Lucky Stores

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Lucky Stores
Type Subsidiary of Albertsons LLC and Save Mart
Industry Retail
Founded 1935 (San Leandro, California)
Headquarters Modesto, California
Products Bakery, dairy, deli, frozen foods, general grocery, meat, pharmacy, produce, seafood, snacks, liquor
Parent Save Mart Supermarkets

Lucky Stores (frequently referred to as "Lucky's") is an American supermarket chain founded in Alameda County, California in 1935. Lucky is currently operated by Save Mart in Northern California.

In 1998, Lucky's parent company, American Stores, was taken over by Albertsons, and by 1999 the Lucky brand had disappeared. On January 23, 2006, SuperValu, CVS Pharmacy, and an investment group led by Cerberus Capital Management announced they had agreed to acquire Albertsons for $17.4 billion. Existing Albertsons stores were divided between Supervalu and the Cerberus-led group; the Cerberus-acquired stores became Albertsons LLC, which then sold its northern California and northern Nevada stores to Save Mart.

In 2006, both SuperValu and Save Mart began re-branding some Albertsons locations as Lucky stores, using the old logo. However, the same year, Grocery Outlet, an unrelated Northern California retailer, also began branding some of its stores as Lucky, claiming that Albertsons had given up rights to the Lucky trademark when it had retired the brand in 1999.[1][2][3] In January 2009 a federal judge ruled against Grocery Outlet, finding that Albertsons had continued to use the name Lucky even after the re-branding of its stores.[4]

SuperValu positioned Lucky as "'true neighborhood stores,' meaning they meet the unique needs of communities by providing the right products and assortment at the right price."[5]

History[edit]

Beginning[edit]

An original Lucky refrigerator magnet bearing its trademark "Lucky means low prices" slogan

Lucky Stores was founded by Charles Crouch as Peninsula Stores Limited in 1931 with the acquisition of Piggly Wiggly stores in Burlingame, San Mateo, Redwood City, Palo Alto and San Jose. By 1935, seven more stores had been added, including the company's first stores in the East Bay, in Berkeley and Oakland.[6]

Lucky had a big influence in transitioning from small store to supermarket.

Its first flagship store opened in 1947 in San Leandro, California. It featured a coffee shop and other conveniences. Also known as "Lucky #50", this store was managed for years by San Leandro native Anthony (Tony) Minniti. Mr. Minniti was known for his old-fashioned approach that emphasized customer service. Tony enjoyed having a personal rapport with many customers over the years, and maintained a highly profitable store during his tenure. After his retirement, the store's customer base (and profitability) declined over time. It was the last Lucky Store to be re-branded after the takeover by Albertsons. Due to dwindling profits, it later closed in 2005.

Lucky grew by acquisition in many markets including Cardinal Stores[citation needed] (Sacramento), Big Bear Stores and Mayfair (Seattle), Jim Dandy and Food Basket (Southern California), Kash n' Karry (Florida), and Eagle Food Centers (Illinois). Many chains were operated under their old names for several years after their takeovers.

Lucky stores in the Seattle market were sold to Associated Grocers in 1985. Lucky lacked a distribution center in Washington state and felt that it was impractical to continue to serve the market from California distribution and manufacturing facilities. Associated Grocers would rename the stores from their co-op owned stores and other independent markets.[7]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Gemco, Lucky's membership department store

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Lucky Stores operated the Gemco department stores in California, Nevada, Phoenix, Tucson, and Houston and Memco in the Chicago and Washington, D.C. areas. In 1983 Lucky closed five Houston-area Gemco discount stores.[8] The Memco stores in the Chicago metropolitan area were converted to Eagle Food Centers and subsequently closed. Lucky acquired Hancock Fabrics in 1972. Due to a 1986 hostile takeover bid by Asher Edelman, many Gemco stores were sold to Dayton-Hudson or closed, while Hancock Fabrics was sold as a public company and Kragen Auto Parts was sold to form CSK Auto. Lucky also owned 22 Mays Drugs in IL, IA, & WI. A lot of them were next to Eagle Food Stores. They were closed or sold in the late '70s. The Mays Drugs stores in Iowa were sold in 1980 to Revco Discount Drug Stores (Revco) of Twinsburg, Ohio. Lucky Stores operated 22 Houston-area Eagle Supermarkets until March 1985, when it was decided to exit the market altogether. Twenty stores were sold to competitors and two were closed. Eagle Supermarkets had a 6 percent share of supermarket sales in Houston one year earlier. That put it behind Kroger, Safeway, Randalls, and Fiesta Mart, but ahead of Rice Food Markets and Gerland's Food Fair.

Marketing[edit]

During the 1980s and 90s, TV personality Stephanie Edwards was a spokeswoman appearing in television commercials for Lucky stores.[9]

Acquisition by American Stores and Albertsons[edit]

By 1988, Lucky became a part of American Stores Company, along with Jewel-Osco, Acme Markets, Alpha Beta, Buttrey Food & Drug, Osco Drug, Sav-on Drugs, and Star Market. The Alpha Beta stores in Northern California became Lucky Stores. A number of Southern California branches were sold to Ralphs. Some Lucky Stores with combined food and drug changed their name to Lucky-Sav-on as part of the merger.

In 1998, American Stores was bought out by Albertsons, which became briefly the largest grocery retailer in the United States, but became second after Kroger acquired Fred Meyer the following month. In the year that followed, all Lucky Stores took the Albertsons name, and the Lucky brand was phased out, in order to not create confusion. In Central California, many Lucky Stores were bought by Save Mart Supermarkets and now operate as Save Mart.

Return[edit]

Grocery Outlet return[edit]

In 2006, Berkeley, California-based Grocery Outlet closed its Rocklin, California, location, only to re-open the store with the Lucky name and the classic Lucky logo. On April 1, 2005, the Sacramento Bee, interviewing Grocery Outlet President and COO Bob Tiernan, reported that the "company believes the Lucky brand has value. And the new store format, with an 'every day low pricing' strategy, reminds us of Lucky". Grocery Outlet lawyer Peter Craigie noted that Albertsons has indicated its belief that it continues to own the Lucky brand. However, Grocery Outlet believes that Albertsons' failure to utilize the brand means the company has effectively surrendered the trademark. Grocery Outlet has preemptively filed a lawsuit against Albertsons seeking a declaration from Albertsons that the company has surrendered the brand.[10]

On the next day, April 2, Albertsons filed a request for a temporary restraining order for Grocery Outlet's usage of the Lucky mark.[11] At the same time, on the Albertsons homepage, the Lucky trademark reappeared, seemingly as evidence for the mark's use.

The request was denied by the District Court on April 5. Albertsons had argued that it did not intend to abandon the Lucky brand and that Lucky shopping carts still remained at some of its stores. District Judge Jeffrey White ruled that Albertsons failed to demonstrate that the use of the Lucky brand demonstrated unfair competition and that the burden to prove otherwise was wholly the responsibility of Albertsons.[12]

A New Lucky Store (since closed as of February 2010) (Supervalu-owned) at 1000 E. Valley Blvd. in Alhambra, California

On July 20, the District Court ruled in Albertsons' favor, granting a preliminary injunction preventing Grocery Outlet from using the Lucky name. Grocery Outlet asked the judge to put the order on hold and appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.[13] The appeals court upheld the ruling in favor of Albertsons on August 9, 2007.[14]

SuperValu return[edit]

Lucky returned in the summer of 2006. The new stores do not have loyalty cards, do not advertise specials, and do not offer delivery, emphasizing consistently low prices instead. The stores target the budget minded home cook.[15]

In July 2006, Max Foods stores in Alhambra, El Centro, and San Ysidro were rebranded as Lucky by SuperValu. The Max Foods store in Montebello, California, has been renovated and re-opened as Albertsons. The Albertsons store one block away has closed and became a Smart and Final. The Lucky Supermarket in Alhambra closed four years later.

By October 2006, one Albertsons in North Las Vegas, Nevada, had been rebranded as a Lucky, as well as another in Las Vegas.

According to company officials, no additional changeovers are planned, but depending on how the stores do, there may be a "handful" of additional changeovers.[15][16]

In February 2009, SuperValu announced the closing 9 of its Albertsons' Southern California locations. The Albertsons in South Gate was converted into the Lucky Brand. An Albertsons in Van Nuys and Oxnard were also converted to Lucky, although in 2013, the Van Nuys store closed down and was bought by the unrelated Super King chain of Southern California.[15][17]

A rebranded Lucky Store (SuperValu-owned) at 4155 Tweedy Blvd in South Gate, California

Save Mart return[edit]

Save Mart acquired the Northern California division of Albertsons LLC on November 27, 2006,[18] which included the right to use the Lucky brand in the areas Albertsons LLC operated.[19] In 2007, Save Mart converted 72 of the acquired Albertsons stores to the Lucky banner in the San Francisco Bay Area,[20][21][22] despite Grocery Outlet's assertion that Save Mart had no rights to the name.[23]

Controversy[edit]

In November and October 2011, 23 Northern California self checkout machines had been tampered with, resulting in the loss of thousands of dollars by Lucky's customers.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grocery Outlet Disputes Save Mart Use of LUCKY Name". Business Wire. July 20, 2007. 
  2. ^ http://docs.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/california/candce/3:2006cv02173/178321/382/
  3. ^ See also Grocery Outlet Inc. v. Albertson's Inc., 497 F.3d 949 (9th Cir. 2007).
  4. ^ Johnson, Kelly (4 January 2009). "Judge rules against Grocery Outlet in dispute over use of Lucky name". 
  5. ^ SuperValu:Lucky
  6. ^ "RETAIL TRADE: Beauty at Work". Time. 1947-06-30. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  7. ^ Lucky Stores said it agreed to sell 25 outlets. October 24, 1985
  8. ^ "Eagle's 21 stores here may change hands soon". Houston Chronicle. March 2, 1985. 
  9. ^ "Lucky's Supermarkets (YouTube)". 
  10. ^ "'Lucky' store name resurfaces in Rocklin". Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "Breaking News - Name's not so Lucky for Grocery Outlets - sacbee.com". Sacramento Bee. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Judge bars Lucky name on Rocklin store". Sacramento Business Journal. 20 July 2006. [dead link]
  14. ^ GROCERY OUTLET INC. V ALBERTSON'S INC. - U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - 09 August 2007, Federal Circuits, Docket 06-16380 - vLex
  15. ^ a b c "This may be your Lucky day". Las Vegas Review Journal. 5 June 2007. 
  16. ^ Las Vegas Business Press :: News : Albertson's rebrands some stores as 'Lucky'[dead link]
  17. ^ Hirsch, Jerry (19 February 2009). "Albertsons to close 9 grocery stores by April". Los Angeles Times. 
  18. ^ Save Mart press release on the acquisition, assessed 10 June 2007.
  19. ^ Elliot Zwiebach, Save Mart to Rebrand Most Albertsons with Flagship Banner, Supermarket News 29 November 2006. Accessed 10 June 2007.
  20. ^ Elliot Zwiebach, Save Mart Brings Back Lucky Name in San Francisco, Supermarket News 18 July 2007. Accessed 18 July 2007.
  21. ^ Mark Schwanhausser, Lucky return: Save Mart gambles on revival of storied name: Chain Hopes to Win Customers by Reviving Name at 72 Bay Area Stores, San Jose Mercury News, 18 July 2007 accessed 18 July 2007.
  22. ^ Lucky Supermarkets store locator
  23. ^ Grocery Outlet Disputes Save Mart Use of Lucky Name, Grocery Outlet press release Accessed 26 July 2007. Archived September 28, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Peter Delevett Customer outrage grows in Lucky hacking case 8 December 2011. Accessed 10 December 2011

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]