Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/L1

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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Isaac La Peyerre (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M126: Manasseh b. Israel

  1. Laban (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Bethuel, grandnephew of Abraham, and maternal uncle and father in-law of Jacob. His home being in Aram-naharaim (Mesopotamia; ......

  1. Abraham Cohen Labatt JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) American pioneer; born at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1802; died at Galveston, Texas, Aug. 16, 1899. He was one of ......

  1. Leonard Labatt JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Swedish dramatic tenor; born in Stockholm Dec. 4, 1838; died at Christiania, Norway, March 7, 1897. He studied under Günther ......

  1. Labi (JE | WP GWP G

) A Turkish family of rabbis. The most prominent members were:David b. Joseph ibn Labi: Turkish scholar of the sixteenth century; ......

  1. Joseph ibn Vidal Labi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Prominent Spanish scholar and orator; son of the philosopher Solomon ibn Labi; lived at Saragossa. He was one of the ......

  1. Labi ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L197: Leon ha-Levi

  1. Simon Labi (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish rabbi and scholar of the sixteenth century. He intended to go to the Holy Land, but when he arrived ......

  1. Labor (JE | WP GWP G

) Labor and the laborer are invested in Jewish literature with a dignity scarcely paralleled in other ancient religions or social ......

  1. Lachish (JE | WP GWP G

) Probably the greatest battle fought under the walls of Lachish was fought by Sennacherib's army in 701 B.C. (II Kings ......

  1. Dob Bär b. Shnoer Zalman Ladier (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Ḥasidic rabbi; born about 1770; died 1834. He was the son of R. Shneor Zalman of Liady, the founder ......

  1. Ladino (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J591: Judaeo-Spanish Language (Ladino) and Literature

  1. Ladislaus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P401: Poland

  1. Jean-Baptiste Ladvocat (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian Hebraist; born at Vaucouleurs Jan. 3, 1709; died at Paris Dec. 29, 1765. Though he achieved particular distinction as ......

  1. Lag ba-Omer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O62: Omer

  1. Paul Anton de Lagarde (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist; born in Berlin Nov. 2, 1827; died in Göttingen Dec. 22, 1891. His father was Wilhelm Bötticher; and ......

  1. Jacob Lagarto JE (JE | WP GWP G

) South-American rabbi and Talmudist of the seventeenth century; probably a son of Simon Lagarto of Amsterdam. He went to Brazil ......

  1. Daniel Israel Lopez Laguna (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish poet; born in Portugal about the middle of the seventeenth century of Marano parents, who subsequently settled in southern ......

  1. Laibach (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the Austrian province of Carniola. The first mention of Jews in Laibach dates from 1213, when it is ......

  1. L'Albenc (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D81: Dauphiné

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Lama (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L483: Loans; E276: Elijah ben Moses.

  1. Lamb in Sacrifice (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S35: Sacrifice

  1. Mayer Lambert (JE | WP GWP G

) French Orientalist; born Dec. 23, 1863, at Metz; son of Elie Lambert, author of religious text-books, grandson of Chief Rabbi ......

  1. Lamden JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Late Hebrew expression for a man who is well informed in rabbinical literature, although not a scholar in the technical ......

  1. Lamech (JE | WP GWP G

) Descendant of Cain (Gen. iv. 18-24). He had two wives, Adah and Zillah. Adah bore him two sons, Jabal (the ......

  1. Lamed (JE | WP GWP G

) Twelfth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; on its form see Alphabet. The meaning of the name is uncertain. The letter ......

  1. Lamed-Waw (JE | WP GWP G

) The thirty-six hidden saints called among Russian Jews Lamed-waw-niks. The legend that there are in every generation thirty-six secret saints, ......

  1. Lamego (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Portugal. Its Jewry was formerly situated in the Cruz da Pedra street, the present Rua Nova. Lamego was ......

  1. Simon Edler von Lämel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian merchant; born at Tuschkau near Pilsen, Bohemia, Aug. 28, 1766; died at Vienna April 18, 1845. Early bereft of ......

  1. Lamentations (JE | WP GWP G

) In the manuscripts and printed copies of the Old Testament the book is called, after its initial word, "Ekah"; in ......

  1. Lämmlein (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L178: Lemmlein, Asher

  1. Lamp of Judaism (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Perpetual lamp (JE | WP GWP G

) In synagogues a perpetual light is maintained in a lamp which consists generally of a glass vessel containing a wick ......

  1. Sabbath lamp (JE | WP GWP G

) Special lamp or chandelier used in Jewish households on Sabbath eve. The lighting of a special lamp on Sabbath eve, ......

  1. Seven-branched lamp (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C87: Candlestick; M466: Menorah

  1. Lampon (JE | WP GWP G

) Enemy of the Jews; lived in the first century at Alexandria. During the reign of Caligula an outbreak against the ......

  1. Isaac b. Samuel Lampronti JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and physician; born Feb. 3, 1679, at Ferrara; died Nov. 16, 1756. His great-grandfather, Samuel Lampronti, emigrated from ......

  1. Lancaster (JE | WP GWP G

) Town founded in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1730; one of the six or seven cities in the United States containing ......

  1. Leo Lánczy JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian deputy and financier; born in 1852. After having been connected for several years with the Anglo-Hungarian Bank and the ......

  1. Land Laws (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A904: Agrarian Laws; L52: Landlord and Tenant; S18: Sabbatical Year.

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Landa-on-the-Tauber (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1097: Bischofsheim-on-the-Tauber

  1. Landau >> Isaac Elijah Landau JE, Jacob ben Judah Landau JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is ......

  1. Adolph Yefimovich Landau (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian journalist and publisher; born at Rossienny, Russia, 1841; died at Berlin July 21, 1902. In 1862 he moved to ......

  1. Leopold Landau JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German gynecologist; born at Warsaw July 16, 1848. He studied at the universities of Breslau, Würzburg, and Berlin, graduating from ......

  1. Wolf Landau (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and author; born at Dresden March 1, 1811; died there Aug. 24, 1886; grandson of Chief Rabbi David ......

  1. M. H. Landauer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Writer on Jewish mysticism; born in 1808 at Kappel, near Buchau, Württemberg; died there Feb. 3, 1841. He was a ......

  1. Samuel Landauer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist and librarian; born at Hürben, Bavaria, Feb. 22, 1846. He received his education at the yeshibah of Eisenstadt ......

  1. Max Landesberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Rumanian oculist; born in 1840 at Jassy; died at Florence March 4, 1895. He was educated at the gymnasium at ......

  1. Heinrich Landesmann JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian poet and philosophical writer; born at Nikolsburg Aug. 9, 1821; died at Brünn Dec. 4, 1902. From his earliest ......

  1. Landesrabbiner JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spiritual head of the Jewish communities of a country, province, or district; met with in several parts of Germany and ......

  1. Landesrabbinerschule in Budapest (Országos Rabbiképzö Intézet) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The efforts to found a rabbinical seminary in Hungary reach back to the beginning of the nineteenth century. The various ......

  1. Landlord and Tenant (JE | WP GWP G

) The Mishnah and later authorities speak of two kinds of tenants—the "aris," or the tenant on shares, the landlord receiving ......

  1. Landmarks (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1368: Boundaries

  1. Landowner (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R145: Real Estate

  1. Landsberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian family of scholars and philanthropists. Its founder was Abraham Landsberg of Kremenetz, who was born in 1756 and died ......

  1. Max Landsberg (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi; born at Berlin Feb. 26, 1845; son of Meyer Landsberg, "Landrabbiner" at Hildesheim, Hanover. He was educated at ......

  1. Meyer Landsberg (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Meseritz, Prussia, May 1, 1810; died at Hildesheim May 20, 1870. Landsberg's teacher, Aaron Wolfsohn, rabbi of ......

  1. Hugo Landsberger (JE | WP GWP G

) German novelist, dramatist, and editor; born at Berlin Aug. 25, 1861. His first production was "Der Neue Gott, Roman aus ......

  1. Joseph Landsberger (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Posen Aug. 21, 1848; descendant of Aryeh Löb, who died as martyr in Posen in 1737; ......

  1. Leser Landshuth JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German liturgiologist; born Jan. 15, 1817, at Lissa, Posen; died in Berlin March 23, 1887. He went to Berlin as ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Jonah ben Elijah Landsofer (Landschreiber) (JE | WP GWP G

) Bohemian Talmudist; born in 1678; died at Prague Oct. 9, 1712. Landsofer made a special study of the Masorah and ......

  1. Maximilian Leopold Langenschwarz (JE | WP GWP G

) German author and hydropathist; born 1801 at Rödelheim, near Frankfort-on-the-Main; died before 1860. His parents being very poor, a few ......

  1. Languedoc (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient province of France corresponding to the present departments of Tarn, Aude, Gard, and Ardèche, with parts of Haute-Loire, Haute-Garonne, ......

  1. Laniado (JE | WP GWP G

) Sephardic family settled in Italy and the East; the best-known members are:Abraham ben Isaac Laniado: Oriental scholar of the sixteenth ......

  1. Laodicea (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Phrygia on the River Lycus. Jews lived there, Antiochus the Great having transported 2,000 Jewish families from Babylonia ......

  1. Aaron ben Isaac Lapapa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Oriental rabbi and Talmudist; died 1674. He was at first rabbi at Manissa, Turkey, and at an advanced age was ......

  1. Lapidaria (JE | WP GWP G

) Writings giving the qualities of precious and other stones, mostly composed in the Middle Ages. The rarest stones and minerals ......

  1. Lapidation (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C128: Capital Punishment

  1. Lapidoth (Lappidoth) (JE | WP GWP G

) The husband of Deborah (Judges iv. 4), whom the Rabbis identify with Barak (= "lightning"); known also as Michael (so ......

  1. Lapwing (JE | WP GWP G

) The rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew "dukifat," enumerated among the unclean birds in Lev. xi. 19 and ......

  1. Ludwig L. Laqueur (JE | WP GWP G

) German ophthalmologist; born at Fürstenberg, Silesia, July 25, 1839. Studied at Paris and Berlin (M.D. 1860). In 1860 he became ......

  1. Cohen de Lara (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish family, members of which settled in Amsterdam, Hamburg, London, and America.Aaron Cohen de Lara: Ḥazzan of the Spanish-Portuguese community ......

  1. Isidore de Lara (JE | WP GWP G

) English composer; born in London Aug. 9, 1858. He was educated at Boulogne, and made his first appearance as a ......

  1. Larceny (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T174: Theft and Stolen Goods

  1. Larissa (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G424: Greece

  1. La Rochelle (JE | WP GWP G

) City and seaport of France; capital of the department of Charente-Inférieure; situated on the Atlantic coast. Its small Jewish community ......

  1. Adolf L'Arronge (JE | WP GWP G

) German dramatist and theatrical manager; born in Hamburg March 8, 1838; son of Eduard Theodor l'Arronge (Aaron). He received a ......

  1. Larta (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1824: Arta

  1. Jacob de las Leyes (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish compiler. He was commissioned by the son of Alfonso X. the Wise to compile an ethical work for the ......

  1. Gershon Lasch (JE | WP GWP G

) German teacher and author; born in 1803; died at Halberstadt March 3, 1883. In 1823 he was appointed instructor at ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Lashon ha-Kodesh (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H485: Hebrew Language

  1. Abraham ben Jehiel Michael ha-Kohen Lask (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A564: Abraham b. Samuel Cohen of Lask

  1. Eduard Lasker (JE | WP GWP G

) German politician; born at Jarotschin, Posen, Oct. 14, 1829; died in New York city Jan. 5, 1884; educated at the ......

  1. Emanuel Lasker (JE | WP GWP G

) Chess champion of the world; born Dec. 24, 1868, at Berlinchen, Germany; educated at the universities of Berlin, Göttingen, and ......

  1. Raphael Lasker (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi; born at Zirke, province of Posen, Feb. 19, 1838; educated by his father, who was rabbi of Zirke, ......

  1. Ferdinand Lassalle (JE | WP GWP G

) The founder of Social Democracy; born in Breslau, Germany, April 11, 1825; died Aug. 31, 1864, in Geneva. His father, ......

  1. Lassar-Cohn (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C645: Cohn, Lassar

  1. Oskar E. Lassar (JE | WP GWP G

) German dermatologist and hygienist; born at Hamburg Jan. 11, 1849. He received his education at a gymnasium at Hamburg and ......

  1. Eduard Lassen (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish conductor and dramatic composer; born at Copenhagen April 13, 1830; died at Weimar Jan. 15, 1904. His father was ......

  1. Adolf Lasson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philosophical writer; born at Alt-Strelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, March 12, 1832; educated at the Gymnasium Carolinum, Neu-Strelitz, and the University of ......

  1. Samuel Lasz JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian scientist; born Dec. 18, 1859, at Szergeny; studied at Papa, Sopron, and Budapest. In 1882 he received an appointment ......

  1. Philip László (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian portrait-painter; born June 1, 1869, at Budapest. As a highly talented student of the Model Drawing School of Budapest, ......

  1. Lateran Councils (JE | WP GWP G

) Councils of the Church held at Rome in the papal palace on Lateran Hill, whence their title. Those affecting Jewish ......

  1. Joseph Latteiner (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-German playwright; born at Jassy, Rumania, in 1853. After studying Talmud in the yeshibah there, Latteiner, at the age of ......

  1. Lattes (Lattas) >> Isaac Lattes JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" (V07p627001.jpg, V07p627002.jpg), and seems ......

  1. Ferdinand Laub (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian violinist; born at Prague Jan. 19, 1832; died March 17, 1875, at Gries, near Bozen, Tyrol. He received his ......

  1. Die Laubhütte (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Charles Henry Lauchheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) American naval officer; born at Baltimore, Md., Sept. 22, 1859. In 1881 he graduated from the United States Naval Academy ......

  1. Richard Laurence JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English Christian Hebraist; born in Bath 1760; died in Dublin 1838. He was made regius professor of Hebrew and canon ......

  1. Laurin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D22: Damascus Affair

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Sigmund Lautenburg (JE | WP GWP G

) Theatrical manager; born at Budapest Sept. 11, 1852. In consequence of the poverty of his parents, he was obliged to ......

  1. Edward Lauterbach (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer; born in New York city Aug. 13, 1844; graduated from the College of the City of New York ......

  1. Selig Lauterbach (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician writer; born at Drohobicz Jan. 25, 1826; known as the author of the following works: "Minḥat Kohen," in two ......

  1. John Caspar Lavater (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M446: Mendelssohn

  1. Laver (JE | WP GWP G

) V07p632001.jpgLaver and Basin.(In the British Museum, London.)In the Second Temple there was only one laver of brass, which served the ......

  1. Civil Law (JE | WP GWP G

) That system of jurisprudence established by the people of a state or nation for their government as citizens as distinguished ......

  1. Codification of Law (JE | WP GWP G

) A unified and coordinated body of law superseding all previous laws within its scope, or the reenactment of existing law ......

  1. Law of the Land (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C720: Conflict of Laws

  1. Oral Law (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O113: Oral Law

  1. Reading from the Law (JE | WP GWP G

) The custom of reading portions of the Pentateuch at the synagogue on Sabbath and holy days and at other stated ......

  1. Law Schools (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A711: Academies in Palestine

  1. John Zachariah Lawrence (JE | WP GWP G

) English surgeon; born in 1828; died in London July 18, 1870. He studied at University College, London (M.B. 1857), and ......

  1. Noachian Laws (JE | WP GWP G

) Laws which were supposed by the Rabbis to have been binding upon mankind at large even before the revelation at ......

  1. Lionel Lawson (JE | WP GWP G

) English newspaper proprietor; born in 1823 in London; died there Sept. 20, 1879. He was educated in Germany. Inheriting a ......

  1. Lawyer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A710: Academies

  1. Lazar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B629: Eleazar

  1. Bernard Lazare (JE | WP GWP G

) French author; born at Nîmes June 14, 1865; died at Paris Sept. 1, 1903; educated in his native town and ......

  1. Lazarus B. David (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B671: Bendavid, Lazarus

  1. Emma Lazarus (JE | WP GWP G

) American poet; born July 22, 1849, in New York city; died there Nov. 19, 1887; daughter of Moses and Esther ......

  1. Josephine Lazarus (JE | WP GWP G

) American essayist; born March 23, 1846, in New York city, where she has always resided; daughter of Moses and Esther ......

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Julius Lazarus (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Neusalz-on-the-Oder April 6, 1847; educated at the gymnasium of Görlitz, Silesia, and at the University of ......

  1. Leyser Lazarus (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; born at Filehne 1820; died at Breslau April 16, 1879; brother of Moritz Lazarus. He first attended yeshibot, ......

  1. Moritz Lazarus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philosopher; born at Filehne, in the Prussian province of Posen, Sept. 15, 1824; died at Meran, Tyrol, April 13, ......

  1. Moses Lazarus (JE | WP GWP G

) American merchant; born in New York city June 29, 1813; died there March 9, 1885. He was identified with the ......

  1. Nahida Ruth Lazarus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German authoress; born Feb. 3, 1849, at Berlin; a descendant of a German Christian family. She was married first to ......

  1. Lease (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L52: Landlord and Tenant

  1. Leather (JE | WP GWP G

) Skins of animals were employed for clothing as soon as man felt the need of covering his body to protect ......

  1. Leaven (JE | WP GWP G

) Fermenting dough (V07p655002.jpg = "to be sour," "fermented"; Aramaic, V07p655003.jpg). Leavened bread was probably a common article of food among ......

  1. Leavenworth (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K91: Kansas

  1. Lebanon (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a range of mountains in Syria. In prose, with the exception of IIChron. ii. 8 (Hebr.), the name ......

  1. Abraham Dob Bär ben Chayyim Lebensohn JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist, poet, and grammarian; born in Wilna, Russia, about 1789; died there Nov. 19, 1878. Like all Jewish boys ......

  1. Micah Joseph Lebensohn JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebrew poet; born in Wilna, Russia, Feb. 22, 1828; died there Feb. 17, 1852. His father, the poet Abraham ......

  1. Hermann Lebert (Lewy) (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Breslau June 9, 1813; died at Bex, Canton Waadt, Switzerland, Aug. 1, 1878. He studied medicine ......

  1. Siegmund Lebert (Siegmund Levy) (JE | WP GWP G

) Music-teacher and writer on music; born at Ludwigsburg, Württemberg, Dec. 12, 1822; died at Stuttgart Dec. 8, 1884. After completing ......

  1. Fürchtegott Lebrecht (JE | WP GWP G

) German educator; born at Memmelbach, Bavaria, Nov. 16, 1800; died at Berlin, Sept. 1, 1876. He studied at Fürth, and ......

  1. Lecce (JE | WP GWP G

) Town of southern Italy, capital of the province of the same name (formerly Terra d'Otranto); contained one of the most ......

  1. Le-Dawid Baruk (JE | WP GWP G

) Familiar title for Ps. cxliv., from the initial words of the Hebrewtext, with especial reference to its employment, together with ......

  1. Abraham Lederer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian educator and writer; born Jan. 9, 1827, at Libochowitz, Bohemia. In 1840 he went to Prague, where he studied ......

  1. Joachim K. Lederer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian play-wright; born at Prague Aug. 28, 1808; died at Dresden July 31, 1876. Lederer received only a meager education ......

  1. Sidney Lee (JE | WP GWP G

) English editor; born in London Dec. 5, 1859; educated at City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford. Almost immediately ......

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Leeds (JE | WP GWP G

) Manufacturing town in Yorkshire, England. It possessed a small Jewish community before the year 1840, divine service being held in ......

  1. Isaac Leeser JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi, author, translator, editor, and publisher; pioneer of theJewish pulpit in the United States, and founder of the Jewish ......

  1. Jacob Heymann de Leeuw (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch Talmudist; born at Leyden 1811; died at Amsterdam Sept. 15, 1883. He removed to the latter city in 1874, ......

  1. Salomon Lefmann JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist; born at Telgte, Westphalia, Dec. 25, 1831, his family being old Westphalian settlers. He was educated at the ......

  1. Legacy (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W188: Will

  1. Legal Instruments (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D203: Deed

  1. Legal Process (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P538: Procedure

  1. Legalism (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N329: Nomism

  1. Leghorn >> History of the Jews in Livorno JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport city of Tuscany. Its Jewish community, although the youngest among the large communities of Italy, was for some time ......

  1. Behrend Lehmann (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B869: Bermann, Issachar ha-Levi

  1. Emil Lehmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist; born at Dresden Feb. 2, 1829; died there Feb. 25, 1898; son of the merchant Bonnier Lehmann. He ......

  1. Joseph Lehmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German journalist; born at Glogau Dec. 28, 1801; died at Berlin Feb. 19, 1873. At the age of fifteen he ......

  1. Joseph Lehmann (JE | WP GWP G

) French chief rabbi; born at Belfort Nov. 1, 1843. He numbers among his ancestors on his father's side R. David ......

  1. Leonce Lehmann (JE | WP GWP G

) French lawyer; born at Augsburg, Bavaria, Feb. 24, 1836; died in Paris Dec. 27, 1892. He was educated in the ......

  1. Marcus (Meyer) Lehmann JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born Dec. 29, 1831, at Verden, Hanover; died at Mayence April 14, 1890. After graduating from the gymnasium, ......

  1. Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums (Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical seminary at Berlin; founded in 1870 and opened in 1872 as the "Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums," which ......

  1. Lehren >> Akiba Lehren JE, Hirsch Lehren JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch family whose name is derived from Lehrensteinfeld, a village in Württemberg.Akiba Lehren: Dutch banker and communal worker; born July ......

  1. Lehrerheim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Karl Ludwig (Kaufmann) Lehrs (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist; born at Königsberg, East Prussia, Jan. 2, 1802; died there June 9, 1878; brother of the philologist F. ......

  1. Leibzoll JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) A special toll which the Jews had to pay in most of the European states in the Middle Ages and ......

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Leicester (JE | WP GWP G

) County town of Leicestershire, England. A Josce of Leicester is recorded in the Nottingham "Donum" of 1194 as living in ......

  1. Max Leidesdorf (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian psychiatrist; born at Vienna June 27, 1818; died there Oct. 9, 1889; educated at the university of his native ......

  1. William Leidesdorff JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the earliest settlers in California; born (at Szathmar, Hungary ?) about 1802; died at San Francisco May 18, ......

  1. David Leimdörfer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi; born at Hlinik, Hungary, Sept. 17, 1851; educated at his native place and at Zsolna, Waitzen, Budapest, Presburg, and ......

  1. Leipzig (JE | WP GWP G

) A city of Saxony. The first mention of its Jewish community occurs in the middle of the thirteenth century in ......

  1. Henry Marcus Leipziger (JE | WP GWP G

) American educator; born at Manchester, England, Dec. 29, 1853; emigrated to New York in 1865; educated at the College of ......

  1. Leiria (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Portugal. In 1378 its Jews complained to the king that they were attacked and maltreated by the Christian ......

  1. Benjamin Wolf Leitmeritz (JE | WP GWP G

) German glossarist and theologian; son of Isaac Levi; lived at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In his "Amarot Ṭehorot," ......

  1. William Gottlieb Leitner (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of Arabic; born at Budapest in 1841; died at Bonn March 22, 1899. He was educated at Constantinople and ......

  1. Lejbowicz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F305: Frank, Jacob

  1. Lekah Dodi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The initial words of the refrain of a hymn for the service of inauguration of the Sabbath, written about the ......

  1. Lel Shimmurim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P98: Passover

  1. Lelio de la Torre (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L173: Torre, Lelio de la

  1. Moses Lemans (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch educationist; born at Naarden Nov. 5, 1785; died at Amsterdam Oct. 17, 1832. He was educated by his father ......

  1. Lemberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Galicia, Austria; 180 miles east of Cracow and 60 miles from the Russian frontier. Its population in 1869 ......

  1. Judah Löb Lemberger (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-German author of the seventeenth century. He was probably the son of the publisher Abraham Lemberger of Prague. Judah Löb ......

  1. Lemberger Jüdische Zeitung (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Asher Lemmlein (Asher Lämmlin) (JE | WP GWP G

) Pretended forerunner of the Messiah. He appeared in Istria, near Venice, in 1502, and announced the coming of the Messiah ......

  1. Hartog Lemon (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch physician and worker for the emancipation of the Jews; born about the middle of the eighteenth century; died at ......

  1. Henriette de Lemos (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H657: Herz, Henriette

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Lemuel (JE | WP GWP G

) A king mentioned in the superscription to Prov. xxxi., which is addressed to him by his mother. Various theories have ......

  1. Lenchitza (JE | WP GWP G

) District town in the government of Kalisz, Russian Poland. On April 20, 1639, members of its Jewish community were accused ......

  1. Felix Lengfeld (JE | WP GWP G

) American chemist; born at San Francisco Feb. 18, 1863; educated at the San Francisco College of Pharmacy, the University of ......

  1. Lentils (JE | WP GWP G

) Edible seeds first mentioned in the Old Testament in Gen. xxv. 29-34, where it is related that Jacob gave Esau ......

  1. Leo (JE | WP GWP G

) Court physician to Grand Duke Ivan III. Vassilivich of Russia; executed at Moscow April 22, 1490. With the arrival at ......

  1. Leo III; Leo IV (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C402: Chazars

  1. Leo X (Giovanni de Medici) (JE | WP GWP G

) Two hundred and twenty-fourth pope; born at Florence Dec. 11, 1475; elected March 11, 1513; died Dec. 1, 1521. His ......

  1. Leo Hebraeus (Judah Abrvanel) (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician, philosopher, and poet; born in Lisbon in the second half of the fifteenth century, and died at Venice in ......

  1. Lewis Leo (JE | WP GWP G

) Synagogue musician; born in London in 1809; died there Sept. 11, 1876; second son of the Rev. Simon Leo. He ......

  1. Leon >> Judah Leon Templo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient Spanish kingdom, bounded by Old Castile, Portugal, and Galicia. The Saracens ruled here until driven out by the Spaniards, ......

  1. Leon (Leão) (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish-Portuguese family having branches in Italy, Holland, Germany, England, southern France, the Orient, the West Indies, especially Jamaica, and Surinam.1. ......

  1. Leon de Bagnols (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L247: Levi b. Gershon

  1. David Camden de Leon (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician and surgeon; born in South Carolina in 1813; died at Sante Fé, N. M., Sept. 3, 1872; brother ......

  1. Edwin de Leon JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American diplomat and journalist; born at Columbia, S. C., 1818; died in 1891; brother of David Camden de Leon. His ......

  1. Leon Joseph of Carcassonne (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician; lived toward the end of the fourteenth century and at the beginning of the fifteenth. He devoted himself to ......

  1. Leontin Leon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J649: Judah ben Meïr ha-Kohen

  1. Leon ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal Jew who wrote a Purim parody under the pseudonym Labi ha-Levi because he feared that the Orthodox Jews would ......

  1. Léon Lévy Brunswich (Lhérie) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1537: Brunswich, Léon Lévy

  1. Messer David ben Messer Leon JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; flourished in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He studied at Naples in the school of his father, Messer ......

  1. Leon (Judah Aryeh) of Modena (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar, rabbi, and poet; son of Isaac of Modena and Diana Rachel; born April 23, 1571, at Venice; died ......

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Moses ben Shem-Tob de León (JE | WP GWP G

) Cabalistic writer; author, or redactor, of the Zohar; born at Leon, Spain, about 1250; lived in Guadalajara, Valladolid, and Avila; ......

  1. Thomas Cooper de Leon JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Lecturer, journalist, author, and playwright; brother of Edwin de Leon; born at Columbia, S. C., 1839. He served in the ......

  1. Leon di Leone (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J641: Judah Leon di Leone

  1. Leone Ebreo (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J642: Judah Leone b. Isaac Sommo

  1. Leonte (Judah) ben Moses (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman rabbi; died in 1216. In the name of the community of Rome he sent a halakic decision to Judah ......

  1. Leontopolis (JE | WP GWP G

) Place in the nome of Heliopolis, Egypt, situated 180 stadia from Memphis; famous as containing a Jewish sanctuary, the only ......

  1. Leopard (JE | WP GWP G

) A ferocious carnivorous mammal. Several allusions are found in the Old Testament to this animal and its characteristics; e.g., its ......

  1. Leprosy (JE | WP GWP G

) Chronic skin-disease characterized by ulcerous eruptions and successive desquainations of dead skin.—Biblical Data: According to the Levitical text, the characteristic ......

  1. Lerida (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Catalonia, which as early as the fourteenth century had an important Jewish community possessed of several privileges. Thus, ......

  1. Judah ben Samuel Lerma (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Talmudist; flourished in the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Leḥem Yehudah," a commentary on ......

  1. Chayyim Tzebi Lerner (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian grammarian and teacher of Hebrew; born at Dubno 1815; died at Jitomir 1889. His early education in Bible and ......

  1. Joseph Judah (Ossip) Lerner (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian journalist; born Jan. 1, 1849, at Berdychev; educated at the gymnasium of Jitomir. In 1866 he went to Odessa, ......

  1. Maier Lerner (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born in Galicia 1857. He studied in Berlin under Hildesheimer, became rabbi at Winzenheim, Alsace (1884-1890), and preacher ......

  1. Henri Jean Baptiste Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu (JE | WP GWP G

) French historian; born at Lisieux in 1842. The first works that appeared from his pen were "Une Troupe des Comédiens" ......

  1. Lessee (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L52: Landlord and Tenant

  1. Adolf Lesser (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and writer on medical jurisprudence; born at Stargard, province of Pomerania, Prussia, May 22, 1851; graduated from Berlin ......

  1. Alexander Lesser (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish painter; born at Warsaw 1814; died there 1884. He was educated at the Warsaw lyceum and studied art at ......

  1. Edmund Lesser (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Neisse May 12, 1852; educated at the universities of Berlin, Bonn, and Strasburg (M.D. 1876). He ......

  1. Louis Lesser (JE | WP GWP G

) German soldier; born at Neustadt about 1850; served in the Second Brandenburg Dragoons in the Franco-Prussian war. On Nov. 18, ......

  1. Ludwig Lesser (JE | WP GWP G

) German poet, editor, and publicist; born at Rathenow, province of Brandenburg, Prussia, Dec. 7, 1802; died at Berlin Dec. 2, ......

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (JE | WP GWP G

) German poet and critic; born Jan. 22, 1729, at Kamenz, Upper Lusatia; died Feb. 15, 1781, at Brunswick.Toleration and a ......

  1. Daniel Lessmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian and poet; born at Soldin, Neumark, Jan. 18, 1784; committed suicide at a place between Kropstadt and Wittenberg ......

  1. Jewish Letter-Carriers JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jews carried letters to their coreligionists, apart from the regular post. In those business centers where a large Jewish population ......

  1. Letter-writing and Letter-writers (JE | WP GWP G

) The art of conveying information by letter ("miktab," "iggeret," "sefer") was unknown to the Hebrews in the first stages of ......

  1. Meïr Halevi (Max) Letteris JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian scholar and poet; born Sept. 13, 1800, at Zolkiev; died at Vienna May 19, 1871. He was a member ......

  1. Letters in Evidence (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E530: Evidence

  1. Lev Osipovitch Levanda (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian author; born at Minsk 1835; died at St. Petersburg 1888. Levanda graduated from the rabbinical school in Wilna in ......

  1. Manuel Leven (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; born in 1831. He studied in Paris at the Lycée Henri IV., and in 1851 entered the Institut ......

  1. Narcisse Leven (JE | WP GWP G

) French lawyer and communal worker; born at Urdingen, on the Rhine, Oct. 15, 1833; educated at the Lycée Henri IV. ......

  1. Pavel Yakovlevich Levenson (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian lawyer; born at Kamenetz, Podolia, 1837; died at St. Petersburg Jan. 16, 1894. In 1863 he went to St. ......

  1. David Leventritt (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer and judge; born at Winnsboro, South Carolina, Jan. 31, 1845; A. B. 1864, Free Academy (now College of ......

  1. Oskar Ivar Levertin (JE | WP GWP G

) Swedish poet and critic; born at Gryt, East Gotland, July 17, 1862; educated at the University of Upsala (Ph.D. 1882), ......

  1. Celia Levetus (Celia Moss) (JE | WP GWP G

) English writer; born at Portsea 1819; died at Birmingham 1873; daughter of Joseph and Amelia Moss of Portsea. At the ......

  1. Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Third son of Jacob by Leah and one of the twelve Patriarchs of the tribes of Israel; born at Padan-aram ......

  1. Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) The tribe of Levi was descended from the patriarch Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. xxix. 34). ......

  1. Levi I (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L267: Levi b. Sisi

  1. Levi II JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the third century (third amoraic generation); contemporary of Ze'era I. and Abba b. Kahana (Yer. Ma'as. iii. ......

  1. Aaron Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M743: Montezinos, Antonio

  1. Abraham Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German traveler; born at Horn, in the principality of Lippe, in 1702; died at Amsterdam Feb. 1, 1785. At the ......

  1. Levi ben Abraham ben Chayyim (JE | WP GWP G

) French encyclopedist; champion of the liberal party in Provence in the struggle for the study of secular sciences; born at ......

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Benedikt Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Worms Oct. 14, 1806; died at Giessen April 4, 1899; son of Samuel Wolf Levi, a ......

  1. Borach Levi (Joseph Jean François Elie) (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity; born at Hagenau in 1721; son of a Jewish commissary. He went to Paris in March, 1751, ......

  1. Carlo Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physiologist; born at Genoa March 26, 1866; educated at the University of Modena (M.D. 1889). In 1888 he was ......

  1. David Levi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet and patriot; born at Chieri 1816; died at Venice Oct. 18, 1898. Educated at the Jewish schools of ......

  1. David Levi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebraist and author; born in London 1742; died 1801. He was destined by his parents for the rabbinate; but the ......

  1. Eugenia Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian authoress; born Nov. 21, 1861, at Padua; educated in that city, and in Florence and Hanover. In 1885 she ......

  1. Levi ben Gershon (JE | WP GWP G

) French philosopher, exegete, mathematician, and physician; born at Bagnols in 1288; died April 20, 1344. Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed. Filipowski, ......

  1. Hermann Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Musical director; born at Giessen, Germany, Nov. 7, 1839; died at Munich May 13, 1900. His mother was a pianist ......

  1. Isaac Levi, Yom-Tob (JE | WP GWP G

) Sons of Abigdor ha-Levi Laniatore of Padua; founded a Hebrew printing establishment at Rome in 1518, which received special privileges ......

  1. Levi Isaac ben Meïr (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi of the first half of the nineteenth century. After having been rabbi at Selichow and Pinsk, Levi Isaac ......

  1. Israel Lévi (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi and scholar; born at Paris July 7, 1856. He was ordained as rabbi by the Rabbinical Seminary of ......

  1. Levi ben Japheth (ha-Levi) abu Sa'id JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar; flourished, probably at Jerusalem, in the first half of the eleventh century. Although, like his father, he was ......

  1. Jedidiah b. Raphael Solomon Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Alessandria and Sienna; died 1790; author of hymns for the reconsecration of the synagogueat Sienna 1786; these hymns ......

  1. Judah Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Influential Jew at Estella, Navarre, from 1380 to 1391. In 1380 and the following years he was commissioned, with Samuel ......

  1. Levi ben Lachma (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian haggadist of the third century. He seems to have been a pupil of Simeon ben Laḳish, whose haggadot he ......

  1. Leo Napoleon Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer and communal worker; born Sept. 15, 1856, at Victoria, Texas; died in New York Jan. 13, 1904. Destined ......

  1. Leone Levi + (JE | WP GWP G

) English political economist; born in Ancona, Italy, in 1821; died in London May 7, 1888. Levi went to England at ......

  1. Leone Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian author and journalist; born at Nizza-Monferrato in 1823; died at Turin Nov. 8, 1876; educated at the Collegio Foà ......

  1. Lionello Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian philologist; born at Triest June 22, 1869; educated at the gymnasium of Triest and the universities of Pisa, Rome ......

  1. Moritz Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) American educator; born Nov. 23, 1857, at Sachsenhausen, Waldeck; educated at the University of Michigan (graduated 1887) and at the ......

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Mose Giuseppe Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician; born at Guastalla 1796; died at Venice Dec. 27, 1859. He graduated as doctor of medicine from the ......

  1. Mose Raffaele Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician; born at Triest Aug. 9, 1840; died at Florence March 10, 1886. After graduating from the University of ......

  1. Nathaniel Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Australian merchant and politician; born at Liverpool, England, Jan. 20, 1830. In 1853 he went to the gold-fields in Victoria; ......

  1. Raphael Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; died May 17, 1779, in Hanover, whither his father, Jacob Joseph Levi, a poor pedler, had gone with ......

  1. Levi ben Shem-Tob (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese convert; lived at the end of the fifteenth century; notorious for his hostility to his former coreligionists. According to ......

  1. Simchah Aryeh ben Ephraim Fischel Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist and author of the nineteenth century; born at Hrubieszow, government of Warsaw. He wrote a double commentary on ......

  1. Levi b. Sisi (Sisyi; Susyi) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar; disciple of the patriarch Judah I. and school associate of his son Simeon ('Ab. Zarah 19a); one of ......

  1. Levi ben Solomon (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician Talmudist; lived at Brody in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Bet Lewi," ......

  1. Solomon b. Isaac Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and scholar of the sixteenth century. He was born in Smyrna, became director of the academy 'Eẓ Ḥayyim at ......

  1. Sylvain Lévi (JE | WP GWP G

) French Orientalist; born at Paris March 28, 1863. He received his education at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, where he ......

  1. Enrico Levi-Catellani (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian lawyer; born at Padua June 12, 1856; educated at the university there. In 1885 he was appointed assistant professor, ......

  1. Tullio Levi-Civita (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physicist; born at Padua March 29, 1873; educated at the university there (Ph. D). He was successively appointed assistant ......

  1. Giustina Levi-Perotti (JE | WP GWP G

) A poetess, supposed to be of Sassoferrato, and assumed, until recently, to have addressed to Petrarch a sonnet beginning "Io ......

  1. Caspar Levias (JE | WP GWP G

) American Orientalist; born in Szagarren Feb. 13, 1860; received his elementary education in Russia and his collegiate training at Columbia ......

  1. Leviathan JE and Behemoth EL:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Names of gigantic beasts or monsters described in Job xl. The former is from a root denoting "coil," "twist"; the ......

  1. Emanuel Borisovich Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian teacher and communal worker; born at Minsk Dec. 15, 1820; educated at the Molodechensk school for the nobility (1836-41). ......

  1. Hirschel ben Aryeh Löb Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Rzeszow, Galicia, in 1721; died at Berlin Aug. 26, 1800. His father (known also as Saul ......

  1. Israel Solomon Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish grammarian and linguist; born in Randers 1810; died in Copenhagen 1883. He graduated from Randers high school, and afterward ......

  1. Jacob Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician Hebraist; born at Brody in 1844. In 1865 he became coeditor with Werber on the Hebrew paper "'Ibri Anoki," ......

  1. Joshua Höschel ben Elijah Zeeb Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian Talmudist and author; born at Wilna July 22, 1818; died at Paris Nov. 15, 1883. After studying Talmud and ......

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Judah Löb (Jehalel) Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew poet; born at Minsk, Russia, 1845. He studied Talmud under Rabbi Ḥayyim Selig and other prominent rabbis. At the ......

  1. Lewis Charles Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) American politician and writer; born at Charleston, S. C., Nov. 10, 1808; died in Philadelphia March 14, 1860. When still ......

  1. Mendel Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish scholar and author; born in Satanow, Podolia, about 1741; died in Mikolayev, in the same province, 1819. He was ......

  1. Moritz Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born 1843 at Wongrowitz, Posen. He studied at the University of Berlin, and was prepared for his rabbinical ......

  1. Poul Theodor Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish author; born in Copenhagen June 17, 1869; educated at the University of Copenhagen (Ph.D. 1898). Levin, who has become ......

  1. Rahel Antonie Friederrike Levin (nee Robert) (Rahel Varnhagen) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer; born at Berlin June 19, 1771; died there March 7, 1833. Her home life was uncongenial, her father, ......

  1. Tzebi Hirsch Levin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L277: Levin, Hirschel ben Aryeh Löb

  1. Anna Henriette Levinsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish operatic singer; born in Copenhagen Jan. 8, 1839; died there March 22, 1899. She made her début at the ......

  1. Isaac Baer Levinsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian-Hebrew scholar and writer; born at Kremenetz Oct. 13, 1788; died there Feb. 12, 1860. His father, Judah Levin, was ......

  1. Feodor (Franz) Yulyevich Levinson-Lessing JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian geologist; born 1861. He graduated from the physico-mathematical faculty of the University of St. Petersburg in 1883, was placed ......

  1. Gustav Levinstein (JE | WP GWP G

) German manufacturer and writer; born in Berlin May, 1842. After graduating from the Köllnisches Gymnasium in Berlin he went to ......

  1. Bernhard Louis Levinthal (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian-American rabbi; born at Kovno, Russia, May 12, 1864. He was educated at the rabbinical schools of Kovno, Wilna, and ......

  1. Levirate Marriage >> Yibbum JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Marriage with a brother's widow. This custom is found among a large number of primitive peoples, a list of which ......

  1. George Levisohn (Mordecai Gumpel Leive) (JE | WP GWP G

) German surgeon; born in Berlin of a family known as "Schnaber" ; died in Hamburg Feb. 10, 1797. He evinced ......

  1. Mordecai Gumpel Levisohn (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L294: Levisohn, George

  1. Esaias Levison (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish educationist and author; born in Copenhagen April 22, 1803; died there March 23, 1891; educated at the University of ......

  1. Ferdinand Emanuel Levison (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish physician; born in Copenhagen Nov. 9, 1843; educated at the University of Copenhagen (M.D. 1868). He was successively assistant ......

  1. Elijah Levita JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Grammarian, Masorite, and poet; born at Neustadt, near Nuremberg, in 1468; died at Venice Dec., 1549.V08p047001.jpgTitle-Page from the First Edition ......

  1. Isaac (Ilyich) Levitan (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian painter; born near Eidtkuhnen Aug. 18, 1860; died at Moscow July 22, 1900. His father, who earned a livelihood ......

  1. Levites (Temple Servants) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Of the Levites, Aaron and his sons were chosen for the priestly office (Ex. xxviii. 1 et seq.); the menial ......

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Leviticus (JE | WP GWP G

) Contents.Ch. i.-vii.: A collection of laws relating to sacrifices. It falls into two portions: (1) ch. i.-vi. 7 (Hebr. i.-v.) ......

  1. Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E545: Execution

  1. Aaron Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Revolutionary patriot; founder of Aaronsburg, Pa.; born in Amsterdam in 1742; died in Philadelphia Feb. 23, 1815. He went to ......

  1. Abraham Hirtzel Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Alsatian martyr; born at Wittolsheim; executed at Colmar, Alsace, Dec. 31, 1754. He was accused with three other Jews of ......

  1. Albert Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French sculptor; born at Paris May 4, 1864. A pupil of Etienne Leroux, he exhibited for the first time in ......

  1. Alfred Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi; born at Lunéville Dec. 14, 1840. He studied at the Collège de Lunéville and entered (1860) the Paris ......

  1. Alphonse Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French painter; born at Marmoutier, Alsace, in 1843; educated at the Strasburg lyceum. At the age of seventeen he went ......

  1. Amy Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) English novelist and poet; born Nov. 10, 1861, in London; died there Sept. 10, 1899. Verse written by her before ......

  1. Armand (Abraham) Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French mathematician and mineralogist; born at Paris 1794; died there June 26, 1841. He was a graduate of the Ecole ......

  1. Asser Levy (Asser Levy van Swellem) (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the first Jewish settlers of New Amsterdam, as New York city was known under the Dutch; probably born ......

  1. August Michel Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French engineer, geologist, and mineralogist; born at Paris Aug. 17, 1844; son of Michel Lévy. In 1862 he entered the ......

  1. Benjamin Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Coloinal resident of Philadelphia. On Nov. 7, 1765, he signed, with other citizens of Philadelphia, the celebrated agreement not to ......

  1. Eduard Constantin Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German musician; born March 3, 1796, at Sanct Avold, Lorraine; died June 3, 1846, at Vienna. He received his first ......

  1. Eleazar Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Colonial resident of New York city prior to the Revolution. He fled from New York on account of the British ......

  1. Emil Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist; born at Hamburg Oct. 23, 1855; educated at the universities of Heidelberg and Berlin (Ph.D. 1880). The following ......

  1. Émile Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi; born at Marmoutier, Alsace, Jan. 28, 1848. Educated at the lyceum at Strasburg and the seminary at Paris, ......

  1. Ernst Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Lauterburg, Alsace, March 5, 1864; educated at the universities of Strasburg, Heidelberg, and Paris (M.D.1887). Settling ......

  1. Levy family (of America) (JE | WP GWP G

) The following is a genealogical tree of the family descended from Benjamin Levy of Philadelphia:V08p059001.jpgJ. S. Wo. ......

  1. Gustave Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French engraver; born at Toul June 21, 1819; died at Paris in 1894; a pupil of Geille. He exhibited first ......

  1. Hayman Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Colonial merchant of New York; born in 1721; died in New York in 1789. He engaged in business at an ......

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Henri Léopold Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French painter; born at Nancy Sept. 23, 1840; pupil of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and of Picot, Cabanel, and Fromentin. ......

  1. Isaac Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi; born Jan. 20, 1835, at Marmoutier, in the old department of Bas-Rhin (Alsace). When sixteen years old he ......

  1. Jacob Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and lexicographer; born May, 1819, at Dabrzyze, Posen; died at Breslau Feb. 27, 1892. Having received his Talmudic ......

  1. Jonas Phillips Levy JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American merchant; son of Michael Levy and Rachel Phillips; born in Philadelphia 1807; died in New York 1883. He was ......

  1. Joseph Hiam Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) English economist; born 1838; educated at the City of London School and City of London College. He entered the British ......

  1. Joseph Leonard Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi; born Nov. 24, 1865, in London; educated at Jews' College and University College (B.A.), London, at Bristol University, ......

  1. Joseph Moses Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder and proprietor of the London "Daily Telegraph"; born Dec. 15, 1812; died at Ramsgate Oct. 12, 1888. He was ......

  1. Judah Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Tunisian rabbinical author; lived at Tunis and died there in the middle of the nineteenth century; son of Nathan Levy. ......

  1. Judith Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) English philanthropist; born in London 1706; died there Jan. 20, 1803; a daughter of Moses Hart, founder of the Great ......

  1. Louis (Asher ben Moses) Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet and cantor of the Berlin synagogue; died Jan. 25, 1853. He wrote "Teḳufat ha-Shanah" (Berlin, 1842), poems on the ......

  1. Louis Edward Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) American photochemist; born at Stenowitz, Bohemia, Oct. 12, 1846. He went to America in early life, and was educated at ......

  1. Ludwig Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German architect; born March 14, 1852, at Landau. After his return from Italy, where he completed his studies, he was ......

  1. Maurice Lévy JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French engineer and member of the Institut; born at Ribeauville, Alsace, Feb. 28, 1838. Educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and ......

  1. Max Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) American inventor; born at Detroit 1857. He invented the etched screen and the machinery for producing it now generally used ......

  1. Meyer Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist; born in Wollstein, province of Posen, Jan. 17, 1833; died in Berlin Oct. 18, 1896. After practising as ......

  1. Michel Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French publisher; born at Pfalzburg Dec. 20, 1821; died in Paris May 6, 1875. In 1836 he settled in the ......

  1. Michel Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 28, 1809; died at Paris March 13, 1872; educated at the University of Montpellier ......

  1. Moritz Abraham Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist; born at Altona March 11, 1817; died at Breslau Feb. 22, 1872. Having received a rabbinical education, he ......

  1. Moritz Marcus (Carl Edvard Marius) Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish physician; born in Copenhagen Sept. 8, 1808; died there Dec. 30, 1865. He graduated as M. D. from the ......

  1. Nathan Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of the first Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia; born in Feb., 1704; died in Philadelphia Dec. 23, 1753. He probably ......

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Samson Levy JE >> Moses Levy JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Colonial merchant of Philadelphia. He was one of the originators, in 1748, of the City Dancing Assembly, a famous social ......

  1. Sara Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) German philanthropist; born in Berlin June, 1761; died there March 11, 1854. She was a daughter of Daniel Itzig, and ......

  1. Simon Lévy (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi; born in 1829 at Lauterbourg, Alsace; died at Bordeaux Nov. 29, 1886. He studied first under Solomon Ulmann, ......

  1. Uriah Phillips Levy (JE | WP GWP G

) American naval officer; born in Philadelphia April 22, 1792; died in New York March 22, 1862. Levy was a cabin-boy ......

  1. Abraham Lévy-Bacrat JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical author of the beginning of the sixteenth century. Expelled from Spain in 1492, he settled at Tunis, where in ......

  1. Lucien Lévy-Bruhl (JE | WP GWP G

) French philosopher; born at Paris April 10, 1857; educated at the Lycée Charlemagne and the Ecole Normale Supérieure. In 1879 ......

  1. Salomon Frederik Levysohn (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish musician and critic; born in Copenhagen Oct. 14, 1858. He studied at the University of Copenhagen and at the ......

  1. Fanny Lewald S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German authoress; born May 24, 1811, in Königsberg, Prussia; died Aug. 5, 1889, in Dresden. In her seventeenth year she ......

  1. Louis Lewandowski JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German composer of synagogal music; born at Wreschen, province of Posen, April 23, 1823; died Feb. 4, 1894, at Berlin. ......

  1. Francis de Sales (Solomon) Lewental JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish publisher; born at Wloclawek, Russian Poland, 1839; died at Wiesbaden Sept. 24, 1902. In 1862 Lewental, the son of ......

  1. Joseph Lewi JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician; born at Radnitz, Bohemia, Aug. 17, 1820; died at Albany, N. Y., Dec. 19, 1897; educated at the ......

  1. Adolf Lewin JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and author; born at Pinne, Posen, Sept. 23, 1843. Lewin was educated at the Jewish Theological Seminary and ......

  1. Georg Richard Lewin JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German dermatologist; born at Sondershausen April 25, 1820; died at Berlin Nov. 1, 1896. He was educated at the universities ......

  1. Louis Lewin JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German pharmacologist and toxicologist; born at Tuchel, West Prussia, Nov. 9, 1850. He received his education at the gymnasium and ......

  1. William C. J. Lewin S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Terris, William. ......

  1. Abraham Lewinsky S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born March 1, 1866, at Loslau, Upper Silesia. He studied at the University of Breslau from 1884 to ......

  1. Joshua Lewinsohn JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian teacher and writer; born 1833 at Vyeshiuti, government of Kovno. He received his Talmudical education at Zhagory, in the ......

  1. Joseph Lewinstein S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and author; born at Lublin, Russian Poland, 1840. He is a member of a family of rabbis and ......

  1. David Lewis JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English merchant and philanthropist; born in London 1823; died in Liverpool Dec. 4, 1885. Settling in Liverpool in 1840, he ......

  1. George Henry Lewis JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) English lawyer; born in London April 21, 1833; educated at University College, London. In 1850 he was articled to his ......

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Harry S. Lewis JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) English author and communal worker; born in London in 1861; educated at King's College School and St. John's College, Cambridge ......

  1. Leopold Davis Lewis S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) English dramatist; born in London 1828; died there Feb. 23, 1890. Lewis was educated at the King's Collegiate School, London, ......

  1. Samuel Lewis - We now have articles on both people. JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English money-lender and philanthropist; born in Birmingham 1837; died in London Jan. 13, 1901. Lewis began work when thirteen years ......

  1. Samuel A. Lewis JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) American politician and philanthropist; born in New York city 1831. He early engaged in business, and was so successful that ......

  1. Leonard Lewisohn JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) American merchant and philanthropist; born in Hamburg Oct. 10, 1847; died in London March 5, 1902. His father, Samuel Lewisohn, ......

  1. Gustaw Lewita JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish pianist; born at Plock, Poland, 1855; died at Paris Feb., 1889. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatorium with distinction, ......

  1. Bergnart (Bernhard) Carl Lewy JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish chemist; born in Copenhagen July 5, 1817; died there Jan. 1, 1863. He obtained the degree of graduate of ......

  1. Israel Lewy JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German scholar; born at Inowrazlaw in 1847; educated at the Jewish Theological Seminary and the University in Breslau. In 1874 ......

  1. Abraham Lewysohn JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebraist and rabbi of Peiskretscham, Upper Silesia; born Dec. 6, 1805; died Feb. 14, 1860. He left a large number ......

  1. Ludwig Lewysohn JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born April 15, 1819, at Schwersenz, Posen; died at Stockholm May 26, 1901. Graduating from the Realgymnasium, Berlin, ......

  1. Lex talionis S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R234: Retaliation

  1. Lexicography S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D339: Dictionaries

  1. Leyden S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N197: Netherlands

  1. Lhérie S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1537: Brunswick, Léon Lévy

  1. Bär of Liady (JE | WP GWP G

) See: Ladier, Dob Bär b. Shneor Zalman

  1. Libation S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S35: Sacrifice

  1. Libau S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian city in the government of Courland. It has a population (1897) of 64,505, including 9,700 Jews. Among the latter ......

  1. Libel and Slander S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S848: Slander

  1. Libertines S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S850: Slaves and Slavery

  1. Z. Libin S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H975: Hurewitz, Israel

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Jacob Liboschütz JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born in 1741; died at Wilna Feb. 10, 1827. After studying at the University of Halle he went ......

  1. Osip Yarovlevich Liboschütz (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; died at St. Petersburg in 1824; probably the son of Jacob Liboschütz. He studied medicine at Dorpat (M.D. ......

  1. Nehemiah Samuel Libowitz JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebrew scholar and author; born Jan. 3, 1862, at Kolno, government of Lomza (Lomzha). He studied Talmud under R. ......

  1. Libraries S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Very little is known concerning the methods employed by Jews in the collection and preservation of books. The Biblical writings ......

  1. Libya S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) District in the north of Africa. The name "Libya" was often used by the ancients, sometimes to designate the whole ......

  1. Cornel Lichtenberg JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian aurist; born in 1848 at Szegedin; studied at Budapest and Vienna (M. D. 1873). On receiving his degree he ......

  1. Leopold Lichtenberg JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Violinist; born at San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 22, 1861. He studied under Beaujardin, and made his first appearance in concert ......

  1. Gabriel Judah Lichtenfeld JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish mathematician and author; born at Lublin 1811; died at Warsaw March 22, 1887. He was a descendant of Moses ......

  1. Moses Abigdor Lichtenstadt JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish Hebraist and Talmudist; born at Lublin, Russian Poland, July 15, 1787; died at Odessa Jan. 17, 1870. He was ......

  1. Lichtenstadt Ours is dab (JE | WP GWP G

) Bohemian Talmudist; lived at Prague in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Shesh ha-Ma'arakah," ......

  1. Hillel Lichtenstein JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born at Vecs 1815; died at Kolomea, Galicia, May 18, 1891. After studying at the yeshibah of Moses ......

  1. Ludwig Lichtheim JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born Dec. 7, 1845, at Breslau, where he was educated at the gymnasium. He then studied medicine at ......

  1. Ludwig Lichtenstein JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born in Komorn; died at Ofen in 1886. He studied at Papa, and was rabbinical assessor of Austerlitz, ......

  1. Abraham b. Eliezer Lipman Lichtstein JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi and author; lived at the end of the eighteenth and at the beginning of the nineteenth century; grandson ......

  1. Abraham Jekuthiel Salman ben Moses Joseph Lichtstein JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Plonsk, government of Warsaw, in the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Zera' Abraham" ......

  1. Adolf Lieben JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian chemist; born at Vienna Dec. 3, 1836. He studied at the universities of Vienna, Heidelberg (Ph.D. 1856), and Paris, ......

  1. Aaron Liebermann (Arthur Freeman) JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian writer; born at Wilna about 1840. Persecuted because of his participation in revolutionary movements, he fled to America, and ......

  1. Benjamin Liebermann JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German manufacturer; born at Märkisch Friedland Feb. 4, 1812; died in Berlin Jan. 15, 1901. In 1825 his family moved ......

  1. Eliezer Liebermann (Libermann) (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist of the first half of the nineteenth century. According to G. Wolf, in his biography of Isaac Noah Mannheimer ......

  1. Eliezer Dob Liebermann JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian writer; born in Pilvischok, government of Suwalki, April 12, 1820; died in Byelostok April 15, 1895. His father was ......

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Felix Liebermann (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian; born July 20, 1851, in Berlin. Destined for a commercial career, he began business life in a Berlin ......

  1. Mattathias ben Asher Lemle Liebermann (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and preacher in Prague in the second half of the seventeenth century; died there 1709. He was the author ......

  1. Max Liebermann S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German painter; born at Berlin July 29, 1849. After studying law at Berlin University for a year, he abandoned it ......

  1. Das Liebermann'sche Jahrbuch (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y27: Year-Books

  1. Emil Liebling (JE | WP GWP G

) German pianist; born at Pless, Silesia, April 12, 1851. After a course in piano at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst, ......

  1. Felix Liebrecht JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) German folklorist; born at Namslau, Silesia, March 13, 1812; died at St. Hubert Aug. 3, 1890. He studied philology at ......

  1. Oskar Matthias Eugen Liebreich (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and pharmacologist; born at Königsberg, East Prussia, Feb. 14, 1839;younger brother of Richard Liebreich. He studied first chemistry ......

  1. Richard Liebreich (JE | WP GWP G

) English ophthalmologist; born at Königsberg, East Prussia, June 30, 1830; brother of Oskar Liebreich. He received his education at the ......

  1. Liegnitz S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S712: Silesia

  1. Lien S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Mortgage or Hypothec. ......

  1. Life S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) The word "Hayyim" (= "life") denotes first of all the animal existence which, according to Scripture, begins when "the breath ......

  1. Light S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) The primal element of Creation in all ancient cosmogonies; the first creation of God. Biblical Data: "God said, Let there be ......

  1. Light and Air (JE | WP GWP G

) See Neighboring Owners. ......

  1. Light of Truth (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. John Lightfoot S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) English Christian divine and Talmudist; born at Stoke-upon-Trent 1602; died at Ely 1675. He passed through Christ's College, Cambridge, and ......

  1. Benediction on Lightning (JE | WP GWP G

) The Mishnah (Ber. ix. 2) prescribes, "At the sight of shooting stars or of lightning, and at hearing earthquakes, thunder, ......

  1. Ephraim Moses Lilien (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian artist; born at Drohobicz, Galicia, in 1874. Lilien's artistic inclinations became evident early in life. He was apprenticed to ......

  1. Moses Löb Lilienblum JE S 2007-03-06 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian scholar and author; born at Keidany, government of Kovno, Oct. 22, 1843. From his father he learned the calculation ......

  1. Max Lilienthal (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and educator; born at Munich Nov. 6, 1815; died at Cincinnati, Ohio, April 5, 1882; educated at the University ......

  1. Otto Lilienthal S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German mechanical engineer and experimenter in aerial navigation; born May 23, 1848, at Anklam; died Aug. 9, 1896, at Rhinow. ......

421 – 440[edit]

  1. Lilith S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Female demon. Of the three Assyrian demons Lilu, Lilit, and Ardat Lilit, the second is referred to in Isa. xxxiv. ......

  1. Lily S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Rendering in the Bible of the Hebrew word V08p088001.jpg (I Kings vii. 19) or V08p088002.jpg (II Chron. iv. 5; Cant. ......

  1. Moses b. Isaac Judah Lima JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian rabbinical scholar, one of the so-called Aḥaronim; born in the second decade of the seventeenth century; died about 1670. ......

  1. Limerick S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport town in Ireland, in which Jews began to settle about 1881, after the Russian exodus. A synagogue was founded ......

  1. Limoges S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F288: France

  1. Lincoln S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) County town of Lincolnshire, England; formerly the second town of importance in the country, and on that account largely populated ......

  1. Baruch ben Judah Löb Lindau (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; born at Hanover in 1759; died at Berlin Dec. 5, 1849. He wrote: "Reshit Limmudim," a text-book of ......

  1. Lindo (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the oldest and most esteemed of London Sephardic families; it traces its descent back to Isaac Lindo, who ......

  1. Alexander Lindo (JE | WP GWP G

) English merchant; died in London in 1818. He was connected with the West India trade, and in this connection entered ......

  1. David Abarbanel Lindo (JE | WP GWP G

) English communal worker; born in London Aug. 14, 1772; died there Feb. 26, 1852. He was an uncle of Lord ......

  1. Elias Chayyim Lindo (JE | WP GWP G

) English author and historian; born in 1783; died in London June 11, 1865. He spent the first half of his ......

  1. Mark Prager Lindo S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch writer; born in London Sept. 18, 1819; died at The Hague March 9, 1879. He went to Holland in ......

  1. Moses Lindo (JE | WP GWP G

) Planter and merchant in South Carolina; born probably in England; died at Charleston, S. C., April 26, 1774. He seems ......

  1. Linen S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Cloth made of flax. The Biblical terms are "bad" (LXX. ?????? A. V. "linen"), "shesh," and "bu?" (LXX. ?;????? or ......

  1. Isaac Joel Linetzki (JE | WP GWP G

) Russo-Yiddish humorist; born at Vinnitza Sept. 8, 1839, in which town his father, Joseph Linetzki, was a Ḥasidic rabbi. At ......

  1. Lion S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) There are several names for the lion in the Old Testament (comp. Job iv. 10 et seq.): "aryeh," or "ari," ......

  1. Henri Julius Lion (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch journalist; born March 23, 1806, at Elberfeld; died Oct. 19, 1869. In 1824 he entered the Prussian army, and ......

  1. Isaac Jacob Lion (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch journalist; born at Amersfort Dec. 17, 1821; died at The Hague Aug. 27, 1873. Settling in Amsterdam, he occupied ......

  1. Siegfried Lipiner (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian poet; born at Yaroslav, Galicia, Oct. 24, 1856; educated at the gymnasia in Tarnow and Vienna and at the ......

  1. Lipkin >> Yisroel Salanter (JE | WP GWP G

) Russo-Jewish family which derives its origin from Dob Bär Lipkin, rabbi of Plungian in the first half of the eighteenth ......

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Clara Lipman (JE | WP GWP G

) American actress; born in Chicago. She made her début as an ingénue with Modjeska in 1888, and subsequently played similar ......

  1. Samuel Philippus Lipman (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch jurist; born in London April 27, 1802; died at Hilversum July 7, 1871. He was educated at Glueckstadt, Hamburg, ......

  1. Yom-Tob ben Solomon Lipmann-Mülhausen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian controversialist, Talmudist, and cabalist of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. According to Bishop Bodecker of Brandenburg, who wrote a ......

  1. Lipovetz (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Kiev, Russia. In 1897 it had a total population of 6,068, of which 4,500 were ......

  1. Lippe (Lippe-Detmold) S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Small sovereign principality in northwest Germany, with a Jewish population of 750; total population (1895) 123,515. The earliest traces of ......

  1. Chaim David Lippe JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian publisher and bibliographer; born Dec. 22, 1823, at Stanislawow, Galicia; died Aug. 26, 1900, at Vienna. For some time ......

  1. Edouard Lippmann (JE | WP GWP G

) French engineer; born at Verdun Feb. 22, 1833. Educated at his native town, the lycée at Metz, and the Ecole ......

  1. Eduard Lippmann (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian chemist; born at Prague Sept. 23, 1842; educated at the gymnasium of Vienna and the universities of Leipsic and ......

  1. Gabriel Lippmann S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) French physicist; born at Hollerich, Luxemburg, in 1845. After being educated at the Ecole Normale and in Germany, he went ......

  1. Gabriel Hirsch Lippmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Memmelsdorf, Bavaria; died at Kissingen May 26, 1864. He went in his early youth to Burgpreppach, ......

  1. Maurice Lippmann (JE | WP GWP G

) French engineer; born at Ville d'Avray (Seine-et-Oise) Sept. 27, 1847. He received his diploma as bachelor of law in 1869. ......

  1. Lippold (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and financier; born at Prague; lived at Berlin in the sixteenth century. He was in great favor with ......

  1. Rudolf Lipschitz S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; born May 14, 1832, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died at Bonn Oct. 8, 1903. Educated at his native ......

  1. Lipschütz (Lüpschütz, Lipschitz, Libschitz) (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: ......

  1. Solomon Lipschutz S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) American chess-player; born at Ungvar, Hungary, July 4, 1863. At the age of seventeen he emigrated to New York, where ......

  1. Lisbon S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Portugal. It had the largest Jewish community in the country and was the residence of the chief rabbi ......

  1. Eugene Lisbonne (JE | WP GWP G

) Lawyer, and a member of the French Senate; born at Nyons, near Avignon, Aug. 2, 1818; died at Montpellier Feb. ......

  1. Abraham ben Chayyim Lisker (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi of the seventeenth century; native of Brest-Litovsk. After studying in the yeshibot of Lublin and Cracow, Lisker was ......

  1. Lissa - Ours is a dab page - (JE | WP GWP G

) Town of Prussia. Originally a village, it was incorporated in 1534; and soon afterward the first Jews settled there, with ......

  1. Morris Lissack (JE | WP GWP G

) English author and communal worker; born at Schwerin-on-the-Wartha, grand duchy of Posen, in 1814; died in London Jan. 13, 1895. ......

461 – 480[edit]

  1. Abraham Lissauer (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and anthropologist; born at Berent, West Prussia, Aug. 29, 1832; educated at the gymnasium of his native town ......

  1. Heinrich Lissauer (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Neidenburg Sept. 12, 1861; died at Hallstadt, Upper Austria, Sept. 21, 1891; son of Abraham Lissauer. ......

  1. Eleazer ben Solomon (Zalman) Lisser (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish scholar; lived at Kleczewo in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was the author of a twofold commentary on ......

  1. Joshua Falk Lisser (JE | WP GWP G

) Prominent rabbi and Talmudist of the second half of the eighteenth century; a descendant of Joshua Falk Kohen of Lemberg ......

  1. Literaturblatt des Orients (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O127: Orient, Der

  1. Hebrew Literature S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Under this designation may be comprised all the works written by Jews in the Hebrew and the Aramaic tongue. Works ......

  1. Modern Hebrew literature << Hebrew Literature JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Modern Hebrew literature (1743-1904), in distinction to that form of Neo-Hebraic literature known as rabbinical literature (see Literature, Hebrew), which ......

  1. Lithuania S 2006-02-19 >> History of the Jews in Lithuania JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Formerly a grand duchy, politically connected more or less intimately with Poland, and with the latter annexed to Russia.Lithuania originally ......

  1. Lithuanian Council (JE | WP GWP G

) Long before the Union of Lublin, probably with the beginning of the sixteenth century, the Jews of Poland and Lithuania ......

  1. Lucius Nathan Littauer (JE | WP GWP G

) American congressman and manufacturer; born in Gloversville, N. Y., Jan. 20, 1859. He graduated from Harvard University in 1878, after ......

  1. Litte of Regensburg (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J587: Judæo-German Literature

  1. Isaachar Bär Litthauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish-German Talmudist; flourished at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Iggeret Yissakar," on morality and religion, in the form ......

  1. Little Russia S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) NO DESCRIPTION...

  1. Liturgische Zeitschrift (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Liturgy S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) The Jewish religious service falls, generally, into two main divisions: instruction and prayer. This division of the service has existed since ......

  1. Litwack (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch mathematician; born in Poland about 1760; died Jan. 15, 1836; buried at Ouerveen. A disciple of Moses Mendelssohn, he ......

  1. Liver S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Glandular organ situated, in man, to the right beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach. In six passages of ......

  1. Liverpool S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief seaport in the northwest of England, situated on the Mersey, and in the county of Lancashire. There was a ......

  1. Livonia S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R291: Riga

  1. Livorno S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L149: Leghorn

481 – 500[edit]

  1. Liwa ben Bezaleel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J647: Judah Löw ben Bezaleel

  1. Lizard S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) A saurian or lacertilian reptile. About forty species and twenty-eight genera of lizards found in Palestine have been enumerated, the ......

  1. Loans S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) In the commonwealth of Israel, as among other nations of antiquity, loans of money, or of corn or like commodities, ......

  1. Elijah ben Moses Ashkenazi Loans JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1555; died at Worms July, 1636. He belonged to the Rashi family, and ......

  1. Jacob ben Jehiel Loans (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician in ordinary to the German emperor Frederick III. (1440-93), and Hebrew teacher of Johann Reuchlin; died at Linz about ......

  1. Joseph Loanz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J440: Josel (Joselmann, Joselin) of Rosheim

  1. Löb Aryeh ben Eliah of Bolochow (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi; born at Satanov, government of Podolia, 1801; died at Zaslavl, government of Volhynia, Sept. 2, 1881; a descendant ......

  1. Löb Aryeh ha-Kohen of Styria (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Rozniatow and afterward at Styria; died in 1813. He was the author of the following works: "Ḳeẓot ha-Ḥoshen," ......

  1. Löb Aryeh ben Meïr (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian rabbi; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. His notes on Rashi and on Elijah Mizraḥi's commentaries on the ......

  1. Löb Aryeh ben Tobiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian Talmudic scholar and printer; died at Wilna Oct. 24, 1812. He enjoyed great consideration in Wilna on account of ......

  1. Löb ben Baruch Bendet (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Byelostok, Russia, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; author of "Sha'agat Aryeh" (Byelostok, 1805), novellæ on the treatise ......

  1. Eliezer Löb JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Pfungstadt, grand duchy of Hesse, 1837; died at Altona Jan. 23, 1892. He was educated at ......

  1. Löb b. Joseph (Reb Löb Sarah's) (JE | WP GWP G

) Early Ḥasidic rabbi; died in Yaltushkov, Podolia, about 1797. His was the strangest and most mysterious character of the many ......

  1. Löb Judah b. Ephraim (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of the second half of the seventeenth century; probably born in Wilna, from which city his father, Ephraim b. ......

  1. Löb Judah b. Isaac (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; died in Cracow about 1730; grandson of R. Joshua, author of "Maginne Shelomoh." He officiated as rabbi at ......

  1. Löb Judah ben Joshua (JE | WP GWP G

) Bohemian scholar; lived at Prague in the middle of the seventeenth century. He filled the office of secretary to Simon ......

  1. Löb ha-Levi of Brody (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician rabbi of the beginning of the nineteenth century; held office first at Podhajce, then at Brody. Among his contemporaries ......

  1. Löb ben Meïr (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J649: Judah ben Meïr

  1. Löb Mokiach of Polonnoye (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish preacher and leader of the Ḥasidic party in the second half of the eighteenth century. Löb was a pupil ......

  1. Löb ben Moses ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi of the eighteenth century; author of "Pene Aryeh" (Novidvor, 1787), novellæ on the Talmud, to which is added ......

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