|Nickname(s): Huashi (花市)|
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Type||County-controlled city|
|• Mayor||Tien Chih-hsuan (田智宣）|
|• Total||29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
Hualien City (Chinese: 花蓮市; pinyin: Huāliánshì; Wade–Giles: Hua-lien shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-liân-chhī), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 107,256 inhabitants.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Subdivisions
- 4 Government institutions
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Climate
- 7 Education
- 8 Industries
- 9 Medical care
- 10 Tourist attractions
- 11 Transportation
- 12 Notable natives
- 13 Gallery
- 14 Sister cities
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was called "Kiray" (Chinese: 奇萊; pinyin: Jīlái; Wade–Giles: Chi-lai; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi; hiragana: きらい) until the early twentieth century. This name refers to the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement.
After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change the name because "Kiray" is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い). The name was eventually changed to Karenkō (花蓮港). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang-led Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling but shortened the name to just Karen (花蓮). Via Chinese romanization, Hualien is the official city name and has been retained since Taiwan's transition to pluralistic democracy in the 1990s.
The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan.
Empire of Japan
Settlements in the area remained small by the time the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) made Taiwan a territory of Japan. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua and Guoan Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港). In 1920, Karenkō Town (花蓮港街) was established, and around 1923 it was extended to Aolang Port (鯉浪港), today known as New Port (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1940, the town was upgraded to Karenkō City, Karenkō Prefecture.
Republic of China
On 25 October 1945, Taiwan was handed over from Japan to the Republic of China under Kuomintang government. In January 1946, the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien City (花蓮市) a county-controlled city of Hualien County and to be the county seat, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).
The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)
- The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minle (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
- The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
- The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
- The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
- The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
- The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)
The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.
Hualien City has 9,000 aboriginal people, making it the city with the largest aboriginal population in Taiwan. The majority of the aborigines that reside in Hualien include the Ami, Atayal, and Bunun. Hualien City is also the most densely populated area in Hualien county.
Summer temperature: 25–32 °C (77–90 °F)
Winter temperature: 15–22 °C (59–72 °F)
Average annual temperature: 24 °C (75 °F)
Average Precipitation: approximately 2000 mm
Typhoon Season: June to September, sometimes in May and October.
|Climate data for Hualien|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.0
|Average low °C (°F)||15.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||71.91
|Source: Weatherbase |
There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools, 37 churches and 31 temples.
Hualien City is the center of politics, economy and transportation of Hualien County. Hualien City is the center of import and export trading due to its strategic location within the county and its proximity to airport and major harbor. It also has rich tourism industries, ranging from tourist objects, accommodations etc. One of its ingenious industry is the local stone art cultural industry.
- Hualien Tzu Chi Medical Center (First Medical Center in Eastern Taiwan)
- Mennonite Christian Hospital
- Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Execusive Yuan
- North Beach Park (Beibing Park)
- South Beach Park and Night Market (Nanbing Park)
- Tzu Chiang Night Market
- Meilun Mountain Park
- Hualien Fish Market
- Pine Garden
- Old Railroad Cultural Shopping Street
- Rock Street
- Ciji Sing Ji Hall (Meditation Hall) of the Tzu Chi Foundation
- Hiking and River Tracing Trips around Hualien City
Still Thought's Hall (Jingsi Hall) of Tzu chi Foundation
- Ulsan, South Korea (1982)
- Yonaguni, Okinawa, Japan (1982)
- Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA (1983)
- Bellevue, Washington, USA (1984)
- Oudtshoorn, South Africa (1985)
- Takachiho, Miyazaki, Japan (2005)
- Santa Maria, Laguna, Philippines (2006)
- Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands, USA (2007)
- "撒奇萊雅族_認識本族". TAIWAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CULTURE PARK. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- Stanisław Kałużyński, ed. (1996). Przegląd orientalistyczny (Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne). 177-184: 202. ISSN 0033-2283.
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hualien, Taiwan". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
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