Haripur, Pakistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in Pakistan. For other uses, see Haripur.
Haripur
Haripur is located in Pakistan
Haripur
Haripur
Coordinates: 33°59′17″N 72°57′18″E / 33.988°N 72.955°E / 33.988; 72.955Coordinates: 33°59′17″N 72°57′18″E / 33.988°N 72.955°E / 33.988; 72.955
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber Pukhtunkhwa
District Haripur District
Elevation 520 m (1,710 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Union councils 3

Haripur (Urdu/Pashtoہری پور ) is the main city of the Haripur District in the Hazara Division in Pakistan, some 65 km (40 mi) north of Islamabad and 35 km (22 mi) south of Abbottabad. It is located in a hilly plain area at an altitude of 520 m (1,706 ft).[1] The city lies on the Karakoram Highway (N35).

History[edit]

Haripur was founded by the Sikh general Hari Singh Nalwa in 1822 and became the headquarters of Hazara until 1853.[2] Hari Singh Nalwa was appointed by the bravest and legendary Sikh King Maharaja Ranjit Singh as the second Nazim of Hazara after the first Nazim Amar Singh Majithia was killed by the local populace at Nara.[3]

Haripur was built as a fortress surrounded by a wall which was 4 yards (3.7 m) thick and 16 yards (15 m) high and had only four openings. That fort later became the city police station and local government offices.

Drinking water was provided by digging a tank. Many small drainages were dug to carry sullage water. A small river, the river Dore, passes through the city, feeding the Tarbela Dam.

Baron Hugel visited the town on 23 December 1835, and he found it humming with activity. The municipality was constituted in 1867.[2]

An obelisk marks the grave of Colonel Canara, a European officer of the Sikh Artillery, who fell in 1848 defending his guns single-handed against the insurgents under Chattar Singh.[2]

The 4th Hazara Mountain Battery

In 1851 the 4th (Hazara) Mountain Battery was raised at Haripur from Hazara gunners, who were trained by Major Abbott, a British officer and first deputy commissioner of Hazara, in order to defend the district. The Hazaras embarked on many campaigns throughout the province.[4]

The population in 1901 was 5,578 and the income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 17,800. In 1903-4 the income and expenditure were Rs. 19,100 and Rs. 20,000 respectively.[2] Important Personalities 1- Field Marshal Ayub Khan ( President of Pakistan)

  Ayub Khan was from village Rehana a few miles from Haripur City. 
   Now his son Guahar Ayub and Yousaf Ayub Khan are very prominent 
   figures in Pakistani Politics.

2- Air Marshal(R) Anwar Shameem. He also belonged to Haripur. 3- Qateel Shifai (Poet). A very famous poet of Pakistan

Languages[edit]

Languages of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Hindko (A Punjabi Variant) is main language spoken. Urdu being National language is also spoken and understood.

Geographical features[edit]

Haripur is a green valley, rich in fruits and vegetables, and serves as the base market for the mountainous cities of Abbottabad and Mansehra and the rest of Hazara Division. The main language spoken in Haripur is Hindko, which is related to languages like Punjabi, Potohari, Gojri, and Urdu. Haripur is famous for its guavas (Urdu: امرود). Khanpur, one of the main areas of Haripur, is known for red blood oranges and khanpur lake.

Several miles to the south of Haripur lies the ancient Buddhist university town of Taxila. To the north is the world's largest rock-filled dam, the Tarbela Dam, the bulwark of Pakistan's power generation and irrigation system. Also to the south lies the picturesque Khanpur Dam, which supplies drinking water to Islamabad and Rawalpindi.

The industrial area of Hattar lies close to Haripur. Another major industrial complex lying at the outskirts of the city is the Telephone Industries of Pakistan (TIP), the biggest telephone factory in Asia.[citation needed] Located next to TIP is the National Radio Telecommunication Corporation (NRTC).

Haripur has a university University of Haripur and campus of Allama Iqbal Open University,[5] and a campus of the Hazara University, Dhodial Mansehra. T & T colony is one of the most planned colony in the area.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. This climate type is found on the eastern sides of the continents between 20° and 35° N and S latitude. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa". (Humid Subtropical Climate).[6]

Climate data for Haripur, Pakistan

Picture of Peoples =

NAVEED NOOR KHAN.jpg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(64)
23
(73)
28
(82)
34
(93)
39
(102)
37
(98)
34
(93)
33
(91)
30
(86)
24
(75)
19
(66)
28
(82.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
4
(39)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 74
(2.9)
104
(4.1)
124
(4.9)
104
(4.1)
74
(2.9)
80
(3)
246
(9.7)
244
(9.6)
97
(3.8)
50
(2)
30
(1.2)
48
(1.9)
1,275
(50.1)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations Joint Logistics Centre (UNJLC). "Detailed Assessment by Ben Wielgosz". Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 55". Dsal.uchicago.edu. 
  3. ^ "Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s Subjugation of North Western Frontier – Kirpal Singh". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-26. 
  4. ^ "Indian Army Mountain Artillery". King-emperor.com. Retrieved 2012-10-26. 
  5. ^ "Allama Iqbal Open University". Aiou.edu.pk. Retrieved 2012-10-26. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary Haripur, Pakistan
  7. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  See Also Khalabat Township
    Khalabat Township, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

    Retrieved on May 8, 2013.