Teknaf Upazila

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Teknaf
টেকনাফ
View of the Launch Terminal of Teknaf Bangladesh
View of the Launch Terminal of Teknaf Bangladesh
Teknaf is located in Bangladesh
Teknaf
Teknaf
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 20°52′N 92°18′E / 20.867°N 92.300°E / 20.867; 92.300
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
DistrictCox's Bazar District
Area
 • Total388.68 km2 (150.07 sq mi)
Population
 (1991)
 • Total152,557
 • Density393/km2 (1,020/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Websiteteknaf.coxsbazar.gov.bd
Teknaf port

Teknaf (Bengali: টেকনাফ Ṭeknaf) is an upazila of Cox's Bazar District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It forms the southernmost point in mainland Bangladesh (St. Martin's Island is the southernmost point). The name of the region comes from the Naf River which forms the Eastern boundary of the upazila. It shares a border with Myanmar.

Geography[edit]

Teknaf is located at 20°52′00″N 92°18′00″E / 20.8667°N 92.3000°E / 20.8667; 92.3000. It has 23,675 households and a total area of 388.68 km2. The tidal range at the Teknaf coastal area is strong influenced by the Naaf river estuary. The area has a warm tropical climate and sufficient rainfall to enable it to support a wide biological diversity.

Sea Birds of Teknaf

Teknaf Peninsula is one of the longest sandy beach ecosystems (80 km) in the world. It represents a transitional ground for the fauna of the Indo-Himalayan and Indo-Malayan ecological sub-regions. Important habitats at the site include mangrove, mudflats, beaches and sand dunes, canals and lagoons and marine habitat. Mangrove forest occurs in Teknaf peninsula both as natural forest with planted stands and mostly distributed in the inter-tidal zone. The Teknaf peninsula mangroves supports the habitat of 161 different species of fish.[1] Teknaf reserved forest is one of the oldest reserved forests in Bangladesh.[2]

Climate[edit]

Teknaf has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with warm, dry winters and warm, extremely rainy summers.

Climate data for Teknaf
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
28.8
(83.8)
30.8
(87.4)
31.9
(89.4)
32.1
(89.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.8
(85.6)
30.0
(86.0)
30.7
(87.3)
31.4
(88.5)
30.2
(86.4)
28.1
(82.6)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
17.1
(62.8)
20.6
(69.1)
23.9
(75.0)
25.2
(77.4)
25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77.0)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
21.1
(70.0)
17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.9
(0.07)
16.5
(0.65)
15.3
(0.60)
73.0
(2.87)
259.9
(10.23)
968.1
(38.11)
1,029.7
(40.54)
898.9
(35.39)
402.1
(15.83)
207.4
(8.17)
75.4
(2.97)
5.9
(0.23)
3,954.1
(155.66)
Average precipitation days 1 2 2 5 12 21 25 24 15 8 4 1 120
Average relative humidity (%) 69 68 73 77 81 88 90 89 87 83 77 71 79
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department[3][4][5][6][7]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1991 Bangladesh census, Teknaf had a population of 152,557. Males constituted 51.81% of the population, and females 48.19%. The population aged 18 or over was 64,417. Teknaf had an average literacy rate of 16.6% (7+ years), against the national average of 32.4%.[8]

Administration[edit]

Teknaf Upazila is divided into Teknaf Municipality and six union parishads: Baharchara, Hnila, Sabrang, Saint Martin, Teknaf, and Whykong. The union parishads are subdivided into 12 mauzas and 146 villages.[9]

Teknaf Municipality is subdivided into 9 wards and 16 mahallas.[9]

Education[edit]

Salt Field in Teknaf Upazila.

Its historical educational institutions include Teknaf Govt. College, Hnilla High School, Teknaf Pilot High School, Sabrang High School, Alhaj Ali Achiya School & College, Nhilla Girls High School, Rangikhali Khadizatul Kubra (Ra.) Mohila Dakhil Madrasah, Rangikhali Darul Ulum Fazil Degree Madrasah, Hnilla Ideal Government Primary School and Teknaf Govt. Primary School, Pankhali Govt. Primary School.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chowdhury, N. Shah Nawaz; Hossain, M. Shahadat; Das, Nani Gopal; Barua, Prabal (2010-09-25). "Environmental variables and fisheries diversity of the Naaf River Estuary, Bangladesh" (PDF). Journal of Coastal Conservation. 15 (1): 163–180. doi:10.1007/s11852-010-0130-3. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
  2. ^ "Teknef forest".
  3. ^ "Monthly Maximum Temperature". Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Monthly Minimum Temperature". Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Normal Monthly Rainfall". Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Normal Monthly Rainy Day". Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Normal Monthly Humidity". Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS". Archived from the original on 2005-03-27. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
  9. ^ a b "District Statistics 2011: Cox's Bazar" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.

External links[edit]