Zimbabwean hip hop
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Zimbabwean hip hop emerged to significance in the early 1990s.
There are many Zimbabwean Hip hop acts around the world that enjoy varying degrees of commercial success. The majority of them are heavily influenced by American East Coast hip hop, with the younger acts leaning more toward the new dominant American dirty south sound. On the other hand, there are a few acts that are now trying to move away from the influence of American hip hop and reinvent themselves by building and branching off from the remnants of the "Urban grooves" era. "Urban Grooves" refers to all the urban genres of music that were popular in Zimbabwe at the time (Hip hop, R'n'B, Dancehall, Afro pop). The "Urban Grooves" movement and those within have been maturing. At the same time, the laws have re-integrated international music according to the growth of the Zimbabwean local industry, where the subgenres of "Urban grooves" are now developing into whole and independent genres of their own. There seems to exist a visible effort on the part of a lot of current MC's to experiment, redefine and own a sound that could be recognised as Zimbabwean Hip hop. Some are doing this by making a more extensive use their own traditional languages (Shona and Ndebele), and local instruments such as Mbira, Marimba, Ngoma (traditional drums) or Hosho (traditional shaker).
It is unclear who to give primary credit for championing hip hop in Zimbabwe. The most mainstream acts of the time were Piece of Ebony and Midnight Magic. During this 10-year period, beginning on their own and later with the influence of Innocent Tshuma (then known as The Millennium Man), youths across the country would begin to participate in the genre largely influenced by American hip hop music being exported globally and being well received in Zimbabwe (though, it was never as popular as the genres of Museve, Reggae, Kwaito, and African House).
In November 2009, a magazine known as The Platform was released in Harare. It was meant to elevate the industry but did not stretch to other parts of the country. A follow up was made in March 2010. Shows such as Mashoko and The Circle done at The Mannernburg in Harare are also measures that have been taken to popularize hip-hop in Zimbabwe. Poets and emcees include Outspoken, Synik, Upmost, Godobori, Rus-tla, Aura, rhymma, blackbird among others. Some of these poets incite politics in their music and have started a movement known as House Of Hunger.
Mashoko later developed from a once a month festival known as Shoko Fest, which included international acts like Hired Gun (USA) and Akala, among others. Many Zimbabwean emcees performed at the show, ongoing since 2010. The same year, Zim Hip Hop Awards began; though slammed by controversy, they have survived to the present day.
Artists and groups
A few among notable Zimbabwean hip hop artists are, Flacks Harry Co - Founder of DMG/Doublecash Music, Carlprit, Skryptt, Metaphysics, Nib Crouch, Terry Potter Rain, Tehn Diamond,  Mopface, Junior Brown, Karma Shingi Sabeta (The Mau Mau), (the late) King Pinn, Xpozd Mobb Movers Blackscout MuJiKwA, Marcques, the late Mizchif, Sp3kkTrumn, Maskiri, Mcpotar, Jusa Dementor, Karizma, Listenai, Stunner, Q rigga, Jboss, Mariachi, Dj Debboo, Major Playaz, Ex-Q, rhymma D.A Profat, sugaspott, Tek Neek, Chrisy B.R.A Of the Devout Christian Records, C BLEECH gospel hip hop, AHAZARDOUS, EXPLOJAWZ, KG40, Raph-L, Bluff Hill City, L.Y.N.K, The Biz, Deetrio, Kaysqerd, Synik, Meyniak, DJ MH1, VENGEMuzik, DJ Naida, Simba Tags, Brythreesixty, Sharky, Mc Chita, AmvisZW, Jungle Kid, HDbaybay, Skatta, Scary X, SpartaKvs and Noble Stylz .
Producers and productions
Earlier Zimbabwean Hip hop producers are Flacks Harry Fortune Muparutsa, Tendai Mupfurutsa and Midnight Magic,Movip Family Shingi Sabeta (The Mau Mau), Terry Potter Rain, Otis Fraser, New Rules Entertainment (New Rules 263), Maka Strator, Dj Maraz in Mutare. After Dj Maraz left the country Subzero of Mobb Movers and 25tolyf now http://www.africanhhb.com unleashed as a producer,along with Zambian Dj Peewee, the most successful mixtape album that featured the wutang clans Inspecta Deck, a great influence has been played by Take Fizzo, more recent producers to emerge are Elton Bryce, Terence 'Big Midget' Ngwenya, Russo, Tha Mixmasters, Amvis ZW, Ahsayn The beatmaker, Zayne 'ZEE' McZee, Simba Tags, Tatenda 'Klasiq' Chideme, Gwags, Ronny 'J-drizz' Jokonya, Xndr, Trionomics, Raph-L, Nyasha Timbe, Jusa Dementor, DJ Krimz (R.Y.T Media Group), Mr. Snooks (R.Y.T Media Group), Dr Clarence, Listenai, Rhymez, FTR, Tek Neek, C BLEECH gospel hip hop, Dj Ashtray, ikid sanz.
- "News Article". Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "Dj Maraz Website". Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "News Article". Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "News Article". African Hip Hop. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Terence Big Midget Ngwenya Website
- Greedysouth - Zimbabwe Online Magazine for Music, Fashion, Arts, Design, Culture and Entertainment.
- Mcpotar Website
- (Zimbabwe Hip Hop Website)
- Blaklizt Entertainment (Zimbabwean Hip Hop Record Label)
- Zimvibes - Zimbabwe Urban Culture
- Zimbabwe Music Station
- RudeBoy Records (Zimbabwe Hip Hop label)
- KYN Records (Zimbabwe Hip Hop label)
- Divided Kingdom Republic (Zimbabwean Hiphop/Mbira Band)
- Metaphysics (Qwela POE, Zimbabwean Hiphop Pioneer)
- X-treme Street (Zimbabwean Urban Hip Hop performance group)
- Tehn Diamond (Zimbabwean Rapper)