Westchester County Airport
|Westchester County Airport|
|IATA: HPN – ICAO: KHPN – FAA LID: HPN|
|Owner||County of Westchester|
|Serves||Westchester County, New York, Fairfield County, Connecticut|
|Location||White Plains, New York|
|Hub for||Tradewind Aviation|
|Elevation AMSL||439 ft / 134 m|
Westchester County Airport (IATA: HPN, ICAO: KHPN, FAA LID: HPN) is a county-owned airport in Westchester County, New York, three miles (6 km) northeast of the central business district of White Plains, in the towns of Harrison, North Castle and Rye. The airfield is also sometimes referred to as White Plains Airport and has been identified by this name in the past by the Official Airline Guide (OAG).
It serves suburban Westchester County, New York and Fairfield County, Connecticut (the New York-Connecticut state border coincides with the airport's eastern limits). It also serves the New York metropolitan area, as it is about 33 miles (53 km) north of Midtown Manhattan.
The Westchester County Airport is currently served by five commercial airlines which includes regional code sharing affiliates flying scheduled passenger service on behalf of their respective major airline partners to sixteen destinations in the United States. Two scheduled charter airlines also offer flights out of the airport.
This airport is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport. As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 904,482 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 964,927 enplanements in 2009, and 999,831 in 2010.
Westchester County Airport was built during World War II in 1942 as a home to an Air National Guard unit to protect New York City and Rye Lake, part of the city's water supply system. In May 1983, with the growth of suburban Westchester, the Guard unit abandoned Westchester Air National Guard Base and moved to Stewart International Airport, in Orange County.
The first scheduled airline flights were operated by American Airlines in late 1949 with a weekday morning flight from New York LaGuardia Airport to HPN with continuing service to Syracuse and beyond which then returned in the evening. Mohawk Airlines replaced American in 1955 with Mohawk and successor Allegheny Airlines serving HPN until 1979. The first scheduled jet flight was operated by Mohawk with a British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven in 1965. Before the passing of the federal Airline Deregulation Act in 1978, the airport was served in 1976 by Allegheny Airlines operating BAC One-Eleven twin jets and also by several commuter air carriers including Air Speed, Command Airways and Commuter Airlines operating small prop and turboprop aircraft. Air Florida arrived in 1980 and United Airlines during the mid 1980s. American Airlines also resumed mainline service. On January 5, 2006, the airport was the point of departure for the last flight operated by regional carrier Independence Air with this service departing to Washington, D.C. at 7:26 pm.
Major airlines that previously served the airport with mainline jet aircraft include American Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Republic Airlines (1979-1986), United Airlines and USAir (now US Airways). New start up carriers Air Florida, AirTran Airways, Carnival Air Lines and Midway Airlines also served the airport with jets. AirTran began service at the airport in 2006 with flights to Atlanta, Orlando–International and West Palm Beach. These flights ended on August 11, 2012. Smaller regional and commuter air carriers that previously operated flights included Air North, Altair Airlines, Business Express Airlines, Boston-Maine Airways (operating as Pan Am Clipper Connection), Brockway Air, Command Airways, Commuter Airlines, Continental Express, Empire Airlines, Independence Air, Island Air, Mall Airways and USAir Express.
- Air Florida - Boeing 737-200
- AirTran - Boeing 717-200
- Allegheny Airlines - British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven
- American Airlines - Fokker F100
- Carnival Air Lines - Boeing 737-200
- Continental Express - Embraer ERJ-135 (operated by ExpressJet on behalf of Continental Airlines)
- Empire Airlines - Fokker F28 Fellowship
- Midway Airlines - Douglas DC-9-10
- Mohawk Airlines - British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven
- Northwest Airlines - McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30
- Republic Airlines (1979-1986) - McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30
- United Airlines - Boeing 737-200, 737-300 and 737-500
- USAir (now US Airways) - Fokker F100
JetBlue began service at the airport in 2007 and is now the airport's largest carrier with 11 daily round trips to five destinations. JetBlue is currently the only airline to serve the airport with mainline jet aircraft.
In June 2009 Cape Air added service to Westchester, with service to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts. Cape Air introduced service to Lebanon Municipal Airport in New Hampshire in early 2010. All Cape Air flights depart and arrive from the Signature Flight Support facility south of the Main Terminal due to a lack of ticket counter space in the main terminal building.
In June 2010 a regional airline affiliate of Air Canada announced it would cease all flights into the airport. Commuter code sharing service with Beechcraft turboprop aircraft was flown on behalf of Air Canada for several years between the airport and Toronto. This ended international flights until service to the Bahamas began in 2011. However, the airport currently does not have any international nonstop service.
On November 18, 2010 American Airlines ended its American Eagle regional airline service to the airport and instead introduced American Connection flights operated by Chautauqua Airlines as a replacement flying smaller Embraer ERJ-140 regional jet aircraft. Later, the American Connection name was dropped and American Eagle service returned.
In 2013, Delta Air Lines announced that it would start seasonal service to Orlando starting in December of that year. This service is currently operated on a seasonal basis by regional code sharing affiliate Delta Connection.
Noise abatement procedures
HPN is nestled between many existing neighborhoods and has many rules that must be followed. HPN officials started the Westchester County Airport Aircraft Noise study which set up Airport Noise and Operations Monitoring Systems (ANOMS) around the airport. The ANOMS measure the sound in the surveying area and compare it to the sound of airplanes and the sound of the neighborhoods surrounding the airport. With the help of these devices, HPN officials have located the problems where noise is affecting the area the most.
HPN has implemented six programs that help reduce noise. The first program as stated earlier is the Voluntary Restraint from Flying or VRFF. The VRFF is a curfew for planes to encourage them not to fly during the hours of midnight to six in the morning. Another program is High Range Noise Event Program which uses the ANOMS. If an ANOMS pick up reading of higher than 90 decibels that airplane is then contacted by HPN officials. HPN also has programs that do not allow airplane larger than 12,500 pounds to takeoff at the runway intersections, or run-up their engines without prior approval of airport operations.
After several renovations, as well as discussions about the airport's viability, the airport is currently served by six scheduled passenger airlines with flights to sixteen destinations in the United States. Although there has always been some controversy about the airport and proposed expansions, more concerns have arisen as a result of passengers seeking relief from the long delays at the other New York airports. The most recent concerns have to do with flight paths and traffic congestion; the latter has been addressed by the County of Westchester with Bee-Line bus service to the airport and the encouragement of travelers to get rides to the airport.
The airport's environmental management practices are monitored through the AEMS, an ISO 14001 certified Airport Environmental Management System; airport employees receive environmental training. The facility was, in 2004, the third airport in the U.S. to achieve this level of environmental performance.
Also, due to its location near a number of residential neighborhoods, Westchester County Airport instituted a Voluntary Restraint from Flying Program, sometimes referred to as a voluntary curfew, which has helped to ease some of the local concern of noise resulting from airport activity. In an effort to alleviate concerns over expansion and noise, planning studies are done on a regular basis.
In May 2011 NYSDOT released the "New York Statewide Airport Economic Impact Study," quantifying the level of economic activity that was attributable to the aviation sector for the year 2009 in the State of New York. The study noted that HPN was one of only three airports in the state that gained emplanements, performing better than the U.S. benchmark. The study also noted that the total economic impact of the airport was approximately $736 million.
The IATA code for Westchester County Airport is HPN. There is a debate in the origins of this code. Many[who?] believe that it is derived from the name of the city, White Plains (IATA codes normally do not begin with W because those are reserved for radio signals). Others[who?] believe the IATA code represents the first letter of the three neighboring communities, Harrison, Purchase, and North Castle. The full ICAO code for Westchester County Airport is KHPN.
Facilities and aircraft
Westchester County Airport covers 702 acres (284 ha) at an elevation of 439 feet (134 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 16/34 is 6,549 by 150 feet (1,996 x 46 m) and 11/29 is 4,451 by 150 feet (1,357 x 46 m). Runway 29's threshold is displaced 1,297 feet (395 m) due to trees obstructing the approach path. The trees (in Connecticut) are 37 ft (11 m) tall and 370 ft (113 m) from the end of the runway.
Westchester County Airport has several fixed-base operators (FBOs), including Signature Flight Support East and West, Landmark East and West, NetJets, and Million Air. Although varied in services offered, the FBOs at Westchester County Airport provide Jet A and 100LL fueling services, repairs and maintenance, aircraft tiedowns, de-icing, United States Customs, and other aircraft services. Some of the FBOs are particularly luxurious, providing limousine transportation services and deluxe surroundings.
There are three flight schools. Performance Flight operates out of the Million Air at Hangar M, while Academy of Aviation operates out of Landmark West at Hangar T. Wings Air offers helicopter flight training out of Hangar C-2. Additionally, the Westchester Flying Club, a private organization of pilots, is based at the airport as well as the Westchester Aviation Association, a not-for-profit organization which promotes aviation education and understanding on the part of government authorities and the public.
Westchester County Airport is also the home of the New York Wing Civil Air Patrol headquarters, the Lt. Anthony L. Willsea Cadet Squadron (NY-422).
Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) is provided by Airport Operations Crews. The airport owns three ARFF apparatus (three Oshkosh Striker 1500s), two of which are in service full-time. The ARFF Crews only respond to aircraft emergencies. All structure related fire and rescue calls go to the local fire departments. For example, the Purchase Fire Department handles all structure calls on the southern part of the airfield, the Armonk Fire Department handles calls on the northern part and the Rye Brook/Port Chester Fire Department handle all calls on the east end, including the main terminal. EMS calls are handled by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS, Harrison EMS and Armonk Fire/EMS depending on location of call.
In 2010 the airport had 191,017 total aircraft operations, an average of 523 per day: 23% commercial aviation, 48% heavy general aviation, and 29% light general aviation. There are 316 aircraft, including helicopters, based out of this airport.
Westchester County Airport has one small three-level terminal with six gate spaces, of which only four may be used because only four aircraft may be scheduled to use the Terminal Ramp at any time. The $35 million terminal was built in 1995 and designed by Lothrop Associates. Gates C and F are the only gates that have jetways. The terminal also has one luggage carousel, one baggage reclaim office and two Transportation Security Administration (TSA) screening lanes. JetBlue avoids delays by using stairs when jetways are not available.
In November 2015, the airport began a $30 million construction project to expand the terminal and ramp areas. The project will expand the terminal by 20% and include additional check-in, screening and passenger waiting areas. The expansion will also include the addition of four new Jetbridges.
Airlines and destinations
|American Eagle||Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Philadelphia, Washington–National|
Seasonal: Hyannis, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Provincetown
|Delta Connection||Atlanta, Detroit
|JetBlue Airways||Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando–MCO, Tampa, West Palm Beach|
|JetSmarter||Atlanta, Boca Raton, Chicago, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Oakland|
|Reliant Air||Seasonal: Nantucket|
|Tradewind Aviation||Seasonal: Martha's Vineyard, Morrisville, Nantucket|
|Carrier||Passengers (arriving and departing)|
|1||Orlando, Florida||130,000||Delta, JetBlue|
|3||West Palm Beach, Florida||108,000||JetBlue|
|4||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||74,000||JetBlue|
|5||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||68,000||American, United|
|6||Washington–National, D.C.||48,000||American/US Airways|
|7||Charlotte, North Carolina||41,000||American/US Airways|
|8||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||39,000||American/US Airways|
|9||Fort Myers, Florida||37,000||JetBlue|
In popular culture
- Westchester County Airport was used in the film Meet the Parents to represent Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and New York's LaGuardia Airport.
- The airport was a filming location for The Best Man and Random Hearts.
- The 1986 film SpaceCamp mentions White Plains as a possible landing site for the space shuttle; the characters soon realize that the landing site they're thinking of is the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, and not the airport (which is far too small to handle a shuttle landing).
- Westchester County Airport was used in a Law & Order episode called "All in the Family."
- In The West Wing episode "Celestial Navigation" Leo tells Toby and Sam to "Fly to Westchester County Airport and rent a car" in order to get their United States Supreme Court nominee, Roberto Mendoza, out of jail in Connecticut.
- The airport was featured in the remake of the Thomas Crowne Affair as a double for JFK airport. A character is told to "go up the escalator and make a left" to reach the International gates. Doing so would actually put her in the parking garage.
- FAA Airport Master Record for HPN ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective August 25, 2011.
- Westchester County Airport
- http://www.departedflights.com, April 1, 1981 & Feb. 15, 1985 editions, Official Airline Guide, White Plains Airport flight schedules (OAG)
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide (OAG), White Plains schedules
- "Last Run for Independence Air". msnbc.com. 2006-01-05. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- http://www.departedflights.com, Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions: April 1, 1981; Feb. 15, 1985; Dec. 15, 1989; Oct. 1, 1991; April 2, 1995
- OAG Flight Guide Worldwide, Feb. 2007
- Official Airline Guide (OAG), Feb. 1, 1976
- http://www.airliners.net, photo of Northwest Jetlink Avro RJ-85 on final to Westchester County Airport (HPN)
- http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1981 Air Florida route map
- "Passenger service from Morrisville to NYC area to take flight". VTDigger.com. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- Foderaro, Lisa (1989-12-07). "The Talk of Westchester County Airport; Airport Plan: A Travelers' Oasis or a Threat to Neighbors?". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
- Dzikowski, Don (September 1990). "Opponents Assail Airport Terminal Expansion Plans (Westchester County Airport)". Westchester County Business Journal.
- Vigdor, Neil (2008-01-08). "Town Rethinks FAA Lawsuit". Greenwich Time. Retrieved 2008-01-15.[dead link]
- "Holiday Travelers Urged to Get Rides to the County Airport". Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- "Environmental Management System - ISO 14001 Certified". Airport.westchestergov.com. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
- Government, Westchester County. "It's Not Just an Airport, it's a Neighborhood" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
- Harris Miller Miller & Hanson, Inc., TAMS Consultants, Inc. (2002-08). "Westchester County Airport Aircraft Noise Study" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-15. Check date values in:
- "Westchester County Airport's Call Letters Dispute".
- "COUNTY OF WESTCHESTER v. TOWN OF GREENWICH CONNECTICUT II". United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. FindLaw. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
- "About Us". Airport.westchestergov.com. 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
- Lothrop Associates: Westchester County Airport Major Modernziation and Expansion
- Airline information, accessed March 3, 2014
- Trivia for Meet the Parents, IMDb.com
- Movies Made in Westchester County
- SpaceCamp film script
- West Wing transcript
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Westchester County Airport.|
- Westchester County Airport, official site
- PDF from New York State DOT
- (PDF), effective July 21, 2016
- FAA Terminal Procedures for Westchester County (HPN), effective July 21, 2016
- Aerial image as of April 1991 from USGS The National Map
- Resources for this airport: