1874

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This article is about the year 1874.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1840s  1850s  1860s  – 1870s –  1880s  1890s  1900s
Years: 1871 1872 187318741875 1876 1877
1874 in topic:
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1874 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1874
MDCCCLXXIV
Ab urbe condita 2627
Armenian calendar 1323
ԹՎ ՌՅԻԳ
Assyrian calendar 6624
Bahá'í calendar 30–31
Bengali calendar 1281
Berber calendar 2824
British Regnal year 37 Vict. 1 – 38 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar 2418
Burmese calendar 1236
Byzantine calendar 7382–7383
Chinese calendar 癸酉(Water Rooster)
4570 or 4510
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4571 or 4511
Coptic calendar 1590–1591
Discordian calendar 3040
Ethiopian calendar 1866–1867
Hebrew calendar 5634–5635
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1930–1931
 - Shaka Samvat 1796–1797
 - Kali Yuga 4975–4976
Holocene calendar 11874
Igbo calendar 874–875
Iranian calendar 1252–1253
Islamic calendar 1290–1291
Japanese calendar Meiji 7
(明治7年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4207
Minguo calendar 38 before ROC
民前38年
Thai solar calendar 2417


Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

January–March[edit]

  • January – The Pangkor Treaty (also known as the Pangkor Engagement), by which the British extended their control over, first the Sultanate of Perak and later the other independent Malay States, is signed.
  • January 1 – New York City annexes The Bronx.
  • January 2Ignacio María González becomes head of state of the Dominican Republic for the first time.
  • January 3Battle of Caspe (Third Carlist War): Campaigning on the Ebro in Aragon for the Spanish Republican Government, Colonel Eulogio Despujol surprised a Carlist force under Manuel Marco de Bello at Caspe, northeast of Alcañiz. In a brilliant action the Carlists were routed, losing 200 prisoners and 80 horses, while Despujol was promoted to Brigadier and became Conde de Caspe.
  • January 23
  • February 21 – The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first issue.
  • February 23Walter Clopton Wingfield patents a game called "sphairistike" which is more commonly called lawn tennis.
  • February 24-February 25 –First Battle of Somorrostro (Third Carlist War): Determined to raise the siege of Bilbao by the Pretender Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano sent General Domingo Moriones with a relief force of 14,000 men. Carlists, under General Nicolás Ollo, entrenched at Somorrostro outside Bilbao drive back a courageous assault by General Fernando Primo de Rivera and then the entire Republican army. The republicans lose 1,200 men, and Moriones loses his nerve demanding reinforcements and a replacement for himself. Moriones men entrenched and waited.
  • March 14Battle of Castellfullit de la Roca (Third Carlist War): Appointed to command the Spanish Republican army in the north, General Ramón Nouvilas attempted to relieve the Carlist siege of Olot in Gerona. But at Castellfullit de la Roca, in one of the Government’s worst defeats, Nouvilas was routed by Carlist General Francisco Savalls, and captured along with about 2,000 of his men. Olot capitulated two days later.
  • March 18
    • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
    • The Dresden English Football Club is founded, first soccer club on European mainland.
  • March 2527Second Battle of Somorrostro (Third Carlist War): In a renewed attempt to raise the siege of Bilbao by Don Carlos VII, Republican commander Marshal Francisco Serrano himself arrived with 27,000 men and 70 cannon. However in three days of fierce fighting, the Carlist General Joaquín Elío, with just 17,000 men, once again drove off the attack at nearby Somorrostro, and it was another six weeks before Serrano managed to relieve Bilbao.
  • March – The Young Men's Hebrew Association in Manhattan (which still operates today as the 92nd Street Y) is founded.

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January–March[edit]

April–June[edit]

July–September[edit]

October–December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chief Justice Edward Douglass White", by William H. Forman, Jr., in ABA Journal (March 1970) p261
  2. ^ Frances H. Kennedy, American Indian Places: A Historical Guidebook (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008) p168
  3. ^ “Attitude of the Easy Boss”.
  4. ^ "Old House of Keys". Isle of Man Guide. Retrieved 2012-08-11.