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This article is about the year 1811. For the number, see 1811 (number). For the U.S. Federal Agent designation, see Special agent. For the poem by Anna Laetitia Barbauld, see Eighteen Hundred and Eleven.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1780s 1790s 1800s – 1810s – 1820s 1830s 1840s|
|Years:||1808 1809 1810 – 1811 – 1812 1813 1814|
|1811 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2564|
|Bahá'í calendar||−33 – −32|
|British Regnal year||51 Geo. 3 – 52 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4507 or 4447
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4508 or 4448
|- Vikram Samvat||1867–1868|
|- Shaka Samvat||1733–1734|
|- Kali Yuga||4912–4913|
|Japanese calendar||Bunka 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||101 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2354|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1811.|
- January 8 – An unsuccessful slave revolt is led by Charles Deslandes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
- January 22 – The Casas Revolt begins in San Antonio, Texas.
- February 5 – British Regency: George, Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent because of the perceived insanity of his father, King George III of the United Kingdom.
- March 1 – Citadel Massacre in Cairo: Egyptian ruler Mohammed Ali kills the last Mamluk leaders.
- March 5 – Peninsular War: Battle of Barrosa, an unsuccessful French attack on a larger Anglo-Portuguese-Spanish force attempting to lift the Siege of Cádiz in Spain.
- March 13 – Battle of Lissa: The British fleet defeats the French.
- March 22 – The Commissioners' Plan for Manhattan is presented.
- March 25 – Great Comet discovered by Honoré Flaugergues.
- March 27 – Battle of Anholt: The British Navy defeats Denmark.
- March 28 – Henri Christophe is proclaimed King Henri I, turning the northern State of Haiti into the Kingdom of Haiti.
- April 5–6 – Revolutionary riots occur in Buenos Aires.
- May 14 – Paraguay declares independence from the Spanish Empire (recognised May 15).
- May 16 – Battle of Albuera: Spain, Portugal and Great Britain defeat the French.
- May 18 – The Battle of Las Piedras is fought near Las Piedras, Banda Oriental, resulting in the first victory for the independentists of Uruguay.
- June 9 – The Great fire of the Podil breaks out in Kiev, Ukraine.
- July 5 Venezuela declares its Independence from the Spanish Empire.
- July 11 – The Russian Empire removes Anton II, Catholicos Patriarch of Georgia, from his office, placing a Russian-appointed bishop at the head of the Georgian church.
- July 14 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoire about the molecular content of gases.
- July 14 — David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Columbia River, finding Fort Astoria under construction.
- July 30 — Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is executed as a rebel by the Spanish government of New Spain.
- August 3 – First ascent of Jungfrau, third highest summit in the Bernese Alps,
- September – Nathan of Breslov leads the first annual Rosh Hashana kibbutz (pilgrimage) of Breslov Hasidim to the grave of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov in Uman, Ukraine.
- October 11 – Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry service, between New York City and Hoboken, New Jersey.
- October 23 – José Gervasio Artigas and 16.000 orientales leave the Banda Oriental del Uruguay to go into exile.
- October 26 – The Argentine Government declares freedom of expression for the press.
- November – Luddite uprisings begin in northern England and the Midlands.
- November 7 – Battle of Tippecanoe: American troops led by William Henry Harrison defeat the Native American spiritual leader Tenskwatawa, also known as The Prophet (Chief Tecumseh's brother).
- November 17 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
- December 2 – Reverend Samuel Marsden sends the first commercial shipment of wool from New South Wales to England.
- December 16 – The New Madrid earthquake in the Mississippi Valley near New Madrid reverses the course of the river for a while. Other earthquakes along the fault occur on January 23, 1812 and February 7, 1812.
- December 21 – First Constitution of Republic of Venezuela after declares its independence from Spain.
- January 6 – Charles Sumner, American senator and civil rights activist (d. 1874)
- January 9 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
- February 1 – Arthur Hallam, English poet (d. 1833)
- February 3 – Horace Greeley, American journalist, editor, and publisher (d. 1872)
- February 6 – Henry George Liddell, English clergyman (d. 1898)
- February 13 – François Achille Bazaine, French general (d. 1888)
- February 15 – Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Argentinian politician, writer and father of education (d. 1888)
- March 20 – Napoleon II of France (d. 1832)
- March 21 – Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
- March 30 or March 31 – Robert Bunsen, German chemist and inventor (d. 1899)
- May 11
- June 3 – Henry James, Sr., American theologian (d. 1882)
- June 14 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (d. 1896)
- June 17 – Jón Sigurðsson, the leader of the 19th century Icelandic independence movement. (d. 1879)
- July 11 – Isaac A. Van Amburgh, American animal trainer (d. 1865)
- July 18 – William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (d. 1863)
- August 31 – Théophile Gautier, French writer (d. 1872)
- September 13 – Emmanuel Félix de Wimpffen, French general (d. 1884)
- September 19 – Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
- October 22 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer and pianist (d. 1886)
- October 25
- October 27 – Stevens Thomson Mason, first governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
- November 21 – Ludwig Preiss, Botanical collector (d. 1883)
- November 24 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1890)
- November 26 – Zeng Guofan, Chinese official and military leader (d. 1872)
- November 28 – King Maximilian II of Bavaria (d. 1864)
- December 21 – Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1882)
- January 10 – Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
- February 26 – Mateo de Toro Zambrano y Ureta, Governor of Chile (b. 1727)
- March 14 – Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1735)
- April 7 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
- May 4 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
- May 28 – Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, British minister (b. 1742)
- June 26 – Ignacio Allende, captain of the Spanish Army in Mexico
- July 30 – Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1753)
- August – William Williams, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (b. 1731)
- August 31 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator and military commander (b. 1729)
- September – Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, explorer (b. 1767)
- September 8 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (b. 1741)
- October 11 – Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
- November 21 – Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (suicide) (b. 1777)
- November 27 – Andrew Meikle, Scottish engineer (b. 1719)