USS Nimitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from USS Nimitz (CVN-68))

USS Nimitz
USS Nimitz (CVN-68) off the coast of San Diego in July 2009.
United States
NamesakeChester W. Nimitz
Ordered31 March 1967
BuilderNewport News Shipbuilding
Laid down22 June 1968
Launched13 May 1972
Commissioned3 May 1975
ReclassifiedCVN-68, 30 June 1975
MottoTeamwork, a Tradition
  • Old Salt
  • Uncle Chester
Statusin active service
General characteristics
Class and typeNimitz-class aircraft carrier
Displacement100,020 long tons (112,020 short tons)[1][2]
  • Overall: 1,092 feet (332.8 m)
  • Waterline: 1,040 feet (317.0 m)
  • Overall: 252 ft (76.8 m)
  • Waterline: 134 ft (40.8 m)
  • Maximum navigational: 37 feet (11.3 m)
  • Limit: 41 feet (12.5 m)
Speed31.5 knots (58.3 km/h; 36.2 mph)[5]
RangeUnlimited distance; 20–25 years
  • Ship's company: 3,532
  • Air wing: 2,480
Sensors and
processing systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys
Aircraft carried90 fixed wing and helicopters

USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is an aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, and the lead ship of her class. One of the largest warships in the world, she was laid down, launched, and commissioned as CVAN-68, "aircraft carrier, attack, nuclear powered", but she was later redesignated as CVN-68, "aircraft carrier, multi-mission, nuclear-powered", on 30 June 1975, as part of a fleet-wide realignment that year.

The ship was named after World War II Pacific fleet commander Chester W. Nimitz, USN, (1885–1966), who was the Navy's third fleet admiral. Nimitz had her homeport at Naval Station Norfolk until 1987, when she was relocated to Naval Station Bremerton in Washington (now part of Naval Base Kitsap). Following her Refueling and Complex Overhaul in 2001, her home port was changed to Naval Air Station North Island in San Diego County, California. The home port of Nimitz was again moved to Naval Station Everett in Washington in 2012.

In January 2015, Nimitz changed home port from Everett back to Naval Base Kitsap.[6] With the inactivation of USS Enterprise in 2012 and decommissioning in 2017, Nimitz is now the oldest U.S. aircraft carrier in service, and the oldest serving aircraft carrier in the world.


Catherine Nimitz Lay christens Nimitz on 13 May 1972

Nimitz was authorized by the U.S. Congress in fiscal year 1967 and Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. in Newport News, Virginia, was awarded the $106.5 million contract (equivalent to $973.17 million today). The keel was laid down on 22 June 1968. The vessel was christened on 13 May 1972, by Catherine Nimitz Lay, the daughter of the late Admiral Nimitz, six years after his death. Nimitz was delivered to the Navy in 1975, and was commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk on 3 May 1975, by the 38th President of the United States, Gerald R. Ford.[7]

Nimitz Carrier Strike Group[edit]

Nimitz is part of Carrier Strike Group Eleven (CSG-11) with Carrier Air Wing Seventeen (CVW-17) embarked, with Nimitz as the flagship of the strike group and the home of the commander of Destroyer Squadron 9.

Ships of Destroyer Squadron 23[edit]

Squadrons of CVW-17[edit]

USS Nimitz Air Power Demonstration

Service history[edit]


Nimitz on her first deployment in 1976 alongside nuclear-powered cruisers California and South Carolina
Nimitz (right) alongside HMS Ark Royal at Norfolk Naval Station in August 1978

USS Nimitz first deployed to the Mediterranean Sea on 7 July 1976, with Carrier Air Wing 8 embarked in company with the nuclear-powered cruisers USS South Carolina and USS California. In November 1976, Nimitz was awarded the Battle "E" from Commander, Naval Air Force U.S. Atlantic Fleet, for being the most efficient and foremost aircraft carrier in the Atlantic Fleet. The cruise was uneventful, and the carrier returned to Norfolk, Virginia on 7 February 1977.

A second uneventful Mediterranean cruise was conducted from 1 December 1977, to 20 July 1978. The third deployment began on 10 September 1979, to the Mediterranean. The ship moved to the Indian Ocean in response to the Iran hostage crisis in which the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran, was overtaken and 52 hostages were held. Prior to this trip, the ship took part in the shooting of the 1980 film The Final Countdown, whose story was specifically set aboard the Nimitz. After four months on station, Operation Evening Light was launched from Nimitz's decks in an attempt to rescue the U.S. Embassy staff. The mission was aborted after a helicopter crashed at a refueling point in the Iranian desert. The ship returned home 26 May 1980, having spent 144 days at sea.


On 26 May 1981, a Marine Corps EA-6B Prowler assigned to Carrier Air Wing 8 (CVW-8) crashed on the flight deck, killing 14 crewmen and injuring 45 others.[8] The Prowler was fuel-critical after a "bolter" (missed approach), and its crash and the subsequent fire and explosions destroyed or damaged nineteen other aircraft.[9][10] Despite having no connection to the accident, the media focused on the autopsy results of several members of the Nimitz's enlisted flight deck crew who were killed, who tested positive for marijuana. In an article by Robert Reinhold in the 17 June 1981, edition of The New York Times, it was reported that "Experts at the National Institute on Drug Abuse say that it would probably be impossible to establish conclusively that any of the Nimitz crew had been smoking marijuana on the night of the crash because the test does not directly detect the component of marijuana smoke that acts on the brain. Because the metabolites may persist in the blood for many days, the test may detect marijuana that was used many days earlier long after the effects have worn off".[11] As a result, President Ronald Reagan instituted a "Zero Tolerance" drug policy across all of the U.S. armed services, which started the mandatory drug testing of all U.S. military personnel.[12]

Wreck of an EA-6B Prowler after it crashed during a night landing, 1981

Nimitz deployed again to the Mediterranean on 3 August 1981. The ship, in company with USS Forrestal, conducted a Freedom of Navigation exercise in international waters in the Gulf of Sidra near Libya on 18 and 19 August 1981. On the morning of 19 August 1981, two Grumman F-14 Tomcats of VF-41 were engaged by two Libyan Su-22's, resulting in the two Libyan aircraft being shot down in what became known as the Gulf of Sidra incident.

Nimitz's fourth deployment, from 10 November 1982, to 20 May 1983, was to the Caribbean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Nimitz deployed for a fifth time on 8 March 1985. On 14 June 1985, two Lebanese gunmen hijacked TWA Flight 847, which carried 153 passengers and crew and included Americans. In response, Nimitz was deployed to the coast of Lebanon, where the ship remained until August 1985. The embarked Airwing 8 flew continuous sorties for 67 days, bombing several sites in Beirut including the runways of Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport. The ship returned to Norfolk on 4 October 1985.

Nimitz, again with CVW-8 embarked, departed Norfolk for the sixth and final Mediterranean deployment on 30 December 1986. After four months and numerous Mediterranean port visits, the carrier crossed the equator en route to Rio de Janeiro. From Rio de Janeiro, she proceeded south around Cape Horn and into the Pacific Ocean. After a brief stop in San Diego, to offload the East Coast air wing, Nimitz arrived at her new home port of Bremerton, Washington, on 2 July 1987.

Nimitz deployed to the Western Pacific with Carrier Air Wing 9 embarked on 2 September 1988. During the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, Nimitz provided security off the coast of South Korea, then in October, operated in the North Arabian Sea participating in Operation Earnest Will, the protection of reflagged Kuwaiti tankers. On 30 November 1988, while in the Arabian Sea, a 20 mm cannon accidentally fired during maintenance, striking a KA-6 Intruder. The ensuing fire spread to six other aircraft, and two sailors were killed. Nimitz returned to Bremerton on 2 March 1989.


On 25 February 1991, Nimitz departed Bremerton for the Persian Gulf in relief of USS Ranger in the aftermath of Operation Desert Storm, returning to Bremerton on 24 August 1991. Nimitz again deployed to the Persian Gulf on 1 February 1993, in support of Operation Southern Watch, returning on 1 August 1993.

Nimitz (left) cruising with Independence and Port Royal in the Sea of Japan in September 1997

On 27 November 1995, Nimitz deployed to the Western Pacific, Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf with Carrier Air Wing Nine (CVW-9). In March 1996, the ship patrolled the waters off Taiwan amid missile tests conducted by the Chinese in the area, becoming the first American warship to pass through the Taiwan Strait since 1976. Nimitz also cruised the Persian Gulf in support of Southern Watch prior to returning from deployment on 20 May 1996.

Between 14 and 24 July 1997, Nimitz participated in Joint Task Force Exercise 97-2 (JTFEX 97–2) off the coast of southern California, which also served as a "Revolution in Strike Warfare" demonstration. The latter event was designed to demonstrate the capability of an aircraft carrier and an embarked air wing to project carrier-based airpower into littoral warfare.[7] On 20 July 1997, Nimitz and Carrier Air Wing Nine began a high-intensity strike campaign. When flight operations were completed four days later, Nimitz and Carrier Air Wing Nine had carried out 771 strike sorties while dropping 1,337 bombs on target. Carrier Air Wing Nine flew 975 fixed-wing sorties during this four-day surge operation. Almost 80 percent of the sorties flown were strike sorties, with strike support accounting for another 10 percent. F/A-18 Hornet strike fighters flew nearly 80 percent of the strike sorties. Of the 771 strike sorties, 727 were loaded with ordnance, while 44 were electronic support by EA-6B Prowlers. During this four-day period, only a portion of the medium-range interdiction strikes required tanking support. KC-135 and KC-130 tanker aircraft provided most of this support. S-3 Vikings conducted recovery tanking and supplied more than one-third of the fuel passed to Carrier Air Wing Nine aircraft during this surge operation.[13][14] This surge had been preceded by a 16-hour preparation after undergoing four days that had generated about 700 fixed-winged sorties.[14][15] A following study by the Center for Naval Analyses determined that Nimitz and Carrier Air Wing Nine could have maintained this high-sortie operational tempo for another twelve to twenty-four hours before requiring equipment maintenance, rest for the crews while ordnance and aviation fuel stocks to be replenished.[16]

On 1 September 1997, Nimitz began an around the world cruise, again supporting Southern Watch, which ended in Newport News, Virginia on 2 March 1998. She next spent the next three years undergoing a nuclear Refueling and Complex Overhaul that ended on 25 June 2001.


Monitor showing data about Nimitz
Lt. Cmdr. David Bynum, a Navy chaplain aboard Nimitz, passes out happy face sponge balls to the students of CSI High School for the Deaf in Chennai India during a community relations visit in July 2007

On 21 September 2001,[17] after sea trials in the Virginia Capes, Nimitz began to transit around South America to the new home port of NAS North Island in San Diego, California, arriving there on 13 November 2001. Aircraft from Carrier Air Reserve Wing 20 were embarked for the transit. From January to May 2002, a four-month post-shakedown maintenance availability was completed at North Island; during this time Advanced combat direction system was installed.

Nimitz's eleventh operational deployment began on 3 March 2003.[18] The group relieved USS Abraham Lincoln in the Persian Gulf in mid-April 2003, launching Carrier Air Wing 11 aircraft sorties over Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). She returned to San Diego on 5 November 2003. Nimitz and CVW-11 were awarded the 2003 Battle "E"[19] and Flatley Award in early 2004.[20]

In November 2004, Nimitz was contacted by USS Princeton, which was tracking reported unidentified flying objects. Princeton subsequently contacted two Navy F/A-18F fighters from Nimitz whose cockpit instrumentation recorded data and imagery that some pilots interpreted as an object accelerating and maneuvering at extraordinary speeds. The incident was publicized in December 2017 along with details of the Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program.[21]

Nimitz, again with CVW-11 embarked, deployed to the Persian Gulf on 7 May 2005, returning on 8 November 2005.[22] This deployment marked three decades of service, and was depicted in the Emmy award-winning 2008 PBS documentary series Carrier.[23] In June 2006, Nimitz was awarded the 2005 Battle "E".[24]

The carrier departed North Island for her thirteenth deployment on 2 April 2007, to the Arabian Sea, relieving USS Dwight D. Eisenhower in support of OIF.[25] The carrier anchored off Chennai, India on 2 July 2007, as part of efforts to expand bilateral defense cooperation between India and the United States.[26] Sailors participated in community work in Chennai prior to departing, on 5 July 2007, along with the destroyer USS Pinckney towards the Persian Gulf, and then returned to North Island on 30 September 2007.[27]

On 24 January 2008, Nimitz deployed to the Pacific for a "surge"-deployment.[28] On 9 February 2008, two Russian Tu-95 'Bear' bombers overflew the carrier in the Western Pacific.[29] Four F/A-18C Hornets were launched when the bombers were 500 miles (800 km) away from the US ships, and intercepted the bombers 50 miles (80 km) south of Nimitz. Two F/A-18s trailed one of the bombers, which twice flew over the deck of the carrier at an altitude of 2,000 feet (610 m), while the other two F/A-18s trailed another Tu-95 circling about 50 miles (80 km) away from the carrier. Reportedly, there was no radio communication between the American and Russian aircraft. According to the Department of Defense, one of the two aircraft was said to have flown above Nimitz at an altitude of 2,000 feet (610 m). On the same day, Russian aircraft entered Japanese airspace, which caused the Japanese to raise protest to the Russian ambassador in Tokyo.[30]

Again, on 5 March 2008, a Russian bomber came within 3 to 5 nautical miles (6 to 9 km) and flew 2,000 feet (610 m) above Nimitz, and the battle group. Two F/A-18 fighters intercepted the Russian aircraft and escorted it out of the area.[29]

Nimitz was awarded the Navy Battle "E" for battle efficiency for 2007 along with the Ney award for food service excellence, and returned to her home port of San Diego on 3 June 2008.

The Nimitz Strike Group, including CVW-11, departed the States for a scheduled Western Pacific deployment on 31 July 2009,[31] and began to fly combat missions in support of Operation Enduring Freedom 21 September.[32]


An MV-22 Osprey of VMM-165 lands on Nimitz in October 2012

In January 2010, while in the Persian Gulf, the ship was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for back-to-back deployments in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan in 2007 and 2008. The award was presented by Admiral Gary Roughead in a ceremony on the ship on 6 January 2010.[33]

Nimitz visited Hong Kong for five days in February 2010 to allow the crew to rest and visit the city. The visit occurred despite China previously preventing a visit by the carrier USS Kitty Hawk.[34][35]

On 9 December 2010, the Navy formally announced that Everett, Washington was to be the new home port for Nimitz.[36] This move was expected to save the Navy $100 million.[37] On 9 March 2012, Nimitz arrived at her new homeport of Naval Station Everett after spending nearly a week at sea conducting post overhaul sea trials.[38]

In March 2012, Nimitz arrived at the new home port of Naval Station Everett in Washington state after more than a year of maintenance work in Bremerton, replacing sister carrier, Abraham Lincoln.[39] On 3 August 2012, Nimitz departed from Pearl Harbor after a two-day port call, arriving at NAS North Island on 9 August 2012, to begin Fleet Replacement Squadron carrier qualifications.[17] On 6 October 2012, a Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft from squadron VMM-165 landed and refueled on board Nimitz. This operation was part of an evaluation of the feasibility of the MV-22 as a potential replacement for the C-2 Greyhound carrier onboard delivery (COD) cargo transport aircraft.[40][41]

A C-2 Greyhound of VRC-30 and an F-35C Lightning II of VX-23 ready for launching from Nimitz in November 2014; a second F-35C and an F/A-18F Super Hornet sit behind the catapults
Inflatable boat approaches Nimitz during a search-and-rescue drill.

The BBC reported that Nimitz was located in the Persian Gulf, ready to contribute to an operation against Syria when President Obama ordered a military strike. Two days later it was reported that the carrier task group had been re-routed westwards across the Arabian Sea.[42][43]

It was reported that Nimitz, after eight months at sea, transited the Suez Canal on 20 October 2013, into the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility, where the Navy intended to keep her for a few weeks conducting joint training with allied nations before returning home.[44][45] Nimitz returned to Everett on 16 December 2013.[46]

In late 2014, following the completion of work up qualifications, Nimitz participated in her first deployment, a two-week multi-national fleet exercise involving the Third Fleet, as well as ships from the Royal Canadian Navy and JMSDF.[47] Following the conclusion of the exercise, on 3 November the first F-35C Lightning II to land on an aircraft carrier recovered aboard Nimitz to begin a two-week Development Testing I deployment. This saw a pair of aircraft from VX-23 undertaking carrier operations of launch, recovery and handling aboard ship in both day and night conditions.[48][49] The initial deployment was completed on 14 November 2014.[50] In 2015, Nimitz transferred to Bremerton to undergo a 16-month maintenance cycle.[51]

On 1 June 2017, Nimitz left Naval Base Kitsap for her next scheduled deployment.[52] This deployment was against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. Her F/A-18s played an important role in the Battle of Tal Afar, providing precision air support for advancing Iraqi soldiers.[53]

On 1 March 2018, Nimitz entered dry dock at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for ten months of overhaul.[54]


USS Nimitz enters Apra Harbor, Guam in June 2020

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

In April 2020, the coronavirus was reported to have spread to Nimitz when the first case was reported on 7 April.[55][56] One sailor had received a positive result the previous week after exhibiting symptoms, and was subsequently placed in isolation and removed from the ship.[55] Another crew member also tested positive, but was reported to have not been working on the ship.[56] On 27 April, Nimitz completed a 27-day quarantine and began COMPTUEX training.[57]

On 5 July 2020, the ship was deployed in the South China Sea along with USS Ronald Reagan.

On 31 December 2020, acting Secretary of Defense Chris Miller ordered Nimitz to return directly to her home port following a nearly ten-month deployment in the Fifth Fleet area of operation.[58] The carrier was at the time supporting the withdrawal of U.S. troops in Somalia along with USS Makin Island and her amphibious ready group.[59]

On 3 January 2021, in an abrupt reversal, acting Defense Secretary Miller ordered Nimitz to redeploy due to "Recent threats issued by Iranian leaders against President Trump and other U.S. government officials."[60]

In May 2022, Nimitz led Carrier Strike Group 11 in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.[61]

On 28 November 2022, Nimitz departed Kitsap and sailed to San Diego to pick up the carrier strike group leadership.[62] She left San Diego on 3 December 2022, for her Pacific deployment leading Carrier Strike Group 11 and embarking Carrier Air Wing 17.[63] On 21 January 2023, she made a port call to Singapore. She departed Singapore on 26 January 2023.[64] On 26 February 2023, Nimitz made a port call in Guam.[65] She arrived in Busan for a scheduled port visit on 28 March 2023.[66] Nimitz logged her 350,000th arrested landing on 22 April 2023.[67] On 24 April 2023, Nimitz arrived in Laem Chabang, Thailand for a scheduled port visit.[68]

Planned retirement[edit]

The Nimitz-class carriers have a lifespan of approximately 50 years. Estimates on decommissioning for Nimitz herself were updated in April 2022, with the Navy Press Corps indicating that, “USS Nimitz (CVN 68) is planned to be removed from the battle force in fiscal year (FY) 2025, when the ship's Terminal Off-load Program begins, with inactivation scheduled to begin in 2027.”[69]


  • October 1975 to December 1975 – Post Shakedown Availability
  • May 1977 to July 1977 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • October 1978 to January 1979 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • October 1980 to January 1981 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • April 1982 to June 1982 – Selected Restricted Availability – waist catapult bridle catcher removed.
  • June 1983 to July 1984 – Complex Overhaul – forward port sponson added; 3 Mk-25 BPDMs replaced with 2 Mk-29; 3 CIWS added; SPS-49 search radar replaces SPS-43.
  • November 1985 to March 1986 – Selected Restricted Availability – forward port sponson changed/enlarged.
  • August 1987 to February 1988 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • August 1989 to March 1990 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • October 1991 to May 1992 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • December 1993 to January 1995 – Selected Restricted Availability – port bow catapult bridle catcher removed.
  • June 1996 to January 1997 – Selected Restricted Availability
  • May 1998 to June 2001 – Refueling and Complex Overhaul – starboard bow catapult bridle catcher removed; top two levels of the island replaced; new antenna mast; new radar tower; RAM replaced CIWS at forward port sponson; RAM added to aft starboard sponson; 2 CIWS at island/stern removed.
  • February 2004 to August 2004 – Planned Incremental Availability – catwalk grating was replaced and flight deck resurfaced.
  • March 2006 to September 2006 – Planned Incremental Availability
  • July 2008 to January 2009 – Planned Incremental Availability
  • November 2010 to March 2012 – Planned Incremental Availability – 2 CIWS added to forward starboard sponson enlargement/new port stern sponson.
  • January 2015 to October 2016 – Planned Incremental Availability
  • March 2018 to (approximately) May 2019 – Docked Planned Incremental Availability

Awards and decorations[edit]

Bronze star
Bronze star
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Silver star
Silver star
Bronze star
Navy Unit Commendation with two stars Meritorious Unit Commendation Navy E Ribbon with
four Battle "E" devices
Navy Expeditionary Medal
with six stars
National Defense Service Medal
with one star
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
with four stars
Southwest Asia Service Medal Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
with one star
Sea Service Deployment Ribbon
with eleven stars

In popular culture[edit]

The Final Countdown, a 1980 alternate history science fiction film about a contemporary aircraft carrier that travels through time to the day before the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, was set and filmed on board the real-life USS Nimitz.[70]

Nimitz is the focus of The Big Aircraft Carrier in Little Mammoth Media's BIG Adventure Series. In it, they talk how the navy ship works for children including a complete tour of the carrier, how the sailors and pilots work and even all the training they undertake.[71]

The PBS series Carrier followed the May–November 2005 deployment of Nimitz to the Persian Gulf, documenting the life and shipboard routines of the crew over 10 episodes.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Polmar, Norman (2004). The Naval Institute Guide to the Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. fleet. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-59114-685-8.
  2. ^ "CVN-68: NIMITZ CLASS" (PDF).
  3. ^ Kuperman, Alan; von Hippel, Frank (10 April 2020). "US Study of Reactor and Fuel Types to Enable Naval Reactors to Shift from HEU Fuel". International Panel on Fissile Materials. Archived from the original on 5 October 2021. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  4. ^ Hanlon, Brendan Patrick (19 May 2015). Validation of the Use of Low Enriched Uranium as a Replacement for Highly Enriched Uranium in US Submarine Reactors (PDF) (MSc). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2021. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  5. ^ Slade, Stuart (29 April 1999). "Speed Thrills III – Max speed of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers". NavWeaps. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Nimitz finally arrives for long maintenance period". Kitsap Sun. 13 January 2015. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Nimitz". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. 8 May 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  8. ^ Anderson, Kurt; Beaty, Jonathan (8 June 1981). "Night of Flaming Terror". Time. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  9. ^ "ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 77226". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  10. ^ Gero, David (1999). Military Aviation Disasters. Yeovil, UK: Patrick Stephens, an Inprint of Haynes Publishing. pp. 131–132. ISBN 1-85260-574-X.
  11. ^ Reinhold, Robert (17 June 1981). "Congressman Says Most Killed in Nimitz Crash Showed Traces of Drugs". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  12. ^ Ackerman, D. L. (1991). "A History of Drug Testing". In Coombs, Robert H.; West, Louis Jolyon (eds.). Drug testing: Issues and options. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 3–21. ISBN 978-0-1950-5414-9.
  13. ^ Jewell, Angelyn; et al. "USS Nimitz and Carrier Airwing Nine Surge Demonstration" (PDF). Alexandria, Virginia: Center for Naval Analyses. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2012, pp 3–5
  14. ^ a b Pritchett, Raymond (blogging as Galrahn) (27 August 2009). "The Monster Myths of the CVL Concept". United States Naval Institute. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  15. ^ Jewell, Angelyn et al., pp. 5–6.
  16. ^ Jewell, Angelyn et al., pp. 146–149.
  17. ^ a b "USS NIMITZ CVN 68". US Carriers. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  18. ^ DeHoux, Kristine (7 April 2003). "Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Joins Others Deployed to 5th Fleet" (Press release). USS Nimitz, at sea: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  19. ^ Arendes, Ahron (19 April 2004). "Nimitz Earns Coveted Battle "E"" (Press release). North Island, California: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  20. ^ Arendes, Ahron (3 June 2004). "Nimitz, CVW-11 Win 2003 Flatley Award" (Press release). North Island, California: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  21. ^ Cooper, Helene; Kean, Leslie; Blumenthal, Ralph (16 December 2017). "2 Navy Airmen and an Object That 'Accelerated Like Nothing I've Ever Seen'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  22. ^ Commander, U.S. Third Fleet Public Affairs (9 May 2005). "USS Nimitz Strike Group Deploys" (Press release). San Diego, California. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  23. ^ Riveracorrea, Alexia M. (23 April 2008). "Nimitz Highlighted in PBS TV Series and Premiere" (Press release). North Island, California: Fleet Public Affairs Center, Pacific. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  24. ^ Crosser, Felix (9 June 2006). "Nimitz Named Best in Pacific Fleet" (Press release). San Diego, California: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  25. ^ Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs (22 May 2007). "Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Arrives in 5th Fleet" (Press release). USS Nimitz, at sea: US Navy. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 12 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  26. ^ "USS Nimitz not known to be carrying nuke warheads". The Times of India. New Delhi, India. 26 June 2007. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  27. ^ Diaz, Dustin Q. (2 October 2007). "Nimitz Returns to San Diego Following Successful Deployment" (Press release). San Diego, California: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  28. ^ Commander, U.S. 3rd Fleet Public Affairs (18 January 2008). "Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Set to Deploy" (Press release). San Diego, California. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2012.{{cite press release}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  29. ^ a b "Russian bomber intercepted near U.S. ship". MSNBC. Reuters. 5 March 2008. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2008.[failed verification]
  30. ^ Nizza, Mike (12 February 2008). "U.S. Carrier Intercepts Russian Bombers". Archived from the original on 14 December 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  31. ^ Commander, U.S. 3rd Fleet Public Affairs (28 July 2009). "Nimitz Strike Group Set To Deploy" (Press release). San Diego, California. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2012.{{cite press release}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  32. ^ USS Nimitz and USS Ronald Reagan Public Affairs (21 September 2009). "USS Nimitz Launches First Sorties, Support Coalition Troops in Afghanistan" (Press release). Gulf of Oman. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  33. ^ Liewer, Steve (12 January 2010). "Meritorious Unit Honor Presented To Nimitz Crew". San Diego Union-Tribune.
  34. ^ "China decries Barack Obama's plan to meet Dalai Lama". BBC News. 12 February 2010. Archived from the original on 13 February 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  35. ^ "Chiến hạm Hoa Kỳ ghé Hong Kong cùng lúc đức Đạt Lai Lạt Ma tới Hoa Kỳ" [US warships visit Hong Kong at the same time the Dalai Lama to the United States] (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 21 February 2010.
  36. ^ Department of Defense (9 December 2010). "Navy Announces USS Nimitz Homeport Change to Everett, Wash" (Press release). Washington, DC. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  37. ^ "USS Nimitz moves to Everett, Washington". WWLP. 9 December 2010. Archived from the original on 2 April 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  38. ^ David, Vanessa Y. (9 March 2012). "Nimitz Completes Sea Trials, Arrives at New Homeport" (Press release). Everett, Washington: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 14 April 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  39. ^ Fiege, Gale (9 March 2012). "USS Nimitz brings 2,800 sailors to Everett". The Herald. Archived from the original on 13 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  40. ^ "MV-22 Osprey Flight Operations Tested Aboard USS Nimitz". Avionics Intelligence. PennWell Corporation. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.[permanent dead link]
  41. ^ Candelario, Renee (8 October 2012). "MV-22 Osprey Flight Operations Tested Aboard USS Nimitz" (Press release). USS Nimitz, at sea: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  42. ^ Bowen, Jeremy (30 August 2013). "France's Hollande backs US on Syria action". BBC World Service. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  43. ^ Shalal-Esa, Andrea (1 September 2013). "USS Nimitz carrier group rerouted for possible help with Syria". Reuters. Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  44. ^ Simoes, Hendrick (22 October 2013). "USS Nimitz sent to Mediterranean". Stars and Stripes. Manama, Bahrain. Archived from the original on 25 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  45. ^ "Nimitz to Operate in Mediterranean". 648. U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/Commander, U.S. 6th Fleet Public Affairs. 21 October 2013. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  46. ^ de Leon, John (16 December 2013). "USS Nimitz returns to Everett after 9-month deployment". The Seattle Times. Everett, Washington. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  47. ^ Agee, Kelly (20 October 2014). "Nimitz to Participate Alongside Canadian, Japanese, other US Ships in Task Group Exercise" (Press release). San Diego, California: USS Nimitz Public Affairs. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  48. ^ Naval Air Forces, Public Affairs (3 November 2014). "F-35C Completes First Arrested Landing aboard Aircraft Carrier" (Press release). San Diego, California. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  49. ^ Majumdar, Dave (3 November 2014). "U.S. Navy Version of F-35 Lands on Carrier for First Time". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  50. ^ Commander, Naval Air Forces Public Affairs (17 November 2014). "F-35C Completes Initial Sea Trials aboard Aircraft Carrier" (Press release). San Diego, California. Navy News Service. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  51. ^ Herald staff (24 June 2014). "Nimitz moving to Bremerton for 16 months of maintenance". The Herald. Everett, Washington. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  52. ^ "USS Nimitz, USS Shoup and USS Kidd Depart for Deployment". United States Navy. 1 June 2017. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  53. ^ Cooper, Helene (2 September 2017). "ISIS Is on Its Heels, but Fighting to the Death". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  54. ^ Stanford, Julianne (1 March 2018). "USS Nimitz enters shipyard's dry dock for a year of maintenance". Kitsap Sun. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  55. ^ a b Bertrand, Natasha & Seligman, Lara (7 April 2020). "Sailor aboard 4th U.S. aircraft carrier tests positive for coronavirus". Politico. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  56. ^ a b Pawlyk, Oriana (7 April 2020). "Nimitz Becomes 4th Aircraft Carrier with COVID-19 Case: Report". Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  57. ^ "USS Nimitz Departs for Training". USS Nimitz (CVN 68) Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 7 May 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  58. ^ "USS Nimitz Returns to Home Port". United States Department of Defense. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  59. ^ "U.S. Aircraft Carrier, 2,500 Marines Off the Coast of Somalia as Pentagon Repositions Forces in Africa". USNI News. 21 December 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  60. ^ "Statement by Acting Secretary Miller on Iranian Threats and the USS Nimitz". United States Department of Defense. 3 January 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  61. ^ "USNI News Fleet and Marine Tracker: May 23, 2022". 23 May 2022. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  62. ^ LaGrone, Sam (3 December 2022). "Nimitz Carrier Strike Group Departs San Diego for Pacific Deployment". United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  63. ^ Ziezulewicz, Geoff (6 December 2023). "USS Nimitz and its strike group head out on deployment". Navy Times. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  64. ^ Mahadzir, Dzirhan (27 January 2023). "USS Nimitz Back in the South China Sea After Singapore Port Visit". United States Naval Institute. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  65. ^ Charfauros, Joan Aguon (27 February 2023). "USS Nimitz arrives for port visit on Guam". KUAM News. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  66. ^ Jaewon, Kim (29 March 2023). "U.S. carrier arrives in South Korea as North unveils new warheads". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved 24 April 2023.
  67. ^ "USS Nimitz Records 350,000th Arrested Landing". U.S. Navy Press Office. 24 April 2023. Retrieved 24 April 2023.
  68. ^ "U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Group visits Thailand for joint exercises April 24-29". Pattaya Mail. 25 April 2023. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  69. ^ Larson, Caleb (16 April 2022). "The End of an Era: U.S. Navy to Retire the USS Nimitz Aircraft Carrier". The National Interest. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  70. ^ Canby, Vincent. " 'The Final Countdown' (1980) - Carrier Nimitz stars in 'Countdown'". The New York Times, 1 August 1980.
  71. ^ "The BIG Aircraft Carrier - See the USS Nimitz in Action!". 1995. Retrieved 17 October 2023.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]