Kaliro District is a district in Eastern Uganda. It was created out of the eastern part of Kamuli District in 2006, and is now a fully fledged district. Like most other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Kaliro, the location of the district headquarters.
Administratively the district has one county with five sub-counties and one municipality, Kaliro, the location of the district headquarters. The total surface area of Kaliro District is approximately 1,062.7 square kilometres (410.3 sq mi), of which about 710 square kilometres (270 sq mi) (66.8%) is arable land. Kaliro district is part of Busoga sub-region, home to an estimated 2.5 million people in 2002, according to the national census conducted that year. The districts that constitute Busoga sub-region include the following:
In 1991, the national population census estimated the population of the district at about 105,100. The 2002 Uganda National Census put the population in the district at approximately 154,700 of whom 49.5% were males and 50.5% were females. The annual population growth rate was calculated at 3.5%. In 2012, the population of Kaliro District as estimated at about 216,500. The table below outlines the growth of the district population between 2002 and 2012. All figures are estimates. The Basoga are the main inhabitants of the district, and the dominant local language is Lusoga.