Andheri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Andheri
अंधेरी / અંધેરી
Suburb/Neighbourhood
Andheri is located in Mumbai
Andheri
Andheri
Location in Mumbai metropolitan area
Coordinates: 19°07′08″N 72°50′49″E / 19.119°N 72.847°E / 19.119; 72.847Coordinates: 19°07′08″N 72°50′49″E / 19.119°N 72.847°E / 19.119; 72.847
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban District
City Mumbai
Population (2001) 1,500,000 [1][2]
Time zone IST GMT+530
PIN

Andheri H.O. 400 053

Andheri R.S 400 058

Versova Andheri West 400 061

Andheri East - 400 069

Andheri East MIDC - 400 093

Andheri East J.B.NAGAR

400 059
Vehicle registration MH 02
The station signboard on the West side

Andheri is a suburb of Mumbai, situated in the west of the city on the Salsette Island. It has a population of 1,500,000 and is the largest suburb of Mumbai.

It is a residential cum commercial area of the city of Mumbai.

Gilbert Hill, a 60 meter block of basalt is located in the city, and is the site of a Durga temple.[3]

In the mid twentieth century, it was the home of many movie studios, which have moved towards Goregaon Film City.

The Andheri railway station is the among the busiest railway stations in the country[4] and also on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway and the expansion of the metro in the Versova-Anderi-Ghatkopar corridor is part of the government's master transportation plan.[5]

History[edit]

The oldest settlements and largest town in and around Andheri were those of the East Indians and the Parsi Zoroastrians of the Bombay City natives whose villages and lands survive in Pump House, Marol, Chakala, Gundowli, Sahar, Saki Naka, etc. The name Andheri was derived from Udayanagari, the name of a hill near the Mahakali caves.

Another concentration of the native East Indians was located on the former islet of Versova, also known as Vasave.

In the early 1900s, as urbanization spread from Bombay northwards, Marathi, Gujarati and other settlers began to colonize the area.

In the 1940s the British built the Versova Causeway (the Versova Road) between Andheri on Sashti Island and the islet of Versova. The area on both sides of this causeway were rapidly filled in to develop areas now known as Lokhandwala Complex, Yamuna Nagar, Millat Nagar, Dhake Colony, D.N. Nagar, Four Bungalows, Seven Bungalows, etc.

In 1928, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opened a Trombay-Andheri line called the Salsette Trombay Railway or Central Salsette Tramway. Andheri, Chakala and Sahar were some of the stations. It was shut down in 1934 to make way for Santacruz Airport.[6]

One of the earliest colonies is the Dhake Colony on Versova Road, West Andheri. The five buildings of Dhake Colony were built around 1950. The area is now known as D.N. Nagar.

Another of the early settlements is Bhardawadi. It has been inhabited for the last ninety years. In the past, there were bungalows on this road; these gave way to apartment buildings, although there are still a few old bungalows.

Starting from 1935 up to early 1980s Andheri East was the home of many film studios, namely Prakash Studio, Nataraj Studio, Modern Studio, M&T Studio and Mohan Studio. All them were situated from Telli Gully signal junction up to Chakala Junction on Andheri-Kurla Road. Reference "Report of the Bombay Development Committee". Government of Bombay, 1914. Retrieved 20 March 2012.

Before 1945, Andheri was administered by a Collector as the "Suburban District"; in that year, the former Suburban District was absorbed by Mumbai city as Greater Bombay. However, the district was once again revived in about 2000 as the Mumbai Suburban District.

Statistics and general information.[edit]

Bombay Cambridge School, Off Sahar Road, Chakala, Andheri (East)

Andheri today has a population exceeding 1 million and, as per record, is by far the most populous suburb of Mumbai.[7]

Contemporary West Andheri is largely a residential area, whereas East Andheri has a mixture of commercial and residential areas, including MIDCSEEPZ (Santacruz Electronic and Export Promotion Zone), Saki Naka (an industrial area), etc.

The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport terminal is in Andheri East. It was built during the 1970s and 80s, and is currently in the midst of a major revamp. Many call centers and business process outsourcing companies are in the Chakala area of Andheri. Andheri East has several pockets of residential areas, some of them being shanties and slums, especially next to the airport perimeter.

The Bombay Parsi Punchayet (the apex governing body of the Community-ESTD 1681) being the second largest land owner in Mumbai City after Bombay Port Trust hosts two Parsi Colonies in the West of Andheri namely The Sir Shapoorji Bharucha Baug and Cama Park along with other Apartments. In Andheri East Pump House there once used to be "The Tower of Silence" or Doongerwadi Dakhma of the Salsette Island for the funeral of the community members used to take place but now it has been converted into "The Salsette Parsi Colony" which resides 2000 members of the Zoroastrian Faith with a Fire Temple.

Gilder Baug Parsi Colony in J.B.Nagar and Panthaky Baug are two colonies in Andheri East. There are two Fire Temples one being in Andheri East at Pump House and Patel Dar-e-Meher or the Fire Temple in the west of Andheri.

Andheri station signboard

The road running parallel to the station is called Madhavdas Amarsey Road or M.A. Road. The Madhavdas Amarsey Road has been derived from the Madhavdas Amarsey School on this road. S.V. Road is the main artery. The new Link road connects Andheri West to the recently developed to Borivali and beyond.

Transportation[edit]

A metro train arriving at the DN Nagar station during the Line 1 trial run in May 2013.

Andheri has a railway station on the Western Line and the Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway, connecting it to Churchgate, Dahanu, Panvel and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro spans in the entire suburb of Andheri[8][9] connecting Versova in the west to Ghatkopar in the Eastern Suburbs, covering a distance of 11.4 kilometres (7.1 mi).[10] It is fully elevated, and consists of 12 stations. Work on the corridor began on 8 February 2008. A cable stay bridge, spanning the Western railway line, on the project was completed at the end of 2012.[11] The line opened for service on 8 June 2014.[12]

The international terminal of the city's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is located near Sahar village in Andheri (east).

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "MCGM - "K/West"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. 
  2. ^ "MCGM - "K/East"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. 
  3. ^ Time Out Mumbai and Goa - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  4. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-authorities-finding-it-difficult-to-decongest-andheri-station-area-1878038
  5. ^ Indian Economy - K. R. Gupta, J. R. Gupta - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  6. ^ "Railway Gauges in India". IRFCA.org. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  7. ^ Mumbai metro line to push up Andheri realty prices - Economic Times. Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  8. ^ Mumbai Metro. Mumbaimetroone.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  9. ^ A Mumbai Metro train every three minutes - Mumbai - DNA. Dnaindia.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  10. ^ "Know Your Metro - Features". Reliance Mumbai Metro. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Metro ride in June '13? Work on crucial bridge completed". The Times of India. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Maharashtra CM Prithivraj Chavan flags off Mumbai Metro". The Times of India. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 

Notes[edit]

  • Shrivastava, Prabhat, and S. L. Dhingra. "Operational Integration Of Suburban Railway And Public Buses—Case Study Of Mumbai." Journal Of Transportation Engineering 132.6 (2006): 518-522. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 May 2012.