Hualien City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hualien
花蓮市
County-controlled city
Hualien Station
Hualien Station
Nickname(s): Huashi (花市)
Hualien City
Hualien City
Hualien is located in Taiwan
Hualien
Hualien
Location in Taiwan
Coordinates: 23°58′20″N 121°36′23″E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639Coordinates: 23°58′20″N 121°36′23″E / 23.97222°N 121.60639°E / 23.97222; 121.60639
Country  Republic of China
County Hualien County
Government
 • Type County-controlled city
 • Mayor Tien Chih-hsuan (田智宣)
Area
 • Total 29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 107,256
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Post code 970
Subdivision 45 Boroughs[1]
Website www.hualien.gov.tw
Hualien City office

Hualien, officially known as Hualien City (Chinese: 花蓮市; pinyin: Huāliánshì; Wade–Giles: Hua-lien shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-liân-chhī), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 107,256 inhabitants.[2]

History[edit]

Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was known as Kilai (Chinese: 奇萊; pinyin: Jīlái; Wade–Giles: Chi-lai; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi; hiragana: きらい) until the early twentieth century. After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change this, as Kilai (Kirai in Japanese Romaji) is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い). The name was eventually modified to Karen (花蓮; かれん). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang from the Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling for Karen (花蓮) and, via Chinese romanization, made Hualien the official city name. This name has been retained since Taiwan's transition to pluralistic democracy in the 1990s.

The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan. Settlements in the area remained small by the time the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) made Taiwan a territory of Japan. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua and Guoan Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港). Around 1923 it was extended to Aolang Port (鯉浪港), today known as New Port (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages.

In 1945, Taiwan was handed over from Japan to the Republic of China under Kuomintang government. In 1946 the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien a county-controlled city, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).

Subdivisions[edit]

The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)

  1. The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minle (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
  2. The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
  3. The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
  4. The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
  5. The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
  6. The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)

The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.

Transportation[edit]

Demographics[edit]

The major aboriginal tribes that reside in Hualien include the Ami, Atayal, and Bunun.[3]

Climate[edit]

Hualien has a Koppen humid subtropical climate that borders on a tropical rainforest climate

Summer temperature: 25–32 °C (77–90 °F)
Winter temperature: 15–22 °C (59–72 °F)
Average annual temperature: 24 °C (75 °F)
Average Precipitation: approximately 2000 mm
Typhoon Season: June to September, sometimes in May and October.

Climate data for Hualien
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
21.5
(70.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26
(78.8)
28.5
(83.3)
30.4
(86.7)
32
(89.6)
32
(89.6)
30.4
(86.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.4
(77.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.78
(80.21)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.1
(80.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.8
(80.2)
24.8
(76.6)
22.2
(72)
19.3
(66.7)
23.44
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.9
(60.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20
(68)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24
(75.2)
22
(71.6)
19.5
(67.1)
16.7
(62.1)
20.69
(69.24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71.91
(2.831)
99.9
(3.933)
86.59
(3.409)
96.09
(3.783)
195
(7.677)
219.61
(8.646)
177.3
(6.98)
260.6
(10.26)
344.3
(13.555)
367.41
(14.465)
170.61
(6.717)
67.69
(2.665)
2,157.01
(84.921)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Government institutions[edit]

Education[edit]

There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools, 37 churches and 31 temples.

Medical care[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hualien.gov.tw/english/report.aspx?v=B073F9013E8A5197
  2. ^ http://www.hualien.gov.tw/english/pages.aspx?v=D3C5BBCF8E60CF3D
  3. ^ Stanisław Kałużyński, ed. (1996). Przegląd orientalistyczny (Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne). 177-184: 202. ISSN 0033-2283. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hualien, Taiwan". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]