Barpeta district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Barpeta.
Barpeta district
বৰপেটা জিলা
District
Temple gates
Sankardev Satra Patbausi temple
Barpeta district's location in Assam
Barpeta district's location in Assam
Coordinates: 26°32′N 91°00′E / 26.533°N 91.000°E / 26.533; 91.000Coordinates: 26°32′N 91°00′E / 26.533°N 91.000°E / 26.533; 91.000
Country India
State Assam
Administrative Division Lower Assam
Headquarters Barpeta
Area
 • Total 3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,693,190
 • Density 520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-AS-BA
Website http://barpeta.gov.in/

Barpeta district {Pron:bə(r)ˈpeɪtə or bə(r)ˈpi:tə} (Assamese: বৰপেটা জিলা) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Barpeta. The district occupies an area of 3245 km² and has a population of 1,642,420 (as of 2001.)

History[edit]

Barpeta district was created in 1983 when it was split from Kamrup district.[1] On 1 June 2004, it lost part of its territory to the newly formed Baksa district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Barpeta district occupies an area of 3,245 square kilometres (1,253 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Iturup Island.[3]

Important towns of the district[edit]

  • Barpeta: The headquarters and the second largest town in the district. It is virtually a noise and pollution free town with a limited number of automobiles. The town is surrounded by rivulets and canals from all directions. The most important centre of attraction is the Barpeta satra established by Great Vaishnavite saint Madhabdev. A few years ago, it was also famous for transport industry. However, it has faded a little bit now. It was also famous for ivory working, which is now almost extinct.
  • Howly: The middle town of the district between Barpeta Raod and Barpeta Town. It is a busy commercial town that is also known as the business capital of the district. Many communities of people live peacefully in and around the town.Assam's largest Rash Mela held here. Many communities of people of Assam participate in this Rash Mela. 31 no. national highway run through this town. A majority of the people in the town have higher education. It is the only town where beetle nut (Supari) produce. Many beetle nut industries situated here.
  • Barpeta Road: The largest town of the district. It is a busy commercial town that is also known as the business capital of Western Assam. Many communities of people live peacefully in and around the town.
  • Sarbhog: A small town along national highway no. 31 that is known for its famous tasty curd made from buffalo's milk. Many institutions are located in and around the town.
  • Pathsala: A town in the eastern part of the district is also known as the Hollywood of mobile theatres of Assam. Basecamps of many famous and old mobile theatre groups of Assam are situated in the town. A majority of the people in the town have higher education.
  • Barmara: A small village situated as a transit point between Chenga and Rouly. It is known for its biweekly markets that cater to all the needs of poor and lower middle class people.
  • Sarthebari: A small town known for its bell-metal works.
  • Kalgachia: A town situated in the western part of the district, mainly inhabited by Bengali-speaking Muslim people. It is an important centre of academic and intellectual activities of Bengali-speaking Muslim people of Assam.
  • Bhawanipur: A town situated near NH31 and the center place of Barpeta District. It has a good Communication System for the people. It is a well-educated and well-populated town. Mainly Hindus and members of the Muslim community live in the town. The town is known for Bhawanipuria Gopal Ataa Satra and for Sahid Khargeswar Talukdar.
  • Sarupeta: A town situated near Bhawanipur Town. It is mainly known as place of business.
  • Jania: Jania Bazar is situated near FAAM Medical College, Barpeta.
  • Barbhitha: A village of south west border of Barpeta District, well known for Famous Barbhitha High School and Journalist Main Uddin.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Barpeta one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640.)[4] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF.)[4]

Divisions[edit]

There are six Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district, the Sorbhog, Barpeta, Jania, Baghbor, Sarukhetri, and Chenga.[5] Sorbhog is in the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency, whilst the other five are in the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the Barpeta district has a population of 1,693,190,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 292nd in India (out of a total of 640.)[7] The district has a population density of 632 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,640/sq mi).[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.4%.[7] Barpeta has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 65.03%.[7]

  • The main religious demographic populations are as follows - Muslims 977,943 (59.37%), Hindus 662,066, Christians 5,267 (Census of India 2001.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238km2 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break – up". Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break – up". Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582 

External links[edit]