Ibanda District was created on 1 July 2005, by elevating Ibanda County, formerly part of Mbarara District, to full district status. It consists of the sub-counties of: 1. Nyabuhikye 2. Bisheshe 3. Kichenche 4. Rukiri 5. Nyamarebe 6. Ishongorero and 7. Ibanda Town Council. The district covers 964.8 square kilometres (372.5 sq mi) and averages an elevation of approximately 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level. The annual rainfall in the district averages 1,100 millimetres (43 in).
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at approximately 148,000. The 2002 national census estimated the population of Ibanda District at about 198,700. The population of the district has a calculated annual growth rate of 2.6%. It is estimated that the population of Ibanda District in 2012 was about 255,500. The able below illustrates the population growth in the district, between 2002 and 2012. All figures are estimates.
As with most Ugandan districts, agriculture forms the backbone of the economy of Ibanda District. Most of the agriculture is on the subsistence level. The largest farm in the district is the Kiburara Prison Farm, located at Kiburara Prison. The crops grown in the district include the following: