|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
|• Collector||Mary Kutty IAS|
|• Density||627/km2 (1,620/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KL-PKD|
|Vehicle registration||Palakkad KL-09,Alathur KL-49,Mannarkkad KL-50,Ottappalam KL-51,Pattambi KL-52|
Palakkad District (Malayalam: പാലക്കാട് ജില്ല) is one of the 14 districts of the Indian state of Kerala. The city of Palakkad is the district headquarters. Palakkad is bordered on the northwest by the Malappuram District, on the southwest by the Thrissur District and on the east by Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The district is 24.4% urbanised according to the census of 2011.The district is nicknamed "the granary of Kerala" and "Rice bowl of Kerala".
- 1 Name
- 2 Administration
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Noted Personalities
- 7 Languages
- 8 Transport
- 9 Hospitals
- 10 Festivals
- 11 Schools and Colleges
- 12 Places of interest
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 Satellite Images
- 16 External links
In earlier times, Palakkad was also known as Palakkattussery.
Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats. The total area of the district is 4480 km² which is 11.5% of the state's area. Out of the total area of 4480 km², about 1360 km² of land is covered by forests. Most parts of the district fall in the midland region (elevation 75–250 m), except the Nelliampathy-Parambikulam area in the Chittur taluk in the south and Attappadi-Malampuzha area in the north, which are hilly and fall in the highland region (elevation >250 m).
The climate is pleasant for most part of the year,exception is on the summer months.There is sufficient rainfall and it receives more rainfall than the extreme southern districts of kerala. The district is blessed with many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. A number of dams have been built across these rivers, the largest being Malampuzha dam. The largest in volume capacity is the Parambikulam Dam
||This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (June 2009)|
Taluks of Palakkad District
The district is divided into six taluks.of which Palakkad Taluk is smallest in area but it is more populated.
|Taluk||Population (2011 est.)|
Palakkad District Overview
An official Census 2011 detail of Palakkad, a district of Kerala has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Kerala. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Palakkad District of Kerala.
In 2011, Palakkad had population of 2,809,934 of which male and female were 1,359,478 and 1,450,456 respectively. In 2001 census, Palakkad had a population of 2,617,482 of which males were 1,266,985 and remaining 1,350,497 were females. Palakkad District population constituted 8.41 percent of total Kerala population in the census of 2011. In 2001 census, this figure for Palakkad District was at 8.22 percent of Kerala population.
In the census of 2011 there was change of 7.35 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Palakkad District recorded increase of 9.88 percent to its population compared to 1991.
The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Palakkad district for 2011 is 627 people per km2. In 2001, Palakkad district density was at 584 people per km2. Palakkad district administers 4,482 square kilometers of areas.
Average literacy rate of Palakkad in 2011 were 89.31 compared to 84.35 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 93.10 and 85.79 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 89.52 and 79.56 in Palakkad District. Total literate in Palakkad District were 2,239,492 of which male and female were 1,122,600 and 1,116,892 respectively. In 2001, Palakkad District had 1,938,818 in its district.
With regards to Sex Ratio in Palakkad, it stood at 1067 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 1066. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. In 2011 census, child sex ratio is 967 girls per 1000 boys compared to figure of 963 girls per 1000 boys of 2001 census data.
In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including Palakkad. There were total 302,297 children under age of 0-6 against 318,884 of 2001 census. Of total 302,297 male and female were 153,696 and 148,601 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 967 compared to 963 of census 2001. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 10.76 percent of Palakkad District compared to 12.18 percent of 2001. There was net change of -1.42 percent in this compared to previous census of India.
Out of the total Palakkad population for 2011 census, 24.09 percent lives in urban regions of district. In total 676,810 people lives in urban areas of which males are 328,012 and females are 348,798. Sex Ratio in urban region of Palakkad district is 1063 as per 2011 census data. Similarly child sex ratio in Palakkad district was 959 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 70,405 of which males and females were 35,933 and 34,472. This child population figure of Palakkaddistrict is 10.95 % of total urban population. Average literacy rate in Palakkad district as per census 2011 is 92.45 % of which males and females are 95.43 % and 89.67 % literates respectively. In actual number 560,597 people are literate in urban region of which males and females are 278,745 and 281,852 respectively.
As per 2011 census, 75.91 % population of Palakkad districts lives in rural areas of villages. The total Palakkad district population living in rural areas is 2,133,124 of which males and females are 1,031,466 and 1,101,658 respectively. In rural areas of Palakkad district, sex ratio is 1068 females per 1000 males. If child sex ratio data of Palakkad district is considered, figure is 969 girls per 1000 boys. Child population in the age 0-6 is 231,892 in rural areas of which males were 117,763 and females were 114,129. The child population comprises 11.42 % of total rural population of Palakkad district. Literacy rate in rural areas of Palakkad district is 88.31 % as per census data 2011. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 92.36 and 84.56 percent respectively. In total, 1,678,895 people were literate of which males and females were 843,855 and 835,040 respectively. All details regarding Palakkad District have been processed by us after receiving from Govt. of India. We are not responsible for errors to population census details of Palakkad District.
Urban Agglomerations inside Palakkad District Population Male Female
- Palakkad (Urban Agglomeration) 293,566 143,650 149,916
Cities inside Palakkad District Population Male Female
- Palakkad (Municipality) 131,019 63,833 67,186
Municipalities of Palakkad District
The district includes four municipalities, which each belong to a taluk. The largest city in the district is the Palakkad municipality The municipalities, with population estimates for 2011, are:
- Palakkad urban agglomeration (pop. 293000),
- Palakkad city (pop 131465)
- Shornur (pop. 42022)
- Chittur-Tattamangalam (pop. 31884)
- Ottapalam (pop. 49230)
Kerala Assembly Seats in Palakkad District
|Legislative Constituency||MLA||Representing Party||Front|
|Malampuzha||V. S. Achuthanandan||CPI(M)||LDF|
Sreekrishnapuram, Kuzhalmannam and Kollengode Constituencies have been removed and Kongad, Shoranur, Nemmara and Tarur Constituencies were created during the 2011 General Election, as a result of delimitation for the Kerala Legislative Assembly, increasing the total number of seats coming under Palakkad district to 12.
Members of Parliament
Under the amended Indian Constitution, decentralised planning has been implemented in the state. The headquarters of the District Panchayat is at Palakkad Municipal town. The District Panchayat office building is near the Civil Station.
IIT for Kerala is proposed in the Pudussery west village of Palakkad which is located 10 km east of the Palakkad city,many industries are located in the Kanjikode Industrial Area,which is termed as the second biggest industrial area in Kerala,many central government institutions are located in this area
Palakkad is the first paperless revenue district by computerizing the collectorate, five taluks and 156 village offices. It became the first computerized collectorate in the country implemented under the ‘DC Suit’ system and the first district where all the five taluk offices are computerized under the ‘Taluk Suit’ and connected with the Collectorate.
There are various industries in the district. The Public Sector companies and Instrumentation Limited have plants in Kanjikode, 12 km from Palakkad town. Other large companies are the BPL group, Coca Cola and Pepsi. There is an Industrial Area in Kanjikode with a number of medium industries.
Palakkad is the one of the most agrarian districts in Kerala. Palakkad is particularly known for paddy cultivation. Paddy is cultivated in around 83,998 Hectares in the district and occupies the first position in the production of rice in the state. Palakkad also occupies the first position in the state for the production of groundnut, tamarind, turmeric, tuber, vegetables, pulses, mango, banana, plantain and cotton. Rubber, Coconut, Areca nut, Black pepper etc. are also cultivated extensively like other parts of Kerala.
According to the 2011 census Palakkad district has a population of 2,810,892, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Utah. This gives it a ranking of 138th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 627 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,620/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 7.39%. Palakkad has a sex ratio of 1067 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 89.32%.Palakkad city has a literacy rate of 94.20 %
Malayalam is widely spoken in the region as other parts of Kerala.
- Kunjan Nambiar
- O V Vijayan
- Kuttikrishna Marar
- Vallathol Narayana Menon(Ponnani, Old Palakkad District)
- O M C Narayanan Nambudiripad
- M T Vasudevan Nair
- Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
- Anita Nair
- Mundur Krishnan Kutty
Art, Dance, Drama, Music and Film Personalities
- V T Bhattathiripad (Drama)
- Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar (Carnatic)
- Keezhpadam Kumaran Nair (Kathakali)
- Pallavoor Trinity (Vadhya Kala)
- Palghat Mani Iyer (Mrudangam)
- Njaralathu Rama Poduval (Sopana Sangeetham)
- M G Ramachandran (Cinema-Tamil)
- Unni Menon (Playback Singer)
- A K Lohithadas (Noted scriptwriter, film director)
- Artist Namboothiri(Painter)
- Lal Jose (Film Director)
- Tirur Nambissan (kathakali music)
- Cherpulassery Sivan (Maddalam artist)
- Kongad Vijayan (Thimila artist)
- Pallavoor Appu marar (Mela Pramani)
- Kutty (Cartoonist)
- Vidya Balan (actress)
- Trisha Krishnan (actress)
- Priyamani (actress)
- Shankar Mahadevan (playback singer)
- Madhupal (actor)
- Oduvil Unnikrishnan (actor)
- Raghuvaran (actor)
- Stephen Devassy
- Major Ravi (Film Director)
- Gautham Vasudev Menon (Film Director)
- P. Unnikrishnan (playback singer)
- Swarnalatha (playback singer)
- Ramankutty Nair
- M. S. Viswanathan (music director)
- Govind pathmasoorya (actor,anchor)
Social, Political and Administrative Personalities
- K P Kesava Menon (Idealist,Founder of Mathrubhoomi)
- K P S Menon (International Diplomat)
- Shivshankar Menon (International Diplomat)
- T. N. Seshan (Former Chief Election Commissioner)
- Shashi Tharoor (Under-Secretary General, UN)
- Prakash Karat (Former CPM General Secretary)
- E Sreedharan (Eminent Engineer, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation)
- M K Narayanan (Chief of Indian Intelligence Bureau)
- V P Menon (Senior most Officer of British India Administration)
- Kunhiraman Palat Candeth (Lieutenant General in the Indian Army)
- K Sankaranarayanan (Governor of state)
- Chettoor Sankaran Nair (only keralite as the President of Indian National Congress)
- Mezhathur Vaidyamadom Namboothiri (Aryavaidyan)
- K. Biju, IAS (District Collector, Malappuram)
- Gokul G.R, IAS (Sub Collector, Devikulam)
The official language Malayalam is predominantly and widely spoken in the district, while many people in the district understands English, Hindi and small minority of Tamil speaking Iyers is also in the district.
Palakkad town consists of two railway stations namely Palakkad Town railway station and Palakkad Junction Railway station. Palakkad Junction is an important station on the Southern Railway.The office of the Palakkad Division of the Southern Railway is situated near Palghat Junction Railway Station. The trains coming from Other parts of India are diverted to north and south Kerala from Shoranur Junction in Palakkad District. From here there is train service to Calicut, Ernakulam, Trivandrum, Shoranur and Nilambur. Shoranur Junction also has rail connections to Mangalore and the Konkan Railway, enabling travel towards Goa and Bombay.
Palakkad has a medium grade network of roads. The Salem-Kanyakumari National Highway 47 and the Palakkad-Kozhikode National Highway 213 run through the district. Another important road is the Palakkad – Ponnani road which connects NH 47 and NH 17.
The nearest Airport is at Coimbatore (Coimbatore International Airport) which is 60 km from the City.The Calicut International Airport is 103 kilometers from Palakkad City,and Cochin International Airport is 111 Kilometers from the city, It offers connections to all parts of India and a few international destinations. Air India, SpiceJet, JetLite (now Jet Konnect), Kingfisher Airlines (suspended as of Oct 2012), Goair, Paramount airways, Air Arabia and Air India are the major operators.
||This section possibly contains original research. (April 2014)|
- Kulapully SreeKrishna Temple - Kulapully Music Festival- April/May
- Nenmara Vallanghy Vela
- Kalpathi Ratholsavam
- Chinakkathoor Pooram
- Manappullikavu Vela
- Padur Vela at Sri Ayyappan Temple (Panicknarappan), Padur in the month of February every year.
- Tattamangalam Kuthira Vela
- Kannyar Kali at Vadavannur, Coyalmannam, Puthucode, Kattussery
- Thattamangalam Ayyappan Festival at West Village
- Mannarkkad Pooram
- Pattanchery Kummatty, Karivela, followed by Pavakoothu and Koothabhishekam
- Kodunthirapully Durgashtami & Mahanavami
- Kannyar Kali & Kummatty at Kunissery
- Chittur kavu Konganpada At Chittur Kavu
Navaratri, the festival of nine nights is the most popular festival, celebrated throughout India with varied customs and traditions. Though, this Navaratri Festival is celebrated all over India, different part of it makes a different way of celebration as it symbolizes different things in different regions. They celebrate this festival in a unique way of their own as the people in the Agraharam of Kodunthirapully Palakkad do. Nestling in small beautiful landscape about 3 km west of Palakkad town limit, the Agraharam boasts with the collection of Vaishnavates 'Jaiminiya Samavedi Thalavakara Guru' sakha Tamil Brahmins in about 100 uniform row houses, arranged properly on both sides of the streets facing north and south directions. The Agraharam retain much of their original character and housed only Brahmins. The Agraharam may not attract devotees from far and wide to its precincts daily, yet it has its own unique features which could not be seen any where else. Apart from other usual Agraharam festivals the most important festivals of the Village is Navaratri festival, which is conducted for nine days. It is celebrated once every year during the end of September month and in the beginning of the month of October. It starts from bright fortnight day just after the Mahalayapaksha Ammavasa.
Schools and Colleges
There are a number of schools and colleges, including:
- Government Victoria College was founded in 1866.
- N S S College of Engineering, Palakkad was founded in 1960.
- NSS College,Nemmara was founded in 1966.
- NSS College,Ottapalam
- Government Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram is a technical education institute established in 1999
- Basel Evangelical Mission Higher Secondary School
- Bharatha Matha Higher Secondary School
- Vyasa Vidhya Peethom Central School.
- Kanikkamatha Convent English Medium Girl's higher secondary school.
- SNGS Collage Pattambi
- St. Dominic's Convent English Medium School, Sreekrishnapuram.
- Government College Chittur
- Karuna Self Financing Medical college at Melamuri -Palakkad, Started in 2006
Places of interest
- Palakkad Fort – Situated in the heart of town, this is the most beautiful and best preserved fort in Kerala, recalling many old tales of valour and courage. The Fort, which dates back to 1766, was built by Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1784, after a siege which lasted for eleven days, British Col. William Fullarton (1754–1808) stormed the fort. Later it fell into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in 1790. This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's Fort, after Tipu Sultan the son of Hyder Ali. It is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.
- Malampuzha dam garden – A large irrigation dam on the Bharatapuzha river, on the valley of Western Ghats. There is a beautiful gardens, an amusement park for children and a boating facility on the reservoir.
- Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, sprawling over 285 km²., is 135 km from Palakkad and adjacent to the Indira Gandhi National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. Besides being an abode of elephants, wild boar, sambar, bison, guar, crocodiles, and a few tigers and panthers, it has a rich assortment of semi-tropical plants and trees. Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating can be done at the lake. The Cannimare Teak Tree, which is said to be Asia’s largest, is here near Thunakadavu.
- Silent Valley National Park – A thick rain forest, with many rare species, it has been declared a National Park. It is 80 km. from Palakkad. It is popularly known as the "Evergreen Forest" and noted for its eerie silence because of the lack of cicadas, which are common elsewhere. It is an important biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats and the home of tribal people. The valley is a habitat for the rare Lion-Tailed Macaque. The park is also a protected area for tigers.
- Killikkurussimangalam – The birthplace of Kunchan Nambiar, the great Malayalam satirical poet and creator of the Ottamthullal art form. There is a library dedicated to him in the village. The very famous and old Killikkurussi Siva temple is situated here. The home of abhinaya (acting) authority, Natyacharya Vidushakaratnam Padma Shri Guru Mani Madhava Chakyar (who took Koodiyattam to new heights), is also a special cultural attraction of the village. The Mani Madhava Chakyar Smaraka Gurukulam, a school devoted to the teaching of Koodiyattam, is located at the same site.
- Nelliyampathi – Known as the Ooty of Kerala, about 80 km from Palakkad. It is a hill station in the forest between a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of dark evergreen forests
- Sholayar – Highest peak in the district, with coffee and tea plantations.
- Attappady – About 38 km. northeast of Mannarkkad. It is a place of great interest to anthropologists, as many Irulas and Mudugars live here. These Adivasis worship the mountain peak Malleswaran as a gigantic Shiva Lingam. This peak and the River Bhavani are of great mythological significance to the tribes.
- Pothundi Dam - It is the second earth dam (Dam built using mud, not using cement) in India. This dam is in the valley of Nelliyampathy hills. There is a beautiful garden and the view of nelliyampathy hills are interesting.
- Walayar Dam – It is around 25 km from Palakkad town, on the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is an easily accessible location. There is also a deer park located 3 km from Walayar.
- Chulanur – A peacock sanctuary.
- Sholayar Forest – Highest peak in the district, with coffee and tea plantations and Sholayar dam bordering Valparai and Athirapally Waterfalls near Chalakkudy.
- Dhoni – A reserve forest area about 15 km. from Palakkad. This forest has many interesting sights including a small but splendid waterfall. The site can be reached after a fairly long climb of three hours from the base of the Dhoni hills.
- Jainimedu Jain temple of Jainimedu – Situated on the western border of Palakkad town, not far from the Railway station, is a historic Jain temple. The place around the temple is known as Jainimedu. This is one of the few places in Kerala where the vestiges of Jainism in Kerala have survived. The granite walls are devoid of decoration. The 32 × 20 ft. temple consists of four divisions with images of tirthankaras and yakshinis in three of them. Kumaran Asan wrote his monumental poem Veena Poovu "The Fallen Flower" at a house here during a brief stay with his master Narayana Guru.
- Meenvallam Water Falls. Situated near Kalladikode is a famous water fall. Water fall is divided in to number of smaller ones on top of other.It was a famous Hiking destination before the Hydro electric power Station proposed.
- Nenmara Vallanghy Vela
- Palakkad Fort
- Malampuzha Dam
- Silent Valley National Park
- Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kalpathi Ratholsavam
- List of districts in Kerala
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "‘Rice bowl’ will loose 30,000 hectares if conversion legalised". The Hindu. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "Ittipangi Achan passes away". The New Indian Express. 2011-07-31. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Fact sheet on Indian dams at Diehardindian.com
- "*** Official WebSite Of Palakkad District ***". Palakkad.nic.in. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
- ITI Limited
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Ottapalam Welfare Trust". Owelt.org.in. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "Thangam PMRC Hospital Palakkad Kerala". Thangampmrc.com. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "It works!!". Ahaliafoundationeyehospital.org. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "lakshmihospitalpalakkad.com". lakshmihospitalpalakkad.com. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
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||Malappuram district||Nilgiris district, Coimbatore Tamil Nadu|
|Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu|
|Thrissur district||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu|