Ogallala, Nebraska

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Ogallala, Nebraska
City
Front Street tourist attraction
Front Street tourist attraction
Nickname(s): "Cowboy Capital"
Location of Ogallala, Nebraska
Location of Ogallala, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°7′44″N 101°43′10″W / 41.12889°N 101.71944°W / 41.12889; -101.71944Coordinates: 41°7′44″N 101°43′10″W / 41.12889°N 101.71944°W / 41.12889; -101.71944
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Keith
Founded 1868
Government
 • Type City Council/Mayor
 • Mayor Harold "Pete" Peterson[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 5.02 sq mi (13.00 km2)
 • Land 4.96 sq mi (12.85 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 3,222 ft (982 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 4,737
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 4,649
 • Density 955.0/sq mi (368.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 69153
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-35980
GNIS feature ID 0831832[5]
Website ogallala-ne.gov

Ogallala is a city in Keith County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 4,737 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Keith County.[6] In the days of the Nebraska Territory, the city was a stop on the Pony Express and later along the transcontinental railroad. The Ogallala Aquifer was named after the city.

History[edit]

Ogallala first gained fame as a terminus for cattle drives that traveled from Texas to the Union Pacific railhead located there. These trails are known as the Western or Great Western trails.[7][8] The Union Pacific Railroad reached Ogallala on May 24, 1867.[9] The city itself was not laid out until 1875 and not incorporated until 1930.[10]

The only cemetery in Ogallala between 1874 and 1884 was the Boot Hill. Over 100 people were buried there in that period, which is significant because the town had a population of less than 130 permanent residents at the time.[11]

The town's name comes from the Oglala Sioux tribe.[12]

The Old West gunman Luke Short lived for a time in Ogallala.

Geography[edit]

Ogallala is located at 41°7′44″N 101°43′10″W / 41.12889°N 101.71944°W / 41.12889; -101.71944 (41.128806, -101.719460).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.02 square miles (13.00 km2), of which 4.96 square miles (12.85 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[2] Ogallala is in the US Mountain Time Zone (UTC-7/-6). Ogallala is close to Lake McConaughy, a large man-made lake and a state recreation area with sandy beaches, boating and swimming.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ogalalla, Nebraska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
78
(26)
88
(31)
95
(35)
100
(38)
107
(42)
111
(44)
106
(41)
103
(39)
94
(34)
80
(27)
73
(23)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
44
(7)
53
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
83
(28)
90
(32)
88
(31)
79
(26)
65
(18)
51
(11)
40
(4)
64
(17.7)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
45
(7)
55
(13)
61
(16)
60
(16)
48
(9)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
36.3
(2.5)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−24
(−31)
−23
(−31)
−2
(−19)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
38
(3)
37
(3)
19
(−7)
6
(−14)
−8
(−22)
−36
(−38)
−36
(−38)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.49
(12.4)
0.74
(18.8)
1.38
(35.1)
2.16
(54.9)
3.22
(81.8)
3.13
(79.5)
3.11
(79)
2.17
(55.1)
1.54
(39.1)
1.27
(32.3)
0.80
(20.3)
0.39
(9.9)
20.40
(518.2)
Source: The Weather Channel [14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 114
1890 494 333.3%
1900 355 −28.1%
1910 643 81.1%
1920 1,062 65.2%
1930 1,631 53.6%
1940 3,159 93.7%
1950 3,456 9.4%
1960 4,250 23.0%
1970 4,976 17.1%
1980 5,638 13.3%
1990 5,095 −9.6%
2000 4,930 −3.2%
2010 4,737 −3.9%
Est. 2012 4,649 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
2012 Estimate[16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 4,737 people, 2,100 households, and 1,298 families residing in the city. The population density was 955.0 inhabitants per square mile (368.7 /km2). There were 2,397 housing units at an average density of 483.3 per square mile (186.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.

There were 2,100 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 43.7 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.4% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,930 people, 2,052 households, and 1,339 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,472.4 people per square mile (568.2/km²). There were 2,314 housing units at an average density of 691.1 per square mile (266.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.45% White, 0.02% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 1.68% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.79% of the population.

There were 2,052 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $32,141, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $27,436 versus $18,292 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,674. About 5.0% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Sign for "Front Street" a popular Old West-themed tourist attraction in Ogallala
Photo spot just off Interstate 80

Public schools[edit]

Ogallala is served by the Ogallala Public School District [17]

  • High School—Ogallala High School
  • Middle School—Ogallala Middle School
  • Elementary Schools—Prairie View Elementary School (grades 3 to 5), Progress Elementary School (grades 1 and 2), and West 5th Elementary School (Kindergarten)

Private schools[edit]

  • St. Paul's Lutheran School (PreK-5)
  • St. Luke's Catholic School (PreK-5)

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

  • KOGA (AM) (930 AM) Adult Standards/MOR
  • KOGA-FM (99.7 FM) Classic Rock
  • KMCX (106.5 FM) Hot Country

Newspaper[edit]

  • Keith County News (bi-weekly)

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

In the novel Lonesome Dove authored by Larry McMurtry and its film adaptation, former Texas Rangers Gus McCrae and Woodrow Call visit the ranch of Gus's onetime sweetheart Clara, said to be 20 miles from Ogallala.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elected & Appointed Officials". City of Ogallala. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Skaggs, Jimmy M. "WESTERN TRAIL". Handbook of Texas Online. exas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  8. ^ Busby, Myra. "Along The Great Western Cattle Trail". www.greatwesterncattletrail.com. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  9. ^ "Union Pacific End of Track Dateline 1865-1869" (GIF). Historical Maps of the Union Pacific. Union Pacific Railroad Company. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  10. ^ Seltzer, Leon, ed. (1952), "Ogallala, Nebraska", Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the world: Lippincott's pronouncing gazetteer, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 1378 
  11. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nekeith/boothill.html
  12. ^ "history of ogallala...". Official Website, City of Ogallala. City of Ogallala. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Climate Statistics for Ogallala, Nebraska". Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ogallala Public School District". www.opsd.org. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 

External links[edit]