|— City —|
|• Member of Parliament||Mr. Baliram Jadhav|
|• MLA||Mr. Rajendra Gavit (Minister of State for Tribal Development)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Palghar pronunciation (help·info)(Marathi: पालघर) is a town and a Municipal Council(soon to be district) in Thane district in Maharashtra. Situated about 87 kilometres from Mumbai, it is a railway station on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway which extends up to Dahanu and lies on the Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail route. Palghar is the next major junction after Virar on the Western Railway and is also accessible by the Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway (NH 8). The town is complete with everything necessary for a comfortable life including shopping centres, schools, colleges, cinemas, restaurants and hospitals. The environment is luscious and pollution-free which creates a tranquil ambience and ideal atmosphere to start any activity.
The town is a major hub for all the facilities after Virar. Various age groups of people travel from the surrounding villages for different job opportunities, education, business, shopping, health care facilities, etc. Many villages are connected to Palghar via road & rail. The government provides State Transport Bus facility to access this villages. Various villages surrounding Palghar include Tarapur, Boisar, Umroli, Kelva, Satpati, Shirgaon, Saphale etc.
The main occupation of the people of Palghar is employment in factories and farming. The land surrounding Palghar abounds in human resources - skilled and unskilled. Apart from the government promoted MIDC situated at Tarapur, Palghar is also home to a number of Industrial Townships where there are many small scale industries such as engineering, pharmaceutical, plastics, textile, notebook industries. Maharashtra's biggest fishing center, Satpati, is located around 8 kilometres from Palghar railway station. There are farms growing chickoos, coconuts, palm dotted all around villages around Palghar. Rice is grown on agricultural lands during the monsoon. A large part of the population commutes to Mumbai daily to make a living.
As of 2001[update] India census, Palghar had a population of 52,677. Males constitute 28,645 i.e. 54.37% of the population and females 24,032 i.e. 45.63% of the population. Palghar has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 72%. In Palghar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
For a town its size, Palghar is surprisingly cosmopolitan. Being a border town between Gujarat and Maharashtra and being close to Mumbai, it has a good percentage of population of people from other states besides Maharashtra and Gujarat like Rajasthan, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Most of the rich landlords of Palghar made their money trading grass to the dairies in Mumbai. Grass trading is a major occupation of many families in Palghar. The town is also close to an industrial complex, located at Boisar and India's first nuclear power plant, located at Tarapur.
Industrialization is gradually changing the face of Palghar. The town is getting a make-over of sorts due to Industrialization. Palghar's youth are getting employment in the small scale and medium scale industries coming up in and around the area. In the olden days agriculture was one of the main source of livelihood, but Industrialization has opened up new avenues for them. With space & infrastructure constraints in Mumbai proper, Vasai, Boisar - Palghar proves to be the leading avenue in Western suburbs for setting up new industry / expansion purposes. Permissions are available fast.
PANCHBATTI: Palghar: Fresh with the call of Quit India in their minds, five young people led a morcha in the afternoon of August 14, 1942 in Palghar. It was exactly 12.39 hours. They were shouting Quit India slogans. But the morcha was greeted with gunshots from the British soldiers. They died on the spot.
Now 62 years later, the locals have not forgotten their sacrifice. Every year ON 14TH AUGUST all shops and establishments IN PALGHAR stay shut in memory of their martyrdom . The area has since been named Panchbhatti (or Five Lights) and a memorial erected.
The five martyrs were Kashinath H Paghdare (of a nearby coastal village Satpati), Govind P Thakur of Nandgaon, Ramprasad Tiwari, Ramchandra Churi and Sukur Govind More of Shirgaon village. All were between 17 to 27 years and had one mission: to see a free India.
The memorial service held each year is led by students from Marathi, English, Gujarati and other vernacular schools. Floral tributes are paid while patriotic songs play in the background.
Politicians join in the tribute with a difference no longwinding speeches are made, but silent prayers are offered to the martyrs.
Navnitbhai Shah (76), veteran freedom fighter and a former member of legislative assembly (MLA) from Palghar, said the last of the martyrs who fell to the bullets was Govind Thakur, who held the national flag afloat until he breathed his last.
Shah, then a teenager, tried to rescue the bleeding Thakur, who was surrounded by British soldiers.
A Seva Dal member Prasann L Vartak, broke the cordon and tried to revive Thakur. On impulse, Vartak removed Thakurs bloodstained shirt and wore it as a mark of respect.
To this day, the bloodstained shirt and the flag is framed and kept in the Central Hall of the PMC and serves as a reminder of the historical past of the freedom struggle
PALGHAR HAS A CATHOLIC COMMUNITY FROM ALL OVER INDIA, It was Fr. Sadanand’s zeal and foresight that led him to explore the mission places such as Palghar, Boisar and Tarapur. It was he who contacted the Sisters of the Daughters of the Cross and got them introduced to the apostolate at Palghar. He also offered them a plot of land along Boisar Road which was earlier meant for the use of the parish. Fr. Sadanand did realize then that he had to get in touch with the people through their children. He, therefore, started a school in his residential quarters in a 'chawl' on the 1st floor, in the market place near Palghar Station. The school was named after him and was called 'Anand Ashram School’.
The same school was handed over to the sisters of the Daughters of the Cross who conducted this activity for about 25 years. Their work was very much appreciated and admired by the people, in spite of the fact, that an unaided school was always a liability.
Since the parish needed a hold on the area, the sisters handed over their full-fledged High School, along with the buildings, to the parish in 1989, retaining with themselves the pre-primary section and the boarding.
Palghar also has a small Christian Protestant community on the northern side just adjacent to SDSM college, this community in palghar is ranging back from British raj period
Palghar is spread across a number of villages which has a number of residential colonies, housing complexes, independent housing units and cooperative housing societies. A number of high end residential projects sprawl in Palghar at affordable rate.
The Town has a number of Schools and Colleges. In the past few years, a number of construction projects have sprouted in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new schools & colleges for increasing staying population.
Marathi schools 
- Aryan Education Society's M.N.Dandekar High School
- Bhagini Samaj Vidyamandir
- Jeevan Vikas Shikshan Sanstha's Shri S.T. Kadam Vidyalaya
English schools 
- Twinkle Star English High School
- Anand Ashram English High School
- Kenam English High School
- Holy Spirit High School
- Sacred Heart High School
- Sundaram Central School (CBSE Board)
- Jawahar Navoday Vidyalaya (CBSE Board)
- Aryan English Medium
- Sir J.P. International School (ICSE Board)
- Bhagini Samaj Vidyamandir (Semi English)
- St. John International School (CBSC Board)
Hindi schools 
- Bhavani Vidya Niketan Hindi High School
Gujarati schools 
- Aryan High School
- Sonopant Dandekar Shikshan Mandali's R.H.Save Arts, C.J.Bhanushali Commerce & B.A.Dandekar Science Jr. College (better known as SDSM College or Dandekar College)
- Sonopant Dandekar Shikshan Mandali's S.Dandekar Arts, V.S.Apte Commerece & M.H.Mehta Science Sr. College (better known as SDSM College or Dandekar College)
- National College Palghar
- St. John College of Engineering and Technology (SJCET)
- St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research (SJIPR)
- St. John Institute of Management and Research (SJIMR)
- St.John Institute of Hospitality & Catering Technology (SJIHCT)
- Jeevan Vikas Shikshan Sanstha's Shri S.T.Kadam Mahavidyalaya (Marathi Medium)
- Yeshwantrao Chaphekar Vidya Sankul
- SNDT Women's College Palghar - proposed.
- Dr. M.L. Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Institute
- Holy spirit Jr. college
Tourist Attractions 
The famous Kelva Beach is just 13 km. by road. People from Mumbai & suburbs arrive on Sunday to enjoy the beach. Lusturing the beach is the Goddess Shitla Devi temple. One can reach the beach also by railway by alighting at Kelve Road Station before Palghar. There is also a small waterfall called as "Vaghoba" after the name of the God of Forests. This waterfall usually flows after the Monsoon & one can see groups of people enjoying it on Sundays. Situated on the Manor Road it is accessible only by Road.
The Shirgaon Fort is also accessible from Palghar. It is in fairly good condition and is next to a beach.
Palghar has many hospitals. Some are specialised for women's care while others treat all types of patients. There are sonography centres along with X-ray facility. The government primary health centre also caters to all patients free of charge. There are ambulance services for taking the patients to referral hospitals. Kanta Hospital blood storage centre provides blood to other hospitals in emergency and whenever required for delivery or surgery. There is a medical association of the doctors in and around Palghar which holds CME programmes to keep abreast with new developments in medicine. For complex treatment/surgery, there is no medical infastructure in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new hospitals in the region.
- Palghar Medical Center
- Sharada Hospital
- Philia Hospital
- Dhada Hospital
- Kanta Hospital (Dr Chawhan Rajendra's Maternity Home)
- Dr. M.L. Dhawale Memorial Homoeopathic Hospital
- Palghar Nursing Home
- Vaishali Nursing Home
- Ganesh Hospital (Orthopedic)
- Saikrupa hospital
- Prashanu maternity home
- Nanivadekar Hospital
- Palghar health unit
Major industries 
Palghar has a number of prominent industries such as Welspun, Macleods,Dales Remedies, Fredun Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Pharma's first unit, Durian, Sundaram Notebook, Jayant Printery, Ginza Industries Ltd, R&S Electronics, Ebco, EU-Medicaments, Raghuvanshi Exports, Abby Lighting, Astamed Healthcare (I) Pvt. Ltd., Fashion Forecast (India), Rapid Valves, Kamal Containers, Thakkar & Sons, Nirali Sinks, Vinod Cookware, Macro Bars And Wires (India), Austenitic Steels etc. Along with industries, Palghar has a number of industrial townships, prominent ones being Genesis Industrial Township and Dewan & Sons. Right Path Placements is Leaders In all type of Placements Services for Corporates and Industries across Tarapur,Boisar,Daman-Silvasa and Vapi Region.
- Palghar Mitra (Marathi Paper weekly)
- Palghar Nagrik (marathi paper weekly)
- Navyug Palghar (Marathi Paper weekly)
- Rajmat Dut (Marathi Paper weekly)
- Palghar Times (Marathi Paper weekly)
- Vartahar Naradvaani (Marathi Paper weekly)
- Palghar Samachar (Gujarati Paper Weekly)
- Palghar Ki Awaaz (Hindi Paper weekly)
- Palghar Dahanu Jagruti(Marathi Paper Weekly))
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.