Mbarara District

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Mbarara District
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°36′S 30°36′E / 0.600°S 30.600°E / -0.600; 30.600
Country  Uganda
Region Western Uganda
Sub-region Ankole sub-region
Capital Mbarara
 • Total 1,846.4 km2 (712.9 sq mi)
Elevation 1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Population (2010 Estimate)
 • Total 457,800
 • Density 247.9/km2 (642/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website Homepage

Mbarara District is a district in Western Uganda. The district was named after its chief municipal centre, the city of Mbarara, where the district headquarters are located.


Mbarara District is bordered by Ibanda District to the north, Kiruhura District to the east, Isingiro District to the southeast, Ntungamo District to the southwest, Sheema District to the west and Buhweju District to the northwest.[1] The district headquarters at Mbarara, the largest city in the sub-region, are located approximately 270 kilometres (170 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital city, and largest metropolitan area. The coordinates of the district are:00 36S, 30 36E.


Mbarara District is part of the Ankole sub-region. The districts that comprise Ankole include:

The area covered by the above districts constituted the traditional Ankole Kingdom. In 1967, Milton Obote abolished the traditional kingdoms in Uganda. When Yoweri Museveni re-established them in 1993, Ankole did not re-constitute itself.

Mbarara district consists of one municipality (Mbarara Municipality), and nineteen (19) rural sub-counties, organized into two counties. Mbarara District covers an area of 1,846.4 square kilometres (712.9 sq mi), with an average elevation of about 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 1,200 millimetres (47 in). Temperatures range between 17 °C (63 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).

The administrative divisions of Mbarara District are the following:[2]

  1. Kashari Sub-county
  2. Bubaare Subcounty
  3. Bukiro Sub-county
  4. Kagongi Sub-county
  5. Kakiika Sub-county
  6. Kashare Sub-county
  7. Rubaya Subcounty
  8. Rubindi Sub-county
  9. Rwanyamahembe Sub-county
  10. Biharwe Sub-county
  11. Mbarara Municipality
  12. Kakoba Sub-county
  13. Kamukuzi Sub-county
  14. Nyamitanga Sub-county
  15. Rwampara Sub-county
  16. Bugamba Sub-county
  17. Mwizi Sub-county
  18. Ndaija Sub-county
  19. Nyakayojo Sub-county
  20. Rugando Sub-county


The 2002 national census estimated the district population at about 361,500, with an estimated growth rate of about 3%. Of these, 51% were female and 49% were male. 55% of the district population are aged between 0 and 18 years.[3] It is estimated that the district population in 2010 was approximately 457,800. See table below:

Mbarara District Population Trends
Year Estimated Population
2002 361,500
2003 372,300
2004 383,500
2005 395,000
2006 406,800
2007 419,000
2008 431,600
2009 444,500
2010 457,800

Economic activities[edit]

As is the case with the majority of Ugandan districts, agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Mbarara District. Both crops and livestock are raised in the district, primarily on a subsistence level, but several commercial farms are located in the district. Crops grown include:

The livestock raised in the district includes:

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 00°36′S 30°36′E / 0.600°S 30.600°E / -0.600; 30.600