Khuzdar

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Khuzdar
Khuzdar is located in Pakistan
Khuzdar
Khuzdar
Coordinates: 27°48′N 66°37′E / 27.800°N 66.617°E / 27.800; 66.617Coordinates: 27°48′N 66°37′E / 27.800°N 66.617°E / 27.800; 66.617
Country  Pakistan
Province Balochistan Province
Elevation 1,237 m (4,058 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Khuzdar or Khozdar (Balochi: خضدار) is a town located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar District, which was created on 1 March 1974. Previously, Khuzdar was part of Kalat District.

History[edit]

Khuzdar was the capital of the Brahui kingdom of Makran.[1]

In the early 17th century it was part of the Jhalawan kingdom, but it soon fell under the Kingdom of Kalat, where it remained until a series of revolts during the reign of Khudadad Khan (1857-1893). By 1896, after Khudadad's death, the authority of Kalat was restored.[2]

Under a treaty with Kalat, the British appointed a political agent at Khuzdar in 1903. British assistance continued until 1947, after which the area was acceded to Pakistan as part of the two nation theory and became a Democracy. When the Baluchistan States Union became Kalat Division, Khuzdar was established as the divisional headquarters. The divisional administration of Pakistan ended in 2000. Khuzdar was again established as the Divisional headquarters in June 2009 by the Pakistan Peoples Party Government.

Geography and climate[edit]

Khuzdar is at the apex of a narrow valley at an elevation of 1,237 metres (4,058 ft). Despite this altitude, Khuzdar like most of Balochistan has an arid climate (Köppen BWh) with very low and erratic rainfall. Unlike most parts of the province, the heaviest average rainfall comes from the Asian monsoon in July and August, though this rainfall tends to be very erratic and in many summers there is no significant rain at all.

Climate data for Khuzdar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
28.4
(83.1)
33.0
(91.4)
37.2
(99)
41.7
(107.1)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
40.2
(104.4)
38.0
(100.4)
31.2
(88.2)
28.0
(82.4)
43
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
18.4
(65.1)
23.5
(74.3)
29.9
(85.8)
35.0
(95)
38.1
(100.6)
36.2
(97.2)
35.4
(95.7)
34.0
(93.2)
29.9
(85.8)
24.9
(76.8)
21.4
(70.5)
28.64
(83.55)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.7
(53.1)
17.0
(62.6)
23.2
(73.8)
28.1
(82.6)
31.3
(88.3)
30.3
(86.5)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.9
(53.4)
21.54
(70.77)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
5.0
(41)
10.7
(51.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.2
(73.8)
20.1
(68.2)
13.9
(57)
8.4
(47.1)
4.5
(40.1)
14.63
(58.34)
Record low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.6
(33.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
15.0
(59)
12.8
(55)
5.0
(41)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.1
(21)
−8
(18)
Rainfall mm (inches) 16.9
(0.665)
26.1
(1.028)
27.7
(1.091)
12.6
(0.496)
13.1
(0.516)
11.1
(0.437)
47.7
(1.878)
64.5
(2.539)
6.4
(0.252)
5.0
(0.197)
5.7
(0.224)
15.6
(0.614)
252.4
(9.937)
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [3]

Demography[edit]

Over 99% of the people of the area are Muslims. The population of Khuzdar District was estimated to be over 525,000 in 2005. The major tribes in the district Mengal are Umrani, Bizenjo, Kurd, Jattak, Muhammad Hasni, Zehri, and Mengal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Risley, Herbert Hope (1903) Census of India, 1901. Volume I. India. Ethnographic appendices, being the data upon which the caste chapter of the Report is based Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, page 66, OCLC 2196225
  2. ^ Hughes-Buller, R. (ed.) (1908) Imperial gazetteer of India: Provincial Series: Baluchistan Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta, pages 16-17
  3. ^ "Khuzdar Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 17, 2013.