Badin

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This article is about the town in Pakistan. For the municipality in Slovakia, see Badín. For the North Carolina town, see Badin, North Carolina. For the Swedish 18th century court-servant, see Gustav Badin.
Badin
بدين
Badin is located in Sindh
Badin
Badin
Coordinates: 24°34′N 68°50′E / 24.567°N 68.833°E / 24.567; 68.833Coordinates: 24°34′N 68°50′E / 24.567°N 68.833°E / 24.567; 68.833
Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh Province
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total 61,302
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Badin (Sindhi: بدين Urdu: بدین‎) is the main city and capital of Badin District in Sindh, Pakistan. It lies east of the Indus River. The region is swampy, fertile, and suitable for growing rice. Some oil fields are located near the town in the seasonally inundated Rann of Kutch region. Badin is the main town of Badin District. The population of the city in 1998 was 61,302.[1]

Badin is often called 'Sugar State' due to its production of sugar.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate of the district taken as a whole is moderate, and is tempered by the sea breeze which blows for eight months of the year from March to October, making the hot weather somewhat cooler than for other parts of Pakistan. During the monsoon period, the sky is cloudy, but there is very little precipitation. The climate in summer is generally moist and humid. The cold weather in Badin starts from the beginning of November when a sudden change from the moist sea breeze to the dry and cold north-east wind brings about, as a natural consequence, an immediate fall in temperature.cyclones and floods are hit because of sea.

Climate data for Badin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.1
(97)
37.2
(99)
42.8
(109)
45.6
(114.1)
49.4
(120.9)
46.7
(116.1)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106)
42.2
(108)
41.7
(107.1)
38.3
(100.9)
35.6
(96.1)
49.4
(120.9)
Average high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
28.6
(83.5)
34.0
(93.2)
38.4
(101.1)
39.8
(103.6)
38.0
(100.4)
35.1
(95.2)
33.6
(92.5)
34.4
(93.9)
35.8
(96.4)
31.9
(89.4)
26.7
(80.1)
33.51
(92.31)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
20.1
(68.2)
25.4
(77.7)
30.1
(86.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91)
31.1
(88)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
23.9
(75)
18.4
(65.1)
26.73
(80.13)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
16.8
(62.2)
21.8
(71.2)
25.5
(77.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79)
24.9
(76.8)
21.7
(71.1)
15.9
(60.6)
10.1
(50.2)
19.8
(67.64)
Record low °C (°F) −1.1
(30)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41)
13.0
(55.4)
17.5
(63.5)
21.1
(70)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.1
(30)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.0
(0.039)
3.6
(0.142)
2.3
(0.091)
2.5
(0.098)
0.7
(0.028)
10.8
(0.425)
70.5
(2.776)
89.9
(3.539)
34.4
(1.354)
3.7
(0.146)
1.7
(0.067)
1.1
(0.043)
222.2
(8.748)
Source: NOAA (1961–1990) [3]

Languages[edit]

As per National Census 1998 Sindhi in Vicholi and Kutchi dialects is primary language in the district, spoken by 74 percent of the total population in the district predominantly in rural areas. The next prominent language Punjabi with 17 percent speakers, Urdu (5 percent) and Balochi (2 percent) and Others (2 percent).

Education[edit]

The University of Sindh established a campus in the region of Badin city, called 'Laar', to provide citizens in these areas with access to education. Sindh University's Laar Campus, Badin (S.U.L.C) was established in order to provide the inhabitants of Laar region, particularly girls, with the higher education in their local area.[4]

The campus provides facilities including a library and a computer laboratory with an Internet connection. The College offers 4-year bachelor degree programs in Business Administration, Commerce and Computer Science, postgraduate diploma in Computer Science and B.Ed., M.Ed. & M.A. (Education).[4]

As of 2013 government owned institutions of education consisted of 209 schools for boys, 102 schools for girls, 691 primary schools, 428 co-educational schools, and 15 high and higher schools.[5]

Shrines[edit]

In Badin District there are numerous shrines to saints, which are visited by hundreds of people daily, not only from parts of the district but also beyond. The shrines include that of Saman Shah, one of the greatest saints of Sindh of the last century; the shrines of 7 Pirs of Lowari Sharif including that of the famous poet of Sindhi language, Khowaja Muhammad Zaman; Faqir Syed Muhammad Hasan of Joona who is the branch of Matiari Syeds under Hazrat Shah Abdul Karim of Bulri; Jandu Shah Badshah, and others. Many festivals take place around these shrines, which attract many people from a wide region.[2]

Transport[edit]

Badin District is well linked by roads between taluka headquarters. The main roads in the district are Badin-Sajawal road and Badin-Hyderabad road via Tando Muhammad Khan. The Badin district consists of five talukas; its total geographical area is 6,726 square kilometres and the total length of roads of both high type and low type is 2,019 kilometres (1,255 mi). The length of road per square km as per geographical area is 0.30 km, which is insufficient, considering the number of motor vehicles transporting produce from farms to markets.[2]

Railway[edit]

Badin District is connected by a railway system. The railway line connects Badin with Hyderabad passing through Matli Taluka. All the trains running through this district carry enormous traffic both of passengers and goods.[2]

Media[edit]

Badin's media consists of radio, television and newspapers. 3905 television licenses were registered from Badin in 1999–2000. There are two movie-cinemas in Badin with 611 seating facility in each. PTCL V wireless and all mobile companies set their boasters and are commercially successful.

Industry and trade[edit]

Being an agricultural area, Badin's industries are agriculturally based. Badin is also known as the 'Sugar State' of Pakistan because it has the largest production of sugar; presently there are five large-scale units engaged in the production of sugar providing employment to 6,000 persons. Beside these factories, there are also more than 40 rice-husking mills.

Immunisation[edit]

A question about immunisation was included in the 1998 population census for the first time to evaluate the success of a vaccination program launched by the government. In all 44.37% of the children below 10 years of age have been reported vaccinated with a considerably higher percentage, 71.13% vaccinated in urban areas. The percentage of those whose vaccination status is not known is quite high, at 40.80% in the district, 43.34% in the rural, and 26.76% in the urban areas.

Law and order[edit]

Although five sugar mills and oil fields are operating within the jurisdiction of Badin district, the law & order situation remains under control.

The compilation of crime figures for the last 30 years reveals that crime has decreased[quantify] due to day and night patrolling and taking preventive measures to avert the crime and criminal activities.

Famous Personalities[edit]

  • Mir Ghulam Mohd Talpur ( worked for education )
  • Sardar Yousif Khan Chang, Former MPA Sindh Assembly & Landlord
  • Syed Ali Mir Shah, (Religious Scholar, Former Provincial Minister Of Irrigation)
  • Doctor Zulfiqar Mirza
  • Doctor Fehmida Mirza
  • Doctor Abdul Jabbar Junejo, (former vice chancelor of Sindh University)
  • Abrar Ahmed, (CEO Pro-Dev)
  • Haji Muhammad Sadiq
  • Sardar Kamal Khan Chang MNA National Assembly & Former Distt Nazim Badin

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Badīn". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gandhara, Trails. "Badin city history". Gandhara Trails. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Badin Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Sindh, University of. "Laar Campus UoS Badin". Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Schools, Badin. "Government owned schools in Badin". SchoolingLog. Retrieved 8 November 2013.