Fort Pierce, Florida

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Fort Pierce, Florida
City
Nickname(s): Sunrise City, Port Fierce, The Fort
Location in St. Lucie County and the state of Florida
Location in St. Lucie County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 27°26′20″N 80°20′8″W / 27.43889°N 80.33556°W / 27.43889; -80.33556Coordinates: 27°26′20″N 80°20′8″W / 27.43889°N 80.33556°W / 27.43889; -80.33556
Country United States
State Florida
County St. Lucie
Area
 • Total 20.7 sq mi (53.8 km2)
 • Land 14.7 sq mi (38.2 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (15.6 km2)
Elevation 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 41,590
 • Estimate (2013)[2] 43,074
 • Density 2,544.9/sq mi (982.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 12-24300
GNIS feature ID 0307964[3]
Website City of Fort Pierce

Fort Pierce is a city in and the county seat of St. Lucie County, Florida, United States.[4] It is also known as the Sunrise City, sister to San Francisco, California, the Sunset City. The population was 41,590 at the 2010 census. As of 2012, the population recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau was 42,645.[5] In 2000, Fort Pierce was rated the highest in the United States for having the worst crime rate based on city size and population.[6] According to the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Uniform Crime Report (UCR), Fort Pierce's overall crime rate has dropped 63% since 1985, and the violent crime rate has dropped 70% since 1997.[7]

Fort Pierce was awarded the 2005 City of Excellence Award by the Florida League of Cities for overall excellence in city government and in 2011, Main Street Fort Pierce, Inc. received the Great American Main Street Award from the National Trust for Historic Preservation in downtown.[8]

During the city's centennial celebration, a time capsule was installed in the lobby of the city hall. This time capsule has an attractive sculpture atop of it.

Geography[edit]

Fort Pierce is located at 27°26′20″N 80°20′8″W / 27.43889°N 80.33556°W / 27.43889; -80.33556 (27.438817, -80.335471).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.8 mi² (53.8 km²), of which 14.7 square miles (38.2 km²) is land and 6.0 square miles (15.6 km²) of it (35.00%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,333
1920 2,115 58.7%
1930 4,803 127.1%
1940 8,040 67.4%
1950 13,502 67.9%
1960 25,256 87.1%
1970 29,721 17.7%
1980 33,802 13.7%
1990 36,830 9.0%
2000 37,516 1.9%
2010 41,590 10.9%
Est. 2013 43,074 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2010, there were 41,852 people, 15,170 households, and 9,418 families residing in the city.[11] The population density was 2,021.9 people per square mile (982.7/km²).[5] There were 17,170 housing units at an average density of 1,164.7/sq mi (449.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 40.9% African American, 45.3% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 21.6% of the population.[5]

There were 15,170 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.50.[11]

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 20 to 24, 13.3% from 25 to 34, 13.0% from 45 to 54, 9.8% from 55 to 64 and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older.[11] The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,869, and the median income for a family was $36,337. Males had a median income of $32,412 versus $26,349 for females.[11] The per capita income for the city was $16,782. 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line.[5]

Government[edit]

The city of Fort Pierce has a mayor-council form of local government. The offices of commissioner and mayor are nonpartisan, and have a term of four years.

Ecology[edit]

The Experimental Oculina Research Reserve preserves the Oculina Banks, a reef of ivory bush coral (Oculina varicosa) off the coast of Fort Pierce, Florida. In 1984, a 92 square-nautical-mile (316 km²) portion of these reefs was designated the "Oculina Habitat Area of Particular Concern". In 1994, the area was closed to all manner of bottom fishing and was redesignated as a research reserve. In 2000, the marine protected area was expanded to 300 square nautical miles (1,030 km²) and prohibited all gears that caused mechanical disruption to the habitat. The city is also known for its large manatee population.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Ft. Pierce is generally a humid subtropical climate, although it closely borders a tropical savanna climate. Summertime temperatures range between 80 and 100 degrees F. Temperatures in the winter range between 55 and 80 degrees F, although some winter days can drop down below 40 degrees, but rarely fall below freezing.

Due to the devastation caused at the Ft Pierce City Marina by hurricanes Frances and Jeanne in 2004, FEMA mandated a plan to ensure that the rebuilt facility would be protected from future such events before FEMA would release funding for the repairs. Starting in 2012, construction began to create 12 artificial barrier islands including oyster beds, lime rock artificial reefs, mangrove fringes and coastal dune. The "core" of the islands was constructed of geotextile tubes (sometimes referred to as geotubes) manufactured by Flint and covered by a coastal marine mattress and then armor stone. The project was completed in 2013 after 6 years of planning, permitting and construction and a cost of $18 million.

Transportation[edit]

Fort Pierce is served by the St. Lucie Transportation Planning Organization (TPO).[12] The TPO is a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), a federally mandated and federally funded transportation policy-making organization responsible for transportation planning, programming, and financing of State and Federal Transportation Funds for the City of Fort Pierce. The TPO is governed by a TPO Board, which is composed of elected officials, representatives from the St. Lucie County School Board, and representatives from Community Transit, a division of The Council on Aging of St. Lucie, Inc.[13] The original bus system started out as a demand response service bus in the 1990s, it only served St. Lucie County. Soon it expanded to a fixed route system, going to predetermined locations along a route. On June 3, 2002, the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) approved funding, expanding the bus service to Martin County, and became the Treasure Coast Connector.[14][15]

Amtrak and the Florida East Coast Railway have been planning to make stations along Florida's East Coast. The cities talked about include: Stuart, Fort Pierce, Vero Beach, Melbourne, Titusville, Cocoa, Daytona Beach and St. Augustine, Florida.

Education[edit]

Public high schools in the city include Fort Pierce Central High School, Fort Pierce Westwood High School and Lincoln Park Academy. Private schools include John Carroll Catholic High School and Faith Baptist School. Private middle schools inside city limits include Saint Andrew's Academy and Saint Anastasia Middle School.

Indian River State College is also located in Fort Pierce.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Zora Neale Hurston's House

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b c d http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/1224300.html
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Fort Pierce Police Department". Fort Pierce Police Department. 
  8. ^ "City of Fort Pierce". 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk
  12. ^ "Transportation Planning Organization - Homepage". Stlucietpo.org. 2011-02-02. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  13. ^ "Our Services > Transportation". COASL. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Home". Treasure Coast Connector. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  15. ^ http://treasurecoastconnector.com/services/
  16. ^ "Art Mundo". 
  17. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  18. ^ "St. Lucie County". 
  19. ^ "Main Street Fort Pierce". Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  20. ^ "Fort Pierce Tourist Attractions". PlanetWare. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  21. ^ "Manatee Observation and Education Center". Manateecenter.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  22. ^ "Smithsonian Marine Ecosystems Exhibit: Smithsonian Marine Station (SMS) at Fort Pierce". Sms.si.edu. 2007-02-06. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  23. ^ "St Lucie County Florida Online || St. Lucie County Marine Center". Stlucieco.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  24. ^ "St Lucie County Florida Online || Regional History Center". Stlucieco.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  25. ^ "Sunrise Theatre". 
  26. ^ "Rick Ankiel Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  27. ^ "A.E. Backus Museum". 
  28. ^ "Edwin Binney" Retrieved on 2009-03-12
  29. ^ "Jeffrey Leon Blackshear". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Jeffrey Leon Blackshear". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Yamon Figurs". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  32. ^ Fox, Margalit. "John Houghtaling, Inventor of Magic Fingers Vibrating Bed, Dies at 92", The New York Times, June 19, 2009. Accessed June 20, 2009.
  33. ^ "Zora Neale Hurston". 
  34. ^ "Charles Johnson Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Florida Governor Daniel Thomas McCarty". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Terry McGriff Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Ryan Darrell McNeil". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Wonder Monds". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  39. ^ "Larry Sandersl". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  40. ^ "Jeff Schwarz Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  41. ^ Gary Stewart (singer)

External links[edit]