List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia

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Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
Former political post
Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg
First officeholder Karel Kramář
Last officeholder Jan Stráský
Official residence Kramářova Vila
Appointer The President
Office began 14 November 1918
Office ended 31 December 1992

The Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia was the head of government of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic in 1992.

In periods when the post of the President of Czechoslovakia was vacant, some presidential duties were carried out by the Prime Minister. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions do not define anything like a post of acting president.

There are currently three living former Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia--Lubomír Štrougal, Marián Čalfa and Jan Stráský.

Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia (1918–1992)[edit]

      National Democratic Party       Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party       Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People       Czechoslovak Socialist Party       Communist Party of Czechoslovakia       Civic Democratic Party       Independent

# Portrait Name Born-Died Ethnicity Assumed office Left office Political Party
(1918–1938)
1 Karel Kramář.jpg Karel Kramář 1860–1937 Czech 14 November 1918 8 July 1919 National Democratic Party
2 Vlastimil Tusar.jpg Vlastimil Tusar 1880–1924 Czech 8 July 1919 15 September 1920 Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party
3 Jan Černý.jpg Jan Černý 1874–1959 Czech 15 September 1920 26 September 1921 Independent
4 Edvard Beneš.jpg Edvard Beneš 1884–1948 Czech 26 September 1921 7 October 1922 Czechoslovak Socialist Party
5 Svehla antonin.jpg Antonín Švehla 1873–1933 Czech 7 October 1922 18 March 1926 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People / Pětka
6 Jan Černý.jpg Jan Černý 1874–1959 Czech 18 March 1926 12 October 1926 Independent
7 Svehla antonin.jpg Antonín Švehla 1873–1933 Czech 12 October 1926 1 February 1929 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People / Pětka
8 František Udržal.jpg František Udržal 1866–1938 Czech 1 February 1929 24 October 1932 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People
9 Jan Malypetr.jpg Jan Malypetr 1873–1947 Czech 24 October 1932 5 November 1935 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People
10 Hodza.jpg Milan Hodža 1878–1944 Slovak 5 November 1935 22 September 1938 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People
(1938–1939)
11 JAN SYROVÝ.jpg Jan Syrový 1888–1970 Czech 22 September 1938 1 December 1938 Independent
12 R. Beran.JPG Rudolf Beran 1887–1954 Czech 1 December 1938 15 March 1939 Republican Party of Agricultural and Smallholder People / Party of National Unity
(1939–1945)
Bohemia Moravia Greater Arms 1939-1945.svg Alois Eliáš became Prime Minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de iure autonomous region incorporated into Nazi Germany.[1][2]
Czechoslovakia COA small 2.svg Jan Šrámek became Prime Minister within the Czechoslovak government-in-exile, recognized as the only legitimate Czechoslovak Government during the Second World War.
Coat of Arms of the First Slovak Republic.svg Vojtech Tuka became Prime Minister of the quasi-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak Republic.
Karptska Ukraina COA.svg Julian Révaý became Prime Minister of the Carpatho-Ukraine few days before occupation by the Kingdom of Hungary.
(1945–1948)
13 Zdeněk Fierlinger 1932.jpg Zdeněk Fierlinger 1891–1976 Czech 5 April 1945 2 July 1946 Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party
14 Gottwald (EKI) - cropped.jpg Klement Gottwald 1896–1953 Czech 2 July 1946 15 June 1948 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(1948–1989)
Official names: Czechoslovak Republic (1948–1960), Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960–1990)
15 Antonín Zápotocký.JPG Antonín Zápotocký 1884–1957 Czech 15 June 1948 14 March 1953 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
16 Czechoslovakia COA small 2.svg Viliam Široký 1902–1971 Slovak 14 March 1953 20 September 1963 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
17 Czechoslovakia COA 1961-1989.svg Jozef Lenárt 1923–2004 Slovak 20 September 1963 8 April 1968 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
18 (Zari68)Oldrich Cernik.jpg Oldřich Černík 1921–1994 Czech 8 April 1968 28 January 1970 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
19 Lubomír Štrougal - P1059081.jpg Lubomír Štrougal 1924– Czech 28 January 1970 12 October 1988 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
20 Czechoslovakia COA 1961-1989.svg Ladislav Adamec 1926–2007 Czech 12 October 1988 7 December 1989 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(1989–1992)
21 Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg Marián Čalfa 1946– Slovak 7 December 1989 2 July 1992 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia / Public Against Violence / Civic Democratic Union
22 Coat of arms of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.svg Jan Stráský 1940– Czech 2 July 1992 31 December 1992 Civic Democratic Party

Timeline[edit]

Jan Stráský Marián Čalfa Ladislav Adamec Lubomír Štrougal Oldřich Černík Jozef Lenárt Viliam Široký Antonín Zápotocký Klement Gottwald Zdeněk Fierlinger Rudolf Beran Jan Syrový Milan Hodža Jan Malypetr František Udržal Antonín Švehla Jan Černý Antonín Švehla Edvard Beneš Jan Černý Vlastimil Tusar Karel Kramář

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rare 1943 Third Reich facts booklet
  2. ^ heavily illustrated rare big original 1943 Nazi book on Eastern Europe and Asia

See also[edit]