Census Population as of 2011 Census[4]
1. Kangpokpi-Sadar Hills West 476 150 60945
2. Saitu-Gamphazol 457 295 44130
3. Saikul-Sadar Hills East 765 178 51438
4. Total 1698 623 1,56,513

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hill House Counting and Grazing Tax assessment of Kangpokpi Block/Sub-Division is yet to be updated
  2. ^ " District Status for Sadar Hills in Manipur". Academia.edu, Thongkholal Haokip
  3. ^ "Manipur Fails Its People Again on Sadar Hills". Northwest Today, 3 November 2016, Nehginpao Kipgen
  4. ^ Sub-Divisional wise population of Manipur is yet to be published