From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1609 1610 1611 – 1612 – 1613 1614 1615|
|1612 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2365|
|Bahá'í calendar||-232 – -231|
|English Regnal year||9 Ja. 1 – 10 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4308 or 4248
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4309 or 4249
|- Vikram Samvat||1668–1669|
|- Shaka Samvat||1534–1535|
|- Kali Yuga||4713–4714|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 17
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||300 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2155|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1612.|
- January 6 – Axel Oxenstierna becomes Lord High Chancellor of Sweden.
- January 20 – Matthias becomes Holy Roman Emperor upon the death of Rudolf II.
- January 20–November 4 – An uprising in Moscow expels Polish troops.
- March 2 – False Dmitry III is recognised as tsar by the Cossacks.
- April 11 – Edward Wightman, a radical Anabaptist, is the last person to be executed for heresy in England, by burning at the stake in Lichfield.
- May 10 – Shah Jahan marries Mumtaz Mahal.
- May 23–May 25 – A Sicilian–Neapolitan galley fleet defeats the Tunisians at La Goulette.
- June 13 – Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor formally elected.
- July 22 – Four women and one man are hanged following the Northamptonshire Witch Trials in Northampton, England.
- August 20 – Ten 'Pendle witches' are hanged having been found guilty of practising witchcraft in Lancashire, England.
- August 26 – A Scottish mercenary force is destroyed in Norway at the Battle of Kringen.
- November 29 – Treaty of Nasuh Pasha: Signed between Ottoman Empire and Safavid Empire
- November 30 – Battle of Swally: Forces of the British East India Company and Portugal engage off the coast of India, resulting in a British victory.
- December 15 – Simon Marius, is first to observe Andromeda Galaxy through a telescope.
- December 28 – Galileo Galilei becomes the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune when in conjunction with Jupiter, yet he mistakenly catalogues it as a fixed star because of its extremely slow motion along the ecliptic. Neptune is not truly discovered until 1846, about 234 years after Galileo first sights it with his telescope.
- Jamestown: John Rolfe exports first crop of improved tobacco (seeds from Trinidad).
- Nagoya Castle is completed.
- Thomas Shelton's English translation of the first half of Don Quixote is published. It is the first translation of the Spanish novel into any language.
- January 17 – Thomas Fairfax, English Civil War general (d. 1671)
- February 6 – Antoine Arnauld, French theologian (d. 1694)
- February 15 – Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French colonial missionary and first governor of Montréal (d. 1676)
- February 22 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)
- February 28 – John Pearson, English theologian (d. 1686)
- June 23 – André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
- June 25 – John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
- July 27 – Murat IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1640)
- August 28 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (died 1653)
- November 17 – Dorgon, Manchu prince (d. 1650)
- December 4 – Samuel Butler, English satirist (d. 1680)
- December 12 – Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1670)
- date unknown
- January 20 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1552)
- February 12 – Christopher Clavius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1538)
- April 11 – Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian (b. 1535)
- April 11 – Edward Wightman, English Baptist preacher (burned at the stake) (b. 1566)
- May 24 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman and spymaster (b. 1563)
- June 8 – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (b. 1562)
- July 29 – Jacques Bongars, French scholar and diplomat (b. 1554)
- August 4 – Hugh Broughton, English scholar (b. 1549)
- August 12 – Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian composer (b. c. 1554)
- September 9 – Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
- September 12 – Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
- October 7 – Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian poet (b. 1538)
- November 6 – Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (b. 1594)
- November 12 – John Harington, English writer (b. 1561)
- date unknown