Samba district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Samba, Jammu.
Samba district
District
Samba district is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Samba district
Samba district
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 32°33′N 75°07′E / 32.550°N 75.117°E / 32.550; 75.117Coordinates: 32°33′N 75°07′E / 32.550°N 75.117°E / 32.550; 75.117
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Headquarters Samba
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.samba.gov.in

Samba District is a newly formed district in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. Before the formation of this district, the area now under the district was part of Jammu district. Now the district itself covers Samba town and adjoining tehsils namely, Vijaypur and village Supwal, Gahwal. Historically Samba consist of 22 native towns (also known as Mandi), each consist of a separate family. With the majority of the people of Samba are Rajputs mainly Sambyals and because of this reason the main focus of the people of Samba is to Join Defence Forces, i.e., Indian Army, Indian Airforce, Indian Navy, Border Security Forces, ITBP, CRPF, IRF, and many more. The district is separated from the Jammu district by "Purmandal Bridge". Muslims make up just under 6% of total population according to 2001 India census.Samba town is situated on the stream Basantar.

Administration[edit]

Samba district consists of four blocks: Samba, Vijaypur, Purmandal, and Ghagwal.[1] Each block consists of a number of GREF panchayats. The biggest village is Rajpura.

Name Origin[edit]

Samba gets its name from Samba, son of Hindu God Lord Krishna & Jambavati. Samba was very handsome, dearest and notorious son of Krishna. Samba did many unbearable things which led the whole Yadu dynasty to its end.Krishna wanted a son. After getting advice from a sage, He entered into seclusion, put ashes all over his body and clothed himself in tree bark. For years and years he prays for a glimpse of Shiva to ask him a boon. After some years both Parvati and Shiva appeared. Krishna told Shiva that only He could fulfil His desire. "I want a son exactly like you". Shiva granted Krishna the boon. After some time Krishna's wife Jambavati gave a birth to a baby, they named him Samba.[1] Samba is another name of Shiva.Krishna wanted his son to be exactly like Shiva. Shiva's main function is to destroy creation. For his son to be like Shiva meant that the boy would be the cause of the destruction of his entire race. This was what Krishna precisely wanted because the Yadus could not be defeated by anybody. Immortality for humans is out of question therefore at the end of the Yuga the Yadus would destroy each other. Samba played an instrumental role in this.[1]. Lakshmana, who was the daughter of Duryodhana had come of age. Her father arranged her swayamvara and many princes came to win her hand. Samba had heard of Lakshmana and wanted to marry her, though she was not inclined to him. He goes to her swayamvara and abducts her forcefully. He defeats the Kuru maharathi's who pursue him but is finally caught. He is arrested by the Kuru elders and thrown in prison. Lakshmana's swayamvara is re-arranged but no other prince is willing to marry her as a woman abducted by another man belongs to that man. Actually they were afraid of the Yadava's who may attack them on Samba's behalf. Balarama, who is fond of his notorious nephew goes to Hastinapur to bail him out. The Kurus insult Balarama who becomes enraged and starts smashing up the palace. Duryodhana apologizes for their conduct. Balarama is pacified and orders the Kurus to free Samba. Duryodhana then affectionately marries his daughter off to Samba and the marriage is celebrated in pomp and show.[2][3] This is not recorded in Mahabharata so authenticity of this story is doubted .

Politics[edit]

Samba District has two assembly constituencies: Samba (reserved for scheduled castes (SC)) and Vijaypur.[2] Both the assembly constituencies are part of Jammu (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Samba District has a population of 318,611,[4] roughly equal to the nation of The Bahamas.[5] This gives it a ranking of 568th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 318 inhabitants per square kilometre (820/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade of 2001 to 2011 was 16.9%.[4] Samba has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1,000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 82.48%.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  2. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Bahamas, The 313,312"