Malad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the city in Idaho, U.S., see Malad City, Idaho.
Malad
मालाड
Suburb
Inorbit Mall, Malad
Inorbit Mall, Malad
Malad is located in Mumbai
Malad
Malad
Coordinates: 19°11′10″N 72°50′55″E / 19.186111°N 72.848611°E / 19.186111; 72.848611Coordinates: 19°11′10″N 72°50′55″E / 19.186111°N 72.848611°E / 19.186111; 72.848611
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban
Metro Mumbai
Zone D.C.P, Zone IX
Ward P-North
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400064
Lok Sabha Constituency Mumbai North West

Malad (Marathi: मालाड, Hindi: मलाड) is a suburb located in the northern part of Mumbai. It is among the Western Suburbs of Mumbai. Malad has a railway station on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway, lying between Kandivali station to the north and Goregaon station to the south. The railway tracks of the Western Line divide Malad into Malad(West) and Malad(East).

Until the mid-20th Century, Malad was a sparsely populated suburb cut across by creeks and mangroves. Since the late 20th Century, Malad has become an attractive residential area for white-collar middle-class population from different communities. There were also some small industrial estates. These two developments resulted in the growth of large slums too. Beginning in the early 2000s, Malad witnessed a process of gentrification, with the emergence of large commercial complexes, shopping malls, gated communities, and the large-scale demolition and relocation of slums. Today, Malad is often promoted as "Mumbai's fastest growing suburb".

History[edit]

In the 19th century, Malad consisted of a number of villages including Orlem (also known as Valnai), Kharodi, Rathodi, Malwani, Marve, Aksa, Madh and Chinchowli.

In 1880, Fr. Joseph Maria Braz de Souza built a private chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Lourdes at Orlem. In 1882, the chapel was officially declared a part of the Apostolate of Bombay and affiliated to the church of Our Lady of Assumption, Kandivali. Later, Fr. Justin built the first school, the St Anne's High School in 1915. Through his efforts, Orlem was constituted as a separate parish in a decree dated July 2, 1916.

The other old settlements in Malad were villages occupied by the local East Indian Community, Bhandaris and Kolis who are recognized as the original native inhabitants of Mumbai.

The name Malwani is now used to refer to the stretch between BMC Colony Gate No. 1 and Gate No. 8 and further extending to MHADA Colony. However, the historical Malwani village consisted only of the area which is now BMC Colony. Malwani is also the site of St. Anthony’s Church which is even older than the Our lady of Lourdes Church in Orlem. The areas around the Malwani area used to be mangroves, salt-pans and agricultural lands belonging to the local east-Indians of Kharodi Village. These areas have been populated in the recent past. Many families like the Kolis, Vaitys, Bhandaris and the Kenis are old residents.[citation needed]

In 1934, Bombay Talkies, the first movie company to be founded in India, was established in Malad by Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani. In 1955, St. Joseph's School was established by Ms. Bertha Pereira. Originally, much of the land to the west of the railway tracks was owned by East Indian Catholic families and was used primarily for agriculture. In the 1970s many of them sold their lands to real estate developers. Prahladrai Dalmia Lions College of Commerce and Economics is the oldest commerce college in the western (beyond Andheri) suburbs of Mumbai. It was established in the year 1972.

Demographics[edit]

The approximate population is 1,561,938 with an additional day-time floating population of 100,000.[citation needed]

Malad Station - West Entrance

Malad, in keeping with the diverse nature of Mumbai, has a mix of people from all over India. The original inhabitants are the Koli community, which thrived in pockets, such as Marve, Malwani and Madh Island. Apart from the Koli community the suburban town has a large East Indian Community. Following Christianity's arrival large numbers of the residents were converted to Christianity. During the late 1960s influxes of immigrants, mainly South Indians, Gujaratis and Mainland Marathis diversified the demographics of the region. The 80's and 90's saw major population growth. The Malwani Colony supposedly is home to one of Mumbai's largest Muslim populations. It was heavily polarised during the 1992 riots. The latest immigrants have been from UP, Bihar and many from Orissa and West Bengal.

Localities[edit]

The major localities in Malad are Evershine Nagar, Chincholi Bunder Road, Mind Space complex, Marve Road (INS Hamla - Navy catering training establishment), Liberty Garden, Navy Nagar, Orlem, Jankalyan Nagar, Malwani Village, Kharodi Village and so on. Sunder Nagar is on border of Malad and Goregaon. Some of the major localities in Malad (West) are Chincholi Village, Orlem (originally called Valnai in Marathi), Evershine Nagar and Jankalyan Nagar. Chincholi Bunder Road or Chincholi Village is the oldest natives of Malad since 1845 and has historically housed the fisherman (Koli community).

Adjacent to Chincholi Bunder there is a market called Somwar (Monday) Bazaar, located in the Chincholi area. As the name suggests, this bazaar is active only on Mondays. The locality is named after the Somwar bazaar. Unique products are sold at this bazaar by sellers from various parts of the state of Maharashtra.

Pathanwadi is a locality in Malad East that is on the other side of the Western Express Highway (W.E.Highway), away from Malad Railway Station. Pathanwadi is famous for its multiple Masjids. To the west, bordering it, is Dindoshi Nagar, a residential locality. Recently these localities have seen major infrastructure development, for example Dindoshi Fire Station and many malls such as the Oberoi Mall and Shagun Mall, to name a few.

Sunder Nagar is a locality in Malad that lies along the west side of Swami Vivekanand Road (S.V.Road). The area was built up in the 1970s and is primarily composed of many housing complexes. It borders Mandlik Nagar on the North and some defunct factories on the south.

The Northern boundary of Malad East is the Datta Mandir Junction at Times of India Suburban Press on W.E.Highway. Malad East has housing colonies like Raheja Complex, Raheja Township, Govind Nagar, Mahindra Nagar, and Pratap Nagar. Malad East has Daftary Road, which runs across from the station on the East up till the Mumbai-Ahmedabad highway and this is one of the most congested roads in Mumbai's suburbs. Malad East also boasts of quite a few old running schools such as Mahindra Academy, Fatimadevi, Children's Academy, Nutan Vidyalay, Utkarsh Mandir, Velani Vidyalaya High School, St. Francis English Medium High School, St. George High School, Mangesh Vidhya Mandir, Adarsh Vidya Mandir High School both English and Hindi, High Sanskar Vidyalay. Fatimadevi English School, established in 1953, is one of the oldest educational institutions in the Malad Suburb of Mumbai. Malad East also has very old Hanuman temple.

Rani Sati Marg (previously known as Quarry Road) stretches from Malad station (East) to the W.E.Highway.

Residential Complex on Linking Road

Malad is fast becoming an IT HUB with many BPOs opening their facilities.

There is a rare holy relic of Mother Mary that is on display at St Peter's Jacobite Church, also called the Soonoro Church at Mith Chowki near Orlem. The relic, a piece of fabric believed to be part of the girdle worn by Mother Mary, is on view between September 1 and 8. The relic draws thousands of worshipers. The relic, also called a Soonoro or belt, was brought to Kerala from Syria in 1982 by the head of the Orthodox faith, Ignatius Zakka I. The Malad relic is a piece of that Soonoro.[citation needed]

One of the main arterial roads of Malad Western side is the Marve Road that starts from S.V.Road and is intersected by the Linking Road and goes up to Madh Island Lands End. From this end you just need to cross by Ferry to reach Versova in minutes. You can find famous places that are on this road like the beautiful Laxmi Narayan Temple built by Dongre Maharaj, Orlem Church, D'Souza Market popularly known as Orlem Market, Linking Road, Mith Chowki, Malad Fire Station, Malvani intersection, St. Anthony's Church, I.N.S. Hamla a Naval base for Training in Bridge building and Radar, Marve Beach (from here you can ferry to Essel World or Manori Beach), Erangal Beach (famous for film shootings), a Portuguese church from the 15th Century, Aksa Beach and Madh Island where there is a large fishing village and an old settlement of the Koli community.[citation needed]

Orlem is an area of significant Catholic population, and one of the prominent Catholic areas in Mumbai. A few prominent schools in the region are St. Anne's High School, Carmel of St. Joseph's School, St. Joseph's High School.

Malad also has a significant Sikh population. Most Sikh Families live in the Evershine nagar, second largest population is in Malvani and Jankalyan Nagar. There are Gurdwara's(Sikh Temple) at Malad (W), Evershine Nagar and Malvani no 1. Free langar (Meal) is served on Sunday mornings at the Gurdwara's.

The Malvani locality holds a significant Muslim population. It was the worst hit region during the 92-93 riots. It also has a church. On the north side of Malvani there is a huge industrial area called as Charkop. The people living in these areas are mostly Maharashtrians, Christians, Sikhs, Gujaratis and Marwadis. These areas include Adarsh Nagar and Jankalyan Nagar.

Liberty Garden is one of the oldest parks in Malad. It is open for the general public and is maintained by Brahma Kumaris- a spiritual organisation which is headquartered in Mount Abu in Rajasthan. The famous festivals celebrated in Malad are Navratri, Diwali, Christmas and Ganpati. Ramnarayan Saraf Udyan is catering to large number of people, it is a municipal garden located near subway and railway tracks.

Education[edit]

Schools in Malad are either public schools (run by the MCGM) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. The schools are affiliated either with the Maharashtra State Board (MSBSHSE), the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. Marathi or English is the usual language of instruction.

Beaches[edit]

Malad has a relatively long coast compared to other Wesern Suburbs of Mumbai. There are a number of beaches on its coast. Marve beach is the northern most and is most famous as a site for Ganesh Visarjan during the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi. It is also a jetty from where ferries ply to the opposite Manori jetty and to Essel World, Water Kingdom and the Global Vipassana Pagoda. The streatch of coast south of the Marve beach is within I.N.S Hamla, a campus of the Indian Navy and has restricted entry. South of I.N.S Hamla is Aksa beach. Aksa beach is a popular getaway among suburban Mumbaikars. It came to the attention of a national audience through the song "Tujhe Aksa Beach Ghuma Doon" from the 2008 Bollywood film God Tussi Great Ho. Although the video for this song was not shot at Aksa beach, the beach has featured frequently in Bollywood films and Hindi television serials. South of Aksa beach is a lesser-known rocky beach called Dana Paani. Further south is the Erangal beach. Then there is Madh Island, which includes the Portuguese-built Madh Fort and the Madh Jetty from where ferries ply to Versova.

References[edit]