Straw hat

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A traditional Ukrainian straw hat.
A Straw hat worn by a Japanese buddhist monk

A straw hat is a brimmed hat woven out of straw or straw-like materials from different plants, or synthetics.[1] The hat is designed to protect the head from the sun, but straw hats are also used in fashion as a decorative element or a uniform.


Commonly used fibers are:[2]


There are several styles of straw hats, but all of them are woven using some form of plant fibre.[15][16] Many of these hats are formed in a similar way to felt hats; they are softened by steam or by submersion in hot water, and then formed by hand or over a hat block. Finer and more expensive straw hats have a tighter and more consistent weave. Since it takes much more time to weave a larger hat than a smaller one, larger hats are more expensive.


Straw hats have been worn in Africa and Asia since after the Middle Ages during the summer months, and have changed little between the medieval times and today. They are worn, mostly by men, by all classes. Many are to be seen in the famous calendar miniatures of the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.

Lesotho license plate, featuring a mokorotlo

The mokorotlo, a local design of a straw hat, is the national symbol of the Basotho and Lesotho peoples, and of the nation of Lesotho. It is displayed on Lesotho license plates.

President Theodore Roosevelt used his natural ability to drum up publicity by posing for a series of photos at the Panama Canal construction site in 1906. Photos of his visit showed a strong, rugged leader dressed crisply in light-colored suits and stylish straw fedoras. This helped popularize the straw "Panama hat".[17]

Types of straw hats[edit]

  • Boater hat — a formal straw hat with a flat top and brim.
  • Buntal hat — a semi-formal or informal traditional straw hat from the Philippines made from buntal fiber
  • Conical hat — the distinctive hat worn primarily by farmers in Southeast Asia
  • Panama hat — a fine and expensive hat made in Ecuador.
  • Salakot — a traditional conical or pointed rounded hat made usually made from rattan from the Philippines. It can also be made from gourds, tortoiseshell, or other fibers and weaving materials.



Artwork produced during the Middle Ages shows, among the more fashionably dressed, possibly the most spectacular straw hats ever seen on men in the West, notably those worn in the Arnolfini Portrait of 1434 by Jan van Eyck (tall, stained black) and by Saint George in a painting by Pisanello of around the same date (left). In the middle of the 18th century, it was fashionable for rich ladies to dress as country girls with a low crowned and wide brimmed straw hat to complete the look.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hatatorium: An Essential Guide for Hat Collectors ISBN 978-0-984-78590-2 p. 18
  2. ^ a b A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion:, Mary Brooks Picken, Courier Corporation, 24.07.2013
  3. ^ The Fairchild Encyclopedia of Menswear, Mary Lisa Gavenas, Fairchild Books, 2008, P. 327
  4. ^ Paglinastroh Retrieved 03.14.2016
  5. ^ Rush straw Retrieved 03-18-2016
  6. ^ Bulrush hat Retrieved 03-18-2016
  7. ^ Typha hat Retrieved 03-19-2016
  8. ^ Reed hat Retrieved 03-18-2016
  9. ^ Historical Common Names of Great Plains Plants Volume I: Historical Names , Elaine Nowick,, 01.10.2014, P. 355[self-published source]
  10. ^ Information for use in determining whether to continue designation of certain headwear of straw as articles eligible for duty-free treatment under the generalized system of preferences:, Jackie Worrell, United States International Trade Commission, 1982, P. 5
  11. ^ PP Straw Retrieved 03-16-2016
  12. ^ Hats and Headwear around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia:, Beverly Chico, ABC-CLIO, 03.10.2013, P. 115, 259
  13. ^ Hatatorium: An Essential Guide for Hat Collectors, Brenda Grantland, P. 56
  14. ^ Chip straw Retrieved 03-16-2016
  15. ^ Our Economic World: A Study of the World's Natural Resources and Industries ISBN 978-0-412-57640-9 p. 302
  16. ^
  17. ^ "President Theodore Roosevelt's Legendary Panama Canal Fashion | Ultrafino". Ultrafino. 29 September 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  18. ^ "The Hat Story". British Hat Guild. 2003. Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2016.

External links[edit]