|Hualien City · 花蓮市|
|Nickname(s): Huashi (花市)|
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Type||County-controlled city|
|• Mayor||Tien Chih-hsuan (田智宣）|
|• Total||29.41 km2 (11.36 sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
Hualien, officially known as Hualien City (Chinese: 花蓮市; pinyin: Huāliánshì; Wade–Giles: Hua-lien shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-liân-chhī), is the county seat of Hualien County, Taiwan. It is located on the east coast of Taiwan on the Pacific Ocean, and has a population of 101,000 inhabitants.
Hualien County annals (花蓮縣志) record that the city was known as Kilai (Chinese: 奇萊; pinyin: Jīlái; Wade–Giles: Chi-lai; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi; hiragana: きらい) until the early twentieth century. After Taiwan came under Japanese rule in 1895 its governors sought to change this, as Kilai (Kirai in Japanese Romaji) is pronounced the same as the Japanese word for "dislike" (嫌い). The name was eventually modified to Karen (花蓮; かれん). After World War II the incoming Kuomintang from the Republic of China retained the Kanji spelling for Karen (花蓮) and, via Chinese romanization, made Hualien the official city name. This name has been retained since Taiwan's transition to pluralistic democracy in the 1990s.
The Spaniards built mines for gold in Hualien in 1622. Permanent settlements began in 1851, when 2,200 Han Chinese farmers led by Huang A-fong (黃阿鳳) from Taipei arrived at Fengchuan (now the area near Hualien Rear Station). In 1875, more farmers, led by Lin Cang-an (林蒼安) from Yilan, settled at Fengchuan. Settlements in the area remained small by the time the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) made Taiwan a territory of Japan. The city was expanded circa 1912 by its Japanese governors to incorporate Guohua and Guoan Villages, a region later known as Old New Port (舊新港). Around 1923 it was extended to Aolang Port (鯉浪港), today known as New Port (新港), including the Guowei and Guoji Villages. In 1946 the incoming Kuomintang designated Hualien a county-controlled city, an administrative structure that has remained in place since Taiwan's transition to democracy (1990-1996).
The 45 villages (里) of the city are divided into six village unions (聯合里): (in Hanyu Pinyin)
- The first union: Minyun (民運), Minle (民樂), Minxiang (民享), Minyi (民意), Minxin (民心), Minli (民立), Minle (民德), Minzheng (民政), Minqin (民勤), Minxiao (民孝)
- The second union: Minsheng (民生), Minquan (民權), Minzu (民族), Minyou (民有), Minzhu (民主), Minzhi (民治)
- The third union: Zhuji (主計), Zhuyi (主義), Zhuxin (主信), Zhuqin (主勤), Zhushang (主商), Zhugong (主工)
- The fourth union: Zhuxue (主學), Zhuquan (主權), Zhunong (主農), Zhuhe (主和), Zhuli (主力), Zhu'an (主安), Zhumu (主睦)
- The fifth union: Guofeng (國風), Guofang (國防), Guozhi (國治), Guoguang (國光), Guohun (國魂), Guo'an (國安), Guowei (國威), Guohua (國華), Guolian (國聯), Guosheng (國盛)
- The sixth union: Guofu (國富), Guoyu (國裕), Guoqing (國慶), Guoqiang (國強), Guofu (國福), Guoxing (國興)
The newest villages from 2002 are Guosheng, Guoxing, Minxiao, and Minzhu.
- Hualien Airport
- Hualien Station, TRA North-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line
- Provincial Highway No. 9
- Provincial Highway No. 11
- County Road No.193
- Port of Hualien
Summer temperature: 25–32 °C (77–90 °F)
Winter temperature: 15–21 °C (59–70 °F)
Average annual temperature: 24 °C (75 °F)
Average Precipitation: approximately 2000 mm
Typhoon Season: June to September, sometimes in May and October.
|Climate data for Hualien|
|Average high °C (°F)||21.1
|Average low °C (°F)||15.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||71.91
|Source: Weatherbase |
There are 3 universities, 12 senior high schools, 4 junior high schools, 16 elementary schools, 37 churches and 31 temples.
- Hualien Tzu Chi Medical Center (First Medical Center in Eastern Taiwan)
- Mennonite Christian Hospital
- Hualien Hospital, Department of Health, Execusive Yuan
- Chishingtan Coast Scenic Area
- North Beach Park (Beibing Park)
- South Beach Park and Night Market (Nanbing Park)
- Tzu Chiang Night Market
- Meilun Mountain Park
- Hualien Fish Market
- Pine Garden
- Old Railroad Cultural Shopping Street
- Rock Street
- Ciji Sing Ji Hall (Meditation Hall) of the Tzu Chi Foundation
- Hiking and River Tracing Trips around Hualien City
Qixingtan Bay with the Central Mountain Range in the background.
Still Thought's Hall (Jingsi Hall) of Tzu chi Foundation
- Ulsan, South Korea (1982)
- Yonaguni, Okinawa, Japan (1982)
- Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA (1983)
- Bellevue, Washington, USA (1984)
- Oudtshoorn, South Africa (1985)
- Takachiho, Miyazaki, Japan (2005)
- Santa Maria, Laguna, Philippines (2006)
- Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands, USA
- Stanisław Kałużyński, ed. (1996). Przegląd orientalistyczny (Warszawa: Polskie Towarzystwo Oreintalistyczne). 177-184: 202. ISSN 0033-2283.
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hualien, Taiwan". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
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