District location in Uganda
|• Land||848.2 km2 (327.5 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||308.5/km2 (799/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Bundibugyo District is a district in Western Uganda, bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Like other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Bundibugyo, where the district headquarters are located.
Bundibugyo District is bordered by Ntoroko District to the northeast, Kibaale District to the east, Kabarole District to the south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west and north. The district headquarters at Bundibugyo are located approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi), by road, west of Fort Portal, the nearest large city.
This location lies about 72 kilometres (45 mi), by road, north of Kasese, the largest town in the sub-region. The geographic boundaries of the district are: The Semliki River to the west, the Rwenzori Mountains to the East and Lake Albert to the North. The coordinates of the district are:00 43N, 30 04E.
The district is relatively isolated from the rest of Uganda, as it is the only Ugandan district that lies west of the Rwenzori Mountains. Though it is still a part of the Nile basin, it is ecologically and culturally part of Central Africa. Its people and customs are more similar to those of eastern DRC than the rest of Uganda, despite being politically in East Africa. In 2010, the northern part of Bunduibugyo District was removed to form Ntoroko District. Bundibugyo District, together with neighbouring Ntoroko District and Kasese District, is part of the Rwenzururu Kingdom.
In the late 1990s, tens of thousands of civilians were displaced by the insurgency of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), who were operating in the district. In one such raid on 7 April 1999, rebels killed 11 civilians and looted property during an attack in the district. In a separate attack in the same month, the Member of Parliament for Buyangabo was shot and wounded in an attack in neighboring Kabarole District by ADF insurgents.
The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at about 92,300. During the 2002 national census, the population of Bundibugyo District, was put at about 158,900. The annual population growth rate in the district was estimated at 5.2%. In 2012, the population of the district was estimated at approximately 261,700.
The table below illustrates the trajectory of population growth in the district during the first decade of the 21st century. All figures are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is scheduled for August 2014.
|Bundibugyo District Population Trends|
The economic outlook of the district markedly improved when, in 2013, the tarmacking of the 104 kilometres (65 mi), Fort Portal-Bundibugyo-Lamia Road and the connection of the district to Uganda's national electric grid. With these developments, the cost of doing business in the district has been reduced and the district produce is more readily marketable because of the improved road network
As is the case in most Ugandan districts, subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry are the two major economic activities in the district. Bundibugyo District is the largest producer of cocoa in Uganda, accounting for approximately 15,000,000 kilograms (33,000,000 lb) of unprocessed beans worth USh90 billion (US$36 million) annually. Crops grown in the district include the following:
Animals raised in the district include: