|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Shizhong District
|• Mayor||Mei Yonghong (梅永红)|
|• Prefecture-level city||11,285 km2 (4,357 sq mi)|
|• Urban||920 km2 (360 sq mi)|
|• Metro||920 km2 (360 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,313,061|
|• Density||740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁H|
Jining (simplified Chinese: 济宁; traditional Chinese: 濟寧; pinyin: Jǐníng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province. It borders Heze to the southwest, Zaozhuang to the southeast, Tai'an to the northeast, and the provinces of Henan and Jiangsu to the northwest and south respectively. Jining, which is located right to the north of the Lake Nanyang (Chinese: 南阳湖; pinyin: Nányáng Hú), is today the northernmost city reachable by navigation on the Grand Canal of China.
Its population was 8,081,900 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,115,300 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 2 urban districts (Shizhong and Rencheng) on 920 km2 (360 sq mi).
The name Jining was first given to the region in the year 1271 during the Song dynasty, although the exact area and type of administrative district it refers to have varied over the centuries. Jining has several distinctive associations in Chinese history and culture, as in antiquity it was the birthplace and home of Confucius, along with many of his more famous disciples, including Mencius. Temples to a number of these philosophers still exist in various parts of the prefecture. Liangshan, a county of Jining, is also famous as the principal setting of the Chinese literary classic, Water Margin.
Jining is also called the "city of sinkholes". Due to excessive coal mining, large parts of the city have been abandoned. Three thousand farmers have been displaced. People who built new houses found cracks after mere months and had to leave. The Jining Land Resource Bureau predicts that by 2090 estimates that 5 million people will have been forced to leave the city because one third of Jining – "an area the size of Los Angeles" – will have collapsed because of sinkholes. Some people remember when – 30 years ago – Jining was a mere village, with no train stations or shopping malls. Now, they fear, it is too late for the city to pull out of the coal business.
- Rencheng District (任城区)
- Yanzhou District (兖州区)
- Qufu City (曲阜市)
- Zoucheng City (邹城市)
- Weishan County (微山县)
- Yutai County (鱼台县) - originally in Huxi prefecture
- Jinxiang County (金乡县) - originally in Huxi
- Jiaxiang County (嘉祥县) - originally in Huxi
- Wenshang County (汶上县)
- Sishui County (泗水县)
- Liangshan County (梁山县)
- Confucius (551 – 479 BC), central Chinese thinker, founder of Confucianism (main temple and tomb in Qufu)
- Zengzi (505 BC - 436 BC), Chinese philosopher and author, principal lineage protector and promoter of Confucianism
- Mencius (372 – 289 BC), Chinese thinker, a principal interpreter of Confucianism (main temple in Zoucheng)
- Yan Hui (521 BC - 490 BC), one of the famous disciples of Confucius (temple in Qufu)
- Lu Ban (507–440 BC), Chinese engineer, philosopher, inventor, military thinker
- Zuo Qiuming (5th century BC), Chinese court writer of the State of Lu, and contemporary of Confucius during the Spring and Autumn period.
- Xiaoting Pan (1982-), the first professional pool player from China to play full-time on the Women's Professional Billiard Association (WPBA) tour.
- Kong Shangren (1648 - 1718), a Chinese Qing Dynasty dramatist and poet best known for his chuanqi play The Peach-Blossom Fan
- Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan (1984)
- Lawton, Oklahoma, United States (1995)
- Mulhouse, France (1996)
- Komatsu, Ishikawa, Japan (2008)
- Taganrog, Russia (2009)
- Osasco, Brazil (2010)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jining.|
- Government website of Jining (available in Chinese and English)