District location in Uganda
|Elevation||1,115 m (3,658 ft)|
|Population (2010 Estimate)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
The district is bordered by Bukomansimbi District to the northwest, Kalungu District to the north, Kalangala District to the east and south, Rakai District to the southwest and Lwengo District to the west. Masaka, where the district headquarters are located, lies approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala on the highway to Mbarara. The coordinates of the district are:00 30S, 31 45E. The average altitude of the district is 1,115 metres (3,658 ft) above sea level. 
Masaka District was established in the 1900s comprising what were the Buganda Kingdom counties of Buddu, Kooki, Kabula kalangaql and Mawogola. Initially, Kooki and Kabula were peeled off to form Rakai District. Later, the northern part of Rakai District was removed to form Lyantonde District. In 1997, Mawogola County was split from Buddu and was named Sembabule District. Buddu remained as Masaka District and kalangala.
In 2010, Buddu itself was split into four districts namely:
The 2002 national census estimated the population of Masaka District at 228,200, with an annual population growth rate of 3.0%. With those statistics, it is estimated that in 2010, the population of the district was approximately 289,000. See table below:
Masaka District Population Trends
Culture and Ethnic composition
The district has a rich cultural heritage. It has also a diversity of ethnicities. The majority of the people are Baganda followed by the Banyankole, Banyarwanda and Banyoro. But most of the tribes practice Buganda culture. The main language spoken is Luganda.
The major economic activities in Masaka District include:
- Food crop agriculture (matooke, sweet bananas, pineapples, and tomatoes),
- Cash crop agriculture (coffee and cotton),
- Animal Ranching (cattle, goats, and chicken)
- Fishing on Lake Victoria
- Fish farming
- Small scale industry:
- Coffee processing
- Manufacture of soft drinks
- Metal fabrication/welding
- Cotton ginning
- Retail trade in food products and manufactured goods.