From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1618. For the bill proposed in USA in 1998, see Bill 1618.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1580s 1590s 1600s – 1610s – 1620s 1630s 1640s|
|Years:||1615 1616 1617 – 1618 – 1619 1620 1621|
|1618 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2371|
|Bahá'í calendar||−226 – −225|
|English Regnal year||15 Ja. 1 – 16 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4314 or 4254
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4315 or 4255
|- Vikram Samvat||1674–1675|
|- Shaka Samvat||1540–1541|
|- Kali Yuga||4719–4720|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 4
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||294 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2161|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1618.|
- March 8 – Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery).
- May 23 – The Second Defenestration of Prague – Protestant noblemen hold a mock trial and throw two direct representatives of Ferdinand II of Germany (Imperial Governors) and their scribe out of a window into a pile of manure, exacerbating a low-key rebellion into the Bohemian Revolt (1618–1621) precipitating the Thirty Years' War into armed conflict and further polarizing Europe on religious grounds.
- June 14 – Joris Veseler prints the first Dutch newspaper Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. in Amsterdam (approximate date).
- July 20 – Pluto reaches, according to sophisticated mathematical calculations, its second most recent aphelion. The next one occurs in 1866, and the following one will occur 2113.
- August 29 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt and Hugo Grotius are imprisoned by Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange.
- September 4 – Rodi avalanche: A rock- or snowslide buries the Alpine town of Piuro, claiming 2,427 victims.
- September 18 – Beginning of the 13th Baktun in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar (184.108.40.206.0).
- September 19–November 21 – Thirty Years' War: The Siege of Plzeň occurs.
- October 9 – Residents of Mogilev revolt against the Uniate bishop Josaphat Kuntsevych.
- October 29 – English adventurer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Ralegh is beheaded at the Palace of Westminster for allegedly conspiring treasonably against James I of England in 1603, following pressure from the Spanish government over his attack on their settlement on the Orinoco on his last (1617–18) voyage.
- November 13 – The Synod of Dort has its first meeting.
- December 11 – Russia and Poland sign the Truce of Deulino.
- The markgraves of Brandenburg are granted Polish approval to inherit the Duchy of Prussia, creating the state of Brandenburg-Prussia.
- Osman II deposes his uncle Mustafa I as Ottoman Emperor (until 1622).
- The 3,000 seat Teatro Farnese, the first permanent proscenium theatre, is built into the Great Hall of the Palazzo della Pilotta in Parma, Italy.
- The Ming Chinese embassy of the Wanli Emperor presents tea to the Russian tsar.
- January 1 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (d. 1682)
- January 2 – Jean Hamon (doctor), French doctor and writer (d. 1687)
- January 3 – Jean Crasset, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1692)
- January 8 – Madeleine Béjart, actress, theatre director (d. 1672)
- January 14 – Jan Six, Dutch politician (d. 1700)
- January 28 – James Ley, 3rd Earl of Marlborough, English nobleman, sailor and mathematician (d. 1665)
- January 29 – Jean Paul Médaille, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1689)
- February 12 – Olaus Verelius, Scholar of Old Norse and Scandinavian studies (d. 1682)
- February 19 – Johannes Phocylides Holwarda, Dutch astronomer (d. 1651)
- March 4 – George Louis, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg, German noble (d. 1656)
- April 2 – Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (d. 1663)
- April 4 – Ferrante III Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla (d. 1678)
- April 9 – Christian, Duke of Brieg (d. 1672)
- April 13 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)
- April 14 – Thomas Moore (died 1695), English politician (d. 1695)
- April 29 – Vittoria Farnese d'Este, Duchess of Modena and Reggio (d. 1649)
- May 22 – Henrik Horn, freiherr (d. 1693)
- June 1 – Johann Franck, German poet and hymnist (d. 1677)
- June 15
- June 24 – Philip Packer, British barrister and architect (d. 1686)
- June 28 – Jean Le Pautre, French designer and engraver (d. 1682)
- July 6 – Alexander Lindsay, 1st Earl of Balcarres, Scottish nobleman (d. 1659)
- July 17 – George Stewart, 9th Seigneur d'Aubigny, Nobleman and military commander (d. 1642)
- July 21 – Hayashi Gahō, Japanese philosopher (d. 1688)
- July 22 – Johan Nieuhof, Dutch explorer and administrator (d. 1672)
- September 6 – Walter Hoyt, Connecticut settler (d. 1698)
- September 9 – Joan Cererols, Catalan composer and Benedictine (d. 1680)
- September 14 – Peter Lely, Dutch painter (d. 1680)
- September 27 – Jacob Alting, Dutch linguist (d. 1679)
- September 29 – Michiel Sweerts, painter (d. 1664)
- October 8 – Claude Lamoral, 3rd Prince of Ligne, Belgian nobleman (d. 1679)
- October 31 – Mariana de Jesús de Paredes (d. 1645)
- November 3 – Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1707)
- November 8 – Louise de La Fayette, French courtier, friend of King Louis XIII (d. 1665)
- November 12 – Gottfried Welsch, German physician (d. 1690)
- November 26 – Johan Frederik von Marschalck, German-born landowner, Chancellor of Norway (d. 1679)
- November – Simon Arnauld de Pomponne, French diplomat and minister of Louis XIV (d. 1699)
- December 2
- December 3 – Sir William Ayloffe, 3rd Baronet, officer in the Royalist army during the English Civil War (d. 1662)
- December 18 – Karl Kaspar von der Leyen (d. 1676)
- December 26 – Elisabeth of the Palatinate, German princess, philosopher, and Calvinist (d. 1680)
- December 28 – Catharina Hooft, woman of the Dutch Golden Age (d. 1691)
- date unknown
- February 20 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (b. 1554)
- March 23 – James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician (b. c. 1575)
- June 7 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Governor of Virginia (b. 1577)
- August 23 – Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero, Dutch writer (b. 1585)
- September 28 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
- October 29 – Sir Walter Raleigh, English courtier and settler of Virginia (executed) (b. 1554)
- November 2 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1558)
- December 6 – Jacques-Davy Duperron, French cardinal (b. 1556)
- December 10 – Giulio Caccini, Italian composer (b. 1551)
- probable – Chief Powhatan (proper name Wahunsenacawh), father of Pocahontas (b. c. 1547)