H. D. Kumaraswamy

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H.D. Kumaraswamy
Kumaraswamy.jpg
Kumaraswamy in 2006
18th Chief Minister of Karnataka
In office
3 February 2006 – 9 October 2007
Preceded by Dharam Singh
Succeeded by B.S. Yeddyurappa
Constituency Ramanagara
Personal details
Born (1957-12-16) 16 December 1957 (age 56)
Haradanahalli, Karnataka, India
Political party Janata Dal (Secular)
Spouse(s) Anitha Kumaraswamy
Children Nikhil Gowda(son)
Shamika(daughter)
Residence Bangalore
Profession Agriculturist, businessman, Movie Producer, politician and social worker
Religion Hinduism
As of Dec, 2011
Source: [1]

H. D. Kumaraswamy (born 16 December 1957) is an Indian politician who was the 18th Chief Minister of Karnataka, a state in southern India. His father is the former Prime Minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda. Popularly known as "KumarAnna" (Kumar, the name and "anna" in Kannada means "elder brother") among his friends and followers, was a noted film producer, distributor and exhibitor in the Kannada film industry. He is a former state president for Karnataka of the Janata Dal (Secular) political party. In 2013 he resigned from the Lok Sabha after winning election to the Karnataka Assembly where his party emerged as the second largest in terms of vote share percentage, he was selected as the opposition leader.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Kumaraswamy was born in Haradanahalli, Holenarasipura Taluk, Hassan District, Karnataka to H. D. Deve Gowda and Chennamma.

He finished his high school studies in Bangalore's MES Educational Institution in Jayanagar. He completed his PUC from Vijaya College and earned his Bsc from National College in Jayanagar, Bangalore. He married Anita on 13 March 1986, at Palace Grounds, Bangalore. He has a son, Nikhil Gowda with Anitha Kumaraswamy. It is also alleged that he has married actress Radhika and has a daughter Shamika kumaraswamy from the relationship.[2]

Film career[edit]

Though H.D. Kumaraswamy was the son of H. D. Deve Gowda, a politician in Karnataka and former Prime Minister of India, he was not interested in politics initially. He was very much into film-making and film distribution. He has produced several successful Kannada films. Among which, the film Chandra Chakori was a huge hit, credited with 365 days run in theatres. He is a great fan of Kannada actor thespian Dr Rajkumar, and that attracted him into the film industry. In an interview he has admitted that in his college days, he used to wear clothes which Dr. Rajkumar wore in the movies, especially similar pants.

Political Career[edit]

He entered politics by winning the Kanakapura (Bangalore Rural District) Lok Sabha seat in 1996. He sought re-election from Kanakapura in 1998 and lost. He again contested unsuccessfully for a Sathanur assembly seat in 1999. In 2004, he was elected to represent the Ramanagara assembly segment. When the 2004 state elections resulted in a hung assembly with no party getting enough seats to form a government, the Indian National Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) (JD(S)) parties decided to come together and form a coalition government. Known for his adaptability and friendly nature, Dharam Singh of the Congress was the unanimous choice of both parties to head the government.[3] He was sworn in as Chief Minister on 28 May 2004.[4] Forty-two MLAs of Janata Dal (Secular) under Kumaraswamy's leadership left the coalition and the government collapsed. On 28 January 2006, Karnataka Governor T. N. Chaturvedi invited Kumaraswamy to form the government in the state after the resignation of the Congress Government led by Dharam Singh.

He was Chief Minister of Karnataka, from 4 February 2006 to 9 October 2007. On 27 September 2007, Kumaraswamy said that he would leave office on 3 October as part of a power-sharing agreement between the Janata Dal (Secular) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), despite the calls of some legislators in the JD(S) for him to remain in office for the time being, due to complications in arranging the transfer of power.[5] However, on 4 October 2007, he refused to transfer power to BJP.[6] Finally on 8 October 2007, he tendered his resignation to Governor Rameshwar Thakur, and the state was put under President's rule two days later.[7] However, he reconciled later and decided to offer support to the BJP. BJP's B. S. Yeddyurappa was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on 12 November 2007.

After the untimely demise of Karnataka state JD(S) President Merajuddin Patel, he was elected unopposed as President of the state unit.[8]

However after the by-election results of Bangalore Rural Lok Sabha constituency and Mandya[9] in which his party candidates lost, he resigned from the post of President of the Janata Dal (Secular) State unit, and as leader of the opposition.[10] However party cadre succeeded in convincing him not to quit as leader of opposition in the Karnataka Assembly.[1]

In September 2013, A. Krishnappa was selected as Janata Dal-Secular's president for Karnataka, filling the vacancy left by Kumaraswamy.[11]

Positions held[edit]

Second Marriage scandal[edit]

While he was still the CM of Karnataka, Kumaraswamy shocked everybody by travelling abroad with Kannada actress Radhika for a holiday.[14][15] Besides the holiday in Mauritius, there were unconfirmed reports in the media about the two spending time together at various hill stations in Karnataka.[14][15]

In November 2010, actress Radhika revealed that she was married to H. D. Kumaraswamy.[16][17] A public interest litigation was filed, by Bangalore-based advocate Shashidhar Belagumbe, seeking the disqualification of the JD(S) Ramanagara MP for violating the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, stating that the second marriage amounts to bigamy, which is in violation of the law and is illegal under Section 494 of the IPC and that any violation prescribes punishment of up to seven years and a fine.[14][15] As proof of Kumaraswamy's 'affair' with Radhika, the petitioner submitted newspaper reports quoting the actor as having married the former CM and photographs of Kumaraswamy and Radhika together with the child.[14][18]
Later the Karnataka High Court dismissed the writ petition on 9 April 2012.[19]

According to Radhika, she married Kumaraswamy in 2006.[17][20] Radhika's daughter's name is Shamika K. Swamy and after the child was born, Kumaraswamy took part in the birthday celebrations and the event's pictures were released by Radhika.[14][17] It is also alleged that he bought a TV channel for her.[21] Radhika has made a comeback into the movie industry.[2][15] The Lokayukta had demanded Kumaraswamy that all assets and liabilities in Radhika's name should be made public.[2][15] Kumaraswamy and his family, including his father and former Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda, have maintained strict silence on the issue.[14][15][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kumaraswamy still Leader of Opposition in Assembly". The Hindu. 30 August 2013. Archived from the original on 31 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Dev, Vanu (2 April 2012). "Former Karnataka CM is all in a fix over his 'other half'". India Today. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Dharam Singh chosen leader of CLP". The Times of India. 24 May 2004. 
  4. ^ "Dharam Singh, Siddaramaiah sworn in". The Hindu. 29 May 2004. 
  5. ^ "Kumaraswamy says he will quit on Oct. 3", PTI (The Hindu), 27 September 2007.
  6. ^ M, Anil Kumar (17 October 2011). "October effect haunts BS Yeddyurappa". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "Karnataka under President Rule". Financial Express. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Kumaraswamy elected JDS Legislature party leader". The Deccan Herald. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Satish, D. P. (24 August 2013). "Congress wins Karnataka by-polls by heavy margin". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Shankar, Vijay (24 August 2013). "Kumaraswamy resigns as assembly Oppn leader and JD(S) state prez". One India News. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "A. Krishnappa elected State JD(S) president". The Hindu. 12 September 2013. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha): Detailed Profile: Shri H.D. Kumaraswamy". Government of India. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Fifteenth Lok Sabha Members: Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 28 July 2009. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Gowda, Aravind. "Kumaraswamy in trouble". India Today. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f Dev, Vanu (1 April 2012). "Former Karnataka CM is all in a fix over his 'other half'". Mail Online India. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  16. ^ "Radhika breaks her silence". Sify Movies. 23 November 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c d "I'm Mrs Kumaraswamy: Radhika". The Times of India. 21 November 2010. 
  18. ^ "Photos to prove Radhika, Kumarswamy Marriage?". ICARE Live. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "HC dismisses petition on bigamy against HD Kumaraswamy". DNAINDIA. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  20. ^ http://www.supergoodmovies.com/34999/sandalwood/radhika-kumarswamy-goes-open-on-her-connections-news-details
  21. ^ "Kumaraswamy buys TV news channel for 'sweetheart' Radhika". Yahoo! India News. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Dharam Singh
Chief Minister of Karnataka
03-Feb-2006–09-Oct-2007
Succeeded by
B. S. Yeddyurappa