|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014)|
|Native name||Алматы метрополитен|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||7|
|Daily ridership||17,970 (average, 2013)|
|Annual ridership||6.56 million (2013)|
|Website||KGP Metro Almaty|
|Began operation||1 December 2011|
|Number of vehicles||7|
|System length||8.54 km (5.3 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) Russian gauge|
|Average speed||40.0 km/h (24.9 mph)|
Almaty Metro (Kazakh: Алматы метрополитені; Russian: Алматинский метрополитен) is a rapid transit/metro system in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The first line of the system was opened on 1 December 2011, after more than 23 years of construction. The metro system became the second metro in Central Asia, after the Tashkent Metro in Uzbekistan, The first one not considered a military installation, and the sixteenth metro in the former Soviet Union region.
Construction of the Almaty Metro began on 7 September 1988 when Kazakhstan was still part of the Soviet Union. However, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, funds from Moscow dried up and the new Kazakhstani government was unable to continue construction. Efforts to preserve the already-completed work were made, but the high cost led to the accumulation of large debts to construction workers.
In 2003, the government of Kazakhstan laid out a new development initiative which included government funds for continued construction on the metro.
In May 2007, the tunnel between the Almaly and Abai stations was completed on the night of 24/25 May. The tunnel is 1.271 kilometres (0.790 mi) in length. At the connection point it is situated at a depth of 73 metres (240 ft). The tunnel from Abai towards Baikonur (1.526 kilometres (0.948 mi) in length) was finished at the end of 2007. Another tunnel on this span was finished in the middle of 2008.
The construction cost on the first line is estimated at 101 billion tenge ($1 billion USD).
Construction on the Sairan and Moscow expansion stations started in 2011.
The first section of Line 1 has a route length of 8.54 kilometres (5.3 mi) and seven stations (four deep-level stations and three sub-surface stations). The Almaty Metro owns 28 train cars which generally operate as seven four-car trainsets on the line.
The metro will expand in the future. Upon completion, the metro system is planned to total 45 kilometres (28 mi) in length.
- ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2013 ГОД. [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2013.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2013. pp. 1,3. Retrieved 2014-05-13.
- В Алматы открылся Метрополитен [Opening of the Almaty Metro]. zakon.kz (in Russian). 1 December 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- http://expert.ru/kazakhstan/current/25-14-01.shtml[dead link]
- "Қазақстан Президенті Алматыдағы метрополитеннің бірінші кезегінің ашылу салтанатына қатысты – Бейнежаңалықтар – Бүгінгі Қазақстан жаңалықтары.". Bnews.kz. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
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