Shubra El Kheima

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Shubra El Kheima
شبرا الخيمة
Pigeon tower in Shubra Khit.jpg
القناطر الخيرية - القليوبية.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Shubrah Palace, Shubrah Palace Facade, Pigeon towers, Al-Qanatir
Shubra El Kheima is located in Egypt
Shubra El Kheima
Shubra El Kheima
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°7′43″N 31°14′32″E / 30.12861°N 31.24222°E / 30.12861; 31.24222
 • Total30.0 km2 (11.6 sq mi)
Elevation26 m (85 ft)
 • Total1,240,289
 • Density41,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)

Shubra El Kheima, (Arabic: شبرا الخيمة, lit.'hamlet of the tent', IPA: [ˈʃobɾɑ lˈxeːmæ], from Coptic: ⲥⲁⲡⲣⲟ ϩⲃⲱ, lit.'hamlet of tent'[2]) is the fourth-largest city in Egypt after Cairo, Giza and Alexandria. It is located in the Qalyubia Governorate along the northern edge of the Cairo Governorate.[3] It forms part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area.

History and demographics[edit]

Shubra El Kheima was a village on the Nile where Mohamed Ali built a palace in its vicinity in 1908 as a rural retreat.

During the 20th Century, the area became primarily inhabited by workers and their families, as it became a major industrial hub.

Today, along with the cities of Cairo and Giza, Shubra al-Kheima makes up the contiguous metropolitan area of Greater Cairo. In the 2017 census it was home to 1,161,514 people,[4] divided between two districts comprising five shiakhas (smallest non-administrative census blocks):[5]

  • District 1: (hayy awwal): 481,936 people.
Shiakha Code 2017 Population
Shubrâ al-Khayma 141001 20,175
Bîjâm 141002 435,076
Damanhûr Shubrâ 141003 26,685
  • District 2 (hayy thani): 679,578 people.
Shiakha Code 2017 Population
Bahtîm 141101 545540
Musṭurud 141102 134038


Shubra El Kheima is the northern terminus of Line 2 of the Cairo Metro.


Mohamed Ali Pavilion[edit]

Shubra El Kheima hosts the Fountain Pavilion of Mohamed Ali Pasha, built in 1821 as part of a palace complex that no longer exists.[6][7] He chose an isolated palace or an official residence away from the Citadel in the district called Shubra, the construction of the palace began in 1808 and it was completed in 1821. The Palace of Mohammad Ali or Shubra Palace is distinguished by its style of decoration that mixes between the Islamic style of decoration and the European one.


References and Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Egypt: Governorates, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  2. ^ Peust, Carsten. "Die Toponyme vorarabischen Ursprungs im modernen Ägypten" (PDF). p. 89.
  3. ^ "Shubra al-Kheima City". Retrieved 2023-02-12.
  4. ^ "2017 Census for Population and Housing Conditions". CEDEJ-CAPMAS.
  5. ^ "Administrative map of Shubra al-Kheima". Retrieved 2023-02-12.
  6. ^ Abd Al-Wahab, Hassan (1941). "Mohamed Ali's Palace, Shubra". Majallat al-Imarah (in Arabic).
  7. ^ Rafaat, Samir (December 2005). "RE-LAUNCH OF THE SHUBRA PAVILION". Retrieved 2023-02-08.

External links[edit]

Media related to Shubra El-Kheima at Wikimedia Commons