Art Garfunkel

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Art Garfunkel
Art Garfunkel 2013.jpg
Garfunkel pictured at the Paley Center for Media in New York City in 2013
Background information
Birth name Arthur Ira Garfunkel
Born (1941-11-05) November 5, 1941 (age 72)
New York City, U.S.
Genres Folk rock, soft rock, rock, pop
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, actor, poet
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, violin
Years active 1956–present
Labels Columbia, Manhattan, Atco
Associated acts Simon & Garfunkel
Website www.artgarfunkel.com

Arthur Ira "Art" Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is a Grammy Award-winning American singer, poet, and Golden Globe-nominated actor best known for being one half of the folk duo Simon & Garfunkel, along with Paul Simon.

Highlights of his solo music career include a top 10 hit, three top 20 hits, six top 40 hits, 14 Adult Contemporary top 30 singles, five Adult Contemporary number ones, two UK number ones and a People's Choice Award. Through his solo and collaborative work, Garfunkel has earned six Grammys, including the Lifetime Achievement Award.[1] In 1990, he and former musical partner Simon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Early life and career[edit]

Garfunkel was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City, the son of Rose (née Pearlman) and Jacob "Jack" Garfunkel, a traveling salesman. Art has two brothers; the older one named Jules and the younger one named Jerome. Jacob's parents had originally immigrated to America at the turn of the century, and chose to settle in Manhattan. Before his career in sales, Jacob worked as an actor in Dayton, Ohio.[2][3][4][5] Garfunkel is Jewish, his paternal grandparents emigrated from Iași in Romania. His cousin on his mother's side is Lou Pearlman,[6][7][8] founder of 'N Sync and the Backstreet Boys.

According to the Across America DVD, Garfunkel's love for singing came in the first grade. "When we were lined up in size order, and after everyone else had left, I'd stay behind and enjoy the echo sound of the stairwell tiles and sing 'Unchained Melody' and 'You'll Never Walk Alone', learning to love this goose-bumps song from the tender age of five." Later, Garfunkel's father bought him a wire recorder and from then on, Garfunkel spent his afternoons singing, recording and playing it back, so he could listen for flaws and learn how to improve.

At his bar mitzvah in 1954, Garfunkel sang as a cantor performing over four hours of his repertoire to his family.[9] As a young teen, Garfunkel was struck with a lung infection, leading to a love for basketball. He explained in a 1998 Interview: "In the summer of ’55, I had a lung infection. I couldn’t run around, but I loved basketball and there was a hoop nearby. Much of the summer I spent methodically hitting 96, 98 foul shots out of 100. Then 102! I never played on a team after Junior High School. Just 3 against 3, half court pick up games in the schoolyard."[10] He met his future singing partner Paul Simon in the sixth grade at PS 174, when they were both cast in the elementary school graduation play, Alice In Wonderland.[11] It has been said by Garfunkel that Simon first became interested in singing after hearing Garfunkel sing a rendition of Nat King Cole's "Too Young" in a school talent show.[12]

Between 1956 and 1962, the two had performed together as "Tom & Jerry", occasionally performing at school dances.[13] Their idols were The Everly Brothers, whom they imitated in their use of close two-part vocal harmony. In 1957, Simon and Garfunkel recorded the song "Hey, Schoolgirl" under the name Tom & Jerry, given to them by their label Big Records.[13] The single reached number forty-nine on the pop charts. Garfunkel ("Tom Graph") chose his nickname because he liked to track, or "graph" hits, on the pop charts.[14] He also released some singles as a solo artist under the name Artie Garr, a shortened version of his name. In interviews, Garfunkel has noted himself how these early singles distinguished him as a folk-styled crooner,[15] with songs like "Beat Love" and "Dream Alone" (both released 1959).

After graduating from Forest Hills High School alongside Simon, Garfunkel studied at Columbia College, Columbia University in Manhattan in the early 1960s, where he was a brother in the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity.[16] Garfunkel was a team member in tennis, skiing, fencing, and bowling at the college.[10] He was also a member of the all-male a cappella group on campus, the Columbia Kingsmen.[17] After initially majoring in architecture, Garfunkel earned a B.A. in art history in 1962[18] or 1965,[19] followed by a M.A. in mathematics from Columbia in 1967.[20] Garfunkel also completed coursework toward a doctorate in mathematics education at Teachers College, Columbia University during the peak of Simon and Garfunkel's commercial success.[21]

Simon & Garfunkel[edit]

A red vinyl promotional copy of 1966 Simon & Garfunkel single "I Am a Rock"

In 1963, he and Simon (who graduated from Queens College before dropping out of Brooklyn Law School) reformed their duo under their own names as "Simon and Garfunkel". They released their first album, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. on Columbia Records in October 1964.[22] It was not a critical success, and the duo subsequently split again. The next year, producer Tom Wilson lifted the song "The Sound of Silence" from the record, dubbed an electric backing onto it,[23] and released it as a single that went to #1 on the Billboard pop charts.

Simon had gone to England in 1965 after the initial failure of Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., pursuing a solo career. But he returned to the US to reunite with Garfunkel after "The Sounds of Silence" had started to enjoy commercial success, and went on to become one of the most popular acts of the 1960s. Together they recorded four more influential albums, Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water. Simon and Garfunkel also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the 1967 Mike Nichols film The Graduate (starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft). While writing "Mrs. Robinson", Simon originally toyed with the title "Mrs. Roosevelt".[24] When Garfunkel reported this indecision over the song's name to the director, Nichols replied, "Don't be ridiculous! We're making a movie here! It's Mrs. Robinson!"[25] Simon and Garfunkel returned to England in the Fall of 1968 and did a concert appearance at Kraft Hall which was broadcast on the BBC, and also featured Art's solo performance of "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her", which received a standing ovation.

While Garfunkel was not a songwriter per se, he did write the poem "Canticle" as a re-write of Simon's "Side of A Hill" from his debut album, for "Scarborough Fair/Canticle".[26] He also worked as the vocal arranger for the duo, working out who the songs would be sung by and how each song was produced. He is also credited as having written the arrangement on "The Boxer", and creating the Audio montage, "Voices Of The Old People" on "Bookends". Citing personal differences and divergence in career interests, they split following the release of their most critically acclaimed album, Bridge over Troubled Water, in 1970.

Both Simon and Garfunkel pursued solo projects after 1970. Occasionally they would reunite, as in 1975 for their Top Ten single "My Little Town", which Simon originally wrote for Garfunkel, claiming Garfunkel's solo output was lacking "bite". The song was included on their respective solo albums; Paul Simon's Still Crazy After All These Years, and Garfunkel's Breakaway. Contrary to popular belief, the song is not at all autobiographical of Simon's early life in New York City, but of Garfunkel's childhood in Queens.[27] In 1981, they got together again for the famous concert in Central Park, followed by a world tour and an aborted reunion album Think Too Much, which was eventually released (without Garfunkel) as Hearts and Bones.

Together, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.

In 2003, the two reunited again when they received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This reunion led to a US tour—the acclaimed "Old Friends" concert series—followed by a 2004 international encore, which culminated in a free concert at the Colosseum in Rome. That final concert drew 600,000 people.[28]

1970–1975: Hiatus and first album[edit]

During a three-year hiatus after Simon & Garfunkel's break-up, Garfunkel starred in two Mike Nichols films, Catch-22 (1970) and Carnal Knowledge (1971). He also spent late 1971 to early 1972 working as a mathematics teacher at the Litchfield Private School in Connecticut (by request of his fiancée Linda Marie Grossman).[10]

In late 1972, with Simon & Garfunkel having released their Greatest Hits album and briefly reunited to perform a benefit concert for presidential candidate George McGovern, Garfunkel felt ready to return to his musical career. His first album was 1973's Angel Clare, which contained "All I Know" along with "I Shall Sing" and "Travelling Boy" as singles. The album was received with mixed reviews, reaching no.5 in the U.S. In 1974, Garfunkel released the hit record, "Second Avenue".

On his next album, 1975's Breakaway, Garfunkel briefly reunited with Paul Simon for the 1975 hit "My Little Town". The album also included the singles "Breakaway" (B-Side: "Disney Girls") and "I Only Have Eyes For You" (a 1934 song written by Harry Warren),[29] which is noted as being Garfunkel's first UK Number One.

1976–1979: Diversity and disaster[edit]

In 1976, Garfunkel recorded both background and duet vocals for several artists, including Stephen Bishop's Careless album, James Taylor's In The Pocket album and J.D. Souther's Black Rose album. Beginning in December 1976, until September 1977, Garfunkel worked on his next album.

Garfunkel's next release was the 1978 album, Watermark (US #19, UK #26), which upon initial release, failed to make an impression on the public. Its main single, "Crying In My Sleep" ("Mr. Shuck 'N' Jive") (UK #25) failed to reach the US Top 40, but after a two-month hiatus where it was taken off the market, it was re-released in January 1978, with Garfunkel's cover of Sam Cooke's "(What a) Wonderful World" (B-Side: "Wooden Planes"), which reached #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart and #17 pop, as the new single. Paul Simon and mutual friend James Taylor had contributed backing vocals to the song, making the song a huge hit on the US A.C. charts. In 1978 Garfunkel toured the U.S. and Canada extensively with noted guitarist Arlen Roth, John Barlow Jarvis on piano and Leah Kunkel on second vocals. During this tour they also made an appearance on Saturday Night Live.

Garfunkel's last release of the 1970s was the 1979 album, Fate For Breakfast (US #67, UK #2), was his first US flop album. The album's first single, "In A Little While (I'll Be On My Way)" (B-Side: "And I Know") (US AC #12) failed to break the top forty, as did his second single, "Since I Don't Have You" (B-Side: "When Someone Doesn't Want You") (US #53, US AC #5, UK #38). In the UK the album was a huge success, scoring a number one hit with "Bright Eyes" (B-Side: "Sail on a Rainbow") (US AC #29, UK #1) (a song written by Mike Batt). A version of "Bright Eyes" also appeared in the movie (based on the famous novel) Watership Down. His longtime girlfriend, Laurie Bird, committed suicide in June 1979, at their Manhattan apartment, three months after the album's release in March. Garfunkel later admitted that the incident left him in a deep depression for most of the 1980s, hence the lack of musical output during the majority of the decade.

1980–1995: Depression and disappearance[edit]

Garfunkel's next album was a low point in his career. The 1981 album, Scissors Cut (US #113, UK #51) (dedicated to Bird), contained three singles, "A Heart in New York" (B-Side: "Is This Love") (US #66, US AC #10), "Scissors Cut" and "Hang On In", with the latter two failing to chart.

Following disappointing sales of Scissors Cut, Garfunkel reunited with Simon for The Concert in Central Park and a world tour. They had disagreements during the tour. In 1984 Stereo Review Magazine reported that Simon mixed out Garfunkel's voice from a new album, initially slated to be a Simon and Garfunkel studio reunion, but ultimately released as a Simon solo album (Hearts and Bones). In 1986, Garfunkel played the part of the butcher on the Mike Batt concept album The Hunting Of The Snark. Garfunkel again left the music scene during which time his father died, leading him further into depression. But in the fall of 1985 he met his future wife, Kathryn (Kim) Cermack. They were married in September, 1988.[30] Garfunkel's retirement lasted a full seven years, until his 1988 album, Lefty (US, #134), which produced three singles, "So Much in Love" (US #76 AC #11), "When A Man Loves A Woman", and "This Is The Moment".

Garfunkel released his first compilation album in 1984, The Art Garfunkel Album (UK #12), never released in the US,[31] which contained the minor hit "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" (UK #77, US AC #25). This was followed by 1988 Garfunkel and 1993 Up 'til Now, neither of which received significant critical or commercial success.

1996–2006: Resurgence[edit]

His live 1996 concert Across America (UK #35), recorded at the registry hall on Ellis Island features musical guests James Taylor, Garfunkel's wife, Kim, and his son James.[32]

Garfunkel performed the theme song for the 1991 television series, Brooklyn Bridge, and "The Ballad of Buster Baxter" for a 1998 episode of the children's educational television series Arthur, where he was depicted as a singing/narrator moose.[33] Garfunkel's performance of Monty Python member Eric Idle's "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" was used in the end credits of the 1997 film As Good as It Gets.

In 2003, Garfunkel made his debut as a songwriter on his Everything Waits to Be Noticed album. Teaming up with singer-songwriters Maia Sharp and Buddy Mondlock, the album contained several songs which were originally poems written by Garfunkel. The album is recognized as his first effort at songwriting since his teenage years with Tom & Jerry.

In 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited again for a successful world tour that extended into 2004.[34] In 2005, his song "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" from The Art Garfunkel Album (1984) (written by Mike Batt) was re-recorded by ex-ABBA singer Agnetha Fältskog on her album My Colouring Book.

In 2006, Garfunkel signed with Rhino Records (revived Atco Records), and his first Rhino/Atco album Some Enchanted Evening was released in America on January 30, 2007.[35] The album was a dedicated celebration of pop standards of Garfunkel's childhood. In late February 2007 during a German television interview to promote the new album, he expressed interest in reuniting with Paul Simon on a new Simon and Garfunkel album.[citation needed]

2008–2013: Recent events[edit]

In 2009, Garfunkel appeared as himself on the HBO television show Flight of the Conchords episode entitled "Prime Minister".

He continued to tour in 2009 with four musicians and his son.[36]

On February 13, 2009, Simon and his band re-opened New York's Beacon Theatre, which had been closed for seven months for a renovation. As an encore, Simon brought out "my old friend", Art Garfunkel. They sang three songs: "Sound of Silence", "The Boxer", and "Old Friends".

On April 2, 2009, the duo announced a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Japan for June/July 2009.[37] On October 29–30, they participated together in the 25th anniversary of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concerts at New York's Madison Square Garden. Other artists on the bill included Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band; U2; Metallica; Aretha Franklin; Stevie Wonder, and Crosby, Stills & Nash.[38]

In March 2010, Simon & Garfunkel announced a 13-date tour, to kick off in April with a performance at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. Most performances were scheduled for Canada, with four shows in the upper Midwest of the US. According to a press release, the set list would focus on their classic catalog, as well as songs from each of their solo careers.[39] On June 17, 2010, Simon & Garfunkel canceled the tour, earlier rescheduled for July 2010, which was postponed indefinitely while Garfunkel attempted to recover from a vocal cord paresis.[40] In November 2010, Garfunkel said that, having quit smoking two and a half months before, he was recovering from paresis, and would be touring in 2011.[41] He tried to resume touring in August 2012, the same month he released a 34-song retrospective, "The Singer".[42] Garfunkel scheduled 19 solo shows in the United States and Sweden between August and December 2012: 16 of those shows were canceled. His most recent concert appearance to take place as scheduled was in Stockholm on September 27, 2012.[43] Garfunkel was due to perform at Night of The Proms in Gothenburg and Malmö, Sweden on September 28 and 29, 2012, but cancelled at the last minute due to an "unforeseen vocal issue".[44][45] Speaking about his voice in February 2013, Garfunkel said "It's getting mostly better; I'm pretty much there" and that he was starting to book small shows again.[46]

Voice classification[edit]

Garfunkel's voice changed almost imperceptibly until his late fifties, when it began to lower after years of smoking.[47]

Poetry career[edit]

Garfunkel, an avid reader and bibliophile,[48] has admitted that the Garfunkel household was not a literary family, but it was not until his entrance to Columbia College in 1959, that he began to "read a million books and became a reader". It was through this he began an interest in poetry.[49]

Garfunkel's poetic career began in 1981, while on the Simon & Garfunkel 1981-1982 tour in Switzerland, he was riding a motorcycle and began writing a poem describing the countryside. In 1989, Still Water, Garfunkel's collection of prose poetry was released to acclaim. Topics included his depression over the loss of his father; Laurie Bird, his companion who committed suicide; the friendship of Paul Simon; and the joy of returning to music.[49]

Acting career[edit]

Garfunkel pursued an acting career in the early 1970s, appearing in two Mike Nichols films: Catch-22 (1970), in which he played a supporting role as the 19-year old naive Lieutenant Nately, and Carnal Knowledge (1971), a co-starring role in which he played the idealistic character Sandy. His role as Sandy won him a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor in 1972.

He later appeared in Nicolas Roeg's Bad Timing (1980) as Alex Linden, an American psychiatrist who serves as the film's main antagonist. The film received the Toronto Film Festival's highest honour, the People's Choice Award, in 1980 and the London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director.

He appeared in Good to Go (1986) directed by Blain Novak, starring as a Washington, D.C. journalist who struggles to clear his name after being framed for rape and murder. Garfunkel then appeared in the medical crime drama Boxing Helena (1993), directed by Jennifer Lynch, as Dr. Lawrence Augustine.

Garfunkel's most recent film is The Rebound (2010), directed by Bart Freundlich, playing Harry Finklestein, the slightly senile and comedic relieving father of the film's main character, played by Justin Bartha.

Personal life[edit]

Garfunkel married Linda Marie Grossman (b. 1944), an architect,[50] in Nashville on October 1, 1972; they divorced in 1975. He has claimed that the marriage was turbulent and ended bitterly. Garfunkel has not spoken to her since and once said he never loved her.[51]

He was also romantically involved with actress and photographer Laurie Bird from March 1974 (when he was 32 and she was 20) until her suicide in 1979.[52] In a 1986 interview, Garfunkel said about his relationship with Laurie Bird "I asked myself constantly why I didn't marry her, because surely she was the apple of my eye. She was everything I was looking for in a woman. But I was very hurt by my first marriage, so as far as marriage to Laurie was concerned, I was extra scared. I was heartbroken. It laid me low. I used to get very sad when the sun went down. The nights were very lonely for me."[citation needed]

Garfunkel had a brief affair with actress Penny Marshall in the mid-1980s and credits her with helping him through his depression. Their friendship stayed strong even after their romantic relationship ended. Garfunkel would later say of Marshall, "Everything changed. Penny is a sweet human being who can bring anybody down to earth. We had a lot of laughs, great sex and a ton of party nights."[53]

In late 1985, Garfunkel met former model Kathryn (Kim) Cermak (born May 25, 1958) while shooting Good To Go. They married on September 18, 1988, and have two children, James, born December 15, 1990, and Beau Daniel, born October 5, 2005 via a surrogate mother.[54]

Garfunkel is an avid reader and bibliophile; his website contains a year-by-year listing of every book he has read since 1968.[55] Currently the list contains more than 1,000 books. He has also read the entire Random House Dictionary. Garfunkel has an interest in the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, having read his book Confessions at least three times (according to Garfunkel's website, the book was the 1st, 252nd, and 1000th book he read).

Garfunkel has undertaken several long walks in his lifetime, writing poetry along the way. In the early 1980s, he walked across Japan in a matter of weeks.[56] From 1983 to 1997, Garfunkel walked across America,[57] taking 40 excursions to complete the route from New York City to the Pacific coast of Washington. In May 1998, Garfunkel began an incremented walk across Europe.[58]

His all-time favorite pop song is The Beatles' "Here, There and Everywhere" and his all-time favorite album is Rumours by Fleetwood Mac. When asked about his musical preferences, he answered, "I have a very sure-footed sense of what I like, and exactly how much I like it. Give me two listenings of a song, and I can tell you exactly how it sits with me... I know my musical taste. I know my ears, I know what I respond to."[59]

Garfunkel has been arrested twice for the possession of cannabis: once in early 2004 and again in August 2005.[60]

Garfunkel is the brother of Jerome Garfunkel, the former member of the American (ANSI) and International (ISO) Committees who wrote the specification for the COBOL programming language. His older brother Jules B. Garfunkel was a United States Navy veteran and financial analyst who died on September 17, 2006 in Sofia, Bulgaria.

Nominations[edit]

Awards[edit]

Work on Broadway[edit]

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1970 Catch-22 Lieutenant Edward J. Nately III Debut Screen Role
1971 Carnal Knowledge Dr. Sandy Kaufman Nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1980 Bad Timing Dr. Alex Linden Winner of the 1980 People's Choice Award
1986 Good To Go S.D. Blass Out Of Print
1993 Boxing Helena Dr. Lawrence Augustine
1998 54 Himself Cameo
1998 Arthur Singing Moose (voice) Episode: The Ballad of Buster Baxter
2000 Longshot Himself Cameo
2010 The Rebound Harry Finklestein Most Recent Performance
2011 Beatles Stories Himself Documentary

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Pete Fornatale (November 22, 2007). Simon and Garfunkel's Bookends. St. Martin's Press. ASIN 1594864276. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ Horan, Tom (February 17, 2007). "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Celebrities' moms are stars for a day". Miami Herald. May 14, 1989. 
  5. ^ Martin Douglas (August 14, 1991). "About New York; Just Simon in the Park, to Garfunkel's Disappointment". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2009. "Soon, he and Paul Simon, two sons of Forest Hills, Queens, who became bards of the 60's, would stride to the shimmering center of a vast Central Park stage, and a generation growing overweight and apart would for a few fleeting hours feel forever young." 
  6. ^ "Art Garfunkel's Feelin' Groovy Again". Canadian Jewish News. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Art's Sake: Is Garfunkel headed to Scarborough Fair? No, the Rock and Roll Hall of Famer is going to Har Zion". Jewish Exponent. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Art of Garfunkel". Dayton Daily News. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ Tom Horan. "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c "1998 website interview". Art Garfunkel's official website. 1998. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ Eliot, Marc (2010). Paul Simon: A Life. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-43363-8. 
  12. ^ http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/songtalk.html
  13. ^ a b http://www.simonandgarfunkel.com/us/timeline
  14. ^ "The Talk of the Town [interview with Simon & Garfunkel]". The New Yorker. September 2, 1967. p. 25. 
  15. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/scissors-cut-19811015
  16. ^ "Some of our more famous alumni". Alpha Epsilon Pi. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ "John Legend | Ivy League Celebrities | Comcast.net". Xfinity.comcast.net. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  18. ^ "Columbia College Today". College.columbia.edu. June 18, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Arthur Ira Garfunkel". C250.columbia.edu. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Art Garfunkel". Nndb.com. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
  21. ^ Jan Herman (February 6, 1977). "TV Makes You Famous; Rock'n Roll Makes You Rich". Gannett News Service. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  22. ^ http://www.popspotsnyc.com/simonandgarfunkel/
  23. ^ Bruce Eder. "Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.—Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Mrs. Robinson by Simon & Garfunkel". Songfacts. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 
  25. ^ David Fricke, in the leaflet accompaniment to the Simon and Garfunkel 1997 album "Old Friends"
  26. ^ "Paul Simon". Official Website of Paul Simon. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 
  27. ^ "The Boy in the Bubble" by Patrick Humphries, page 96.
  28. ^ Paul Simon News on Yahoo! Music[dead link]
  29. ^ HarryWarren.org. "Call Me A Fool". HarryWarren.org. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  30. ^ Art Garfunkel bio.
  31. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. September 11, 2001. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Simon and Garfunkel the sound". Jgarfunkel.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  33. ^ Artgarfunkel.com[dead link]
  34. ^ By Steve Knopper (August 9, 2004). "Simon Garfunkel Conquer | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  35. ^ [1][dead link]
  36. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. September 11, 2001. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Australia and New Zealand snare the world's only confirmed concerts for Simon & Garfunkel in 2009". 
  38. ^ "The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame celebrates its 25th anniversary with two groundbreaking concerts". 
  39. ^ "Simon and Garfunkel Confirm Spring North American Tour". 
  40. ^ "Simon & Garfunkel Cancel Summer Tour". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 18, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  41. ^ By Andy Greene (November 5, 2010). "Art Garfunkel Plans Return of Simon Garfunkel As His Voice Mends | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  42. ^ [2][dead link]
  43. ^ "Welcome to the Art Garfunkel Website". 
  44. ^ THR Staff (October 1, 2012). "Art Garfunkel a No-Show for Two Concerts in Sweden". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
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  46. ^ Michaels, Sean (February 12, 2013). "Art Garfunkel implicates film director Mike Nichols in split with Paul Simon". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  47. ^ http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/canadian.html
  48. ^ http://www.artgarfunkel.com/library/list33.html
  49. ^ a b http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/1989.html
  50. ^ "Milestones, Oct. 23, 1972". TIME. October 23, 1972. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
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  60. ^ Garfunkel arrested over marijuana possession. 31 August 2005. ABC News Online[dead link]

Sources[edit]

  • Art Garfunkel (August 1989). Still Water: Prose Poems. Dutton and Dial. ASIN 0525247955. ISBN 978-0-525-24795-1. 
  • Mitchell S. Cohen (1977). Simon & Garfunkel: A Biography in Words & Pictures. Sire Books. 
  • Patrick Humphries (August 1983). Bookends: The Simon and Garfunkel Story. Proteus. ISBN 978-0-86276-063-2. 
  • John Svenson (November 15, 1984). Simon and Garfunkel: A Musical Autobiography. W.H.Allen. ISBN 978-0-491-03490-6. 
  • Robert Matthew-Walker (1984). Simon and Garfunkel. Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-88254-729-9. 
  • Joseph Morella; Patricia Barey (October 1991). Simon and Garfunkel: Old Friends : A Dual Biography (1st ed.). Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-1-55972-089-2. 
  • Victoria Kingston (May 1997). Simon & Garfunkel: The Definitive Biography. Trans-Atlantic Publications. ISBN 978-0-330-34970-3. 
  • Pete Fornatale (October 30, 2007). Simon & Garfunkel's Bookends (1st ed.). Rodale Books. ASIN 1594864276. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8. 

External links[edit]