अंधेरी / અંધેરી
|District||Mumbai Suburban District|
|Population (2001)||1,500,000 |
|Time zone||IST GMT+530|
Andheri H.O. 400 053
Andheri R.S 400 058
Versova Andheri West 400 061
Andheri East - 400 069
Andheri East MIDC - 400 093
Andheri East J.B.NAGAR400 059
|Vehicle registration||MH 02|
It is a residential cum commercial area of the city of Mumbai.
In the mid twentieth century, it was the home of many movie studios, which have moved towards Goregaon Film City.
The Andheri railway station is the among the most busiest railway station in the country and also on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway and the expansion of the metro in the Versova-Anderi-Ghatkopar corridor is part of the government's master transportation plan.
||This section possibly contains original research. (September 2013)|
The oldest settlements and largest town in and around Andheri were those of the East Indians and the Parsi Zoroastrians of the Bombay City natives whose villages and lands survive in Pump House, Marol, Chakala, Gundowli, Sahar, Saki Naka, etc. The name Andheri was derived from Udayanagari, the name of a hill near the Mahakali caves.
Another concentration of the native East Indians was located on the former islet of Versova, also known as Vasave.
In the early 1900s, as urbanization spread from Bombay northwards, Marathi, Gujarati and other settlers began to colonize the area.
In the 1940s the British built the Versova Causeway (the Versova Road) between Andheri on Sashti Island and the islet of Versova. The area on both sides of this causeway were rapidly filled in to develop areas now known as Lokhandwala Complex, Yamuna Nagar, Millat Nagar, Dhake Colony, D.N. Nagar, Four Bungalows, Seven Bungalows, etc.
In 1928, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opened the Trombay-Andheri line called the Salsette Trombay Railway or Central Salsette Tramway.Andheri, Chakal and Sahar were some of the stations. It was shut down in 1934 to make way for Santa Cruz Airport.
One of the earliest colonies is the Dhake Colony on Versova Road, West Andheri. The five buildings of Dhake Colony were built around 1950. The area is now known as D.N. Nagar.
Another of the early settlements is Bhardawadi. It has been inhabited for the last ninety years. In the past, there were bungalows on this road; these gave way to apartment buildings, although there are still a few old bungalows.
Starting from 1935 up to early 1980s Andheri East was the home of many film studios, namely Prakash Studio, Nataraj Studio, Modern Studio, M&T Studio and Mohan Studio. All them were situated from Telli Gully signal junction up to Chakala Junction on Andheri-Kurla Road. Reference "Report of the Bombay Development Committee". Government of Bombay, 1914. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
Before 1945, Andheri was administered by a Collector as the "Suburban District"; in that year, the former Suburban District was absorbed by Mumbai city as Greater Bombay. However, the district was once again revived in about 2000 as the Mumbai Suburban District.
Statistics and general information.
Andheri today has a population exceeding 1 million and, as per record, is by far the most populous suburb of Mumbai.
Contemporary West Andheri is largely a residential area, whereas East Andheri has a mixture of commercial and residential areas, including MIDC–SEEPZ (Santacruz Electronic and Export Promotion Zone), Saki Naka (an industrial area), etc.
The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport terminal is in Andheri East. It was built during the 1970s and 80s, and is currently in the midst of a major revamp. Many call centers and business process outsourcing companies are in the Chakala area of Andheri. Andheri East has several pockets of residential areas, some of them being shanties and slums, especially next to the airport perimeter.
The Bombay Parsi Punchayet (the apex governing body of the Community-ESTD 1681) being the second largest land owner in Mumbai City after Bombay Port Trust hosts two Parsi Colonies in the West of Andheri namely The Sir Shapoorji Bharucha Baug and Cama Park along with other Apartments. In Andheri East Pump House there once used to be "The Tower of Silence" or Doongerwadi Dakhma of the Salsette Island for the funeral of the community members used to take place but now it has been converted into "The Salsette Parsi Colony" which resides 2000 members of the Zoroastrian Faith with a Fire Temple.
Gilder Baug Parsi Colony in J.B.Nagar and Panthaky Baug are two colonies in Andheri East. There are two Fire Temples one being in Andheri East at Pump House and Patel Dar-e-Meher or the Fire Temple in the west of Andheri.
The road running parallel to the station is called Madhavdas Amarsey Road or M.A. Road. The Madhavdas Amarsey Road has been derived from the Madhavdas Amarsey School on this road. S.V. Road is the main artery. The new Link road connects Andheri West to the recently developed to Borivali and beyond.
It is a railway station on the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Western line. Andheri station also has trains services on Harbour Line (Mumbai Suburban Railway) heading to Panvel and Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus. The international terminal of the city's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is located in the southern area of Andheri. Like other suburbs of neighbourhood of Mumbai, Andheri is divided into a west and an east section, which are separated by the railway line. Andheri East is a busy commercial area. Overall its the centre of Mumbai Suburban District being the fifth suburb on the western railway line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. The newly upcoming Mumbai's First ever Metro Railway project resides in the entire suburb of Andheri which will be a great link for the commuters travelling from the eastern suburbs and Navi Mumbai to the city of Mumbai and will also reduce the burden on the Mumbai Suburban Railway Network.  Parts of the monorail line also run through Andheri.
- "MCGM - "K/West"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.
- "MCGM - "K/East"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.
- Time Out Mumbai and Goa - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Indian Economy - K. R. Gupta, J. R. Gupta - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Mumbai metro line to push up Andheri realty prices - Economic Times. Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Mumbai Metro. Mumbaimetroone.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- A Mumbai Metro train every three minutes - Mumbai - DNA. Dnaindia.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Shrivastava, Prabhat, and S. L. Dhingra. "Operational Integration Of Suburban Railway And Public Buses—Case Study Of Mumbai." Journal Of Transportation Engineering 132.6 (2006): 518-522. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 May 2012.