Skyway (Metro Manila)

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Metro Manila Skyway logo.svg

Skyway
Metro Manila Skyway System
Map of expressways in Luzon, with Skyway in orange
The Metro Manila Skyway facing northbound towards Osmeña Highway
Route information
Length31.2 km (19.4 mi)
including Stage 3 (under construction)
ExistedOctober 1999–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
North end N145 (Osmeña Highway) / N190 (Gil Puyat Avenue) in Buendia, Makati
 
South end E2 (South Luzon Expressway) / N142 (PPTA Road) / N411 (Alabang–Zapote Road) in Alabang, Muntinlupa
Location
Major citiesMakati, Pasay, Taguig, Parañaque, Muntinlupa
Highway system
Roads in the Philippines

Skyway, officially the Metro Manila Skyway System (MMSWS) or Metro Manila Skyway, is an elevated highway serving as the main expressway in southern Metro Manila, Philippines, following much of the existing South Luzon Expressway's alignment by going above it. It stretches from Gil Puyat Avenue in the north to Alabang–Zapote Road in the south and crosses through the highly urbanized areas of Makati, Pasay, Taguig, Parañaque, and Muntinlupa, relieving SLEx and other major thoroughfares from heavy traffic.

The expressway is the first fully grade-separated highway in the Philippines. It will be one of the longest flyovers in the world with a total length of 31.2 kilometers (19.4 mi) when Stage 3 is completed. It provides access to Ninoy Aquino International Airport via NAIA Expressway. With the completion of the Skyway Extension Stage 3 scheduled in 2020, the elevated expressway will connect to the North Luzon Expressway in Quezon City and help cut the travel time between Metro Manila and Clark International Airport in Pampanga.[1]

With the opening of the Skyway system, traffic at the South Luzon Expressway considerably improved with the additional roadway capacity, rehabilitated roads, upgraded and newly constructed facilities.

Route description[edit]

The Skyway at the Amorsolo on-ramp looking south towards Magallanes
The Skyway looking south towards the NAIA Interchange

From the north, the Skyway originally begins in Barangay San Isidro, Makati, just south of Gil Puyat Avenue. It rises above the Magallanes Interchange and returns to its original level after crossing EDSA. At the NAIA Expressway interchange, it descends into ground level because of structural height restrictions due to its proximity to the Ninoy Aquino International Airport, paralleling SLEX and the PNR Metro South Commuter Line in the PasayTaguig boundary. The Skyway elevates again near the C-5 Exit and Arca South. From Bicutan, at the start of the Stage 2 segment, it continuously runs above SLEX. At the Sucat Exit, the Skyway rises above the eastern end of Dr. A. Santos Avenue and descends before approaching the toll plaza in Cupang, Muntinlupa. An exit leads down to the South Luzon Expressway and an entrance ramp carries traffic vice versa. Past the toll plaza and the exit to SLEX, the Skyway narrows into one lane per direction, and curves westward before joining Alabang–Zapote Road near South Station in Alabang.

Stage 3, presently under construction, is divided into five sections. Section 1 begins at the Gil Puyat exit and runs northwards along Osmena Highway, veers right to Quirino Avenue (C-2) and ends at the Zamora flyover. Section 2 then veers right again through the private Manila Plastics Packaging plant (owned by the same Skyway concessionaire San Miguel Corporation), follows the curve of the San Juan River and connects to Araneta Avenue in Santa Mesa, Manila. At the Aurora Avenue intersection Section 3 moves further northwards along Araneta until it reaches Quezon Avenue, where Section 4 continues, veers left to Sgt. Rivera Street, turns right at the Balintawak cloverleaf at EDSA. Section 5 starts from there, crosses over EDSA and finally connects to the NLEX past the Quirino Highway flyover. Stage 3 will have a total length of 14 kilometers.[2]

History[edit]

The Skyway System Logo from 2009-2017, still used alternatively

In November 1995, investor PT CITRA entered into a Supplemental Toll Operation Agreement (STOA) with the Republic of the Philippines through the Toll Regulatory Board (TRB) as grantor, and the Philippine National Construction Corporation (PNCC) as operator. It was the result of negotiations that began on October 31, 1994 with the organization of the Technical Working Group composed of representatives from the Board of Investments (BOI), the Department of Finance (DOF), AIA Capital as financial adviser, the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), the TRB, the PNCC, and the PT CITRA Group. Under the STOA, Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corporation (CMMTC as the concessionaire was formally established), was mandated to finance, design and construct stage 1 of the South Metro Manila Tollway Project, consisting of an elevated expressway from Bicutan to Gil Puyat and the rehabilitation of the at-grade portion of the South Metro Manila Tollway project. The STOA was approved by Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos in April 1996.

Stage 1[edit]

Stage 1 involved the rehabilitation of the Magallanes-Alabang at-grade portion of SLEX and the construction of a 6-lane, 10-kilometer elevated expressway above it, from Gil Puyat Avenue to Bicutan. Stage 1 started on April 7, 1995 and partially opened to motorists in October 1999. Gil Puyat (Buendia), Makati, Magallanes Village, Skyway Toll Plazas A and B and Bicutan Exits were first to be completed in December 1997. The Don Bosco Exit was completed in January 2002, while the NAIA Terminal 3 interchange was in construction between 2004 and 2010. CMMTC spent $32.7 million on Stage 1 with a length of 9.5 kilometers.

Stage 2[edit]

On April 2, 2009, Citra announced the construction on the second stage.[3] By June 2009 new pillars were going up. By May 2010, Stage 2 was 50% done, rotating the highest pierhead in the Sucat area; by July it was 65% done, concreting 134 of the required 238 spans, and started pouring the asphalt overlay. On December 15, 2010, The Bicutan-to-Sucat portion of Stage 2 opened to the public. Motorists could use this portion for free before the Skyway reverted its toll rates back to its 2007 levels a week later. In April 2011, the Hillsborough exit, the Alabang toll plaza, and the South Station Exit were opened to the public toll-free until April 25. Stage 2 extended the toll road by about 7 kilometers (4.3 mi), from Bicutan to Alabang.

Operation and maintenance[edit]

The rehabilitated at-grade portion of the South Luzon Expressway from Nichols to Alabang and the Metro Manila Skyway System are both operated by the Skyway Operations and Maintenance Corporation (SOMCo), a company of the existing PNCC concession holder, Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corporation. SOMCo took over the operations and maintenance of the Skyway from the former operator, PNCC Skyway Corporation, effective January 2008 and was established in compliance with the provisions stipulated in the July 2007 Amended Supplemental Toll Operators Agreement (A-STOA) between the PNCC, Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corp. and the Toll Regulatory Board (TRB), which awarded the management of the 35-kilometer toll road to Citra.

SOMCo is in charge of the three major operational functions of the Skyway: traffic safety and security, the maintenance of facilities, and toll collection.

Construction progress of Skyway Stage 3 at Araneta Avenue. (September 2016)

To help relieve the worsening traffic condition in Metro Manila, the government proposed to build the Skyway Stage 3.[2] It has a total length of 14.8 km and will start in Gil Puyat (Buendia) in Makati, and will end at Balintawak in Quezon City. Its north end will be connected to the North Luzon Expressway. Construction started on February 17, 2014, and it was expected to be completed by April 2018.[4][5] However, construction delays and right-of-way issues has rescheduled its target completion date to 2020.[6] Right-of-way issues also caused the realignment of the Santa Mesa portion of Skyway Stage 3, and the new design follows the San Juan River instead of passing through Old Santa Mesa Street. A small stretch of the northbound lanes of the Buendia-Quirino portion which crosses Buendia was opened to motorists in June 2018.

Technical specifications[edit]

  • Name: Metro Manila Skyway
  • Concession Holder: Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corporation
  • Operator: Skyway Operations and Maintenance Corporation (SOMCo.)
  • Length: 17 kilometres (11 miles)
  • Concession starting date: August 24, 1995 (it will start after the rehabilitation, modernization, and extension of the Alabang-Santo Tomas segment)
  • Concession ending date: 2010
  • Highway exits: 10
  • Exit ramps: 3
  • Toll plazas: 2
  • Height: 11 metres or 36 feet (San Martin De Porres-Bicutan, Don Bosco-Gil Puyat, Makati CBD Exit and Hillsborough-Alabang), 43 metres or 141 feet (Bicutan-Toll A, and Sales-Don Bosco), normal (Toll A-B), 19 metres or 62 feet (Bicutan Exit, Sucat)

Future[edit]

CMMTC Proposal[edit]

Dubbed as the "Skyway Stage 3", the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) had received an unsolicited proposal for the construction of the elevated toll road Skyway's extension from San Miguel Corp.-backed Citra Metro Manila Tollways Corp. (CMMTC) which according to their proposal would run from Bicutan, Taguig to Balintawak, Quezon City. The DPWH included the project in its PPP thrust and subjected the proposal to a Swiss Challenge, a procedure that requires a government agency which has received an unsolicited bid for a project to publish the bid and invite third parties to match or exceed it.

MPTDC Proposal/NLEx Connector Road[edit]

Meanwhile, a year before the CMMTC proposal was unveiled, NLEx concessionaire Metro Pacific Tollway Development Corporation (MPTDC) through its subsidiary Manila North Tollways Corporation (MNTC) submitted its proposal dubbed "Segment 11" of its NLEx Phase 2 project. The "NLEx Connector Road (formerly NLEX-SLEX Connector Road)" would involve the construction of a 13.24 kilometer elevated expressway from Buendia (Skyway Stage 1) to the C-3 Road, which would connect to Segment 10 above existing Philippine National Railways (PNR) right-of-way.

In recommending approval for both proposals, DPWH Secretary Rogelio Singson said they could co-exist as the projects service two different corridors of the metro.[7]

Stage 3[edit]

Still under construction, Stage 3 started construction in April 2014. The original plans called for the 14-kilometer project to be divided into four segments.[8] Difficulties in obtaining right-of-way forced a change in the alignment of Segment 2. The original alignment would consist of Zamora flyover, crossing the Pasig River, meeting up with the other NLEx-SLEx connector tollway near the PUP campus, and passing through Old Santa Mesa and V. Mapa. The alignment was later realigned to veer right from the Zamora flyover through the San Miguel Plastics Packaging plant, and followed the San Juan River up to Araneta and Aurora Avenues. A second modification of the plans added a fifth segment at the north end of the project. Instead of ending at the Balintawak Cloverleaf at EDSA, Segment 5 would cross past EDSA and the Quirino Highway flyover and ultimately connect to the NLEx Balintawak Toll Plaza.

Tolls[edit]

A Skyway toll plaza near Sucat, Muntinlupa.

The expressway employs a combination of open road, closed road, and barrier toll systems. Northbound toll collection is done at toll barriers at Muntinlupa, where vehicles from the South Luzon Expressway are paid a toll based on their entry point at SLEx, and exits have no toll collection at all. Southbound toll collection is done at the toll barriers upon exit, but for those exiting to SLEx, the toll collection is done on its exits instead. No tickets are issued on entry points on the Skyway.

It also employs electronic toll collection (ETC) using the Autosweep RFID, and the ETC system previously used E-Pass, which used transponder technology. The ETC systems are also used on the South Luzon Expressway, STAR Tollway, and NAIA Expressway. ETC collection lanes are usually on the leftmost lane of a toll plaza, but may occur on mixed lanes, where cash payments can be done alongside ETC.

As of April 2011, the toll rates (both cash and ETC), from Ayala Greenfield toll plaza, the first toll barrier at South Luzon Expressway northbound, are as follows:

Class Amount
to & from Alabang/SLEX to & from Sucat/Dr. A. Santos Ave. to & from Bicutan/Doña Soledad
Class 1
(Cars, Motorcycles, SUVs)
164.00 ₱118.00 ₱72.00
Class 2
(Buses, Light Trucks)
₱329.00 ₱237.00 ₱145.00
Class 3
(Heavy Trucks)
₱493.00 ₱356.00 ₱218.00

Exits[edit]

Kilometer count are measured from Kilometer Zero in Rizal Park.

Current and former exits[edit]

ProvinceCity/MunicipalitykmmiExitNameDestinationsNotes
Makati63.7BuendiaBuendiaNorthbound exit and southbound entrance. North end of expressway.
74.3AmorsoloAmorsoloNorthbound exit and southbound entrance.
74.3Don BoscoDon Bosco StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance. Access to Don Bosco Technical Institute.
95.6MagallanesMagallanesNorthbound exit and southbound entrance. North end of AH26 concurrency.
Taguig95.6NAIA E6 (NAIAx) – NAIA Terminals 1,2,3Sales Interchange
116.8Skyway Nichols toll plaza A (1997-2011 Northbound only, demolished. 2017-Present Northbound only)
(Pass-thru for Northbound Light Vehicles)
116.8Skyway Nichols toll plaza B (1997-2011 demolished. 2017-Present Northbound only)
(electronic toll collection, cash payment. Northbound Heavy Vehicles)
(Pass-thru for Northbound Light Vehicles)
FTISoutheast Metro Manila Expressway, Arca South
Parañaque148.7Bicutan (Doña Soledad) Bicutan, Doña SoledadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance.
169.9San Martin de Porres (demolished)SLEXTemporary southbound exit and northbound entry ramps prior to Stage 2.
Muntinlupa1912Sucat (Dr. A. Santos) Sucat, Dr. A. SantosSouthbound exit and northbound entrance.
2012Alabang toll plaza A
(electronic toll collection, cash payment. Northbound Light Vehicles only)
(Pass-thru Southbound and Northbound Heavy Vehicles)
2012Alabang toll plaza B (Northbound only)
(electronic toll collection, cash payment. Northbound Light Vehicles only.)
(Pass-thru for Northbound Heavy Vehicles)
2012 E2 / AH26 (SLEX) – CalambaSouthbound exit and northbound entrance. South end of AH26 concurrency
2113South Station toll plaza (electronic toll collection, cash payments)
2214South StationFilinvest City, AlabangSouthbound exit and northbound entrance. South end of expressway.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Stage 3[edit]

ProvinceCity/MunicipalitykmmiExitNameDestinationsNotes
Quezon CityBalintawakNorthern terminus. Continues northward as North Luzon Expressway (NLEX).
Sgt. Rivera
Caloocan5th Avenue
Quezon CityDel Monte toll plaza
Quezon Avenue
E. Rodriguez Sr.
Aurora Boulevard
ManilaNagtahan
Plaza Dilao
Quirino Avenue
MakatiBuendia toll plaza
Buendia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Unopened

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hilario, E. (August 22, 2016). "This road project will help solve Metro traffic". Business Mirror. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "METRO MANILA SKYWAY STAGE 3 (MMSS-3) - Department of Public Works and Highways". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Skyway Stage 2 Start Construction". Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "NAIA Expressway, Skyway 3, Line 2 to be delayed; traffic to worsen–MMDA". September 14, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
  5. ^ "METRO MANILA SKYWAY STAGE 3 (MMSS-3) As of March 25, 2015". March 25, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
  6. ^ "New Metro expressway eyed". Inquired. August 7, 2017.
  7. ^ Skyway Stage 3/ NLEx-SLEx Connector Road Projects being finalized Archived 2015-06-05 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ https://ppp.gov.ph/ppp_projects/skyway-stage-3/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°30′23″N 121°2′7″E / 14.50639°N 121.03528°E / 14.50639; 121.03528