|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||7|
|Daily ridership||30,000 (average, 2012)|
|Website||KGP Metro Almaty|
|Began operation||1 December 2011|
|System length||8.56 km (5.32 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in)|
|Average speed||40.0 kilometres per hour (24.9 mph)|
Almaty Metro (Kazakh: Алматы метрополитені; Russian: Алматинский метрополитен) is a rapid transit/metro system in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The first line of the system was opened on 1 December 2011, after more than 23 years of construction. The metro system became the second metro in Central Asia, after the Tashkent Metro in Uzbekistan, and the sixteenth metro in the former Soviet Union region.
Upon completion, the metro system will total 45 kilometres (28 mi) in length.
The first section of Line 1 has a length of 8.56 kilometres (5.32 mi) and seven stations (four deep-level stations and three sub-surface stations). Seven trains operate on the first line. The construction cost is estimated at 101 billion tenge ($1 billion).
The metro will expand in the future. Construction of Sairan and Molodejnaya stations started in 2011.
Construction of the Almaty Metro began on 7 September 1988 when Kazakhstan was still part of the Soviet Union. However, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, funds from Moscow dried up and the new Kazakhstani government was unable to continue construction. Efforts to preserve the already-completed work were made, but the high cost led to the accumulation of large debts to construction workers.
In 2003, the government of Kazakhstan laid out a new development initiative which included government funds for continued construction on the metro. By 2005, the construction programme, now under the control of President Nursultan Nazarbayev received commitments for 72 million tenge from 2006–2008.
In May 2007, the tunnel between the Almaly and Abai stations was completed on the night of 24/25 May. The tunnel is 1,217 m in length. At the connection point it is situated at a depth of 73 meters. The tunnel from Abai towards Baikonur (1526 metres in length) was finished at the end of 2007. Another tunnel on this span was finished in the middle of 2008.
- "В Алматы открылся Метрополитен" [Opening of the Almaty Metro]. zakon.kz (in Russian). 1 December 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- American Chamber of Commerce in Kazakhstan, Press Release on Construction
- Detailed article on Construction, Expert Online, Стройка двух веков, Alia Shalabaeva, 11/7/05 (Russian)
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