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This article is about the year 1677.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1640s 1650s 1660s – 1670s – 1680s 1690s 1700s|
|Years:||1674 1675 1676 – 1677 – 1678 1679 1680|
|1677 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2430|
|Bahá'í calendar||−167 – −166|
|English Regnal year||28 Cha. 2 – 29 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4373 or 4313
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4374 or 4314
|- Vikram Samvat||1733–1734|
|- Shaka Samvat||1599–1600|
|- Kali Yuga||4778–4779|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||235 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2220|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1677.|
- January 1 – Jean Racine's tragedy Phèdre is first performed.
- January 21 – First medical publication in America (Pamphlet on smallpox), Boston.
- April 11 – Battle of Cassel: Philippe I, Duke of Orléans defeats William of Orange.
- April 16 – The Statute of Frauds is passed into English law.
- April 6 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor visits the University of Innsbruck
- May 29 – The Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.
- May 31 – Battle of Møn: during Scanian War Danish ships clash with Swedish ships under Niels Juel between Fehmarn and Warnemünde; the Danish defeat the Swedish and capture a number of ships.
- June 25–June 26 – Siege of Malmö.
- July 14 – Battle of Landskrona: Sweden defeats the Danes.
- October 29 – Michel le Tellier becomes chancellor of France.
- November 4 – The future Mary II of England marries William of Orange.
- November 16 – French troops occupy Freiburg.
- The Second London Baptist Confession of Faith is written (published in 1689).
- Spinoza's Ethics (Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata) is published as part of his Opera Posthuma in Amsterdam.
- Elias Ashmole gifts the collection that begins the Ashmolean Museum to the University of Oxford in England.
- Charles II of England makes Henry Purcell court musician.
- Jules Hardouin Mansart begins la place Vendôme in Paris (completed in 1698).
- Francis Aungier, 3rd Baron Aungier of Longford, is created 1st Earl of Longford in the Peerage of Ireland.
- The John Roan School is established in Greenwich, London.
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz gives a complete solution to the tangent problem.
- Antonie van Leeuwenhoek observes spermatozoa under the microscope.
- End of the use of male impotence as a factor in French divorce proceedings.
- Ice cream becomes popular in Paris.
- The population of Paris first exceeds 500,000.
- February 3 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
- February 4 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
- February 8 – Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (d. 1756)
- May 4 – Françoise-Marie de Bourbon, youngest daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan, wife of Philippe d'Orléans, le Régent (d.1749)
- August 27 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensperg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1748)
- September 17 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (d. 1761)
- October 20 – Stanisław Leszczyński (d. 1766)
- date unknown – William Dummer, acting Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (d. 1761)
- February 21 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)
- March 28 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born actor (b. 1607)
- May 4 – Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
- May 20 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (b. 1612)
- July 30 – Fabian von Fersen, Swedish soldier (b. 1626)
- August – Matthew Locke (composer), English composer (b. 1621)
- September 11 – James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
- November 9 – Aernout van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
- date unknown – Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1598)