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The headquarters of the taluk is at the municipal town Manjeri. The taluk existed during Colonial rule in India and was a part of the Malabar district under Madras Presidency. In the first decade after independence, large-scale changes in the territorial jurisdiction of this region took place to form new taluks. On 1 January 1957, Tirur taluk was newly formed, taking portions of Eranad taluk and Ponnani taluks. Two more taluks, namely Tirurangadi taluk and Nilambur taluk, were formed later by bifurcating Tirur Taluk and Eranad taluk.
Eranad (from "Erala-nadu", the Land of the Cattles according to William Logan) was originally a province in the Chera Kingdom (9th-12th century AD) ruled by a clan known as the Eradis. They had their provincial capital was at Nediyiruppu, near present day Kondotty. The ruler of the Eralanadu was known as the Eralanadu Utaiyavar, Elar-thiri or Nediyiruppu Mooppan. Manavepala Manaviyan, a Governor of the Eralanadu, signs in the famous Jewish Copper Plate (1000 AD). The Syrian Copper Plate (1225 AD) is also signed by the Eralanadu ruler.
After the fall of the Cheras, the region became an independent political entity. Later, the Eradis expanded their Kingdom to the west and moved their capital to Calicut. The Eradis came to be known as the "Kings of the Oceans" (Samoothiri/Zamorin) in later times.
The region was the centre of the Moplah Uprising of 1921. The armed uprising, an independent move towards british, was brutally eliminated by the Colonial government.
Modern day Eranad taluk comprises 33 villages (sub-divisions):